imagesize = 220px
image_caption = City view of Tangshan
mapsize = 220px
map_caption = Location in Hebei
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_label_position = top
pushpin_map_caption =Location in China
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = China
subdivision_type1 = Province
leader_title =Party Secretary
leader_title1 = Mayor
timezone = China Standard
utc_offset = +8
latd=39 |latm=36 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=118 |longm=10 |longs= |longEW=E
postal_code_type = Postal code
blank_info =¥277.9 billion (2007)
blank1_name =GDP per capita
blank1_info =¥37,734 (2007)
blank2_name =License Plate Prefix
footnotes = Tangshan (zh-cp|c=唐山|p=Tángshān shì) is a mainly industrial
prefecture-level cityin Hebeiprovince, People's Republic of China. It became known after the 1976 Tangshan earthquake, at least 8.2 on the Richter scale which flattened the city. The cityhas since been rebuilt and has become a tourist attraction.
Tangshan is located in the central section of circum-Bohai Sea Gulf region, facing the
Bohai Seain the south, depends on Yanshan mountain in the north, border Luanhewith Qinhuangdaocity in the east, the west adjoin with Beijing, Tianjin. It is a throat strategic area and corridor linking two major regions of North China and Northeast China.
Tangshan is part of
North China Plain, with Yanshan Mountain lying its north. The greatest river in Tangshan is Luanhe, which ranks No.2 in North China.
prefecture-level cityof Tangshan administers 16 county-level divisions including 6 districts, 6 counties, 2 county-level citiesand 2 county-level farms. Districts
Guye District(古冶区) Counties
*Yutian County (玉田县)
Tangshan city has a history of over one hundred years. Its name derives from
Tangshan Mountainin the urban city.
Tangshan suffered an
earthquakeof magnitude 8.2 (7.8 from official report) at 3:42 a.m. on July 28, 1976, the Tangshan earthquake, which resulted in a tragically colossal number of casualties. The official death toll was 255,000, but many experts believe that the actual number of fatalities was two to three times that number, making it the most destructive earthquake in modern history. As a result of the earthquake, most of the town had to be rebuilt.
Economy and Industry
Tangshan is an important heavy industry city in North China. Its manufactures include machinery, motor vehicles, chemicals, textiles, glass, petroleum products, and cement. It is a coal-mining center since late
Qing Dynasty, as Cantonese merchant Tong King-singopened the first coal mineusing modern techniques in Kaiping in 1877. [Ellsworth C.Carlson, "The Kaiping Mines, 1877-1912" 2d ed (Cambridge, MA: East Asian Research Center, Harvard University, 1971.] . With the construction of Caifeidian Project, it launches large iron and steel plants, chemical projects, and electricity works. Tangshan is also called "the capital of porcelain in north China". Historically, the Chinese modern industry started in this city. The first railway in China was built from Xugezhuang（胥各庄) to Tangshan in 1877 and the first fire-resistant material manufactory, and the first and largest cementmanufactory were constructed in Tangshan as well.
In 2007, the
GDPof Tangshan was ¥277.9 billion, ranked No.1 in all the prefecture-level cities in HebeiProvince, and No.19 in China.
Ping Opera(Pingju 评剧)
Shadow Play(Tangshan Piying 唐山皮影)
Leting Drums (Leting Dagu 乐亭大鼓)
* [http://www.ts-edu.net.cn Tangshan No.1 high middle school] (founded in 1902), one of the most famous high schools in China
Eastern Tombs of the Qing Dynasty
Jingzhong Mountain, a religious shrine for the believers of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism
The Anti-seismic Monument, landmark of Tangshan, located in The Anti-seismic Square
Li Dazhaoearly founder of Communist Party of China
Jiang Wena contemporary director and actor
Cao Xueqinauthor of Dream of the Red Chamber
* Sakata, Japan
Lincoln, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom
Cedar Rapids, USA
1976 Tangshan earthquake
* [http://www.tangshan.gov.cn/ Official website of Tangshan Government]
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