General Roman Calendar

General Roman Calendar


For earlier forms of the General Roman Calendar, see the Tridentine Calendar, the General Roman Calendar of 1954, the General Roman Calendar of Pope Pius XII and the General Roman Calendar of 1962.

The General Roman Calendar indicates the days of the year to which are assigned the liturgical celebrations of saints and of the mysteries of the Lord that are to be observed wherever the Roman Rite is used. National and diocesan liturgical calendars, as well as those of religious orders and even of continents, add other saints or transfer the celebration of a particular saint from the date assigned in the General Calendar to another date.

These liturgical calendars also indicate the degree or rank of each celebration: Optional Memorial, Obligatory Memorial, Feast or Solemnity. Among other differences, the Gloria is said or sung at the mass of a Feast, but not at that of a Memorial, and the Creed is added on Solemnities.

The General Calendar assigns celebrations of saints to only about half the days of the year, and contains relatively very few of the saints recognized by the Roman Catholic Church, and only a fraction of those listed in the 776-page volume Roman Martyrology, which does not contain the names of all the saints legitimately venerated. The Martyrology assigns several saints to each day of the year and gives a very brief description of each saint or group of saints.

While canonization involves the addition of the saint's name to the Roman Martyrology, it does not necessarily involve insertion of the saint's name also into the General Roman Calendar, which mentions only a very limited selection of canonized saints.

Many sources give calendars that mention one or more saints for each day of the year. One example is Saints by Day. These will usually mention the saints of the General Roman Calendar, but they will also give names of saints not included in the General Roman Calendar, especially on a day, known as a feria, to which the General Roman Calendar assigns no celebration whatever of a saint.

"Feria" is a Latin word that, in ecclesiastical usage, means "weekday"; more precisely, it refers in the calendar to days on which no saint is celebrated. "Ferial" is an adjective formed from "feria" and is used in connection with a noun, as in the phrase "ferial Mass".

The General Calendar is printed, for instance, in the successive editions of the Roman Missal[1] and the Liturgy of the Hours.[2] These are up to date when printed, but additional feasts may be added later. For instance, the celebration of Saint Pio of Pietrelcina (Padre Pio) on 23 September does not appear in the latest editions of these two books. For that reason, if those celebrating the liturgy have not inserted into the books a note about the changes, they must consult the current annual publication, known as the "Ordo", for their country or religious congregation. These annual publications, like those that, disregarding the feasts that are obligatory in the actual church where the liturgy is celebrated, list only celebrations included in the General Calendar,[3] are useful only for the current year, since they omit celebrations impeded because of falling on a Sunday or during periods such as Holy Week and the Octave of Easter.

General Roman Calendar

The feast days of saints celebrated in one country are not necessarily celebrated everywhere. For example, a diocese or a country may celebrate the feast day of a saint of special importance there (e.g., St. Patrick in Ireland, Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico, St. Elizabeth Ann Seton in the United States). Likewise, a particular religious order may celebrate its founder or members of the order, even if that saint is not listed on the universal calendar or is included in it only with a lower rank. The General Roman Calendar contains only those celebrations that are intended to be observed in the Roman Rite in every country of the world.

This distinction is in application of the decision of the Second Vatican Council: "Lest the feasts of the saints should take precedence over the feasts which commemorate the very mysteries of salvation, many of them should be left to be celebrated by a particular Church or nation or family of religious; only those should be extended to the universal Church which commemorate saints who are truly of universal importance."[4]

There is a common misconception that certain saints, e.g., Saint Christopher, were "unsainted" in 1969 or that veneration of them was "suppressed". In fact, Saint Christopher is recognized as a saint of the Catholic Church, being listed as a martyr in the Roman Martyrology under 25 July.[5] In 1969, Pope Paul VI issued the motu proprio Mysterii Paschalis. In it, he recognized that, while the written Acts of Saint Christopher are merely legendary, attestations to veneration of the martyr date from ancient times. His change in the calendar of saints included "leaving the memorial of Saint Christopher to local calendars" because of the relatively late date of its insertion into the Roman calendar.[6]

Variations from the following list of celebrations shall be indicated not here but, below, under the heading "National Calendars".

Moveable (General Calendar)

  • Sunday after Epiphany (or, if Epiphany is celebrated on 7 or 8 January, the following Monday): Baptism of the Lord – Feast
  • Forty-sixth day before Easter: Ash Wednesday – Fast
  • Sunday before Easter: Palm Sunday of the Lord's Passion – Solemnity
  • Thursday before Easter: Holy Thursday – Solemnity
  • Friday before Easter: Good Friday – Fast
  • Sunday after the first full moon occurring after 20 March: Easter – Solemnity
  • First Sunday after Easter: The Feast of Divine Mercy (also known as Divine Mercy Sunday)
  • Fortieth day from Easter (Thursday of the Sixth Week of Easter): Ascension of the Lord – Solemnity
  • Fiftieth day from Easter: Pentecost – Solemnity
  • First Sunday after Pentecost: Holy Trinity – Solemnity
  • Thursday after Holy Trinity: Body and Blood of Christ – Solemnity
  • Friday following the second Sunday after Pentecost: Sacred Heart of Jesus – Solemnity
  • Saturday following the second Sunday after Pentecost: Immaculate Heart of Mary – Memorial (if the date coincides with that of another Memorial, both become optional)
  • Last Sunday in Ordinary Time (last Sunday before 27 November): Christ the King – Solemnity
  • Sunday within the Octave of Christmas (or, if there is no such Sunday, 30 December): Holy Family – Feast

Epiphany is celebrated on the Sunday after 1 January, the Ascension of the Lord on the Seventh Sunday of Easter, and the Body and Blood of Christ (Corpus Christi) on the Sunday after Holy Trinity in countries where the Episcopal Conference, with the prior approval of the Apostolic See, has decided that they are not treated as Holy Days of Obligation.

"For the pastoral advantage of the people, it is permissible to observe on the Sundays in Ordinary Time those celebrations that fall during the week and have special appeal to the devotion of the faithful, provided the celebrations take precedence over these Sundays in the Table of Liturgical Days" (General Norms for the Liturgical Year and the Calendar, 58).

January (General Calendar)

  • 1 January: Octave of Christmas, Solemnity of Mary, Mother of GodSolemnity
  • 2 January: Saints Basil the Great and Gregory Nazianzen, bishops and doctors – Memorial
  • 3 January: The Most Holy Name of Jesus – Optional Memorial
  • 4 January: Feria
  • 5 January: Feria
  • 6 January: Epiphany (celebrated on the first Sunday after 1 January in countries where this feast is not a Holy Day of Obligation)
  • 7 January: Saint Raymond of Peñafort, priest – Optional Memorial
  • 8 January: Feria
  • 9 January: Feria
  • 10 January: Feria
  • 11 January: Feria
  • 12 January: Feria
  • 13 January: Saint Hilary of Poitiers, bishop and doctor – Optional Memorial
  • 14 January: Feria
  • 15 January: Feria
  • 16 January: Feria
  • 17 January: Saint Anthony of Egypt, abbot – Memorial
  • 18 January: Feria
  • 19 January: Feria
  • 20 January: Saint Fabian, pope and martyr; or Saint Sebastian, martyr – Optional Memorial
  • 21 January: Saint Agnes, virgin and martyr – Memorial
  • 22 January: Saint Vincent, deacon and martyr – Optional Memorial
  • 23 January: Feria
  • 24 January: Saint Francis de Sales, bishop and doctor – Memorial
  • 25 January: The Conversion of Saint Paul, apostle – Feast
  • 26 January: Saints Timothy and Titus, bishops – Memorial
  • 27 January: Saint Angela Merici, virgin – Optional Memorial
  • 28 January: Saint Thomas Aquinas, priest and doctor – Memorial
  • 29 January: Feria
  • 29 January: Feria
  • 30 January: Feria
  • 31 January: Saint John Bosco, priest – Memorial

Note: The feast of the Baptism of the Lord is celebrated on the Sunday after 6 January. But whenever Epiphany falls on 7 or 8 January (only in countries where it is not a Holy Day of Obligation), the feast of the Baptism of the Lord is celebrated on the following Monday.

February (General Calendar)

  • 1 February: Feria
  • 2 February: Presentation of the Lord – Feast
  • 3 February: Saint Blase, bishop and martyr, or Saint Ansgar, bishop – Optional Memorial
  • 4 February: Feria
  • 5 February: Saint Agatha, virgin and martyr - Memorial
  • 6 February: Saints Paul Miki and companions, martyrs - Memorial
  • 7 February: Feria
  • 8 February: Saint Jerome Emiliani or Saint Josephine Bakhita, virgin - Optional Memorial
  • 9 February: Feria
  • 10 February: Saint Scholastica, virgin - Memorial
  • 11 February: Our Lady of Lourdes - Optional Memorial
  • 12 February: Feria
  • 13 February: Feria
  • 14 February: Saints Cyril, monk, and Methodius, bishop - Memorial
  • 15 February: Feria
  • 16 February: Feria
  • 17 February: Seven Holy Founders of the Servite Order - Optional Memorial
  • 18 February: Feria
  • 19 February: Feria
  • 20 February: Feria
  • 21 February: Saint Peter Damian, bishop and doctor of the Church - Optional Memorial
  • 22 February: Chair of Saint Peter, apostle - Feast
  • 23 February: Saint Polycarp, bishop and martyr - Memorial
  • 24 February: Feria
  • 25 February: Feria
  • 26 February: Feria
  • 27 February: Feria
  • 28 February: Feria
  • 29 February, occurring only in leap year: Feria

March (General Calendar)

  • 1 March: Feria
  • 2 March: Feria
  • 3 March: Feria
  • 4 March: Saint Casimir - Optional Memorial
  • 5 March: Feria
  • 6 March: Feria
  • 7 March: Saints Perpetua and Felicity, martyrs - Memorial
  • 8 March: Saint John of God, religious - Optional Memorial
  • 9 March: Saint Frances of Rome, religious - Optional Memorial
  • 10 March: Feria
  • 11 March: Feria
  • 12 March: Feria
  • 13 March: Feria
  • 14 March: Feria
  • 15 March: Feria
  • 16 March: Feria
  • 17 March: Saint Patrick, bishop - Optional Memorial
  • 18 March: Saint Cyril of Jerusalem, bishop and doctor - Optional Memorial
  • 19 March: Saint Joseph Husband of the Blessed Virgin Mary - Solemnity
  • 20 March: Feria
  • 21 March: Feria
  • 22 March: Feria
  • 23 March: Saint Turibius of Mogrovejo, bishop - Optional Memorial
  • 24 March: Feria
  • 25 March: Annunciation of the Lord - Solemnity
  • 26 March: Feria
  • 27 March: Feria
  • 28 March: Feria
  • 29 March: Feria
  • 30 March: Feria
  • 31 March: Feria

April (General Calendar)

May (General Calendar)

June (General Calendar)

July (General Calendar)

  • 1 July: Feria
  • 2 July: Feria
  • 3 July: Saint Thomas the Apostle - Feast
  • 4 July: Saint Elizabeth of Portugal - Optional Memorial
  • 5 July: Saint Anthony Zaccaria, priest - Optional Memorial
  • 6 July: Saint Maria Goretti, virgin and martyr - Optional Memorial
  • 7 July: Feria
  • 8 July: Feria
  • 9 July: Saint Augustine Zhao Rong and companions, martyrs - Optional Memorial
  • 10 July: Feria
  • 11 July: Saint Benedict, abbot - Memorial
  • 12 July: Feria
  • 13 July: Saint Henry - Optional Memorial
  • 14 July: Saint Camillus de Lellis, priest - Optional Memorial
  • 15 July: Saint Bonaventure, bishop and doctor - Memorial
  • 16 July: Our Lady of Mount Carmel - Optional Memorial
  • 17 July: Feria
  • 18 July: Feria
  • 19 July: Feria
  • 20 July: Saint Apollinaris - Optional Memorial
  • 21 July: Saint Lawrence of Brindisi, priest and doctor - Optional Memorial
  • 22 July: Saint Mary Magdalene - Memorial
  • 23 July: Saint Birgitta, religious- Optional Memorial
  • 24 July: Saint Sharbel Makhluf, hermit - Optional Memorial
  • 25 July: Saint James, apostle - Feast
  • 26 July: Saints Joachim and Anne - Memorial
  • 27 July: Feria
  • 28 July: Feria
  • 29 July: Saint Martha - Memorial
  • 30 July: Saint Peter Chrysologus, bishop and doctor - Optional Memorial
  • 31 July: Saint Ignatius of Loyola, priest - Memorial

August (General Calendar)

September (General Calendar)

October (General Calendar)

November (General Calendar)

December (General Calendar)

  • 1 December: Feria
  • 2 December: Feria
  • 3 December: Saint Francis Xavier, priest - Memorial
  • 4 December: Saint John Damascene, priest and doctor - Optional Memorial
  • 5 December: Feria
  • 6 December: Saint Nicholas, bishop - Optional Memorial
  • 7 December: Saint Ambrose, bishop and doctor - Memorial
  • 8 December: Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary - Solemnity
  • 9 December: Saint Juan Diego - Optional Memorial
  • 10 December: Feria
  • 11 December: Saint Damasus I, pope - Optional Memorial
  • 12 December: Our Lady of Guadalupe - Optional Memorial
  • 13 December: Saint Lucy of Syracuse, virgin and martyr - Memorial
  • 14 December: Saint John of the Cross, priest and doctor - Memorial
  • 15 December: Feria
  • 16 December: Feria
  • 17 December: Feria
  • 18 December: Feria
  • 19 December: Feria
  • 20 December: Feria
  • 21 December: Saint Peter Canisius, priest and doctor - Optional Memorial
  • 22 December: Feria
  • 23 December: Saint John of Kanty, priest - Optional Memorial
  • 24 December: Feria
  • 25 December: Nativity of the Lord - Solemnity
  • 26 December: Saint Stephen, the first martyr - Feast
  • 27 December: Saint John the Apostle and evangelist - Feast
  • 28 December: Holy Innocents, martyrs - Feast
  • 29 December: Saint Thomas Becket, bishop and martyr - Optional Memorial
  • 30 December: Feria (Sixth Day with the Octave of Christmas)
  • 31 December: Saint Sylvester I, pope - Optional Memorial

National calendars

Only variations from the General Roman Calendar for celebrations according to the Roman Rite are given here. The various Eastern Catholic Churches have completely different liturgical calendars, as do Latin Rite Catholics who use the Ambrosian and Mozarabic Rites.


According to the national calendar of Argentina, as requested by the Argentine Episcopal Conference (CEA) and approved by the Holy See:




According to the national calendar of Canada, as requested by the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops (CCCB) and approved by the Holy See:


  • 24 June Saint John the Baptist day, also a national day.


According to the national calendar of Chile, as requested by the Episcopal Conference of Chile (CECh) and approved by the Holy See:



According to the national calendar of England,[7] as requested by the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales and approved by the Holy See:



According to the national calendar of Ireland,[8] as drawn up by the Irish Catholic Bishops' Conference and approved by the Holy See:

  • 3 January: Saint Munchin (Mainchin) - Optional Memorial
  • 15 January: Saint Ita - Memorial
  • 16 January: Saint Fursa - Optional Memorial
  • 30 January: Saint Aidan (Maedoc) - Optional Memorial
  • 1 February: Saint Brigid - Feast
  • 7 February: Saint Mel - Optional Memorial
  • 11 February: Saint Gobnait - Optional Memorial
  • 14 February: Saints Cyril and Methodius - Feast
  • 17 February: Saint Fintan - Optional Memorial
  • 1 March: Saint David of Wales - Optional Memorial
  • 5 March: Saint Kieran - Optional Memorial
  • 8 March: Saint Senan - Optional Memorial
  • 11 March: Saint Aengus (Oengus) - Optional Memorial
  • 17 March: Saint Patrick - Solemnity
  • 21 March: Saint Enda - Optional Memorial
  • 24 March: Saint Macartan - Optional Memorial
  • 1 April: Saint Ceallach (Celsus) - Optional Memorial
  • 18 April: Saint Molaise (Laisrén, Laserian) - Optional Memorial
  • 27 April: Saint Asicus
  • 29 April: Saint Catherine of Siena - Feast
  • 4 May: Saint Conleth - Optional Memorial
  • 5 May: Blessed Edmund Ignatius Rice - Optional Memorial
  • 10 May: Saint Comgall - Optional Memorial
  • 15 May: Saint Carthage (Mochuta) - Optional Memorial
  • 16 May: Saint Brendan - Optional Memorial
  • 3 June: Saint Kevin - Memorial
  • 6 June: Saint Jarlath - Optional Memorial
  • 7 June: Saint Colman of Dromore - Optional Memorial
  • 9 June: Saint Columba (Colum Cille) - Feast
  • 14 June: Saint Davnet - Optional Memorial
  • 20 June: Blessed Irish Martyrs - Memorial
  • 1 July: Saint Oliver Plunket - Memorial
  • 6 July: Saint Moninne of Killeavy - Optional Memorial
  • 7 July: Saint Maelruain (Maolruain) - Optional Memorial
  • 8 July: Saint Killian - Optional Memorial
  • 11 July: Saint Benedict - Feast
  • 23 July: Saint Birgitta - Feast
  • 24 July: Saint Declan - Optional Memorial
  • 9 August: Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith Stein) - Feast
  • 9 August: In the revised liturgical calendar for Ireland, approved by the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments on 1 October 1998 (Protocol No. 227/97/L), optional memorials of Saint Nathy and Saint Felim were assigned to this day; outside the dioceses that celebrate them with a higher rank, their celebrations are impeded by that of Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross, who was later declared one of the patron saints of Europe.
  • 12 August: Saint Muiredach, Saint Attracta, or Saint Lelia (Liadain) - Optional Memorials
  • 13 August: Saint Fachtna or Fachanan of Ross - Optional Memorial
  • 17 August: Our Lady of Knock - Feast
  • 23 August: Saint Eugene (Eoghan) - Optional Memorial
  • 30 August: Saint Fiacre - Optional Memorial
  • 31 August: Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne - Optional Memorial
  • 4 September: Saint Mac Nissi - Optional Memorial
  • 9 September: Saint Ciaran - Memorial
  • 12 September: Saint Ailbe - Optional Memorial
  • 23 September: The celebration of Saint Eunan (Adomnan) as an optional memorial is now generally impeded by the later assignation to this date in the General Calendar of the obligatory memorial of Saint Pio of Pietralcina
  • 25 September: Saint Finbarr - Optional Memorial
  • 3 October: Blessed Columba Marmion - Optional Memorial (in some places)
  • 9 October: Blessed John Henry Newman - Optional Memorial (in some places)
  • 11 October: Saint Canice - Optional Memorial
  • 16 October: Saint Gall - Optional Memorial
  • 27 October: Saint Otteran - Optional Memorial
  • 29 October: Saint Colman of Kilmacduagh - Optional Memorial
  • 3 November: Saint Malachy - Memorial
  • 6 November: All Saints of Ireland - Feast
  • 7 November: Saint Willibrord - Optional Memorial
  • 14 November: Saint Laurence O'Toole - Optional Memorial
  • 23 November: Saint Columban - Memorial
  • 25 November Saint Colman of Cloyne - Optional Memorial
  • 27 November Saint Fergal (Virgil) - Optional Memorial
  • 12 December Saint Finnian of Clonard - Optional Memorial
  • 18 December Saint Flannan - Optional Memorial
  • 20 December Saint Fachanan of Kilfenora - Optional Memorial



New Zealand




According to the national calendar of Scotland, as requested by the Bishops' Conference of Scotland and approved by the Holy See[citation needed]:



United States

According to the national calendar of the United States,[9] as requested by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) and approved by the Holy See:

Anglican use

In addition to the national calendar of the United States, Anglican Use Catholics in the United States add a number of additional saints to their calendar [11]:



According to the national calendar of Wales,[12] as requested by the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales and approved by the Holy See:

Local calendars

The calendar for a diocese is typically based on a national calendar, such as those listed above, with a few additions. For instance, the anniversary of the dedication of the cathedral is celebrated as a Solemnity in the cathedral church and as a Feast in all the other churches of the diocese. The feast day of the principal Patron saint of the diocese is celebrated as a Feast throughout the diocese.[13]

The calendar of a parish is based on the calendar of its diocese, but — in addition to the celebrations in the diocesan calendar — there are other celebrations, including the anniversary of the dedication of the parish church and the feast day of the principal Patron saint of the church, both of which are celebrated as Solemnities.

Other calendars

Each institute of consecrated life (Roman Catholic religious order, secular institute etc.) also has its own calendar, with variations from the General Calendar.

See also

Gloriole blur.svg Saints portal


  1. ^ Missale Romanum, editio typica tertia 2002, Libreria Editrice Vaticana
  2. ^ Liturgia Horarum iuxta ritum Romanum, editio typica altera 2000, Libreria Editrice Vaticana
  3. ^ An example is Ordo Missae Celebrandae et Divini Officii persolvendi secundum calendarium Romanum generale pro anno liturgico 2006 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana).
  4. ^ Sacrosanctum Concilium, 111
  5. ^ Martyrologium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2001 ISBN 88-209-7210-7)
  6. ^ "Memoria S. Christophori, anno circiter 1550 in Calendario romano ascripta, Calendariis particularibus relinquitur: quamvis Acta S. Christophori fabulosa sint, antiqua inveniuntur monumenta eius venerationis; attamen cultus huius Sancti non pertinet ad traditionem romanam" – Calendarium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1969), p. 131.
  7. ^ National Calendar of England on-line
  8. ^ National Calendar of Ireland on-line
  9. ^ National Calendar of the USA on-line
  10. ^ a b c USCCB Committee on Divine Worship Newsletter, August-September 2010, pg. 33
  11. ^ Book of Divine Worship, pg. 9ff
  12. ^ National Calendar of Wales on-line
  13. ^ General Norms for the Liturgical Year and the Calendar, Table of Liturgical Days according to their order of precedence, 4 and 8.

External links

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