- Isaac Jogues
name=Saint Isaac Jogues
death_date=death date and age|1646|10|18|1607|01|10|mf=y
26 September(Canada), 19 October(General calendar)
Roman Catholic Church
Auriesville, New York
June 21, 1922
Pope Pius XI
29 June 1930
Pope Pius XI
National Shrine of the North American Martyrs, Auriesville, New York, USA(where he was martyred)
caption=Statue of Saint Isaac Jogues, shown teaching two Mohawk Indian children
Saint Isaac Jogues (
January 10, 1607– October 18, 1646) was a Jesuitpriest, missionary, and martyrwho traveled and worked among the Native Americans in North America. He gave the original European name to Lake George, calling it "Lac du Saint Sacrement", "Lake of the Holy Sacrament". In 1646, Jogues was martyred by the Mohawks near the present day Auriesville, New York. Jogues, St. Jean de Brébeufand six other martyred missionaries, all Jesuits or laymen associated with them, were canonizedin 1930 as "The North American Martyrs," or "St. Isaac Jogues and Companions." Their feast day is October 19, except in Canada, where the feast is celebrated on September 26.Born in Orléans, France, Jogues entered the Society of Jesus in 1624. In 1636, he was sent to New Franceas a missionary to the Huronand Algonquinallies of the French. In 1642, while on his way by canoe to the country of the Hurons, Jogues was captured by a war party of Mohawk Iroquois, in the company of Guillaume Couture, René Goupil, and several Huron Christians. Taken back to the Mohawk village, they were tortured in various gruesome ways, Jogues himself having several of his fingers bitten or burned off.
Jogues survived this torment and went on to live as a slave among the Mohawks for some time, even attempting to teach his captors the rudiments of
Christianity. He was finally able to escape thanks to the pity of some Dutch merchants who smuggled him back to Manhattan. From there, he managed to sail back to France, where he was greeted with surprise and joy. As a "living martyr," Jogues was given a special permission by Pope Urban VIIIto say Holy Mass with his mutilated hands, as the Eucharist could not be touched with any fingers but the thumb and forefinger.
Yet his ill-treatment by the Mohawks did not dim the missionary zeal of Jogues. Within a few months, he was on his way back to Canada to continue his work. In 1645, a tentative peace was forged between the Iroquois and the Hurons, Algonquins and French. In the spring of 1646, Jogues was sent back to the Mohawk country along with
Jean de Lalandeto act as ambassador among them.
However, some among the Mohawks regarded Jogues as a sorcerer, and when the double-calamity of sickness and crop failure hit the Mohawks, Jogues was a convenient scapegoat. On
October 18, 1646, Jogues was clubbed to death and beheaded by his Mohawk hosts near Auriesville, New York, along with Goupil and LaLande.
Today, the Shrine of the North American Martyrs, maintained by the Jesuits, stands on or near the site (ten years after Jogues' death,
Blessed Kateri Tekakwithawas born in approximately the same place). Brébeuf and five of his companions were killed in Canada in 1648 and 1649.
canonizedon 29 June 1930by Pope Pius XIalong with seven other Canadian Martyrs. His Day of Remembrance is October 19. A statue of Father Jogues stands in the village of Lake George, in a park by the lake.
One hall of Martyrs' Court, a
dormitoryat Fordham University, New York City's Jesuit University, is named for Jogues. The other two halls are named for Lalande and Goupil.Dormitories at LeMoyne Collegein Syracuse and at Fairfield Universityin Connecticut are also named for Jogues.
The novitiate of the Maryland Province of the
Society of Jesusjust outside Wernersville, Pennsylvaniawas named for Jogues. It is now called the Jesuit Center at Wernersville, PA. [http://www.jesuitcenter.org/history.htm]
*cite book |, Fr. Jerome | title=The Captivity of St. Isaac Jogues | location=
Bristol, PA| publisher=Arx Publishing | year=2003 | id=ISBN 1-889758-52-3
* Francis Parkman, Vol 2 of the multi-volume
France and England in North Americaentitled "The Jesuits in New France in the seventeenth Century", 1867can be born in 1997
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08420b.htm Biography at the "Catholic Encyclopedia"]
* [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=358 Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]
* [http://www.catholiccompany.com/product_detail.cfm?id=2634# Saint Among Savages - The Life of Saint Isaac Jogues]
* [http://www.martyrshrine.org/ The (U.S.) National Shrine of the North American Martyrs, in Auriesville, New York]
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