Systematic (IUPAC) name
Clinical data
Trade names Antrypol
Pregnancy cat.  ?
Legal status  ?
CAS number 145-63-1
ATC code P01CX02 QP51AE02
PubChem CID 5361
IUPHAR ligand 1728
DrugBank DB04786
ChemSpider 5168 YesY
UNII 6032D45BEM YesY
KEGG C07974 N
Chemical data
Formula C51H40N6O23S6 
Mol. mass 1297.29
SMILES eMolecules & PubChem
 N(what is this?)  (verify)

Suramin is a drug developed by Oskar Dressel and Richard Kothe of Bayer, Germany in 1916, and is still sold by Bayer under the brand name Germanin.

According to the National Cancer Institute there are no active clinical trials (as of April 1, 2008). Completed and closed clinical trials are listed here: [1]

In addition to Germanin, the National Cancer Institute also lists the following "Foreign brand names": 309 F or 309 Fourneau[1], Bayer 205, Moranyl, Naganin, Naganine.




It is used for treatment of human sleeping sickness caused by trypanosomes.[2]


It has been used in the treatment of onchocerciasis.[3]


It has been investigated as treatment for prostate cancer.[4]


The molecular formula of suramin is C51H34N6O23S6. It is a symmetric molecule in the center of which lies urea, NH-CO-NH. Suramin contains 8 benzene rings, 4 of which are fused in pairs (naphthalene), 4 amide groups in addition to the one of urea and six sulfonate groups. When given as drug it usually contains six sodium ions that form a salt with the six sulfonate groups.


Suramin is administered by a single weekly intravenous injection for six weeks. The dose per injection is 1 g.

Adverse reactions

The most frequent adverse reactions are nausea and vomiting. About 90% of patients will get an urticarial rash (like a nettle or poison ivy-type rash) that disappears in a few days without needing to stop treatment. There is a greater than 50% chance of adrenal cortical damage, but only a smaller proportion will require lifelong corticosteroid replacement. It is common for patients to get a tingling or crawling sensation of the skin with suramin. Suramin will cause clouding of the urine which is harmless: patients should be warned of this to avoid them becoming alarmed.

Kidney damage and exfoliative dermatitis occur less commonly.


Suramin is also used in research as a broad-spectrum antagonist of P2 receptors[5][6] and agonist of Ryanodine receptors.[7]

Its effect on telomerase has been investigated.[8]


  1. ^ The formula of suramin was kept secret by Bayer for commercial reasons. But it was elucidated and published in 1924 by Fourneau and his team of the Pasteur Institute, and it is only on this date that its exact chemical composition was known. (E. Fourneau, J. and Th. Tréfouël and J. Vallée (1924). "Sur une nouvelle série de médicaments trypanocides", C. R. Séances Acad. Sci. 178: 675.)
  2. ^ Darsaud A, Chevrier C, Bourdon L, Dumas M, Buguet A, Bouteille B (January 2004). "Megazol combined with suramin improves a new diagnosis index of the early meningo-encephalitic phase of experimental African trypanosomiasis". Trop. Med. Int. Health 9 (1): 83–91. doi:10.1046/j.1365-3156.2003.01154.x. PMID 14728611. 
  3. ^ Anderson J, Fuglsang H (July 1978). "Further studies on the treatment of ocular onchocerciasis with diethylcarbamazine and suramin". Br J Ophthalmol 62 (7): 450–7. doi:10.1136/bjo.62.7.450. PMC 1043255. PMID 678497. 
  4. ^ Ahles TA, Herndon JE, Small EJ, et al. (November 2004). "Quality of life impact of three different doses of suramin in patients with metastatic hormone-refractory prostate carcinoma: results of Intergroup O159/Cancer and Leukemia Group B 9480". Cancer 101 (10): 2202–8. doi:10.1002/cncr.20655. PMID 15484217. 
  5. ^ Abbracchio MP, Burnstock G, Boeynaems JM, Barnard EA, Boyer JL, Kennedy C, Knight GE, Fumagalli M, Gachet C, Jacobson KA, Weisman GA. (september 2006). "International Union of Pharmacology LVIII: update on the P2Y G protein-coupled nucleotide receptors: from molecular mechanisms and pathophysiology to therapy". Pharmacol Rev. 58 (3): 281–341. doi:10.1124/pr.58.3.3. PMID 16968944. 
  6. ^ Khakh BS, Burnstock G, Kennedy C, King BF, North RA, Séguéla P, Voigt M, Humphrey PP. (march 2001). "International union of pharmacology. XXIV. Current status of the nomenclature and properties of P2X receptors and their subunits". Pharmacol Rev. 53 (1): 107–118. PMID 11171941. 
  7. ^ Wolner I, Kassack MU, Ullmann H, Karel A, Hohenegger M (October 2005). "Use-dependent inhibition of the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor by the suramin analogue NF676". Br. J. Pharmacol. 146 (4): 525–33. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0706359. PMC 1751178. PMID 16056233. 
  8. ^ Erguven M, Akev N, Ozdemir A, Karabulut E, Bilir A (August 2008). "The inhibitory effect of suramin on telomerase activity and spheroid growth of C6 glioma cells". Med. Sci. Monit. 14 (8): BR165–73. PMID 18667993. 

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Suramin — Suramin®   [Kurzwort] das, s, Germanin …   Universal-Lexikon

  • suramin — suràmīn m <G suramína> DEFINICIJA farm. lijek koji se upotrebljava za liječenje tripanosomijaze (kao i u tretiranju AIDS a) ETIMOLOGIJA fr. sur: nad + v. amin …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Suramin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Freiname Suramin Andere Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • suramin — ▪ drug       synthetic drug used in the treatment of sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis), a disease caused by an infestation of the protozoan Trypanosoma and spread by the tsetse fly. Suramin is administered by intravenous injection. It… …   Universalium

  • suramin — sur·a·min su̇r ə mən n a trypanocidal drug C51H34N6Na6O23S6 obtained as a white powder and administered intravenously in the early stages of African sleeping sickness called also germanin, suramin sodium * * * n. a nonmetallic drug used in the… …   Medical dictionary

  • suramin — ˈsu̇rəmə̇n noun or suramin sodium ( s) Etymology: probably from surra + am + in : a trypanocidal drug C51H34N6Na6O23S6 obtained as a white powder and administered intravenously in the early stages of African sleeping sickness …   Useful english dictionary

  • suramin hexasodium — su·ra·min hexa·so·di·um (sooґrə min) an antitrypanosomal and antifilarial agent, used in the prophylaxis and treatment of African trypanosomiasis and in the treatment of onchocerciasis (for which use it has largely been replaced by… …   Medical dictionary

  • suramin sodium — noun see suramin …   Useful english dictionary

  • suramin — Compound that uncouples G proteins from receptors, inhibits phospholipase D and inhibits binding of EGF, PDGF to cell surface receptors …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • suramin — noun A drug used to treat onchocerciasis and human sleeping sickness caused by trypanosomes …   Wiktionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”