National Intelligence Agency (South Africa)

National Intelligence Agency (South Africa)
National Intelligence Agency
NIA logo.png
Logo of South Africa's National Intelligence Agency (NIA)
Agency overview
Formed January 1, 1994; 17 years ago (1994-01-01)[1]
Preceding Agency National Intelligence Service (NIS)
Headquarters Musanda, Pretoria South Africa
28°18′24″S 25°51′02″E / 28.30667°S 25.85056°E / -28.30667; 25.85056
Employees Classified
2500 estimated
Annual budget Classified

The National Intelligence Agency (NIA) is an intelligence agency of the South African government. It is responsible for domestic intelligence and counter-intelligence within the Republic of South Africa. The Agency is run by a Director-General, who is also a member of the National Intelligence Co-Ordinating Committee (NICOC) to which he reports.



The NIA was formed in 1994 following South Africa's South Africa's first multi-racial elections. It was created to take over from the domestic intelligence segment of the then National Intelligence Service (NIS) with the foreign intelligence functions being taken over by the South African Secret Service (SASS). Both the SASS and NIA were created as part of the Intelligence Act of 1994. As of October 2005, the head of the NIA was Manala Manzini.[2]

Current status


The NIA has received some media attention of late due to media reports of an Al-Qaeda plot to attack targets in parts of South Africa. The NIA investigated the claims and reported them to be false. However, the NIA remains alert to the possible presence of Al-Qaeda operatives in the country, and in April 2004 a number of alleged operatives were arrested and deported. The NIA works closely with the Crime Intelligence Division of the South African Police Service in this regard.

Spying on African National Congress

In October 2005, the NIA was rocked by allegations that senior officials had been engaged in spying on African National Congress member Saki Macozoma. Three senior officials, including the director-general, Billy Masetlha were suspended[3] following an investigation by the Inspector-General of Intelligence.[4] The alleged spying took place against the backdrop of a developing power struggle between factions in the ANC. In December 2005, the Sunday Times newspaper claimed that the South African Police Service was preparing to raid the offices of the NIA as part of investigations into the matter.[5]


In 1999, the agency employed about 1,500 persons.[6][7]

See also


  1. ^ "History of the NIA". South African Government. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  2. ^ "The new 'mother' of SA's spies puts away his cloak". Sunday Independent. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  3. ^ ,"New ANC spy vs spy bombshell". Sunday Independent. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  4. ^ "The man who looks over the shoulder of every spy". Sunday Independent. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  5. ^[dead link]
  6. ^ > Sentinel Country Risk Assessments Library > Southern Africa > South Africa > Security and Foreign Forces, “At provincial level, Provincial Intelligence Co-coordinating Committees (PICOC) were subsequently created. Information on personnel strengths is confidential, but a report published at the end of 1999 indicated that NIA employed some 2,500 agents and the Secret Service 1,500 agents. Control mechanisms such as a mechanism for parliamentary oversight; an independent inspector-general; and an absence of law enforcement powers are also provided for."
  7. ^ Chris Hippner, "A Study Into the Size of the World’s Intelligence Industry" (Master's Thesis, December 2009), 114,

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National Intelligence Service (South Africa) — The National Intelligence Service (NIS) was an intelligence agency of the Republic of South Africa that took over from the older South African Bureau of State Security in 1980. Associated with the Apartheid Era in South Africa, it was replaced by …   Wikipedia

  • National Intelligence Agency — may refer to Agencia Nacional de Inteligencia, Chile National Intelligence Agency (Democratic Republic of the Congo) National Intelligence Agency (Nigeria) National Intelligence Agency (South Africa) National Intelligence Agency (United States)… …   Wikipedia

  • National Intelligence Service (South Korea) — National Intelligence Service 국가정보원 NIS logo Agency overview Formed June 13th, 1961 Preceding agencies …   Wikipedia

  • National Intelligence Agency (Nigeria) — National Intelligence Agency Agency overview Formed June 5, 1986 Jurisdiction Government of Nigeria Headquarters Abuja, Nigeria Agency executive Olaniyi Oladeji, Director General The National Intelligence Agency (NIA) is a …   Wikipedia

  • Intelligence Services Act (South Africa) — The Intelligence Services Act (also National Strategic Intelligence Act ) was legislation revamping the intelligence agencies of the Republic of South Africa, passed by the National Assembly on December 2, 1994.… …   Wikipedia

  • South Africa — This article is about the modern country. For other uses, see South Africa (disambiguation). Republic of South Africa …   Wikipedia

  • National Intelligence Service (Greece) — National Intelligence Service Εθνική Υπηρεσία Πληροφοριών Agency overview Formed May 9, 1953 as the Central Intelligence Service Jurisdiction …   Wikipedia

  • South Africa Secret Service — South African Secret Service Le South African Secret Service (SASS, Services secrets de l’Afrique du Sud) est une agence de renseignement sud africaine. Elle est responsable des renseignements non militaires extérieurs du pays. Ses opérations… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • South Africa — Republic of, a country in S Africa; member of the Commonwealth of Nations until 1961. 42,327,458; 472,000 sq. mi. (1,222,480 sq. km). Capitals: Pretoria and Cape Town. Formerly, Union of South Africa. * * * South Africa Introduction South Africa… …   Universalium

  • National Intelligence Co-ordinating Committee — The National Intelligence Co ordinating Committee (NICOC) is the organisation responsible for co ordinating the actions and activities of all of South African intelligence agencies, and collating the intelligence information received from them.… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”