- Bohai Sea
Bo Hai (zh-cp|c=|p=Bó Hăi), also known as Bohai Sea or Bohai Gulf, is the innermost gulf of the
Yellow Seaon the coast of northeastern China. It is approximately 78,000 km² in area and its proximity to Beijing, the capital of China, makes it one of the busiest seaways in the world.
In recent decades,
petroleumand natural gasdeposits have been discovered in Bo Hai.
The gulf is formed by the
Liaodong Peninsulato the northeast and the Shandong Peninsulato the south. Bo Hai consists of three bays: Laizhou Bayto the south, Liaodong Bayto the north, and Bohai Wan to the west. The rivers Huang He, Liao He, Hai Heand Luan Riverempty into Bo Hai.
Bo Hai borders the Chinese provinces of
Shandong, Liaoning, and Hebei, and Tianjinmunicipality. Port cities on Bo Hai coast include:
Liaoning: Dalian, Huludao, Jinzhou, Yingkou
Shandong: Longkou, Weihai, Yantai
Zhifu Island, part of YantaiCity, Shandong Province
In literature until the early 20th century, Bo Hai was sometimes called the Gulf of Chihli (直隸 "Zhílì") or the Gulf of Pechihli (北直隸 "Běizhílì"). Zhili and Beizhili were old names for the contemporary Chinese province of
In October, 2006, experts predicted that a failure to control pollution will cause large areas of the Bo Hai to become dead seas within a decade.Fact|date=May 2007
Xinhua News Agencyreport in February, 2007, painted a terrible scene: “Effluent has turned the sea a dark red and given it an acrid stench at Guanxi’s Silver Beach, a national tourist attraction. Local staff say it is not the first time this has happened – sometimes it occurs every few days. They blame the run-off from nearby shellfish processing plants.” [http://www.chinadialogue.net/article/show/single/en/832-China-s-water-resources-environmental-security-needed]
Jiaozhou Bay-Laizhou Bay Canal
In April, 2004, an official of the "Shandong" province raised the possibility of constructing a
canalbetween Jiaozhou Bayand Laizhou Bayas a means of easing the pollution problem in the Bo Hai. [http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/www.sd.xinhuanet.com/news/2007-07/12/content_10557525.htm] The proposed canal will also be open to ships traveling between Bo Hai and the Yellow Sea. A meeting held in Qingdao in October, 2006, was attended by more than a hundred members of academia.
* [http://www.chinadialogue.net/article/show/single/en/832-China-s-water-resources-environmental-security-needed] 中国与世界，环境危机大家谈 - China's water resources - environmental security needed
* [http://www.takungpao.com/news/07/11/23/ZM-827370.htm] 國家擬投千億 開鑿運河連通渤黃 Retrieved
November 23, 2007.
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