Paulinus of York

Paulinus of York

Infobox Bishop of York
honorific-prefix =
name = Saint Paulinus of York
honorific-suffix =

caption = Statue of Paulinus at Rochester Cathedral
province =
diocese =
see =
began = 627
term_end = 633
predecessor = Founder
successor = Chad
ordination =
consecration = 627
other_post =
birth_name =
birth_date = 584 Rome, Byzantine Empire
birthplace =
death_date = 10 October 644 Rochester, Kent
deathplace =
tomb =
nationality =
religion =
residence =
parents =
spouse =
children =
ocupation =
profession =
alma_mater =

Infobox Saint
name = Saint Paulinus of York
feast_day=10 October
venerated_in=Roman Catholic Church
Anglican Communion
attributes=An archbishop holding a model of a small wooden church; baptizing Edwin of Northumbria
patronage=York; Rochester; those displaced from office

St Paulinus (born c. 584Fact|date=March 2008; died 10 October 644) was the first Bishop of York and Bishop of Rochester in England.

Early life

Paulinus was a monk at St Andrew's Monastery in Rome, when, in 601, Pope Gregory I sent him to join Mellitus and others in the second group of missionaries to England.Walsh, Michael "A New Dictionary of Saints: East and West" London: Burns & Oates 2007 ISBN 0-8601-2438-X p. 475] Writing in 731, Bede described Paulinus as "a tall figure, slightly bent, with black hair, a thin hooked nose, and an emaciated face."quoted in Stenton, F. M. "Anglo-Saxon England" Third Edition Oxford:Oxford University Press 1971 ISBN 978-0-19-280139-5 p. 116] He was in Kent until 625, when he was consecrated as bishop by Justus on 21 July.cite book |author=Fryde, E. B. |coauthors=Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. |title=Handbook of British Chronology|edition=Third Edition, revised |publisher=Cambridge University Press |location=Cambridge |year=1996 |isbn=0-521-56350-X|pages= p. 224 ] He then accompanied Æthelburg, the sister of King Eadbald of Kent, to Northumbria where she was to marry King Edwin.

Bede describes Paulinus as "a man tall of stature, a little stooping, with black hair and a thin face, a hooked and thin nose, his aspect both venerable and awe-inspiring".Quoted in Blair "World of Bede" p. 95] Bede probably got this description from James the Deacon, who was still living in Bede's lifetime and had been a associate of Paulinus in the north.Blair "World of Bede" pp. 95-96]

Bishop of York

According to Bede, Paulinus eventually convinced Edwin to convert to Christianity, baptizing him and many of his followers at York in 627.Ashely, Mike "The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens" New York: Carroll & Graff 1998 ISBN 0-7967-0692-9 p. 278-280] Gregory desired York to be England's second metropolitan see. So Paulinus built a small wooden church there and, with the support of Edwin, he greatly expanded the church throughout Northumbria. For example, during a stay with Edwin and Æthelburg at their palace in Yeavering, he worked incessantly for thirty-six days baptizing new converts, according to Bede, "wash [ing] them with the water of absolution in the River Glen, which is close by." [W.W. Tomlinson, "Comprehensive guide to the county of Northumberland". Reprinted 1968. (Trowbridge, UK: Redwood), 504.] He also worked in Lindsey converting the inhabitants, and built a church in Lincoln.Stenton, F. M. "Anglo-Saxon England" Third Edition Oxford:Oxford University Press 1971 ISBN 978-0-19-280139-5 p. 115-116] Among those consecrated by Paulinus was Hilda, later the abbess of Whitby,Blair "World of Bede" p. 147] as well as Hilda's successor Eanflaed.Blair "World of Bede" p. 149]

Bishop of Rochester

When Edwin was defeated and killed in battle in 633, Paulinus took the queen and her children to Kent, where he spent the remainder of his life as Bishop of Rochester. He died on 10 October 644 at Rochester,cite book |author=Fryde, E. B. |coauthors=Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. |title=Handbook of British Chronology|edition=Third Edition, revised |publisher=Cambridge University Press |location=Cambridge |year=1996 |isbn=0-521-56350-X|pages= p. 221 ] and he was buried in the sacristy of the church there.Blair "World of Bede" pp. 97-98] Edwin's defeat led immediately to a sharp decline of Christianity in Northumbria. Although Paulinus' deacon, James, remained in the North and struggled to rebuild the Roman mission,Stenton, F. M. "Anglo-Saxon England" Third Edition Oxford:Oxford University Press 1971 ISBN 978-0-19-280139-5 p. 116] it was monks from the rival Celtic tradition who eventually re-established Christianity in the region, York eventually becoming a mere bishopric.


A legend once told in the town of Caistor concerning St. Paulinus of York states that as the saint was riding an ass along the ancient trackway that runs near the town, he met a man sowing corn. Paulinus asked for some grain to feed his ass; the man replied that he had none. Spotting a sack in the field, Paulinus asked the man what it contained. "That is no sack," the man lied, "but only a stone." "Then stone it shall be," the saint replied. The stone is now known as "Fonaby Stone" (also known as the "Sack Stone" or "Stone Sack"), which sits upon "Fonaby Top", and any attempt to move, displace, or damage is said to result in dreadful misfortune. This is said to have occurred around 627, during St. Paulinus' visit to Caistor. ["Folklore, Myths and Legends of Britain" (London: The Reader’s Digest Association, 1973), 288.]


The festival of Saint Paulinus is formally observed by English Roman Catholics on 10 October, the anniversary of his death. [ [ Paulinus of York at Patron Saints Index] accessed on 18 August 2007] The day is a Lesser Festival in the Church of England. Five ancient churches in England were dedicated to Paulinus, and there were cults of him at Canterbury and Rochester.



*Farmer, David Hugh. "The Oxford Dictionary of Saints" (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978), 318-9.
*cite book |author=Fryde, E. B. |coauthors=Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. |title=Handbook of British Chronology|edition=Third Edition, revised |publisher=Cambridge University Press |location=Cambridge |year=1996 |isbn=0-521-56350-X
*Stenton, F. M. "Anglo-Saxon England" Third Edition Oxford:Oxford University Press 1971 ISBN 978-0-19-280139-5

External links

* [ Catholic Encyclopedia: St. Paulinus, Archbishop of York]
* [ Early British Kingdoms: St. Paulinus of York]
* [ Prosopography of Anglo Saxon England entry for Paulinus]

SHORT DESCRIPTION=Bishop of Rochester; Archbishop of York; Saint
DATE OF DEATH=10 October, 644
PLACE OF DEATH=Rochester, Kent, England

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paulinus von York — Statue des Paulinus von York in der Kathedrale von Rochester Der Heilige Paulinus († 10. Oktober 644) war der erste (mittelalterliche) Bischof von York. Zwar gab es bereits in der römischen Antike eine Christengemeinde in York (Eboracum), das im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paulinus of York — Paulin d York Paulin d York Statue de Paulin d York à la cathédrale de Rochester (Angleterre) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paulinus of York — (d. 644)    Missionary, Bishop and Saint.    Paulinus was sent by Pope Gregory the great to Britain in 601 to be an assistant to St Augustine of canterbury. In 625, after he had been consecrated a Bishop, he went to the north as Chaplain to Queen …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Paulinus — (ein Diminutiv zu Paulus, Paul) ist der Vorname von Decius Paulinus, römischer Konsul Paulinus von Antiochia (Märtyrer), Heiliger, angebl. Martyrium während der Neronischen Christenverfolgung Paulinus (Konsul 277) Paulinus von Antiochien († 388) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paulinus — Paulinus/Paullinus is a Roman cognomen that can refer to: *Gaius Suetonius Paullinus, general who defeated BoudicaRoman consuls *Marcus Iunius Caesonius Nicomachus Anicius Faustus Paulinus, consul in 298 *Sextus Anicius Faustus Paulinus, consul… …   Wikipedia

  • Paulinus, S. (17) — 17S. Paulinus, Ep. Conf. (10. Oct., al. 10. Jan.). Dieser hl. Erzbischof und Bekenner von York (Eboracum) in England wird im römischen und im großbritannischen Martyrologium »Apostel der sieben angelsächsischen Königreiche« genannt. Als der heil …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Paulinus — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Paulinus ou Paullinus est un cognomen romain porté notamment par : Général romain Suetonius Paulinus, général romain qui remporta la victoire contre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • York — City of York Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paulinus a S. Bartholomaeo — • Missionary and orientalist (1748 1806) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Paulinus a S. Bartholomaeo     Paulinus a S. Bartholomaeo      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Paulinus of Pella — • Christian poet of the fifth century Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Paulinus of Pella     Paulinus of Pella     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”