- Paulinus of York
Infobox Bishop of York
name = Saint Paulinus of York
caption = Statue of Paulinus at
began = 627
term_end = 633
predecessor = Founder
successor = Chad
consecration = 627
birth_date = 584 Rome,
death_date = 10 October 644 Rochester,
name = Saint Paulinus of York
Roman Catholic Church
attributes=An archbishop holding a model of a small wooden church; baptizing
Edwin of Northumbria
York; Rochester; those displaced from office
St Paulinus (born c. 584Fact|date=March 2008; died 10 October 644) was the first
Bishop of Yorkand Bishop of Rochesterin England.
Paulinus was a
monkat St Andrew's Monastery in Rome, when, in 601, Pope Gregory Isent him to join Mellitusand others in the second group of missionariesto England.Walsh, Michael "A New Dictionary of Saints: East and West" London: Burns & Oates 2007 ISBN 0-8601-2438-X p. 475] Writing in 731, Bededescribed Paulinus as "a tall figure, slightly bent, with black hair, a thin hooked nose, and an emaciated face."quoted in Stenton, F. M. "Anglo-Saxon England" Third Edition Oxford:Oxford University Press 1971 ISBN 978-0-19-280139-5 p. 116] He was in Kentuntil 625, when he was consecrated as bishopby Justuson 21 July.cite book |author=Fryde, E. B. |coauthors=Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. |title=Handbook of British Chronology|edition=Third Edition, revised |publisher=Cambridge University Press |location=Cambridge |year=1996 |isbn=0-521-56350-X|pages= p. 224 ] He then accompanied Æthelburg, the sister of King Eadbald of Kent, to Northumbriawhere she was to marry King Edwin.
Bede describes Paulinus as "a man tall of stature, a little stooping, with black hair and a thin face, a hooked and thin nose, his aspect both venerable and awe-inspiring".Quoted in Blair "World of Bede" p. 95] Bede probably got this description from James the Deacon, who was still living in Bede's lifetime and had been a associate of Paulinus in the north.Blair "World of Bede" pp. 95-96]
Bishop of York
According to Bede, Paulinus eventually convinced Edwin to convert to
Christianity, baptizing him and many of his followers at Yorkin 627.Ashely, Mike "The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens" New York: Carroll & Graff 1998 ISBN 0-7967-0692-9 p. 278-280] Gregory desired York to be England's second metropolitan see. So Paulinus built a small wooden church there and, with the support of Edwin, he greatly expanded the church throughout Northumbria. For example, during a stay with Edwin and Æthelburg at their palace in Yeavering, he worked incessantly for thirty-six days baptizing new converts, according to Bede, "wash [ing] them with the water of absolution in the River Glen, which is close by." [W.W. Tomlinson, "Comprehensive guide to the county of Northumberland". Reprinted 1968. (Trowbridge, UK: Redwood), 504.] He also worked in Lindseyconverting the inhabitants, and built a church in Lincoln.Stenton, F. M. "Anglo-Saxon England" Third Edition Oxford:Oxford University Press 1971 ISBN 978-0-19-280139-5 p. 115-116] Among those consecrated by Paulinus was Hilda, later the abbess of Whitby,Blair "World of Bede" p. 147] as well as Hilda's successor Eanflaed.Blair "World of Bede" p. 149]
Bishop of Rochester
When Edwin was defeated and killed in battle in 633, Paulinus took the queen and her children to Kent, where he spent the remainder of his life as
Bishop of Rochester. He died on 10 October 644 at Rochester,cite book |author=Fryde, E. B. |coauthors=Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. |title=Handbook of British Chronology|edition=Third Edition, revised |publisher=Cambridge University Press |location=Cambridge |year=1996 |isbn=0-521-56350-X|pages= p. 221 ] and he was buried in the sacristy of the church there.Blair "World of Bede" pp. 97-98] Edwin's defeat led immediately to a sharp decline of Christianity in Northumbria. Although Paulinus' deacon, James, remained in the North and struggled to rebuild the Roman mission,Stenton, F. M. "Anglo-Saxon England" Third Edition Oxford:Oxford University Press 1971 ISBN 978-0-19-280139-5 p. 116] it was monks from the rival Celtic tradition who eventually re-established Christianity in the region, York eventually becoming a mere bishopric.
A legend once told in the town of
Caistorconcerning St. Paulinus of York states that as the saint was riding an ass along the ancient trackway that runs near the town, he met a man sowing corn. Paulinus asked for some grainto feed his ass; the man replied that he had none. Spotting a sack in the field, Paulinus asked the man what it contained. "That is no sack," the man lied, "but only a stone." "Then stone it shall be," the saint replied. The stone is now known as "Fonaby Stone" (also known as the "Sack Stone" or "Stone Sack"), which sits upon "Fonaby Top", and any attempt to move, displace, or damage is said to result in dreadful misfortune. This is said to have occurred around 627, during St. Paulinus' visit to Caistor. ["Folklore, Myths and Legends of Britain" (London: The Reader’s Digest Association, 1973), 288.]
The festival of Saint Paulinus is formally observed by English Roman Catholics on 10 October, the anniversary of his death. [ [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintp6c.htm Paulinus of York at Patron Saints Index] accessed on 18 August 2007] The day is a
Lesser Festivalin the Church of England. Five ancient churches in England were dedicated to Paulinus, and there were cults of him at Canterburyand Rochester.
*Farmer, David Hugh. "The Oxford Dictionary of Saints" (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978), 318-9.
*cite book |author=Fryde, E. B. |coauthors=Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. |title=Handbook of British Chronology|edition=Third Edition, revised |publisher=Cambridge University Press |location=Cambridge |year=1996 |isbn=0-521-56350-X
*Stenton, F. M. "Anglo-Saxon England" Third Edition Oxford:Oxford University Press 1971 ISBN 978-0-19-280139-5
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11585a.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: St. Paulinus, Archbishop of York]
* [http://www.earlybritishkingdoms.com/adversaries/bios/paulinus.html Early British Kingdoms: St. Paulinus of York]
* [http://www.pase.ac.uk/pase/apps/persons/CreatePersonFrames.jsp?personKey=862 Prosopography of Anglo Saxon England entry for Paulinus]
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Bishop of Rochester; Archbishop of York; Saint
DATE OF BIRTH=c584
PLACE OF BIRTH=Rome, Italy
DATE OF DEATH=10 October, 644
PLACE OF DEATH=Rochester, Kent, England
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