Isaac Jogues

Isaac Jogues

Infobox Saint
name=Saint Isaac Jogues
birth_date=birth date|1607|01|10|mf=y
death_date=death date and age|1646|10|18|1607|01|10|mf=y
feast_day=26 September (Canada), 19 October (General calendar)
venerated_in=Roman Catholic Church


imagesize=225px
birth_place=Orléans, France
death_place=Auriesville, New York
titles=Martyr
declared venerable_date=
beatified_date=June 21, 1922
beatified_place=Rome, Italy
beatified_by=Pope Pius XI
canonized_date=29 June 1930
canonized_place=Rome, Italy
canonized_by=Pope Pius XI
attributes=
patronage=
major_shrine=National Shrine of the North American Martyrs, Auriesville, New York, USA (where he was martyred)
suppressed_date=
issues=
prayer=
caption=Statue of Saint Isaac Jogues, shown teaching two Mohawk Indian children

Saint Isaac Jogues (January 10, 1607October 18, 1646) was a Jesuit priest, missionary, and martyr who traveled and worked among the Native Americans in North America. He gave the original European name to Lake George, calling it "Lac du Saint Sacrement", "Lake of the Holy Sacrament". In 1646, Jogues was martyred by the Mohawks near the present day Auriesville, New York. Jogues, St. Jean de Brébeuf and six other martyred missionaries, all Jesuits or laymen associated with them, were canonized in 1930 as "The North American Martyrs," or "St. Isaac Jogues and Companions." Their feast day is October 19, except in Canada, where the feast is celebrated on September 26.Born in Orléans, France, Jogues entered the Society of Jesus in 1624. In 1636, he was sent to New France as a missionary to the Huron and Algonquin allies of the French. In 1642, while on his way by canoe to the country of the Hurons, Jogues was captured by a war party of Mohawk Iroquois, in the company of Guillaume Couture, René Goupil, and several Huron Christians. Taken back to the Mohawk village, they were tortured in various gruesome ways, Jogues himself having several of his fingers bitten or burned off.

Jogues survived this torment and went on to live as a slave among the Mohawks for some time, even attempting to teach his captors the rudiments of Christianity. He was finally able to escape thanks to the pity of some Dutch merchants who smuggled him back to Manhattan. From there, he managed to sail back to France, where he was greeted with surprise and joy. As a "living martyr," Jogues was given a special permission by Pope Urban VIII to say Holy Mass with his mutilated hands, as the Eucharist could not be touched with any fingers but the thumb and forefinger.

Yet his ill-treatment by the Mohawks did not dim the missionary zeal of Jogues. Within a few months, he was on his way back to Canada to continue his work. In 1645, a tentative peace was forged between the Iroquois and the Hurons, Algonquins and French. In the spring of 1646, Jogues was sent back to the Mohawk country along with Jean de Lalande to act as ambassador among them.

However, some among the Mohawks regarded Jogues as a sorcerer, and when the double-calamity of sickness and crop failure hit the Mohawks, Jogues was a convenient scapegoat. On October 18, 1646, Jogues was clubbed to death and beheaded by his Mohawk hosts near Auriesville, New York, along with Goupil and LaLande.

Today, the Shrine of the North American Martyrs, maintained by the Jesuits, stands on or near the site (ten years after Jogues' death, Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha was born in approximately the same place). Brébeuf and five of his companions were killed in Canada in 1648 and 1649.

He was canonized on 29 June 1930 by Pope Pius XI along with seven other Canadian Martyrs. His Day of Remembrance is October 19. A statue of Father Jogues stands in the village of Lake George, in a park by the lake.

One hall of Martyrs' Court, a dormitory at Fordham University, New York City's Jesuit University, is named for Jogues. The other two halls are named for Lalande and Goupil.Dormitories at LeMoyne College in Syracuse and at Fairfield University in Connecticut are also named for Jogues.

The novitiate of the Maryland Province of the Society of Jesus just outside Wernersville, Pennsylvania was named for Jogues. It is now called the Jesuit Center at Wernersville, PA. [http://www.jesuitcenter.org/history.htm]

References

*cite book |, Fr. Jerome | title=The Captivity of St. Isaac Jogues | location=Bristol, PA | publisher=Arx Publishing | year=2003 | id=ISBN 1-889758-52-3
*
* Francis Parkman, Vol 2 of the multi-volume France and England in North America entitled "The Jesuits in New France in the seventeenth Century", 1867can be born in 1997

See also

*Blessed Julian Maunoir

External links

* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08420b.htm Biography at the "Catholic Encyclopedia"]

* [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=358 Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]

* [http://www.catholiccompany.com/product_detail.cfm?id=2634# Saint Among Savages - The Life of Saint Isaac Jogues]

* [http://www.martyrshrine.org/ The (U.S.) National Shrine of the North American Martyrs, in Auriesville, New York]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ISAAC JOGUES — saint (1607 1646) Né à Orléans, Isaac Jogues est admis à dix sept ans chez les jésuites de Rouen, où Louis Lallemant est maître des novices. Ses notes et les récits de ses biographies révèlent un prêtre profondément marqué par la spiritualité… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Isaac Jogues — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jogues (homonymie). Isaac Jogues: une peinture à l huile de Donald Guthrie McNab Saint Isaac …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isaac Jogues — San Isaac Jogues, S.J. San Isaac Jogues, S.J., retrato al óleo de Donald Guthrie McNab Mártir …   Wikipedia Español

  • Isaac Jogues, Saint — • French Jesuit missionary to Canada, martyred in 1646 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Saint Isaac Jogues — Isaac Jogues Isaac Jogue, portrait en peinture à l huile de Donald Guthrie McNab Isaac Jogues, né le 10 janvier 1607, mort le 18 octobre 1646, était un missionnaire jésuite qui voyagea et travailla avec les amérin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • St. Isaac Jogues —     St. Isaac Jogues     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Isaac Jogues     French missionary, born at Orléans, France, 10 January, 1607; martyred at Ossernenon, in the present State of New York, 18 October, 1646. He was the first Catholic priest who …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jogues, Isaac — (1607 1646)    Born at Orleans, France. Entered the Society of Jesus, and sailed for Canada in 1636. Set out almost immediately for the Huron mission. From there sent to the Tobacco nation; and in 1641 visited the Chippewas at Sault Ste. Marie,… …   The makers of Canada

  • Jogues (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Jogues est une communauté canadienne située dans le territoire non organisé de Cochrane. Isaac Jogues (1607 1646) est un missionnaire jésuite et martyr… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isaac — (Issaco) • Isaac, fils d Abraham et de Sara, père de Jacob, vers 1800 avant J. C., patriarche du peuple juif, ancêtre de Jésus. Avant lui, Abraham avait eu un fils de sa servante Agar, Ismaël, ancêtre du peuple arabe. A la naissance d Issac,… …   Dictionnaire des saints

  • Jogues, Saint Isaac — • French Jesuit missionary to Canada, martyred in 1646 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”