— Prefecture-level city — 烟台市 Coordinates: Coordinates: Country People's Republic of China Province Shandong County-level divisions 12 Townships-level divisions 148 City seat Laishan District Government - CPC Secretary Sun Yongchun 孙永春 - Mayor Zhang Jiangting 张江汀 Area - Total 13,739.9 km2 (5,305 sq mi) - Coastline 702.5 km2 (271.2 sq mi) Population (2008) - Total 6,516,900 Time zone China Standard (UTC+8) Postal code 264000-265800 Area code(s) 535 GDP ¥343.4 billion (2008) GDP per capita ¥49,012 (2008) License Plate 鲁F Website http://www.yantai.gov.cn/ Yantai Traditional Chinese 煙臺 or 煙台 Simplified Chinese 烟台 Literal meaning smoke platform Transcriptions Mandarin - Hanyu Pinyin Yāntái Wu - Romanization ie平de平 Cantonese (Yue) - Jyutping jin1toi4
Yantai (Chinese: 烟台; pinyin: Yāntái) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Shandong province, People's Republic of China. Located on the southern coast of the Bohai Sea and the eastern coast of the Laizhou Bay, Yantai borders the cities of Qingdao and Weihai to the southwest and east respectively.
The largest fishing seaport in Shandong and a robust economic center today, Yantai used to be known to the West as Chefoo, a misnomer which refers, in Chinese, solely to Zhifu Island, which is historically governed by Yantai.
The contemporary name of Yantai came from the watchtowers constructed on Mount Qi in 1398, during the reign of the Hongwu Emperor, founding emperor of the Ming Dynasty (yan—smoke; tai—tower). The towers served to raise alarms against invasions of Japanese pirates.
- Zhifu District (芝罘区)
- Fushan District (福山区)
- Muping District (牟平区)
- Laishan District (莱山区)
- Longkou City (龙口市)
- Laiyang City (莱阳市)
- Laizhou City (莱州市)
- Penglai City (蓬莱市)
- Zhaoyuan City (招远市)
- Qixia City (栖霞市)
- Haiyang City (海阳市)
- Changdao County (长岛县)
- Yantai Economic and Technological Development Zone (烟台经济技术开发区)
The region was inhabited by the non-Han people of the Eastern Yi (東夷), who were believed to have established a small state during the Xia Dynasty on the site of present-day Laizhou City. It became a feudal state called Lai (萊國) until the Warring States Period, when it was annexed by the State of Qi. During the Qin Dynasty, Yantai belonged to the Qi Prefecture, later renamed Donglai Prefecture (東萊郡) during the Han Dynasty. The area was known as the Donglai Kingdom during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) but later returned to prefecture status (first jùn, then zhōu). In the Tang Dynasty and following it was known as the Teng-chou prefecture, part of Henan Circuit. Next, the city became the Laizhou Subprefecture (萊州府) and, eventually, the Dengzhou Subprefecture (登州府) in the time of the Qing Dynasty.
In July 1858 the Chinese empire signed the Treaty of Tianjin and Dengzhou was renamed for the last time. Yantai opened its harbor for business in May 1861, but was not officially designated an international trading port until later that year on August 22. This decree was accompanied by the construction of the Donghai Pass (東海關). 17 nations, including Britain, established embassies in Yantai. The Chefoo Convention was signed there in 1876.
Yantai literally means "smoky tower". In the Ming Dynasty, locals used wolf dung to light fires (Langyan) to warn the whole village of approaching Japanese Pirates (Wokou). The city was nothing but a small fishing village until the late 19th century when it became a treaty port for the British, handed over by the falling Qing Dynasty, which had been defeated in the Opium War. Then with the Germans' power over the whole Shandong peninsula in early 20th century, Yantai was also controlled by Germans for about 20 years. After the Germans were defeated by Allied forces in World War I, Qingdao and Yantai were handed over to the Japanese. After Japan's defeat by the Americans in WW2 they turned Yantai into a summer station for their entire Asian fleet. Then the Japanese set up a trading establishment in the town. You may be able to get an idea of the different influences at the western style Yantai Museum, which used to be a guild hall. However, the colourful history has not left a distinctive architectural mark, there has never been a foreign concession, and though you will see an occasional nineteenth-century grand European building, most of the town is of much more recent origin. After liberation, the town's name was changed from the original, Chefoo, to Yantai and was opened to the world as an ice-free trade port in 1984.
On November 12, 1911, the eastern division of Tongmeng Hui declared itself a part of the revolutionary movement. The next day, it established the Shandong Military Government (山東軍政府) and, the day after that, renamed itself the Yantai Division of the Shandong Military Government (山東煙台軍政分府). In 1914, Jiaodong Circuit (膠東道) was established with Yantai as the capital. Jiaodong Circuit was renamed Donghai Circuit (東海道) in 1925. On January 19, 1938, Yantai participated as part of an anti-Japanese revolutionary committee.
After the creation of the People's Republic of China, in 1950, Yantai was officially awarded city status with the outer lying towns of Laiyang and Wendeng (文登) tacked on as "Special Regions" (专区). Wendeng was merged into Laiyang six years later, and this larger Laiyang Special Region was combined with Yantai City to become simply Yantai Region (烟台地区). Yantai is of strategic importance to Chinese defence as it and the city of Dalian are primary coastal guard points for Beijing. In November 1983, the region became a prefecture-level city. Since then, Yantai has worked its way into becoming a modernized economic center in Shandong Province.
Yantai Region is located north-central on the Shandong Peninsula, south of the Bohai Sea, and parallel to the southern tip of Korea. It has a coast line of 909 km. The topographical breakdown consists of:
- 36.62% mountain
- 39.7% hill
- 50.23% plains
- 2.90% basins
Average mountain height is 500 meters, with the highest point at 922.8 meters on Mount Kunyu (昆崳山). Hills range from 100 to 300 meters.
There are 121 rivers over 5 kilometer in length, the largest being:
- Wulong River (五龍河)
- Dagu River (大沽河)
- Dagujia River (大沽夾河)
- Wang River (王河)
- Jie River (界河)
- Huangshui River (黃水河)
- Xin'an River (辛安河)
2643.60 km² is urbanized.
Only Qixia County is located entirely inland, all other county-level entities are coastal, with Changdao consisting entirely of islands.
The annual mean temperature in Yantai is 12 oC. The annual rainfall is 620 mm.
Yantai is currently the second largest industrial city in Shandong, next only to Qingdao. However, the region's largest industry is agriculture. It is famous throughout China for a particular variety of apple and is home to the country's largest and oldest grape winery (Changyu).
- Yantai Economic and Technological Development Area
Yantai Economic and Technological Development Area is one of the earliest approved state level economic development zones in China. It now has planned area of 10 square kilometers and a population of 115,000. It lies on the tip of the Shandong Peninsula facing the Huanghai Sea. It adjoins to downtown Yantai, merely 6 kilometers away from Yantai Port, 6 kilometers away from Yantai Railway Station, and a 30-minute drive to Yantai International Airport.
- Yantai Export Processing Zone
Yantai Export Processing Zone (YTEPZ) is one of the first 15 export processing zones approved by the State Council. The total construction area of YTEPZ is 4.17 m2, in which the initial zone covers 3 km2. After developing for several years, YTEPZ is completely constructed. At present, the infrastructure has been completed, standard workshops of 120,000 m2 and bonded warehouses of 40,000 m2 have been built up. Up to now, owning perfect investment environment and conditions, YTEPZ has attracted investors both from foreign countries and regions such as Japan, Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Sweden, USA, Canada, etc. and from the domestic to invest and operate in the zone.
The following are a list of prominent Yantai higher education institutions.
- Yantai University
- Ludong University (Yantai Normal College)
- Shandong Institute of Business and Technology
- Shandong Industrial and Commercial Institute
- Laiyang Agricultural College
- Yantai Education Institution and Yantai TV University
- Dong Hai University
- Kunyu mountain Shaolin Kung Fu school
The Yantai Laishan International Airport provides scheduled flights to major airports in China as well as Seoul, Osaka and Hong Kong. The other airport, that will replace Laishan in 2014, is Yantai Chaoshui.
Because of its fair weather and extensive coasts Yantai is a popular summer retreat. Like many other cities in China, Yantai has improved and upgraded many tourist sites targeted at both national and international tourists. An example of these improvements is the remodeling of the beach area to better accommodate patrons. It is also home to Asia's first bowling alley, which is located on the fourth floor of Parksons department store. There is also the haunted house , a highly exhilarating tourist attraction.
Penglai City's Dan Cliffs (丹崖) is said to be the departure point of the Eight Immortals on their trip to the Conference of the Magical Peach.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Yantai is twinned with:
- Burgas, Bulgaria
- Angers, France
- Beppu, Japan
- Vitória, Brazil
- Gunsan, South Korea
- Miyako[disambiguation needed ], Japan
- Omaha, United States
- Örebro, Sweden
- Phuket, Thailand
- San Diego, United States
- Tauranga, New Zealand
- Ulsan, South Korea
- Vladivostok, Russia
- Wonju, South Korea
Yantai is a sister city of the following area.
- Angus, United Kingdom
- Chou Wen-chung (b. 1923), composer
- Qiu Chuji (1148–1227), leading Quanzhen Taoist priest and founder of Dragon Gate Taoism
- Qi Jiguang (1528–1588), Ming Dynasty military general most remembered for defending coastal China against Japanese pirates
- Peter Stursberg (b.1913), Canadian writer and journalist
- Government website of Yantai (available in Chinese, English, German, French, Japanese and Korean)
- Old photos of Yantai (Chefoo)
- 1912 historical map of Yantai
Shandong topics Jinan (capital) General Geography Education Culture Cuisine Visitor attractions Shandong Province county-level divisions Jinan (capital)Jinan: Shizhong District · Lixia District · Tianqiao District · Huaiyin District · Licheng District · Changqing District · Zhangqiu City · Pingyin County · Jiyang County · Shanghe County
Qingdao: Shinan District · Shibei District · Sifang District · Licang District · Laoshan District · Chengyang District · Huangdao District · Jimo City · Jiaozhou City · Jiaonan City · Pingdu City · Laixi City
Zibo: Zhangdian District · Linzi District · Zichuan District · Boshan District · Zhoucun District · Huantai County · Gaoqing County · Yiyuan County
Zaozhuang: Shizhong District · Shanting District · Yicheng District · Tai'erzhuang District · Xuecheng District · Tengzhou City
Dongying: Dongying District · Hekou District · Guangrao County · Lijin County · Kenli County
Yantai: Zhifu District · Muping District · Fushan District · Laishan District · Longkou City · Haiyang City · Laiyang City · Laizhou City · Penglai City · Zhaoyuan City · Qixia City · Changdao County
Weifang: Weicheng District · Hanting District · Fangzi District · Kuiwen District · Anqiu City · Changyi City · Gaomi City · Qingzhou City · Zhucheng City · Shouguang City · Linqu County · Changle County
Jining: Shizhong District · Rencheng District · Qufu City · Yanzhou City · Zoucheng City · Weishan County · Yutai County · Jinxiang County · Jiaxiang County · Wenshang County · Sishui County · Liangshan County
Tai'an: Taishan District · Daiyue District · Xintai City · Feicheng City · Ningyang County · Dongping County
Weihai: Huancui District · Wendeng City · Rongcheng City · Rushan City
Rizhao: Donggang District · Lanshan District · Wulian County · Ju County
Laiwu: Laicheng District · Gangcheng District
Linyi: Lanshan District · Luozhuang District · Hedong District · Tancheng County · Cangshan County · Junan County · Yishui County · Mengyin County · Pingyi County · Fei County · Yinan County · Linshu County
Dezhou: Decheng District · Leling City · Yucheng City · Ling County · Pingyuan County · Xiajin County · Wucheng County · Qihe County · Linyi County · Ningjin County · Qingyun County
Binzhou: Bincheng District · Zouping County · Boxing County · Huimin County · Yangxin County · Zhanhua County · Wudi County
Heze: Mudan District · Dingtao County · Cao County · Chengwu County · Shan County · Juye County · Yuncheng County · Juancheng County · Dongming County
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