Mannose Identifiers CAS number PubChem UNII MeSH ChEMBL Properties Molecular formula C6H12O6 Molar mass 180.156 g mol-1 (what is: /?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Mannose is a sugar monomer of the aldohexose series of carbohydrates. Mannose is a C-2 epimer of glucose. It is not part of human metabolism, but is a component of microbial cell walls, and is therefore a target of the immune system and also of antibiotics.
D-Mannose isomers Skeletal formula Haworth projection
Mannose is not well metabolized in humans. Therefore, it does not significantly enter the carbohydrate metabolism when taken orally, and although traces of exogeneously introduced mannose have been detected in all body tissues, using radioactive markers, in a well hydrated mammal, 90% of mannose ingested is excreted unconverted into the urine within 30 – 60 minutes, with 99% of the remainder being excreted within the following 8 hours. There is no significant increase in blood-glucose levels during this time.
Mannose is present in numerous glycoconjugates including N-linked glycosylation of proteins. C-mannosylation is also abundant and can be found in collagen-like regions. Mannose is a C-2 epimer of glucose and displays a 4C1 pucker in the solution ring form.
Recombinant proteins produced in yeast may be subject to mannose addition in patterns different from those used by mammalian cells. This difference in recombinant proteins from those normally produced in mammalian organisms may influence the effectiveness of vaccines.
Mannose can be formed by the oxidation of mannitol.
D-mannose is sold as a naturopathic remedy for urinary tract infections, and it is claimed to work through the disruption of adherence of bacteria in the urinary tract.
The root of both "mannose" and "mannitol" is manna, which the Bible records as the food supplied to the Israelites during their journey through the Sinai Peninsula. Manna is a sweet secretion of several trees and shrubs, such as Fraxinus ornus.
Mannose differs from glucose by inversion of the C-2 chiral center. This apparently simple change leads to the drastically different chemistry of the two hexoses, as it does the remaining six aldohexoses.
- ^ Direct utilization of mannose for mammalian glycoprotein biosynthesis. Oxford Journals, Life Sciences, Glycobiology, Volume 8, Number 3 Pp. 285-295.
- ^ Vlahopoulos S, Gritzapis AD, Perez SA, Cacoullos N, Papamichail M, Baxevanis CN. Mannose addition by yeast Pichia Pastoris on recombinant HER-2 protein inhibits recognition by the monoclonal antibody herceptin. Vaccine. 2009 Jul 23;27(34):4704-8. Epub 2009 Jun 9.PMID: 19520203.
Types of carbohydrates General: Geometry MonosaccharidesAldodiose (Glycolaldehyde)>7 MultipleOther oligosaccharidesFructooligosaccharide (FOS) · Galactooligosaccharides (GOS) · Mannan-oligosaccharides (MOS) biochemical families: prot · nucl · carb (glpr, alco, glys) · lipd (fata/i, phld, strd, gllp, eico) · amac/i · ncbs/i · ttpy/i
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