Outline of Cameroon

Outline of Cameroon
The location of Cameroon
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Cameroon

The Republic of Cameroon is a unitary republic located in Middle Africa.[1] Cameroon borders Nigeria to the west; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo to the south. Cameroon's coastline lies on the Bight of Bonny, part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. The country is called "Africa in miniature" for its geological and cultural diversity. Natural features include beaches, deserts, mountains, rainforests, and savannas. The highest point is Mount Cameroon in the southwest, and the largest cities are Douala, Yaoundé, and Garoua. Cameroon is home to over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups. The country is well known for its native styles of music, particularly makossa and bikutsi, and for its successful national football team. English and French are the official languages.

Early inhabitants of the territory included the Sao civilisation around Lake Chad and the Baka hunter-gatherers in the southeastern rainforest. Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões ("River of Prawns"), the name from which Cameroon derives. Fulani soldiers founded the Adamawa Emirate in the north in the 19th century, and various ethnic groups of the west and northwest established powerful chiefdoms and fondoms. Cameroon became a German colony in 1884. After World War I, the territory was divided between France and Britain as League of Nations mandates. The Union des Populations du Cameroun political party advocated independence but was outlawed in the 1950s. It waged war on French and Cameroonian forces until 1971. In 1960, French Cameroun became independent as the Republic of Cameroun under President Ahmadou Ahidjo. The southern part of British Cameroons merged with it in 1961 to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. The country was renamed the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972 and the Republic of Cameroon in 1984.

Compared with other African countries, Cameroon enjoys political and social stability. This has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, railways, and large petroleum and timber industries. Nevertheless, large numbers of Cameroonians live in poverty as subsistence farmers. Power lies firmly in the hands of the president, Paul Biya, and his Cameroon People's Democratic Movement party, and corruption is widespread. The Anglophone community has grown increasingly alienated from the government, and Anglophone politicians have called for greater decentralisation and even the secession of the former British-governed territories.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Cameroon:

General reference

An enlargeable relief map of Cameroon

Geography of Cameroon

An enlargeable topographic map of Cameroon.
 Nigeria 1,690 km
 Chad 1,094 km
 Central African Republic 797 km
 Republic of the Congo 523 km
 Gabon 298 km
 Equatorial Guinea 189 km

Environment of Cameroon

An enlargeable satellite image of Cameroon

Natural geographic features of Cameroon

Regions of Cameroon

Main article: Regions of Cameroon

Ecoregions of Cameroon

Main article: Ecoregions in Cameroon

Administrative divisions of Cameroon

Main article: Administrative divisions of Cameroon
Provinces of Cameroon
Divisions of Cameroon
Municipalities of Cameroon
  • Capital of Cameroon: Yaoundé
  • Cities of Cameroon

Demography of Cameroon

Main article: Demographics of Cameroon

Government and politics of Cameroon

Main article: Government of Cameroon and Politics of Cameroon

Branches of government

Executive branch of the government of Cameroon

Legislative branch of the government of Cameroon

  • Parliament of Cameroon (bicameral)

Judicial branch of the government of Cameroon

Foreign relations of Cameroon

International organization membership

The Republic of Cameroon is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Cameroon

Main article: Law of Cameroon

Military of Cameroon

Main article: Military of Cameroon
  • Command
  • Forces
    • Army of Cameroon
    • Navy of Cameroon
    • Air Force of Cameroon
    • Special forces of Cameroon
  • Military history of Cameroon
  • Military ranks of Cameroon

Local government in Cameroon

History of Cameroon

Main article: History of Cameroon, Timeline of the history of Cameroon, and Current events of Cameroon
  • Economic history of Cameroon
  • Military history of Cameroon

Culture of Cameroon

Main article: Culture of Cameroon

Art in Cameroon

  • Art in Cameroon
  • Cinema of Cameroon
  • Literature of Cameroon
  • Music of Cameroon
  • Television in Cameroon
  • Theatre in Cameroon

Sports in Cameroon

Main article: Sports in Cameroon

Economy and infrastructure of Cameroon

Main article: Economy of Cameroon

Education in Cameroon

Main article: Education in Cameroon

Health in Cameroon

See also

  • All pages beginning with "Cameroon"
  • All pages with titles containing "Cameroon"
  • All pages beginning with "Cameroonian"
  • All pages with titles containing "Cameroonian"
  • Index of Cameroon-related articles
  • List of Cameroon-related topics
  • List of international rankings
  • Member state of the Commonwealth of Nations
  • Member state of the United Nations
  • Outline of Africa
  • Outline of geography


  1. ^ a b "Cameroon". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 3, 2009. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cm.html. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ The only glaciers in Africa are on Mt Kenya (in Kenya), on Kilimanjaro (in Tanzania), and in the Ruwenzori Mountains (which are located in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). See Proceedings of the Riederalp Workshop, September 1978; Actes de l'Atelier de Riederalp, septembre 1978): IAHS-AISH Publ. no. 126, 1980.

External links

Wikimedia Atlas of Cameroon

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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