Shihezi (Chinese: 石河子;
Pinyin: "Shíhézǐ"; _ug. شىخەنزە|Shihenze|Xihənzə) is a sub-prefecture-level cityin northern Xinjiang. Its population is about 553,000 (2004), with the majority of the residents being Han Chineseand minorities making up 5.4% of the population.
Although Shihezi is almost surrounded from east, west, and north by
Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture(which also includes the city's eastern neighbor -- the much older historically Hui town of Manas), it is not a part of it.
Farms surrounding Shihezi fueled the development of the city. These quasi-military structured farms produce materials for the factories that have been the economic driver of the city. In 1974 Shihezi became a city.
Shihezi Universityis located in Shihezi. it is the 2nd largest university in Xinjiang, with approximately 40,000 students.Now, international students are also studying in Shihezi University. Students are from Pakistan, Russia, Korea.Pakistani Students are here for MBBS studies.2 batches have got their degrees.There are very famous students in this university like Jadun.sheroon,and PM.
Nowadays textile and food industries are the most important in Shihezi. Railway connection to
Wusuand Ürümqiskirts the city, while a United Nation economic development project provided high quality highway systems for the city. Textile industry is the primary employment, although international trade environment on textiles has brought in fluctuations in employment. As a hub to surrounding farms, the city's destiny is currently tied with theirs. Sugar beets are cultivated near Shihezi. Cultivation of cottonin the farms was accelerated in 1990's and now dominates the economy.it is very rich city.
* [http://www.setd.gov.cn/ Shihezi economic development zone] (in Simplified Chinese)
* [http://www.xjshz.gov.cn/ Shihezi party politics public information network] (in Simplified Chinese)
* [http://9654.com/m/shihezi.htm Map of the City of Shihezi] zh icon
* [http://www.shzu.edu.cn/ Shihezi University]
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