Handan (zh-stp|s=邯郸|t=邯鄲|p=Hándān) is a
prefecture-level citylocated in the southwestern part of HebeiProvince of China.
Handan was the capital of the
state of Zhaoduring the Warring Statesperiod, after the changing of its capital from Zhongmu. The city was conquered by Qin after the virtual annexation of Zhao by Qinexcept for the Dai Commandry. Qin Shi Huangvisited the city once and ordered all enemies of his mother to be buried alive.
Handan was still regarded as a commercial centre during the western and eastern Han dynasties, but slowly it declined, perhaps because of the numerous battles ravaging northern China after the Han.
Handan is now mainly an industrial city. It still has some attractions, most coming from Zhao folklore, like the road in which
Lin Xiangrubacked into in order to let his nemesis, Lian Po, pass first, and the place in which Lian Pobegged for Lin Xiangru's forgiveness. .
The population, as of 2004, was estimated at 1,390,000 for the urban city center and 8,499,000 for the entire
Prefecture-level cityarea of 12,000 km².
Industrial growth in the city was due to its communication and transport activities.
Coal mines at Fengfengprovide power for Handan's iron, steel and textile mills. Chemical and cement plants along with other industries also benefit. The GDP per capitain Renminbi(), aka yuan () was estimated at ¥13,449 in 2005.
* [http://www.hd.cn/ City of Handan, The Official Site for Handan]
* [http://www.handandaily.com/ Handan Daily,HandanDaily]
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