广州湾 · Kwangchouwan
— Prefecture-level city — 湛江市 Nickname(s): Harbour City (港城) Coordinates: Coordinates: Country People's Republic of China Province Guangdong City seat Chikan District Government – CPC Party Chief Liu Xiaohua (刘小华) – Mayor Wang Zhongbing (王中丙) Area – Prefecture-level city 12,490 km2 (4,822.4 sq mi) Population (2010 census) – Prefecture-level city 6,993,304 – Density 559.9/km2 (1,450.2/sq mi) – Urban 1,400,685 – Metro 1,400,685 Time zone China Standard (UTC+8) Postal code 524000 Area code(s) 759 Major Nationalities Han County-level divisions 9 License Plate Prefix 粤G GDP 2010 - Total CNY 140.28 billion - per capita CNY 20,048 Website http://www.zhanjiang.gov.cn/ Zhanjiang Chinese 湛江 Literal meaning azure river Transcriptions Hakka - Romanization Chhám-kông Mandarin - Hanyu Pinyin Zhànjiāng - Wade–Giles Tsankiang - IPA ʈ͡ʂânt͡ɕi̯ɑ́ŋ Min - Hokkien POJ Tām-kang Wu - Romanization zae上kaon上 Cantonese (Yue) - Jyutping zaam3gong1
Zhanjiang (Chinese: 湛江), formerly known as Tsamkong, Tsankiang, Fort-Bayard, and Kwang-Chou-Wan, is a prefecture-level city at the southwestern end of Guangdong province of Southern China, facing the island of Hainan to the south.
Its population is 6,993,304 inhabitants at the 2010 census. 1,400,685 live in the built up area made of 4 urban districts (Chikan, Xiashan, Potou and Mazhang)
Zhanjiang has direct juridiction over 9 county-level divisions:
Map # Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²) City proper 1 Chikan District 赤坎区 Chìkǎn Qū 220,000 79 2,785 2 Xiashan District 霞山区 Xiáshān Qū 360,000 88 4,091 Suburban 3 Potou District 坡头区 Pōtóu Qū 380,000 424 896 4 Mazhang District 麻章区 Mázhāng Qū 470,000 769 611 Satellite cities 5 Wuchuan City 吴川市 Wúchuān Shì 1,010,000 848 1,191 6 Lianjiang City 廉江市 Liánjiāng Shì 1,510,000 2,835 533 7 Leizhou City 雷州市 Léizhōu Shì 1,510,000 3,523 429 Rural 8 Suixi County 遂溪县 Suíxī Xiàn 990,000 2,144 462 9 Xuwen County 徐闻县 Xúwén Xiàn 690,000 1954.37 382
Zhanjiang is located to the southwest of the city of Guangzhou on an inlet of the South China Sea. It is located on the eastern coast of the Leizhou Peninsula. The dialect in downtown districts is Cantonese, while the people in most counties speak Hai'nan dialect (or Leizhou dialect as referred locally). The dialect in Lianjiang County is Hahka.
During the Qin Dynasty (221BC–206BC), the area of today's belonged to Xiang Shire and the central government of the Han Dynasty (206BC–220AD) set Xuwen County administering the whole Leizhou Peninsular. It was one of the earliest departure points on the Marine Silk Road. The population spiked during the Tang (618–907) and Song (960–1279) dynasties.
The region was still a small fishing port when it was occupied by the French in 1898. The next year, the French forced the Chinese to lease a small enclave of Zhanjiang to them for 99 years as the territory of Kwang-Chou-Wan. The French wanted to develop the port, which they called Fort-Bayard, to serve southern China, in parts of which France had exclusive rights to railway and mineral development. Their efforts, however, were hindered by the poverty of the surrounding land. The French retained control of the region until 1943, when the Japanese occupied the area during World War II. At the end of the war the region returned briefly under French rule before being formally returned to China in 1946 by the general De Gaulle, then French head of state.
Following the establishment of the People’s Republic in 1949, Zhanjiang developed new importance. In 1955 a rail link was built to Litang in Guangxi province, where it joined the Hunan-Guangxi rail system. Since then, Zhanjiang has developed into a major modern port serving southern China, usable by ships of up to 50,000 tons. In 1984 Zhanjiang was designated one of the “open” cities of China, where the central government invited foreign investment; this spurred the city’s further industrial development. It has shipyards and engineering works; automobile, electrical-appliance, and textile plants; and sugar refineries, flour and rice mills, and chemical works. In the early 1990s a new rail line was completed, linking Zhanjiang with Guangzhou, the provincial capital. The line was later extended to Hai’an, at the southernmost tip of Leizhou Peninsula, where trains could be transported by ferry across the Hainan Strait to Haikou.
Until the introduction of Pinyin spelling, it was often known in the west as "Tsamkong" due to the Cantonese pronunciation of the name.
The most important resource of Zhanjiang City is the resource port. Zhanjiang Port 241 kilometers long coastline, is the world's first port of 4 times the port of Rotterdam. Zhanjiang Port is one of the eight major ports, the annual throughput of more than 2,600 million tons. It was the first self-designed and domestically built modern deep water port of China.
Zhanjiang agricultural performance in 2007 is the most prominent sugarcane production: in 2006 9,135,500 tons, 1,000 million tons in 2007. Akoya cultured pearls,pineapples,bananas,papayas,seafood,raised prawns,fish are native products.
Industrial economy to make a breakthrough, a marked increase in the number of units. Zhanjiang in 2007 of all industrial output value of 112.134 billion yuan, up 17.1 percent, a growth rate of nearly 4-year high of 15.3 billion net increase over the previous year. In 2007 the city's industrial enterprises above designated size reached 714, 71 more than last year, industrial output value of over a hundred million of the 132 enterprises.
- Zhanjiang Economic and Technological Development Zone
The zone was founded in 1984. Its total planned area is 9.2 square kilometers. It is located in Zhanjiang. The zone has a very good location for transportation. It is very convenient to get to the airport, the national highway G325 as well as the port. The major industries in the zone including automobile assembly, biotechnology and computer software.
Zhanjiang in 2007 total retail sales of social consumer goods 38.216 billion yuan, an increase of 19.5%, the growth rate of nearly 12 years since a new high.
Port of Zhanjiang
Port of Zhanjiang is located in the southernmost tip of mainland China's Zhanjiang City, Guangdong Province, the east port of the South China Sea, north of Hainan Island, the north west Bay. People's Republic of China after the establishment of their own design and construction of the first modern port, China and Southeast Asia, Australia, European countries bordering the Indian Ocean and the shortest journey between the port's foreign trade.
Zhanjiang, a well-known tourist attractions, "Zhanjiang Eight," as follows:
- East Island
- Huguangyan National Geopark
- View of the sea promenade
- Park Jin-inch
- South Asia Subtropical Botanical Garden
- South Isles
- Zhanjiang Port
Major theme attractions
- South Park
- North Park
- Hoi Tin Park
- Southern tropical garden
- Sino-Australian Friendship Garden
- Jin Sha Wan Park
- Golden Bay promenade Guanhai
- Zhanjiang Waterfront Park
- Park fishing port
- Xia Lake Park
- Green River Wetland Park
French architectural monuments
- French minister to the Department of the Guangzhou Bay
- France, the Police Department, Guangzhou Bay
- Victor Catholic Church
- Calyon site
- Guangzhou Bay Chamber of Commerce Center
In addition the sea and the sky dragon, Zhanjiang Mangrove National Nature Reserve, Cape Reservoir is well-known tourist attractions, distinctive.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Zhanjiang is twinned with:
Guangdong topics General Geography Education Culture Cuisine Visitor attractions Guangdong Province county-level divisionsGuangzhou: Baiyun District · Haizhu District · Huadu District · Huangpu District · Liwan District · Luogang District · Nansha District · Panyu District · Tianhe District · Yuexiu District · Conghua City · Zengcheng
Shenzhen: Bao'an District · Futian District · Longgang District · Luohu District · Nanshan District · Yantian District · Guangming New Area* · Pingshan New Area*
Zhuhai: Doumen District · Jinwan District · Xiangzhou District · Hengqin New Area*
Shantou: Chaonan District · Chaoyang District · Chenghai District · Haojiang District · Jinping District · Longhu District · Nan'ao County
Shaoguan: Qujiang District · Wujiang District · Zhenjiang District · Renhua County · Shixing County · Wengyuan County · Xinfeng County · Ruyuan Autonomous County · Lechang City · Nanxiong City
Foshan: Chancheng District · Gaoming District · Nanhai District · Sanshui District · Shunde District
Jiangmen: Xinluo District | Jianghai District · Pengjiang District · Xinhui District · Enping City · Heshan City · Kaiping City · Taishan City
Zhanjiang: Chikan District · Mazhang District · Potou District · Xiashan District · Suixi County · Xuwen County · Leizhou City · Lianjiang City · Wuchuan City
Maoming: Maogang District · Maonan District · Dianbai County · Gaozhou City · Huazhou · Xinyi City
Zhaoqing: Dinghu District · Duanzhou District · Deqing County · Fengkai County · Guangning County · Huaiji County · Gaoyao City · Sihui City
Huizhou: Huicheng District · Huiyang District · Boluo County · Huidong County · Longmen County
Meizhou: Meijiang District · Xingning City · Dabu County · Fengshun County · Jiaoling County · Mei County · Pingyuan County · Wuhua County
Shanwei: Chengqu District · Haifeng County · Luhe County · Lufeng City
Heyuan: Yuancheng District · Heping County · Lianping County · Longchuan County · Dongyuan County · Zijin County
Yangjiang: Jiangcheng District · Yangdong County · Yangxi County · Yangchun City
Qingyuan: Lianzhou City · Yingde City · Qingcheng District · Fogang County · Qingxin County · Yangshan County · Liannan Autonomous County · Lianshan Autonomous County
Dongguan: (no intermediate County-level divisions, see Administration of Dongguan)
Zhongshan: (no intermediate County-level divisions, see Administration of Zhongshan)
Chaozhou: Xiangqiao District · Chao'an County · Raoping County
Jieyang: Rongcheng District · Puning City · Huilai County · Jiedong County · Jiexi County
Yunfu: Yuncheng District · Xinxing County · Yunan County · Yun'an County · Luoding City
Metropolitan cities of the People's Republic of China Municipalities and National central cities Regional central cities Special administrative regions Sub-provincial cities (not included above) Separate state-planning cities (not included above) Provincial capitals (not included above) Autonomous regional capitals Comparatively large cities (not included above) Special economic zone cities (not included above) Coastal development cities (not included above) XPCC / Bingtuan cities State-level new areas Economic Development Zones of the People's Republic of China The original four Special Economic Zones New open development zones
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