name = Suzhou
other_name = Sūzhōu Shì
native_name = 苏州市
image_caption = The Master of Nets Garden in Suzhou
mapsize = 290px
map_caption = Location in
dot_x = |dot_y =
subdivision_type = Country
People's Republic of China
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_type2 = County-level divisions
subdivision_name2 = 11
leader_title = CPC Suzhou Secretary
leader_name = Wang Rong (王荣)
leader_title1 = Mayor
leader_name1 = Yan Li (阎立)
established_title = Established
established_date = 514 BC
area_footnotes = cite web|url=http://suzhou.sz2500.com/english/Survey/pic/d.jpg|title=Table showing land area and population|accessdate=2007-09-07|year=2003|publisher=Suzhou People's Government]
area_total_km2 = 8488.42
area_urban_km2 = 1649.72
population_as_of = 2005-06
population_total = 6073000
population_density_km2 = auto
population_urban = 2307500
population_density_urban_km2 = auto
utc_offset = +8
latd=31 |latm=18 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=120 |longm=36 |longs= |longEW=E
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 215000
area_code = 512
blank_info = (2007)
blank1_name = - Total
blank1_info = ¥570 billion
blank2_name = - Per capita
blank2_info = ¥79,407; US$10,087
blank3_name = City flower
blank4_name = City tree
blank4_info = Camphor laurel
blank5_name = Regional dialect
blank5_info = Wu: Suzhou hua (苏州话)
blank6_name = License plate prefix
blank6_info = 苏E
website = nowrap|http://www.suzhou.gov.cn/English/index.shtml
footnotes = Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Classical Gardens of Suzhou
State Party =
Type = Cultural
Criteria = i, ii, iii, iv, v
ID = 813
Region = Asia-Pacific
Year = 1997
Session = 21st
Extension = 2000
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/813
Suzhou (zh-stp |t= |s= |p=Sūzhōu ; ancient name: ) is a
cityon the lower reaches of the Yangtze Riverand on the shores of Lake Taihuin the province of Jiangsu, China. The city is renowned for its beautiful stone bridges, pagodas, and meticulously designed gardens which have contributed to its status as a great tourist attraction. Since the Song Dynasty(960-1279), Suzhou has also been an important centre for China's silkindustry and continues to hold that prominent position today. The city is part of the Yangtze River Deltaregion. The GDP per capitawas 元79,406 (ca. US$10,087) in 2006, ranked no. 5 among 659 Chinese cities.
Suzhou, the cradle of Wu culture, is one of the oldest towns in the Yangtze Basin. 2500 years ago in the late
Shang Dynasty, local tribes who named themselves "Gou Wu" lived in the area which would become the modern city of Suzhou.
In 514 BC, during the
Spring and Autumn Period, King Helu (闔閭/阖闾) of Wu established "Great City of Helu", the ancient name for Suzhou, as his capital. In 496 BC, Helu was buried in Huqiu ( Tiger Hill虎丘).
In 473 BC Wu was defeated by Yue, a kingdom to the east which was soon annexed by the Chu in 306 BC. The golden era of Suzhou ended with this conquest. Remnants of this culture include remainders of a 2,500 year old city wall and the gate through it at
By the time of the
Qin Dynasty, the city was known as Wu County. Xiang Yu(项羽) staged his historical uprising here in 209 BC, which contributed to the overthrow of Qin.
Sui Dynasty- in 589 AD - the city was renamed Suzhou.
When the Grand Canal was completed, Suzhou found itself strategically located on a major trade route. In the course of the
history of China, it has been a metropolis of industryand commerceon the south-eastern coast of China.
Tang Dynasty(825 AD), the great poet Bai Juyi(白居易) constructed the Shantang Canal (called "Shantang Street" or 山塘街) to connect the city with Huqiu for tourists. In 1035 AD, the temple of Confuciuswas founded by famed poet and writer Fan Zhongyan(范仲淹). It became the venue for imperial civil examinations.
In February 1130, the advancing Jin army from the north ransacked and massacred the city. This was followed by the
Mongol invasion(1275) and destruction of the royal city (in the centre of the walled city) in the beginning of the Ming Dynasty(1367).
Thereafter, the city had a more prosperous time. Many of the famous private gardens were constructed by the gentry of the Ming and
Qingdynasties. However, the city was to see another disaster in 1860 when Taiping soldiers advanced on and captured the city. In November 1863 the Ever Victorious Armyof Charles Gordon recaptured the city from the Taiping forces.
The next crisis that met the city was the Japanese invasion in 1937. Many gardens were devastated by the end of the war. In the early 1950s, restoration was done on gardens such as Zhuo-Zheng Yuan (
Humble Administrator's Garden) and Dong Yuan (East Garden) to bring them back to life.
In 1981, this ancient city was listed by the
State Councilas one of the four cities (the other three being Beijing, Hangzhouand Guilin) where the protection of historical and cultural heritage as well as natural scenery should be treated as a priority project. Since then, with suburban economic projects, Suzhou has developed into one of the most prosperous cities in China.
Classical gardens in Suzhou were added to the list of the
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1997 and 2000. It is possible to make a virtual tour at the UNESCO site in panorama through the wonderful Classical Gardens of Suzhou. [http://www.world-heritage-tour.org/asia/china/suzhou/map.html]
Districts and satellite cities
Because Suzhou is one of the most prosperous cities in China, its development has a direct correlation with the growth of its
satellitecities, most notably Kunshan, Taicang, Mudu, and Zhangjiagang, which together form the greater Suzhou region. Suzhou's jurisdictional areas are home to many high-tech development enterprises.
Suzhou has jurisdiction over (at county level):
* Districts: Canglang
沧浪, Jinchang 金阊, Pingjiang 平江, Suzhou Industrial Park 工业园区, Suzhou High & New Technology Development Zone 高新区, Xiangcheng 相城, Wuzhong 吴中)
* County-level cities:
Changshu 常熟, Taicang 太仓, Kunshan 昆山, Wujiang 吴江, and Zhangjiagang 张家港.
location = Suzhou
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source = [http://weather.msn.com/monthly_averages.aspx?wealocations=wc:32281 per MSN]
accessdate = 2008
Pan Gateis 2,500 years old and was first built by the state of Wu in the Warring StatesPeriod. It is renowned for its unique structure as a combined water and land gate.
*Tiger Hill (Huqiu) [http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/jiangsu/suzhou/tiger_hill.htm]
Xuanmiao Guan(originally built in 276 AD, rebuilt in 1584)
Huqiu Temple(originally built in 327, rebuilt in 1871)
Cold Mountain Temple(Hanshan Si) [http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/jiangsu/suzhou/hanshan_temple.htm] (built in 503, destroyed and rebuilt many times, last reconstruction in 1896)
Baodai Bridge(built in 816, rebuilt in 1442)
Shantang Canal(built in 825)
*Yunyan Pagoda (built in 961)
Ruiguang Pagoda(built in 1009)
Lingering Garden(Liu Yuan) [http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/jiangsu/suzhou/lingering.htm] (built in 1525, rebuilt in 1953)
Master of the Nets Garden(Wang Shi Yuan) (built in the Song Dynasty)
Blue Wave Pavilion(Canglang Ting) [http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/jiangsu/suzhou/canglang.htm] (built in 1696)
Mountain Villa with Embracing Beauty
Lion Grove Garden(built in 1342)
Garden of Cultivation
The Retreat & Reflection Garden
Humble Administrator's Garden(Zhuozheng Yuan) [http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/jiangsu/suzhou/humble_garden.htm] (built in 1513, rebuilt in 1860)
Gate of the Orient, the city's tallest building due for completion in 2007
Suzhou Museum, the newly built museum by I. M. Pei
No.1 Suzhou Silk factorythe first silk factory in Suzhou
Suzhou is conveniently located on the
Jinghu Railwaylinking Shanghaiand Nanjing, the provincial capital, to both of which there is hourly railway service. Suzhou Railway Stationis among the busiest passenger stations in China, having 139 trains stopping daily. T-Trains only take 45 minutes to Shanghai and an hour and half to Nanjing. Driving options include the Jiangsu-Shanghai Expressway, the Yangtze Riverine Expressway, the Suzhou-Jiaxing-Hangzhou Expressway. In 2005, the new Suzhou Outer Ringwas completed, linking the peripheral county-level cities of Taicang, Kunshan, and Changshu. By water, Suzhou is connected with Zhangjiagang, Luzhi, Liujiaand Changshou.
Wuxi Shuofang Airportand Guangfu United Airlines Airportserve as two municipal airports, and the State Council approved of the construction of an airport exclusively serving Suzhou in 2003, air transportation from Suzhou continues to be at Shanghai Hongqiao International Airportand Shanghai Pudong International Airportin Shanghai.
Suzhou Metrois currently being constructed.
Chinese opera: Kunquoriginates in the Suzhou region, as does the much later Suzhou Opera. Ballad-singing, or Suzhou pingtan, is a local form of storytelling that mixes singing (accompanied on the pipa) with portions in spoken dialect.
Handicrafts: Suzhou embroidery, fans, national musical instruments, scroll mounting, lanterns, mahogany furniture, jade carving, silk tapestry, traditional painting pigments of Jiangenxutang Studio, the New Year's wood-block prints of Taohuawu Studio.
Yangcheng Lake huge crab
Suzhou Silk Hand Embroidery Art
*Suzhou is the original place of "Jasmine", a song sung by Chinese singers or actresses thousands of times on the occasions of almost every important meetings or celebrations. Jasmine is also the symbol of Suzhou as well as Tai Hu Lake.
Fan Chengda(范成大) (1126-1193 AD)
Feng Menglong(冯梦龙) (1574-1645 AD)
Wen Zhenheng(文震亨) (1585-1645 AD)
I. M. Pei(贝聿铭), architect
Carina Lau(刘嘉玲), actress
Cong Lu, international business
:"A very great and noble city... It has 1600 stone bridges under which a galley may pass." -
:"Capital of Silk", "Land of Abundance", "Gusu city", "Cradle of the Wu Culture", and "World of Gardens", "Oriental
Veniceor Venice of the East"- nicknames of Suzhou
: "Paradise above, Suzhou and
Hangzhoubelow." - Chinese saying
:"Born in Suzhou, live in
Hangzhou, eat in Guangzhou, and die in Liuzhou." - Chinese saying. : "Beautiful or not beautiful, nothing is more beautiful than the waters of Taihu. Related or not related, we are all the people of the same village." - Chinese saying
Public institutions having full-time
Bachelor's degreeprograms include:
Suzhou University, also named Soochow University(苏州大学)
University of Science and Technology of Suzhou(苏州科技学院)
Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University(西安交通利物浦大学)
Suzhou Graduate Town( National University of Singaporeand Fudan Joint Graduate School, Nanjing University Graduate School, etc.)
Suzhou Foreign language School
Suzhou (including 7 districts and 5 county-level cities under Suzhou's jurisdiction) has more than 50 sister cities,
twin towns and provinces:: flagicon|Italy Venice Italy: flagicon|Canada Victoria, British Columbia Canada: flagicon|Japan Ikeda, Osaka Japan: flagicon|Japan Kanazawa, Ishikawa Japan: flagicon|USA Portland, Oregon USA: flagicon|Romania Tulcea County Romania: flagicon|South Korea Jeonju Republic of Korea: flagicon|Japan Kameoka, Kyoto Japan: flagicon|Latvia Riga Latvia: flagicon|Egypt Ismaïlia Egypt: flagicon|France Grenoble France: flagicon|Netherlands Nijmegen Netherlands: flagicon|Denmark Esbjerg Denmark: flagicon|Germany Konstanz Germany: flagicon|New Zealand Taupo New Zealand: flagicon|Japan Nabari, Mie Japan: flagicon|Brazil Porto Alegre Brazil: flagicon|USA Jacksonville, Florida USA: flagicon|Finland Riihimäki Finland: flagicon|South Korea Taebaek South Korea: flagicon|Poland Nowy Sącz Poland: flagicon|Ukraine Kiev Ukraine: flagicon|Ukraine Zaporizhia Ukraine: flagicon|Australia Logan, Queensland Australia: flagicon|Madagascar Antananarivo Madagascar: flagicon|Argentina Santiago del Estero Province Argentina: flagicon|Chile Viña del Mar Chile: flagicon|South Korea Yeongju South Korea: flagicon|Japan Daisen, Tottori Japan: flagicon|Germany Riesa Germany: flagicon|New Zealand Rotorua New Zealand: flagicon|Malta Santa Luċija Malta: flagicon|Japan Hirokawa, Fukuoka Japan: flagicon|Australia Portland, Victoria Australia: flagicon|Japan Eiheiji, Fukui Japan: flagicon|Japan Marugame, Kagawa Japan: flagicon|Japan Ayabe, Kyoto Japan: flagicon|Japan Sendai, Kagoshima Japan: flagicon|Australia Townsville, Queensland Australia: flagicon|USA Whittier, California USA: flagicon|France Brest France: flagicon|USA South El Monte, California, USA: flagicon|Namibia Grootfontein Namibia: flagicon|Japan Tahara, Aichi Japan: flagicon|Japan Tottori, Tottori Japan: flagicon|Italy Rosolina, Italy: flagicon|Japan Uchinada, Ishikawa Japan: flagicon|France Bourgoin-Jallieu France: flagicon|Australia Dubbo, New South Wales Australia: flagicon|Japan Chiba, Chiba Japan: flagicon|South Korea Hwaseong, Gyeonggi South Korea: flagicon|Japan Nago, Okinawa Japan
*Suzhou crater on
Marswas named after the city.
Precious Belt Bridge
The China Navigation Co.own a vessel, the MV Soochow, registered in Hong Kong.
* [http://www.suzhou.gov.cn/English/index.shtml Official site of Suzhou City, in English] (Government of Suzhou)
* [http://suzhou.jiangsu.net Suzhou city guide with open directory] (Jiangsu Network)
* [http://www.chinavista.com/suzhou/home.html Suzhou Vista]
* [http://www.suzhou-expat.com/content/view/108/46/ Scenic Spots in Suzhou]
* [http://www.sipac.gov.cn/english/ Suzhou Industrial Park]
* [http://jwsuchow.com/ Jordan Suchow, of org. descent]
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