Chevrolet Cruze

Chevrolet Cruze
Chevrolet Cruze
2011 Chevrolet Cruze LS sedan (US)
Manufacturer General Motors
Also called Daewoo Lacetti Premiere
Holden Cruze
Production 2008–present
Predecessor Chevrolet Cobalt
Daewoo Lacetti
Class Compact
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive

The Chevrolet Cruze is a General Motors (GM) automobile, spanning two unrelated models. The original iteration, a subcompact crossover SUV, was manufactured by Suzuki in Japan between 2001 and 2008 under joint venture with GM. Since 2008, the "Cruze" nameplate has referred to a globally developed, designed and manufactured four-door compact sedan, which was complemented by a five-door hatchback body variant in 2011.

Badged Holden Cruze in Australasia and Daewoo Lacetti Premiere (from 2008 to 2011) in South Korea, the new generation model does not serve as a replacement for its identically badged predecessor, but rather replaces the Chevrolet Cobalt and Daewoo Lacetti compact sedans. GM phased out production of the Chevrolet Cobalt and its badged engineered counterpart, the Pontiac G5 in 2010, on the introduction of the Chevrolet Cruze in North America.

Contents

2001–2008

2001–2008 Chevrolet Cruze

Announced as the Chevrolet YGM1 concept car at the Tokyo Motor Show in 1999, the original Cruze was derived from the subcompact Suzuki Ignis (known as the Suzuki Swift in Japan).[1][2] The development of the Cruze departed from the original five-door hatchback Suzuki as a sport utility vehicle (SUV), using either the front- or all-wheel drive layout.[3][4] Despite the Chevrolet branding, the YGM1, like the production car, was the work of GM's Australian arm, Holden.[5][6] Along with the styling, Holden also executed most of the engineering work and were responsible for devising the "Cruze" nameplate.[1]

GM revealed the production Chevrolet Cruze in October 2001, with Japanese sales commencing the following month.[4] Manufactured by Suzuki in Japan,[7] the Cruze was also sold in Australasia from 2002 through to 2006 as the Holden Cruze.[8] From 2003, Suzuki of Europe began manufacturing the Cruze as the Suzuki Ignis—representing a facelift of the original Ignis.[9]

2008–present (J300)

J300
Holden Cruze CDX sedan (Australia)
Also called Daewoo Lacetti Premiere
Holden Cruze
Production 2008–present
Assembly Australia: Elizabeth, South Australia
Brazil: São Caetano do Sul, São Paulo
China: Shenyang, Liaoning
India: Halol, Gujarat
Kazakhstan: Ust-Kamenogorsk
Russia: Saint Petersburg
Vietnam: Hanoi
South Korea: Gunsan, Jeonbuk
Thailand: Rayong
United States: Lordstown, Ohio
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door hatchback
Platform GM Delta II platform
Engine 1.4 L Ecotec I4 (t/c gasoline)
1.6 L Ecotec I4 (gasoline)
1.8 L Ecotec I4 (gasoline)
2.0 L VCDi I4 (t/c diesel)
Wheelbase 2,685 mm (105.7 in)
Length 4,597 mm (181.0 in)
Width 1,788 mm (70.4 in)
Height 1,477 mm (58.1 in)
Related Opel Astra (J)

GM in 2008 introduced the Cruze compact car, carrying the "J300" internal designation.[10] This J300 iteration serves as a replacement for the Chevrolet Cobalt and Daewoo Lacetti—both unrelated cars. The first renderings of the Cruze were revealed by GM at a press conference on July 15, 2008,[11] with the first official images released on August 21, 2008.[12]

Cruze production sites include Gunsan, Jeonbuk, South Korea;[13], Saint Petersburg, Russia;[14] Shenyang, China;[15] and Halol, India;[16] Hanoi, Vietnam since April 2010 in complete knock-down (CKD) form,[17][18] Ust-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan from May 2010;[19] Rayong, Thailand after December 2010,[20] and São Caetano do Sul, Brazil from 2011.[21] Holden's localized hatchback version of the Cruze to be built at the Elizabeth, South Australia factory from late 2011 will join the Cruze sedan manufactured there since March 2011.[22] GM in the United States has upgraded the existing plant in Lordstown, Ohio to manufacture the Cruze, investing more than US$350 million.[23] At the ceremony of the start of production of Cruze at Ohio, Mark Reuss, the president of GM’s North American operations said, "This is everything for us". It is described as GM’s most significant new vehicle introduction into North America since the Chapter 11 reorganization in 2009, and is GM's latest attempt to build a small size car that North American consumers would "buy because they like it — not simply because it is cheap".[24]

Development

Underpinned by the front-wheel drive GM Delta II platform, GM has confirmed the Cruze development program occurred under a global design and engineering team.[25] Most of the design work was conducted by GM Daewoo (now GM Korea), with GM's Opel division responsible for most of the engineering.[25][26] This development program spanned over 27 months at a cost of US$4 billion. A total of 221 prototypes were tested in Australia, Canada, China, South Korea, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States.[27]

Holden Cruze (JG) CD sedan

According to GM, the Cruze's body structure is 65 percent high-strength steel.[28] MacPherson struts are utilized in the front suspension with a solid torsion beam axle for the rear, avoiding the cost and complexity needed for a modern multi-link independent rear suspension used by some more expensive rivals.[27][29]

Hydraulically-assisted (electric for North American market) rack and pinion steering gives for a 10.9-meter (36 ft) turning circle. Braking-wise, ventilated front, and solid rear disc brakes are employed, both using piston steel calipers.[27] To counteract noise, vibration, and harshness, engineers have designed the Cruze with an isolated four-point engine mount and implemented sound damping material in areas including the front-of-dashboard panel, luggage compartment, decklid internals, doors, carpet and headlining. Further noise suppression through the use of a triple-layer sealing system in the doors has also been employed.[27]

A five-door Cruze hatchback was unveiled at the 2010 Paris Motor Show on October 1, 2010. The Cruze hatchback is currently slated to be released for Europe in mid-2011.[30][31] Holden in Australia were responsible for the design and development of the hatchback body variant.[32]

Safety

The Australasian New Car Assessment Program (ANCAP) announced in May 2009 that it has awarded the Cruze a full five stars in their independent crash safety test, with 35.04 out of a possible 37 points.[33] The following July, the China New Car Assessment Program (C-NCAP) awarded the Cruze a maximum five stars in their independent crash safety test. The Cruze SE 1.6-liter tested scored a maximum of 16 points in side-impact collision, 14.44 in front-end collision, and 15.73 in the 40 percent frontal offset collision.[34] Euro NCAP released its rating in November, with the Chevrolet Cruze again receiving the full five-star grading. While the Cruze scored 96 percent for adult protection, and 84 percent for child occupant protection, Euro NCAP's figure for pedestrian protection is quoted at significantly lower 34 percent.[35] In December 2009, the South Korean-specification Cruze—the Daewoo Lacetti Premiere—received the top rating of five stars from the Korean New Car Assessment Program (KNCAP). According to KNCAP, the Lacetti Premiere received the five-star rating in the frontal, offset frontal, side, and whiplash tests.[36]

Chevrolet Cruze hatchback (Germany)

In the United States, the Cruze received the highest possible ratings of "good" in front, side, rear and rollover crash protection tests by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), which has recognized the Cruze as a 2011 Top Safety Pick.[37] Moreover, The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has awarded the Cruze its highest five-star rating for safety. The score is broken down into maximum five-star results for frontal impact (driver and passenger), side impact (driver and passenger), and for the side pole test (driver). The NHTSA certified the Cruze's rollover rating at four out of five stars.[38]

Powertrains

Engines fitted to the Cruze are the 1.6-liter Family 1 inline-four, a 1.8-liter version of the same, and a 2.0-liter VM Motori VCDi turbocharged common rail diesel.[39] All three engines are coupled to a five-speed manual or optional six-speed automatic transmission featuring Active Select.[40][41] When the Cruze launched in the United States in 2010, a new 1.4-liter Family 0 turbocharged gasoline engine was introduced.[42][43] North American models fitted with the 1.8-liter gasoline engine have also been upgraded to a standard six-speed manual.[42]

Gasoline
Engine Power Torque Transmission Years
1.4 L (1,364 cc) Ecotec I4 (t/c) 103 kW (138 hp) 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) (AU/EU) 2010–
201 N·m (148 lb·ft) (NA) 2010–
1.6 L (1,598 cc) Ecotec I4 83 kW (111 hp) 153 N·m (113 lb·ft) 2008–
1.8 L (1,796 cc) Ecotec I4 104 kW (139 hp) (AU/EU) 176 N·m (130 lb·ft) (AU/EU) 2008–
101 kW (136 hp) (NA) 167 N·m (123 lb·ft) (NA) 2010–
Diesel
2.0 L (1,991 cc) VCDi I4 (t/c) 110 kW (148 hp) (2009) 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) (2009) 2008–2011
120 kW (161 hp) (2011) 360 N·m (266 lb·ft) (2011) 2011–

Market

Chevrolet Cruze

Daewoo Lacetti Premiere (J300; South Korea)

Africa: The Chevrolet Cruze was launched in the Egyptian market during mid-2009.[44] South African sales of the Cruze commenced in September 2009.[45]

Asia: The Chevrolet Cruze was launched in the Chinese market on April 18, 2009.[46] Manufactured at GM India's Halol factory,[16] the Chevrolet Cruze was released in India on 12 October 2009.[47] It is offered in only two versions: LT and LTZ in diesel form only (VCDi).[48] During the course of 2009, there were reports that the Cruze was to become available in Malaysia with the 1.6 and a 1.8-liter engines.[49] The Naza automotive group in Malaysia has announced that it's expecting to launch the Cruze in the Malaysian market for the first time in the second quarter of 2010 and they are expecting to sell 1,200 to 1,500 units in 2010.[50]

Europe: 1.6 and 1.8-liter petrol and 2.0-liter diesel engines are currently offered in the European-specification Cruzes. Exports from the South Korean factory began on February 24, 2009.[51]

North America: Mexico became the first North American country to receive the car, going on sale as a 2010 model in late 2009. Imported from South Korea, the Cruze in Mexico replaces both the Astra (last sold in 2008) and Optra as the compact offering there.[52][53]

2011 Chevrolet Cruze 1LT (J300; US)

The U.S. version of the Chevrolet Cruze entered limited production at Lordstown, Ohio, in July 2010 as a 2011 model, replacing the Chevrolet Cobalt.[54] Full production began September 8, 2010.[55] For the American and Canadian market, the Cruze utilizes a more advanced Watts Z-link rear suspension from the Opel Astra (J).[56] Offered in LS, LT, LTZ, and Eco trim lines,[57] both the 1.8-liter and the turbocharged 1.4-liter engines are offered, coupled with either a six-speed manual or automatic transmission.[57] With a starting price slightly higher than most compact competitors, the base model Cruze LS is equipped with the 1.8-liter gasoline engine and comes with air-conditioning and power locks, the higher-level LT and LTZ models is fitted with the 1.4-liter turbocharged gasoline engine.[24][58] For the Eco model, aerodynamic improvements have been made such as an electronically controlled air shutter that adjusts air flow to the engine depending on the temperature, wind speed and tow weight.[59] To save weight, Chevrolet replaces the space saving spare tire and jack on the Eco model with a tire inflator kit, reducing weight by 12 kilograms (26 lb).[60] While the current Cruze is only available with gasoline-powered engines in North America, GM announced that the Cruze will be available with the 2.0-liter VCDi diesel engine for the 2013 or 2014 model year.[61]

Standard safety equipment includes electronic stability control and ten airbags, including side rear-seat and front knee airbags not fitted on models produced in the original South Korea facility.[62] The Cobalt's badge engineered twin, the Pontiac G5, has not been replaced by a Cruze-based equivalent, due to the Pontiac brand being phased out during 2010.[63] The Cruze is built on the production lines that were used to build the Cobalt and Pontiac G5 in Lordstown, Ohio.[64] Cobalt production ended in June 2010 and the Cruze started production in July 2010. GM has allocated three shifts to produce the Cruze and it arrived to dealers in September 2010, giving all dealers time to deplete their inventories of Cobalts.[65]

GM announced in April 2011 that 2,100 North American-market Cruze models will be recalled following a report of the steering wheel breaking away from the steering column during motion.[66] According to Consumer Reports, during its first year, the Cruze scored the lowest in reliability among compact sedans.[67]

South America: the Chevrolet Cruze was launched in the Brazilian market market in September 2011 using Holden-based components and engine. Also, the highest trim version of the Brazilian Cruze is manufactured in Australia.[citation needed]

Daewoo Lacetti Premiere

South Korean-market versions of the Cruze entered production there in 2008 as the "Daewoo Lacetti Premiere".[10] The Lacetti debuted on October 30, 2008, featuring the 1.6-liter naturally aspirated engine.[68] On January 30, 2009, GM Daewoo introduced the turbodiesel engine variant.[69] Inline with the February 2011 renaming of "GM Daewoo" to "GM Korea", the Lacetti Premiere, adopted the international "Chevrolet Cruze" name from March 2, 2011.[70][71]

Holden Cruze

Holden Cruze (JG) CDX sedan

The Australian arm of GM, Holden, announced at the Melbourne International Motor Show on February 27, 2009 that sales of the South Korean-produced Cruze would begin under the Holden brand.[72] Replacing the Holden Viva, the Cruze reached dealerships on June 1.[73] The Cruze also became the replacement for the Holden Astra, dropped from the Holden lineup the following August.[74][75]

Given the model designation JG, the Holden Cruze was launched with the 1.8-liter petrol engine and optional 2.0-liter turbodiesel. Both engines are mated to the five-speed manual transmission or optional six-speed automatic. Electronic stability control (ESC), seat belt pretensioners and six airbags were standard fitment across the range.[28] Specification-wise, the "CD" opened up the range, finished off with a more upmarket "CDX". The "CD" equipment list comprised 16-inch steel wheels, air conditioning, cruise control, a trip computer, power windows and automatic headlamps.[76] "CDX" versions add 17-inch alloy wheels, front fog lamps, a leather-wrapped steering wheel and upholstery, heated front seats and rear parking sensors.[77] Initially a petrol-only model, diesel availability was expanded to the "CDX" trim in early 2010.[78][79]

On March 18, 2010, Holden issued a recall for 9,098 petrol-engined 2010 model year Cruzes in Australia and a further 485 in New Zealand over a faulty fuel hose. According to Holden, some hoses on 1.8-liter cars had developed a leakage, although no accidents or injuries had been reported prior to the recall.[80] The recall followed a stop-delivery notice issued by Holden to its dealers on March 3 while the automaker conducted an investigation into the matter.[81]

Holden Cruze (JG) CD interior

Holden announced on December 22, 2008 that its Elizabeth, South Australia production line would be split to commence local production of the Cruze sedan and the Australian-developed hatchback.[82] Production was originally scheduled to start by September 2010.[83] However, it was confirmed in January 2010 that production would in fact begin in March 2011.[84] The announcement to assemble the car came as a response to the slowing sales of the larger, locally produced Holden Commodore range.[82] The Australian Government committed A$149 million to the program from its $6.2 billion Green Car Innovation Fund, with a further $30 million given by the State Government of South Australia.[82] GM Holden matched both amounts, but the then chairman and managing director Mark Reuss would not reveal Holden's total investment.[82] Reuss announced his firm would be considering the utilization of liquid petroleum gas (LPG), compressed natural gas (CNG), ethanol (E85) flexible-fuel and petrol/electric hybrid start-stop system powertrain technologies.[82][85] These technologies, if materialized, would supplement the four-cylinder petrol and diesel powertrain offerings already confirmed by Holden at the time of the announcement.[86]

Holden Cruze (JH, Series II) SRi sedan

At a media event on February 28, 2011, Holden unveiled the Australian assembled Cruze sedan in facelifted "Series II" guise,[87] otherwise known as the JH series.[88] Prime Minister Julia Gillard attended the February launch to drive the first example off Holden's production line before full-scale production commenced in March.[22] Holden has confirmed an initial local content level of between 40 to 50 percent if assessed by retail value, with an aim of increasing Cruze localization over time.[89][90] Series II styling revisions to the grille, lower air intake, and bumper have softened the front-end to bear a closer resemblance to Holden's larger VE II Commodore.[87] Further differentiation from the original has been achieved via the fitment of amber front indicator lights, jewelled bezel headlamps, remodelled wheel trims, and through adjustments to the lower portion of the rear bumper.[87][91] Carrying over largely unchanged is the 1.8-liter petrol inline-four, tweaked to yield slight enhancements in drivability.[92] When automatic transmission is specified, the 1.8-liter is now teamed with GM's six-speed 6T30 unit, lighter and more compact than the previous 6T40.[88] Diesel remains optional for "CD" and "CDX" specifications over the standard 1.8-liter petrol.[92] Alterations to the 2.0-liter turbodiesel have resulted in an additional 10 kilowatts (13 hp) and 40 newton metres (30 lb·ft) and a slight reduction in fuel consumption for the manual variant, now a six-speed unit.[91] However, the headline change is the release of the turbocharged 1.4-liter engine, dubbed iTi by Holden for intelligent turbo induction.[91] The inclusion of the 1.4 also brings an upgrade to electric (as opposed to hydraulic) power steering and affixes a Watt's linkage to the torsion beam rear suspension.[22] Linked with six-speed manual or automatic transmissions, the 1.4 is fitted as standard to the new "SRi" and "SRi-V" sports-oriented trims, but is available at extra cost on the base "CD".[91] The new "SRi" and "SRi-V" models have their respective badges embossed onto the grille insert, are fitted with their own front bumper design, and feature side skirts, chrome exterior door handles, a rear lip spoiler, and five-spoke 17-inch alloy wheels.[87][93] Over the "CD", "SRi" gains a leather-covered steering wheel rim and shift lever, with the "SRi-V" extending this upholstering to the seating.[93] A heat function for the front seats, keyless entry with push-button engine start, reversing sensors, and seven-inch LCD multimedia unit are also part of the "SRi-V" equipment list.[93] This multimedia system integrates satellite navigation, the CD and DVD players, and a 10 GB internal hard disk drive.[93] In mid-November 2011, Holden will release the MY12 update to the Series II Cruze. This update will coincide with the release of the hatchback body variant and see Bluetooth telephone connectivity standard across the range.[94]

Sales

Year AU CN US
2009 12,590[95] 92,190[96]
2010 28,334[97] 187,737[98] 24,495[99]

Motorsport

Two Cruze touring cars competing in the WTCC.

The Chevrolet Cruze entered the World Touring Car Championship in 2009.[100] The car has proved successful since its entry, winning the 2010 championship and dominating the 2011 series as well. The race version uses a 1.6-liter turbocharged gasoline engine developing 230 kilowatts (310 PS) and 335 newton metres (247 lb·ft) of torque.

The Cruze also entered the British Touring Car Championship beginning in 2010.[101] Contrasted to the car in WTCC trim, the BTCC Cruze has a 2.0-liter naturally aspirated gasoline engine producing 210 kilowatts (280 hp) and 267 newton metres (197 lb·ft) of torque.[102]

References

  1. ^ a b Newton, Bruce (2001-12-19). "Cruze price bruise". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/ADAABD7079C4FE09CA2572100028B88A. Retrieved 2009-05-20. 
  2. ^ Newton, Bruce (2000-09-06). "Suzuki acts swiftly on Ignis debut". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/1984B8B98F6B29CFCA256AF500063925. Retrieved 2009-05-20. 
  3. ^ "Suzuki Introduces Ignis". AutoWeb. Web Publications. 2000-10-25. http://www.autoweb.com.au/A_53111/cms/newsarticle.html. Retrieved 2009-11-19. 
  4. ^ a b "Chevrolet introduces the "Cruze" compact lifestyle vehicle, jointly developed by GM, Suzuki". General Motors. 2001-10-22. http://archives.media.gm.com/division/chevrolet/news/releases/011022_cruze.html. Retrieved 2009-05-22. 
  5. ^ Newton, Bruce (2002-10-11). "Car review – Holden Cruze 5-dr wagon". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/CA0C7BD665388785CA256C40000BDEED. Retrieved 2009-05-20. 
  6. ^ "Design By Holden, Engineering By Suzuki, Badge By Chevrolet". AutoWeb. Web Publications. 1999-10-19. http://www.autoweb.com.au/cms/newsarticle.html?&A=51747. Retrieved 2009-05-20. 
  7. ^ "GM returns to Japan manufacturing". USA Today. Gannett Company. 2001-10-22. http://www.usatoday.com/money/autos/2001-10-22-cruze.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-22. 
  8. ^ "Holden Cruze (YG Cruze)". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/carfamilytree?ReadForm&ID=022633FA023C2D3BCA25712B000B2873. Retrieved 2009-11-19. 
  9. ^ "Suzuki Ignis (2003–) Review". Channel 4. Archived from the original on 2007-10-28. http://web.archive.org/web/20071028103428/http://www.channel4.com/4car/rt/suzuki/ignis/378/2. Retrieved 2009-05-22. 
  10. ^ a b Davis, Matt (2009-04-01). "2011 Chevrolet Cruze First Drive". Edmunds. http://www.insideline.com/chevrolet/cruze/2011/2011-chevrolet-cruze-first-drive.html. Retrieved 2009-07-05. 
  11. ^ Arnold, Mark (2008-07-15). "2010 Chevy Cruze: Rick Wagoner Unwraps First Shots Of Chevy Cruze, Cadillac SRX". Jalopnik. http://jalopnik.com/398599/rick-wagoner-unwraps-first-shots-of-chevy-cruze-cadillac-srx. Retrieved 2008-08-23. 
  12. ^ Keegan, Matt (2008-08-21). "GM Releases First Chevy Cruze Photographs". The Auto Writer. http://thearticlewriter.com/autowriter/gm-releases-first-chevy-cruze-photographs/. Retrieved 2008-08-23. 
  13. ^ Mathioudakis, Bryon (2011-02-28). "Holden’s Australian-built Cruze surfaces". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/BA764AE773A7430ECA257844007D4BCC. Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  14. ^ Courtenay, Vince (2009-02-27). "First Korean-Built Chevy Cruze Shipment Sails for Europe". Ward's Auto. Penton Media. Archived from the original on 2011-08-11. http://www.webcitation.org/60r282LWU. 
  15. ^ Lienart, Paul (2008-12-12). "Running Out of Cash at Home, GM Opens Another China Plant". Edmunds. http://www.insideline.com/chevrolet/cruze/2011/running-out-of-cash-at-home-gm-opens-another-china-plant.html. Retrieved 2008-12-19. 
  16. ^ a b Gurgaon, Haryana (2009-07-13). "GM India part of the New General Motors Company". India PRWire. http://www.indiaprwire.com/pressrelease/auto/2009071329252.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-07. 
  17. ^ "The new Chevrolet Cruze – Change the rules". Gami Group. 2009-04-19. Archived from the original on 2011-08-18. http://www.webcitation.org/611jqW4IT. 
  18. ^ Ellison, Edd (2010-11-15). "Vietnam Gearing Up for Rapid Auto Industry Growth". Ward's Auto. Penton Media. Archived from the original on 2011-08-18. http://www.webcitation.org/611kEqiqD. 
  19. ^ "Company/Plant History". Azia Avto. http://www.aziaavto.kz/hist_eng.htm. Retrieved 2010-10-21. 
  20. ^ Santivimolnat, Santan (2010-11-24). "Chevrolet expects lift from Cruze". Bangkok Post. http://www.bangkokpost.com/business/marketing/207844/chevrolet-expects-lift-from-cruze. Retrieved 2011-03-05. 
  21. ^ "Cruze vai substituir Astra e Vectra GT até ano que vem [Cruze to replace Astra and Vectra GT next year]". Diário de Marília. 2011-03-05. http://www.diariodemarilia.com.br/Noticias/96196/Cruze-vai-substituir-Astra-e-Vectra-GT-at-ano-que-vem. Retrieved 2010-04-01.  (Portuguese)
  22. ^ a b c Mathioudakis, Bryon (2011-02-28). "Holden’s Australian-built Cruze surfaces". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/BA764AE773A7430ECA257844007D4BCC. Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  23. ^ "GM to Spend $500 Million to Launch the Chevy Cruze, a New Small Car". United States Department of Energy. 2008-08-27. http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/news/news_detail.cfm/news_id=11948. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  24. ^ a b Bunkley, Nick (2010-09-09). "G.M. Makes a Play for Buyers and Investors". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/09/business/09auto.html?. Retrieved 2010-09-09. 
  25. ^ a b Lienert, Paul (2008-07-08). "2011 Chevrolet Cruze – Car News". Car and Driver. Hachette Filipacchi Media. http://www.caranddriver.com/news/car/08q3/2011_chevrolet_cruze-car_news. Retrieved 2010-07-08. 
  26. ^ Priddle, Alisa (July 2008). "IL Insider: 2011 Chevrolet Cruze". Edmunds. http://www.insideline.com/chevrolet/cruze/2011/il-insider-2011-chevrolet-cruze.html. Retrieved 2010-06-27. 
  27. ^ a b c d Mathioudakis, Bryon (2009-05-19). "Holden Cruze set at $20,990". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/CA29C33951909857CA2575BB00214969. Retrieved 2009-05-20. 
  28. ^ a b Pettendy, Marton (2009-02-27). "Melbourne show: Holden comes clean on Cruze". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/25B78FC414CC4AD3CA25756800249C99. Retrieved 2009-02-27. 
  29. ^ O'Kane, Tony (July 23, 2010). "Holden Cruze CDX Diesel Review". The Motor Report. http://www.themotorreport.com.au/50616/2010-holden-cruze-cdx-diesel-road-test-review. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  30. ^ Papworth, Andrew (2010-10-01). "Paris motor show: Chevrolet Cruze hatch". Autocar. Haymarket Media Group. http://www.autocar.co.uk/News/NewsArticle/AllCars/252542/. Retrieved 2010-10-06. 
  31. ^ Wood, Colum (2010-10-01). "Chevy Cruze Hatchback Unveiled for Europe [Paris 2010"]. AutoGuide. VerticalScope. http://www.autoguide.com/auto-news/2010/10/chevy-cruze-hatchback-unveiled-for-europe-paris-2010.html. Retrieved 2010-10-06. 
  32. ^ Gover, Paul (2010-09-10). "Holden Cruze 2011 our global star". Herald Sun. News Limited. http://www.carsguide.com.au/site/news-and-reviews/car-news/holden_cruze_2011_our_global_star. Retrieved 2010-10-06. 
  33. ^ Blackburn, Blackburn (2009-05-11). "Holden’s new Cruze scores five stars for safety". Drive. Fairfax Media. http://news.drive.com.au/drive/motor-news/holdens-new-cruze-scores-five-stars-for-safety-20090512-14965.html. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  34. ^ "Chevrolet Cruze gets 5-star safety rating in China". Gasgoo. 2009-07-02. http://autonews.gasgoo.com/auto-news/1011147/Chevrolet-Cruze-gets-5-star-safety-rating-in-China.html. Retrieved 2009-08-18. 
  35. ^ Hughes, Steve (2009-11-26). "Safety success for Astra and Cruze". Ayrshire Post. Scottish & Universal Newspapers. http://www.ayrshirepost.net/lifestyle/motoring-car-news/2009/11/26/safety-success-for-astra-and-cruze-102545-25265650/. Retrieved 2009-11-28. 
  36. ^ "Lacetti Premiere Receives Maximum Five-Star Rating from KNCAP". Korea Newswire. 2009-12-11. http://anews.icross.co.kr/anews/read.php?idx=309996&cateid=0202. Retrieved 2009-12-16. 
  37. ^ "Chevrolet Cruze". Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. http://www.iihs.org/ratings/ratingsbyseries.aspx?id=710. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  38. ^ "2011 Chevrolet Cruze". National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. http://www.safercar.gov/staticfiles/ncap-2011/2011_Chevrolet_Cruze.htm. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  39. ^ Suttle, Alisdair (2009-04-19). "Chevy goes Cruze-ing". Daily Express. Northern and Shell Media. http://www.express.co.uk/motoring/view/95855/Chevy-goes-Cruze-ing. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  40. ^ "Chevrolet Cruze: Viva La Holden". Web Wombat. 2008-09-01. http://www.webwombat.com.au/motoring/news_reports/chevrolet-holden-cruze.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  41. ^ Stevens, Samantha (2009-02-27). "2009 Melbourne show – Holden Cruze". Wheels magazine. http://www.wheelsmag.com.au/wheels/site/articleIDs/20AD3EB6A56D6BC4CA25756900770F99. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  42. ^ a b Gillies, Mark (April 2010). "2011 Chevrolet Cruze U.S. Spec – First Drive Review". Car and Driver. Hachette Filipacchi Media. http://www.caranddriver.com/reviews/car/10q2/2011_chevrolet_cruze_u.s._spec-first_drive_review. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  43. ^ Pettendy, Marton (2009-03-31). "Inside Holden’s Delta force". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/61AEEC44C7C64EF7CA25758A0010868F. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  44. ^ "The Launch of the New Chevrolet Cruze in the Egyptian Market". Daily News Egypt. Egyptian Media Services. 2009-06-05. http://www.thedailynewsegypt.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=22212. Retrieved 2009-09-19. [dead link]
  45. ^ "There's Tom and Penny – now meet Chevy Cruze". Motoring & Independent Online. 2009-09-23. http://www.motoring.co.za/index.php?fArticleId=5174913&fSectionId=751&fSetId=381. Retrieved 2009-10-04. 
  46. ^ Gao, George (2009-03-30). "Chevrolet Cruze to hit China market on Apr. 18 – China automotive news". Gasgoo. http://autonews.gasgoo.com/auto-news/1009802/Chevrolet-Cruze-to-hit-China-market-on-Apr-18.html. Retrieved 2009-06-06. 
  47. ^ "GM India expects 50% growth in 2010". Business Standard. 2009-09-24. http://www.business-standard.com/india/news/gm-india-expects-50-growth-in-2010/74285/on. Retrieved 2009-10-07. 
  48. ^ "GM India Unveils Chevrolet Cruze". Automotive Business Review. Progressive Media Group. 2009-10-12. http://www.automotive-business-review.com/news/gm_india_unveils_chevrolet_cruze_091012. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  49. ^ Chong, Elizabeth (2009-05-11). "Cruze-ing along Targeted sales of 600 units of Chevrolet’s new model". The Star Online. Star Publications. http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2009/5/11/business/3818839&sec=business. Retrieved 2009-05-20. 
  50. ^ Kouider, Hossine (2010-04-06). "Naza to sell Chevrolets". The Star Online. Star Publications. http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/3/5/business/5796678&sec=business. Retrieved 2010-04-06. 
  51. ^ "GM Daewoo Starts Exports of Lacetti Premiere". General Motors. 2009-02-24. http://media.gmdaewoo.co.kr/content/media/kr/en/news/news_detail.brand_gmdaewoo.html/content/Pages/news/kr/en/2009/20090224. Retrieved 2009-02-28. [dead link]
  52. ^ "Contacto: Chevrolet Cruze". Terra Networks México. 2009-07-23. http://www.terra.com.mx/articulo.aspx?articuloId=851724. Retrieved 2009-11-19.  (Spanish)
  53. ^ Silverio, Ricardo (2009-09-10). "Chevrolet Cruze 2010 un nuevo producto para México". Autocosmos. http://www.autocosmos.com.mx/noticias/21076/chevrolet-cruze-2010-un-nuevo-producto-para-mexico.aspx. Retrieved 2009-11-19.  (Spanish)
  54. ^ Snell, Robert (2009-10-29). "Launch of GM's Cruze delayed 3 months". The Detroit News. http://www.detnews.com/article/20091029/AUTO01/910290350/1148/?source=nletter-business. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  55. ^ Bunkley, Nick (2010-09-08). "G.M. Makes a Play for Buyers and Investors". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/09/business/09auto.html. Retrieved 2010-09-09. 
  56. ^ Mathioudakis, Bryon (2009-12-07). "Pretty Cruze hatch might miss US". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/223637A2A84993E4CA25768400802DB1. Retrieved 2009-12-09. 
  57. ^ a b Ireson, Nelson (2009-11-29). "2011 Chevrolet Cruze Revealed Ahead Of LA Auto Show Debut". MotorAuthority. High Gear Media. http://www.motorauthority.com/blog/1038509_2011-chevrolet-cruze-revealed-ahead-of-la-auto-show-debut. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 
  58. ^ Diehlman, Steve (2010-08-31). "Cruising Cruze: 2011 Chevrolet Cruze Gets EPA Certified, Capable of 36 MPG". Motor Trend. Source Interlink Media. http://wot.motortrend.com/6681524/auto-review/cruising-cruze-2011-chevrolet-cruze-gets-epa-certified-capable-of-36-mpg/index.html#ixzz0yHdpzhz2. Retrieved 2010-09-02. 
  59. ^ Wint, Bradley (2010-08-12). "Chevrolet Cruze Eco’s Air Shutter helps achieve 40 MPG". Motorthusiast. http://www.motorthusiast.com/72/chevrolet-cruze-ecos-air-shutter-helps-achieve-40-mpg/. Retrieved 2010-08-12. 
  60. ^ Stewart, Ben (2011-02-04). "2011 Chevrolet Cruze Eco Test Drive". Popular Mechanics. Hearst Communications. http://www.popularmechanics.com/cars/reviews/drives/2011-chevy-cruze-eco-test-drive. Retrieved 2011-06-04. 
  61. ^ Nagy, Chris (2011-07-25). "US Chevrolet Cruze to Gain Diesel Power for 2013". Automoblog. http://www.automoblog.net/2011/07/25/chevrolet-cruze-to-gain-diesel-power-for-2013/. Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  62. ^ Martin, Terry (2009-11-30). "American Cruze packs in performance, safety". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/A289E43B1B3CBF5CCA25767E0005DA58. Retrieved 2009-12-09. 
  63. ^ Bloxam, Kelsea (2009-04-28). "GM says Pontiac hit a dead end". Metro Vancouver. http://www.metronews.ca/vancouver/local/article/219994--gm-says-pontiac-hit-a-dead-end. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 
  64. ^ Krisher, Tom (2009-07-08). "GM retooling Ohio factory for small-car success". Sun Journal. http://www.sunjournal.com/node/20954. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  65. ^ Schoenberger, Robert (2010-06-03). "GM taking some unusual risks in bringing its Chevrolet Cruze small car to market". The Plain Dealer. Advance Publications. http://www.cleveland.com/business/index.ssf/2010/06/gm_taking_some_unusual_risks_i.html. Retrieved 2010-06-22. 
  66. ^ Welsh, Jonathan (April 10, 2011). "Chevy Recalls Cruze After A Steering Wheel Falls Off". The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company. http://blogs.wsj.com/drivers-seat/2011/04/10/chevy-recalls-cruze-after-a-steering-wheel-falls-off/?mod=google_news_blog. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  67. ^ Jensen, Cheryl (2011-10-26). "Some Losers in Consumer Reports Reliability Survey Are Winners in Showrooms". The New York Times. http://wheels.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/10/26/some-losers-in-consumer-reports-reliability-survey-are-winners-in-showrooms/. Retrieved 2011-10-28. 
  68. ^ Hyun-cheol, Kim (2008-10-29). "Small Is Beautiful in Lean Times". The Korea Times. Hankook Ilbo. http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2008/10/123_33479.html. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  69. ^ "GM Daewoo Launches Lacetti Premiere Diesel Sedan". General Motors. 2009-01-30. http://media.gmdaewoo.co.kr/content/media/kr/en/news/news_detail.brand_gmdaewoo.html/content/Pages/news/kr/en/2009/20090130. Retrieved 2009-02-28. [dead link]
  70. ^ Courtenay, Vince (2011-01-20). "Daewoo Bowing Out as Brand, Company Name in Korea". WardsAuto. Penton Media. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. http://www.webcitation.org/5zEl7Yy5w. 
  71. ^ Seo, Sookyung; Trudell, Craig (2011-01-20). "GM Drops Daewoo Brand for Chevrolet in South Korea". Bloomberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. http://www.webcitation.org/5zElJUde7. 
  72. ^ Toby, Hagon (2009-02-27). "Holden Cruze missiles to Australia". Drive. Fairfax Media. http://news.drive.com.au/drive/motor-news/holden-cruze-missiles-to-australia-20090227-146q7.html. Retrieved 2009-02-27. 
  73. ^ Gover, Paul (2009-05-17). "Holden Cruze must succeed". Herald Sun. The Herald and Weekly Times. http://www.carsguide.com.au/site/news-and-reviews/car-news/holden_cruze_must_succeed. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  74. ^ Toby, Hagon (2009-05-19). "Holden set to abandon Astra". Drive. Fairfax Media. http://news.drive.com.au/drive/motor-news/holden-set-to-abandon-astra-20090519-14985.html. Retrieved 2010-07-10. 
  75. ^ Pettendy, Marton (2009-08-31). "European Astra skips Australia". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/EED4ED22A466B0FECA25762000091330. Retrieved 2009-11-19. 
  76. ^ Ottley, Stephen (2009-07-08). "Holden goes Cruze-ing". Carsales. http://www.carsales.com.au/news/2009/medium-passenger/holden/holden-goes-cruzeing-14317. Retrieved 2009-02-27. 
  77. ^ Ottley, Stephen (2009-02-27). "Holden Cruze CDX". Carsales. http://www.carsales.com.au/reviews/2009/small-passenger/holden/cruze/holden-cruze-cdx-15773. Retrieved 2009-08-07. 
  78. ^ "Holden expands Cruze line-up". Carsales. 2009-10-08. http://www.carsales.com.au/news/2009/small-passenger/holden/cruze/holden-expands-cruze-lineup-16976. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  79. ^ Maetzig, Rob (2010-08-24). "Cruze gets high-spec diesel". Taranaki Daily News. Fairfax Media. http://www.stuff.co.nz/life-style/motoring/4052082/CRUZE-gets-high-spec-diesel. Retrieved 2011-03-19. 
  80. ^ "GM Holden recalls 9,000 cars over faulty fuel hose". Agence France-Presse. 2010-03-18. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5gTV2qehITl7d8vA4Biu50kxNoJHw. Retrieved 2010-03-19. 
  81. ^ Hammerton, Ron (2010-03-11). "Holden quarantines Cruze". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/34D85BDACE9E3CECCA2576E2001EFBEC. Retrieved 2010-03-19. 
  82. ^ a b c d e Mellor, John; Pettendy, Marton (2008-12-22). "Holden to build all-new small car from 2010". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/92924A2534FDC499CA257527000AE664. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  83. ^ Pettendy, Marton (2009-10-08). "Holden heralds top-spec Cruze diesel". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/DF629CD36717DB2DCA25764900229AFC. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  84. ^ Stanford, James (2010-01-12). "Holden confirms Cruze delay". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/B24A8B7C7E8AD176CA2576A9002BA12A. Retrieved 2010-04-16. 
  85. ^ Blackburn, Richard; Hagon, Toby (2009-06-03). "Holden confirms it will design and engineer a new hatch". Drive. Fairfax Media. http://news.drive.com.au/drive/motor-news/holden-confirms-it-will-design-and-engineer-a-new-hatch-20090603-149d9.html. Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  86. ^ Blackburn, Richard; Hagon, Toby (2008-12-22). "Holden to build small four-cylinder car". Drive. Fairfax Media. http://news.drive.com.au/drive/motor-news/holden-to-build-small-fourcylinder-car-20081222-1468z.html. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  87. ^ a b c d Gover, Tim; Beissmann, Kevin (2011-02-28). "Holden Cruze Series II on sale late-March". Car Advice. http://www.caradvice.com.au/107049/2011-holden-cruze-series-ii-on-sale-in-australia-late-march/. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  88. ^ a b Mathioudakis, Bryon (2011-03-18). "First drive: Holden Cruze reboots Aussie small-car era". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/E4BB7DC7CF0DDC2ACA25785600244379. Retrieved 2011-03-19. 
  89. ^ Colquhoun, Steve (2011-02-28). "Local Cruze still an import". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://news.drive.com.au/drive/motor-news/local-cruze-still-an-import-20110228-1bbaq.html. Retrieved 2011-03-05. 
  90. ^ Mathioudakis, Bryon (2011-03-01). "Oz Cruze diverges from global model". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/97263645D730A594CA25784600269C28. Retrieved 2011-03-05. 
  91. ^ a b c d "2011 Holden Cruze Series II Sedan Revealed". The Motor Report. 2011-02-28. http://www.themotorreport.com.au/51464/2011-holden-cruze-series-ii-sedan-launched-in-australia. Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  92. ^ a b Colquhoun, Steve (2011-02-28). "Holden Cruze to lead fuel economy way". Drive. Fairfax Media. http://news.drive.com.au/drive/motor-news/holden-cruze-to-lead-fuel-economy-way-20110228-1bagk.html. Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  93. ^ a b c d "2011 Holden Cruze SRi And SRi-V Revealed". The Motor Report. 2011-02-28. http://www.themotorreport.com.au/51465/2011-holden-cruze-series-ii-sri-sri-v-pricing-and-specifications. Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  94. ^ Pettendy, Marton (2011-09-06). "Holden heralds MY12 Cruze". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/4F08AD07EDFCA532CA257903001C4508. Retrieved 2011-09-18. 
  95. ^ Hammerton, Ron (January 8, 2010). "Adelaide-built Holden Commodore best-selling car 15 years in a row". The Advertiser. News Limited. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/2A6DEBEC30267386CA2576A4007CB907. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  96. ^ Foley, Hua (January 4, 2010). "GM Sales in China Jump 66.9% in 2009 to All-Time High, Continue to Lead the Industry". General Motors. http://www.gm.com/investors/sales-production/press-release.jsp?id=/content/Pages/news/cn/en/2010/January/0104.html. Retrieved March 19, 2011. 
  97. ^ Martin, Stuart (January 6, 2011). "VFACTS: Cars lose more ground to SUVs, LCVs". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.adelaidenow.com.au/adelaide-built-holden-commodore-bestselling-car-15-years-in-a-row/story-e6frea6u-1225982952535. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  98. ^ "General Motors Sets New Sales Record in China in 2010". General Motors. January 4, 2010. http://www.gm.com/investors/sales-production/press-release.jsp?id=/content/Pages/news/cn/en/2011/Jan/0104.html. Retrieved March 19, 2011. 
  99. ^ "General Motors 2010 Calendar Year Sales Up 21 Percent; December Sales Increase 16 Percent – Best Month of 2010". Yahoo! Finance (Canada). January 4, 2011. http://ca.finance.yahoo.com/news/General-Motors-2010-Calendar-cnw-3358036542.html?x=0. Retrieved 2011-01-04. 
  100. ^ "WTCC 2011 Chevrolet Cruze 1.6 turbo". AutomobileReviews.com. March 14, 2011. http://www.automobilesreview.com/auto-news/wtcc-2011-chevrolet-cruze-1-6-turbo/28878. Retrieved October 3, 2011. 
  101. ^ Chevrolet Cruze to Enter 2010 BTCC
  102. ^ Chevrolet BTCC - The Cars

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chevrolet Cruze — Chevrolet Chevrolet Cruze Stufenheck (seit 2009) Cruze Hersteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chevrolet Cruze — Fabricante General Motors Período 2008 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chevrolet Cruze — Chevrolet Cruze …   Википедия

  • Chevrolet Cruze — 2009 Constructeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chevrolet cruze — …   Википедия

  • Chevrolet — Type Division of GM Industry Automotive Founded November 3, 1911 Founder( …   Wikipedia

  • Chevrolet Europe — GmbH Type GmbH, subsidiary of GM Korea[1] Industry Automotive …   Wikipedia

  • Chevrolet Volt — Manufacturer Chevrolet division of General Motors Also called Holden Volt Opel Ampera Vauxhall Ampera …   Wikipedia

  • Chevrolet — Rechtsform Division/Marke Gründung 3. November 1911 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chevrolet Cobalt — Manufacturer General Motors Production 2004–2010 Model years 2005 2010 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”