Inferior nasal concha

Inferior nasal concha

Infobox Bone
Name = PAGENAME
Latin = concha nasi inferior, concha nasalis inferior
GraySubject = 42
GrayPage = 169



Caption = Medial wall of left orbit. (Inferior nasal concha visible in center in yellow.)



Caption2 = Figure 1: Lateral wall of right nasal cavity showing inferior concha "in situ." (pink)
MusclesOrigins =
MusclesInsertions =
Articulations = ethmoid, maxilla, lacrimal, palatine
MeshName =
MeshNumber =
DorlandsPre = c_50
DorlandsSuf = 12253882
The inferior nasal concha ("Inferior Turbinated Bone") is one of the turbinates in the nose. It extends horizontally along the lateral wall of the nasal cavity [Fig. 1] and consists of a lamina of spongy bone, curled upon itself like a scroll. Each inferior nasal concha is considered a facial pair of bones since they arise from the maxillae bones and projects horizontally into the nasal cavity. They are also termed 'inferior nasal turbinates' because they function similar to that of a turbine. As the air passes through the turbinates, the air is churned against these mucosa-lined bones in order to receive warmth, moisture and cleansing. Superior to inferior nasal concha are the middle nasal concha and superior nasal concha which arise from the cranial portion of the skull. Hence, these two are considered as a part of the cranial bones.

It has two surfaces, two borders, and two extremities.

urfaces

The medial surface is , perforated by numerous apertures, and traversed by longitudinal grooves for the lodgement of vessels.

The lateral surface is , and forms part of the inferior meatus.

Borders

Its upper border is thin, irregular, and connected to various bones along the lateral wall of the nasal cavity.

It may be divided into three portions: of these,
* the "anterior" articulates with the conchal crest of the maxilla;
* the "posterior" with the conchal crest of the palatine;
* the "middle" portion presents three well-marked processes, which vary much in their size and form.
** Of these, the anterior or lacrimal process is small and pointed and is situated at the junction of the anterior fourth with the posterior three-fourths of the bone: it articulates, by its apex, with the descending process of the lacrimal bone, and, by its margins, with the groove on the back of the frontal process of the maxilla, and thus assists in forming the canal for the nasolacrimal duct.
** Behind this process a broad, thin plate, the ethmoidal process, ascends to join the uncinate process of the ethmoid; from its lower border a thin lamina, the maxillary process, curves downward and lateralward; it articulates with the maxilla and forms a part of the medial wall of the maxillary sinus.

The inferior border is free, thick, and cellular in structure, more especially in the middle of the bone.

Extremities

Both extremities are more or less pointed, the posterior being the more tapering.

Ossification

The inferior nasal concha is ossified from a single center, which appears about the fifth month of fetal life in the lateral wall of the cartilaginous nasal capsule.


=Additional

ee also

* Nasal concha

External links

*
*

See also

*Bone terminology
*Terms for anatomical location
*Empty nose syndrome


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • inferior nasal concha — n NASAL CONCHA (a) …   Medical dictionary

  • inferior nasal concha — noun The largest of the three nasal concha located within the nasal cavity. Syn: inferior concha, inferior turbinate, inferior turbinate bone, maxilloturbinal …   Wiktionary

  • Maxillary process of inferior nasal concha — Bone: Maxillary process of inferior nasal concha Right inferior nasal concha. Lateral surface. Latin p. maxillaris conchae nasalis inferioris Gray s …   Wikipedia

  • Ethmoidal process of inferior nasal concha — Infobox Anatomy Name = PAGENAME Latin = processus ethmoidalis conchae nasalis inferioris GraySubject = 42 GrayPage = 169 Caption = Right inferior nasal concha. Medial surface. (Ethmoidal process labeled at center right.) Caption2 = Precursor =… …   Wikipedia

  • Nasal concha — Lateral wall of nasal cavity, showing ethmoid bone in position. (Superior and middle in pink, and inferior in blue.) …   Wikipedia

  • nasal concha — n any of three thin bony plates on the lateral wall of the nasal fossa on each side with or without their covering of mucous membrane: a) a separate curved bony plate that is the largest of the three and separates the inferior and middle meatuses …   Medical dictionary

  • Middle nasal concha — Bone: Middle nasal concha Ethmoid bone from behind …   Wikipedia

  • nasal concha — turbinate bone any of three thin scroll like bones that form the sides of the nasal cavity. The superior and middle nasal conchae are part of the ethmoid bone; the inferior nasal conchae are a separate pair of bones of the face. See: skull …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • maxillary process of inferior nasal concha — processus maxillaris conchae nasalis inferioris …   Medical dictionary

  • nasal concha — turbinate (def. 5). * * * ▪ anatomy also called  Turbinate, or Turbinal,         any of several thin, scroll shaped bony elements forming the upper chambers of the nasal cavities. They increase the surface area of these cavities, thus providing… …   Universalium

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