Outline of Georgia (country)

Outline of Georgia (country)
The location of the country of Georgia
An enlargeable map of Georgia
An enlargeable map of Georgia highlighting Abkhazia and South Ossetia

Georgia is a sovereign Eurasian country, ostensively located in the South Caucasus at the juncture of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.[1] Georgia borders four countries: Turkey to the southwest, Russia to the north, Armenia to the south, and Azerbaijan to the east. In addition, there is a western coastline on the Black Sea. Georgia’s population is over 4.3 million, nearly 84% of which are ethnic Georgians (2002).[2]

Ancient Georgia was the site of the kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia. The latter, one of the first countries in the world to adopt Christianity as an official religion early in the 4th century, subsequently provided a nucleus around which the medieval Kingdom of Georgia was formed in the 11th century. After a period of political, economic and cultural flourishing, this kingdom went in decline in the 13th century and eventually fragmented into several kingdoms and principalities in the 16th century. The three subsequent centuries of Ottoman and Persian hegemony over these entities were followed by a piecemeal absorption into the Russian Empire in the course of the 19th century. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, Georgia had a brief period of independence as a Democratic Republic (1918–1921), which was terminated by the Red Army invasion of Georgia. Georgia became part of the Soviet Union in 1922 and regained its independence in 1991. Early post-Soviet years was marked by a civil unrest and economic crisis. Georgia began to gradually stabilize in 1995, and achieved more effective functioning of state institutions following a bloodless change of power in the so-called Rose Revolution of 2003.[3] However, Georgia continues to suffer from the unresolved secessionist conflicts in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The relations with Russia remain tense over these issues as well as Georgia’s aspiration of NATO membership.[4]

Georgia is a representative democracy, organized as a secular, unitary, semi-presidential republic. It is currently a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the World Trade Organization, the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, and GUAM. The country seeks to join NATO and, in the longer term, accession to the European Union.[5]

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Georgia:

General reference

An enlargeable basic map of Georgia

Geography of Georgia

An enlargeable topographic map of Georgia
 Russia 723 km
 Azerbaijan 322 km
 Turkey 252 km
 Armenia 164 km
  • Population of Georgia (country):
  • Area of Georgia (country): 69,700 km2
  • Atlas of Georgia

Environment of Georgia

An enlargeable satellite image of Georgia
  • Climate of Georgia
  • Environmental issues in Georgia
  • Ecoregions in Georgia
  • Renewable energy in Georgia
  • Geology of Georgia
  • Protected areas of Georgia
    • Biosphere reserves in Georgia
    • National parks of Georgia
  • Wildlife of Georgia

Natural geographic features of Georgia

Regions of Georgia

Main article: Regions of Georgia

Ecoregions of Georgia

Main article: Ecoregions in Georgia

Administrative divisions of Georgia

Municipalities of Georgia

Demography of Georgia

Main article: Demographics of Georgia

Government and politics of Georgia

Main article: Government of Georgia and Politics of Georgia

Branches of the government of Georgia

Executive branch of the government of Georgia

Legislative branch of the government of Georgia

Judicial branch of the government of Georgia

Foreign relations of Georgia

International organization membership

Georgia is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Georgia

Main article: Law of Georgia
  • Capital punishment in Georgia
  • Constitution of Georgia
  • Crime in Georgia
  • Human rights in Georgia
    • LGBT rights in Georgia
    • Freedom of religion in Georgia
  • Law enforcement in Georgia

Military of Georgia

Main article: Military of Georgia
  • Command
  • Forces
    • Army of Georgia (country)
    • Navy of Georgia
    • Air Force of Georgia
    • Special forces of Georgia
  • Military history of Georgia
  • Military ranks of Georgia

Local government in Georgia

History of Georgia

Main article: History of Georgia, Timeline of the history of Georgia, and Current events of Georgia
  • Economic history of Georgia
  • Military history of Georgia

Culture of Georgia

Main article: Culture of Georgia
  • Architecture of Georgia
  • Cuisine of Georgia
  • Ethnic minorities in Georgia
  • Festivals in Georgia
  • Humor in Georgia
  • Languages of Georgia
  • Media in Georgia
  • National symbols of Georgia
  • People of Georgia
  • Prostitution in Georgia
  • Public holidays in Georgia
  • Records of Georgia
  • Religion in Georgia
    • Buddhism in Georgia
    • Christianity in Georgia
    • Hinduism in Georgia
    • Islam in Georgia
    • Judaism in Georgia
    • Sikhism in Georgia
  • World Heritage Sites in Georgia

Art in Georgia

Sports in Georgia

Main article: Sports in Georgia

Economy and infrastructure of Georgia

Main article: Economy of Georgia

Education in Georgia

Main article: Education in Georgia

See also


  1. ^ a b "Georgia". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gg.html. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ Department of Statistics under Ministry of Economic Development of Georgia. Statistical Yearbook of Georgia: 2007, p. 22. Tbilisi, 2008.
  3. ^ Parsons, Robert (2008-01-11), "Mikheil Saakashvili’s bitter victory", openDemocracy.net. Retrieved on 2008-05-21.
  4. ^ Cutler, David & Balmforth, Richard (2008-05-21), "Timeline – Events leading to Georgia's election", Thomson Reuters. Retrieved on 2008-05-21.
  5. ^ Foreign Policy Strategy 2006-2009, pp. 9-10. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia. Retrieved on 2006-06-27.

External links

Wikimedia Atlas of Georgia

News and data

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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