Tolnaftate Systematic (IUPAC) name O-2-naphthyl methyl(3-methylphenyl)thiocarbamate Clinical data Trade names Tinactin AHFS/Drugs.com MedlinePlus Pregnancy cat. ? Legal status OTC Identifiers CAS number ATC code D01 PubChem DrugBank ChemSpider UNII KEGG ChEMBL Chemical data Formula C19H17NOS Mol. mass 307.41 g/mol SMILES & Physical data Melt. point 110–111.5 °C (230–233 °F) (what is this?)
Tolnaftate is a synthetic over-the-counter anti-fungal agent. It may come as a cream, powder, spray, or liquid aerosol, and is used to treat jock itch, athlete's foot and ringworm. It is sold under several brand names, most notably Tinactin (Merck) and Odor Eaters (Combe Incorporated). Other brands are Absorbine, Aftate, Genaspor, Lamisil AF, NP 27, Scholl and Ting. Tolnaftate is a thiocarbamate.
The synthesis of tolnaftate is a three step process first involving 2-napthol with a base, to deprotonate the acidic phenol hydrogen. NaH, NaNH2 are commonly used. Other common bases may also be used with the same effect. Treatment of N-methyl-m-toluidine with CS2 and CH3Br results in a thiocarbamate intermediate that reacts with the negatively charged oxygen on the deprotonated 2-napthol, displacing the -SCH3 group and forming the final product.
Although the exact mechanism of action is not entirely known, it is believed to inhibit the squalene epoxidase, an important enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway of ergosterol (a key component of the fungal membrane) in a similar way to allylamines.
Tolnaftate has been found to be generally slightly less effective than azoles when used to treat tinea pedis. It is, however, useful when dealing with ringworm, especially when passed from pets to humans. Tolnaftate is ineffective against Candida albicans, and thus ineffective against candidal intertrigo, which may sometimes masquerade as fungal infections by Tinea species.
- ^ Noguchi, T.; Hashimoto, Y.; Miyazaki, K.; Kaji, A.; J. Pharm. Soc. Japan 1968, 88, 335
- ^ Ryder NS, Frank I, Dupont MC (May 1986). "Ergosterol biosynthesis inhibition by the thiocarbamate antifungal agents tolnaftate and tolciclate". Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 29 (5): 858–60. PMC 284167. PMID 3524433. http://aac.asm.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=3524433.
- ^ "antifung". http://faculty.swosu.edu/scott.long/phcl/antifung.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-09.
- ^ Crawford F, Hart R, Bell-Syer S, Torgerson D, Young P, Russell I. Topical treatments for fungal infections of the skin and nails of the foot (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 1, 2003. Oxford: Update Software.
Antifungals (D01 and J02) Wall/
inhibitorstopical: Thiabendazoleβ-glucan synthase
Thymidylate synthase inhibitors
Bromochlorosalicylanilide • Methylrosaniline • Tribromometacresol • Undecylenic acid • Polynoxylin • Chlorophetanol • Chlorphenesin • Ticlatone • Sulbentine • Ethyl hydroxybenzoate • Haloprogin • Salicylic acid • Selenium sulfide# • Ciclopirox • Amorolfine • Dimazole • Tolnaftate • Tolciclate • Sodium thiosulfate# • Whitfield's ointment# • Potassium iodide#PCP: Pentamidine • Dapsone • Atovaquone
This antiinfective drug article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. This dermatologic drug article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.