- The Mask of Zorro
The Mask of Zorro
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Martin Campbell Produced by Steven Spielberg
Screenplay by John Eskow
Story by Ted Elliott
Based on Characters by
Starring Antonio Banderas
Music by James Horner Cinematography Phil Meheux Editing by Thom Noble Studio TriStar Pictures
Zorro Productions, Inc.
David Foster Productions
Distributed by Sony Pictures Entertainment Release date(s) July 17, 1998 Running time 136 minutes Country United States Language English Budget $96 million Box office $250,288,523
The Mask of Zorro is a 1998 American swashbuckler film based on the Zorro character created by Johnston McCulley. It was directed by Martin Campbell and stars Antonio Banderas, Anthony Hopkins, Catherine Zeta-Jones, and Stuart Wilson. In the story, the original Zorro (Hopkins) escapes from prison to find his long-lost daughter (Zeta-Jones) and avenge the death of his wife against the corrupt governor (Wilson). He is aided by his successor (Banderas), who also pursues his own vendetta.
Producer Steven Spielberg had developed the film for TriStar Pictures with directors Mikael Salomon and Robert Rodriguez before Campbell signed on in 1996. Salomon cast Sean Connery as Don Diego de la Vega, while Rodriguez brought Banderas in the lead role. Connery dropped out and was replaced with Hopkins, and The Mask of Zorro began filming in January 1997 at Estudios Churubusco in Mexico City, Mexico. The film encountered scheduling problems when Campbell was hospitalized for bronchitis, resulting in Zorro going over $10 million in its production budget. The film was released in the United States on July 17, 1998 with both financial and critical success. The Legend of Zorro, a sequel also starring Banderas, Zeta-Jones, and directed by Campbell, was released in 2005, but failed to receive the overall positive reception of its predecessor.
In 1821, Don Diego de la Vega (Anthony Hopkins) fights against Spain in the Mexican War of Independence as Zorro, a mysterious avenger who defends the Mexican peasants and commoners of Las Californias. Don Rafael Montero (Stuart Wilson), the cruel governor of the region, learns de la Vega's identity. Arresting de la Vega in his home, his beloved wife Esperanza (Julieta Rosen) is accidentally killed by one of Montero's soldiers. Montero imprisons de la Vega and takes his infant daughter, Elena, as his own and leaves for Spain.
Twenty years later, Montero returns from exile in Spain with Elena (Catherine Zeta Jones), who has grown into a beautiful woman, by his side. He is planning to turn California into an independent republic. However, his reappearance also awakens a long-dormant de la Vega, who has spent two decades living in anonymity during his imprisonment. He escapes from prison, and as he plans his revenge on Montero, de la Vega encounters a thief, Alejandro Murrieta (Antonio Banderas), who - along with his brother - greatly admired Zorro as a child and even had a small hand in the hero's last great exploit. After a brief period of deliberation, de la Vega decides to take Alejandro as his protégé. Inspired by the wish for revenge upon Captain Harrison Love (Matt Letscher), his brother's killer and Montero's right hand man, he endures the tough training regimen brilliantly.
After stealing a black stallion resembling Toronado, Zorro's long deceased horse, and leaving Zorro's mark at the scene, de la Vega scolds him claiming that Zorro was a servant of the people, not a thief or adventurer. He challenges Alejandro to gain Montero's trust and pose as Don Alejandro del Castillo y García, a visiting nobleman, with de la Vega posing as his servant, Bernardo. Both attend a party at Montero's hacienda, where he gains Elena's admiration and enough of Montero's trust to be invited to a secret meeting. There, Montero hints at a plan to retake California for the Dons by buying it from General Santa Anna, who needs money to fund his upcoming war with the United States.
Alejandro and the Dons are taken to a secret gold mine known as "El Dorado", where peasants and criminals are used for slave labor. The plan is to buy California from Santa Anna using gold mined from Santa Anna's own land. Meanwhile, de la Vega uses this opportunity to become closer to Elena: still posing as Bernardo, he learns that Montero raised her telling her that her mother died in childbirth. De la Vega sends Alejandro, as Zorro, to steal the map leading to the gold mine: he duels Montero, Love, and their guards at the hacienda. When Alejandro escapes, Elena attempts to retrieve Montero's map, but he strips her and seduces her, leading to a passionate kiss before he flees.
Terrified of Santa Anna's retribution if he discovers that he is being paid with his own gold, Montero decides to destroy the mine, along with all its workers, to better hide all evidence. De la Vega tells Alejandro to release the workers on his own so that he can reclaim Elena: he corners Montero at his hacienda and reveals his identity, but is captured. As he is taken away, Elena, inspired by a chance encounter with a woman who had been her nanny at the market, asks Montero the name of the flower that her mother had hung about her crib: when it is de la Vega who tells Elena its name, she realizes he is her father. She releases de la Vega from his cell and they proceed to the mine, which Zorro has begun to infiltrate. De La Vega stops Montero from shooting Zorro and the two duel. Meanwhile Zorro is confronted by Love and they duel. In the end, Alejandro avenges his brother by impaling Love with his own sword, and de la Vega sends Montero to his death by dragging him off a cliff behind a gold laden cart which crushes Love. Elena and Alejandro free the workers before the explosives go off, where they attend to the mortally injured de la Vega. He makes peace with Alejandro before dying, passing the mantle of Zorro to him, and gives his blessings for Alejandro's and Elena's prospective marriage. They re-build the de la Vega hacienda and have a son named Joaquin, honoring Alejandro's brother.
- Antonio Banderas as Alejandro Murrieta / Zorro: The character has always been Spanish, but Zorro had never been portrayed by a Spaniard. Banderas, who was paid $5 million for the role, is the first Spanish actor to portray Zorro. However, his alter-ego in the film is Alejandro Murrieta, the fictional brother of the real-life Joaquin Murrieta, making the character Banderas portrays either Mexican or Chilean. To prepare for his role, Banderas practiced with the Olympic fencing team in Spain for four months, before he studied additional fencing and swordsmanship with Anthony Hopkins and Catherine Zeta-Jones. The three were trained by Bob Anderson during pre-production in Mexico, spending 10 hours a day for two months specifically on fight scenes from the film. During interviews for The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, Anderson rated Banderas the best natural talent he worked with. "We used to call him Grumpy Bob on the set, he was such a perfectionist," director Martin Campbell reflected. "He was incredibly inventive, and also refused to treat any of the actors as stars. They would complain about the intensity of the training, but having worked with him there's nobody I'd rather use."
- Anthony Hopkins as Don Diego De La Vega / Zorro: Hopkins was cast in December 1996, one month before filming began. Hopkins, known for his dramatic acting, took up the role over his enthusiasm to be in an action film.
- Catherine Zeta-Jones as Eléna (De La Vega) Montero: The actress signed on in November 1996, when Spielberg saw her performance in the Titanic miniseries and recommended her to Campbell. Despite being a Welsh actress portraying a Latina character, Zeta-Jones discovered similarities between her "volatile" Celtic temper and the Latin temperament of Eléna. Izabella Scorupco, who worked with Campbell on GoldenEye, and Judith Godreche both screen tested for the part. The actress credits The Mask of Zorro as her breakthrough in entering A-list recognition.
- Stuart Wilson as Don Rafael Montero: Armand Assante had initially been cast in the role, but dropped out due to scheduling conflicts with The Odyssey. Stuart Wilson, who Campbell previously directed in No Escape, was cast in Assante's place four months after.
- Matt Letscher as Captain Harrison Love
- Tony Amendola as Don Luiz
- Pedro Armendáriz, Jr. as Don Pedro
- L.Q. Jones as Three-fingered Jack
- Julieta Rosen as Esperanza De La Vega, Don Diego's beloved wife and Élena's mother
In October 1992, TriStar Pictures and Steven Spielberg's Amblin Entertainment were planning to start production on Zorro the following year, and hired Joel Gross to rewrite the script after they were impressed with an adaptation he did with TriStar on The Three Musketeers. Spielberg was producing Zorro with the potential to direct. Gross completed his rewrite in March 1993, and TriStar entered pre-production, creating early promotion for the film that same month at the ShoWest trade show. By December 1993, Branko Lustig was producing the film with Spielberg, and Mikael Salomon was attached as director. In August 1994, Sean Connery was cast as Don Diego de la Vega, while Salomon assured that the rest of the major cast would be Hispanic and Latino Americans. Pre-production proceeded even further in August when Salomon compiled test footage for a planned April 1995 start date.
Connery and Salomon eventually dropped out, and in September 1995, Robert Rodriguez, fresh from the success of Desperado, signed to direct with Desperado star, Antonio Banderas starring in the tile role as Zorro. TriStar and Amblin had been surprised by Rodriguez's low-budget filming techniques for his action films, El Mariachi and Desperado, and shifted away from their initial plans with Salomon to make a big-budget version of Zorro. Spielberg had hoped Rodriguez would start filming in January 1996 for a Christmas release date, but the start date was pushed back to July. The release date was then moved to Easter 1997. Rodriguez pulled out of Zorro in June 1996 over difficulties coming to terms with TriStar on the budget. The studio projected a range of $35 million, while Rodriguez wanted $45 million. They both attempted to compromise when Rodriguez lowered it to $42 million, but the studio refused and set $41 million as their highest mark. Banderas remained attached, and Martin Campbell signed on later than month, turning down the chance to direct Tomorrow Never Dies. The finished screenplay would be written by John Eskow, Ted Elliott and Terry Rossio, based on a story by Elliott, Rossio, and Randall Jahnson.
Principal photography started in Mexico on January 27, 1997 on a $60 million budget. The Mask of Zorro was mostly shot at Estudios Churubusco in Mexico City. Production stalled for four days in February when the director, Martin Campbell, was hospitalized for bronchitis. Filming resumed in Tlaxcala, three hours east of Mexico City, where the production crew constructed the Montero hacienda and town set pieces. Production was delayed again in March for six days, when Campbell was sent back to hospital with his condition. Sony sent David Foster to join the project as a producer; to help fill the void left by Steven Spielberg, Walter F. Parkes, and Laurie MacDonald who were busy running DreamWorks. Foster and David Ward, an uncredited screenwriter, re-wrote some scenes; the troubled production caused The Mask of Zorro to go $10 million over its budget, which added to $70 million in negative costs. In December, the producers were frustrated by customs agents when some props and other items were held for nine days, Zorro's plastic blade included among them. During post-production, Spielberg and Campbell considered Diego De La Vega's death in the arms of his daughter too depressing. The ending, where Alejandro and Eléna are happily married with their infant son, was added three months after filming had ended.
The Mask Of Zorro: Music From The Motion Picture Soundtrack album by James Horner Released July 7, 1998 Recorded 1997 - 1998 Genre Film score Length 74:47 Label Sony James Horner chronology Deep Impact
The Mask Of Zorro
Back to Titanic
James Horner was hired to compose the film score in September 1997. For his work on The Mask of Zorro, Horner was influenced by Miklós Rózsa and Kelly Robinson's score from El Cid. The soundtrack, released by Sony Classical Records, was commercially successful and propelled by the rising profile of Latin heartthrob Marc Anthony and Tina Arena. Their duet, "I Want to Spend My Lifetime Loving You", plays in the closing credits of the film and was released as a single in Europe. The song went #3 on the French Singles and #4 on the Dutch Singles charts.
No. Title Length 1. "The Plaza of Execution" 8:31 2. "Elena and Esperanza" 8:20 3. "The Ride" 3:25 4. "Elena's Truth" 4:11 5. "The Fencing Lesson" 5:29 6. "Toronado in the Barracks" 5:12 7. "The Confession" 3:42 8. "Zorro's Theme" 3:00 9. "The Mine (Montero's Vision)" 3:00 10. "Stealing the Map" 6:30 11. "Leave No Witnesses..." 13:20 12. "Diego's Goodbye" 5:23 13. "I Want to Spend My Lifetime Loving You (Performance by Tina Arena and Marc Anthony)" 4:44
The Mask of Zorro and its sequel The Legend of Zorro incorporate certain historical events and persons into their narratives. Antonio Banderas' Alejandro is a fictional brother of Joaquin Murrieta, a Mexican outlaw killed by California State Ranger Harry Love, portrayed here as Texas Army Captain "Harrison Love", in 1853. (The film takes place more than a decade earlier, in 1841.) Similarly, there is a character called Three Fingered Jack although the real person was a Mexican named Juan Duarte rather than an Anglo-American. As he did in the movie, the actual Harry Love preserved Murrieta's head in a large, alcohol-filled glass jar. The opening sequence is set during the aftermath of the Mexican War of Independence, then most of the film plot is set in the earlier years prior to the Mexican–American War. Plus, an original ending on the DVD includes an appearance by Antonio López de Santa Anna, who is only mentioned in the finished film.
The Mask of Zorro was initially set for release on December 19, 1997 before it was changed to March 1998. It was speculated that TriStar did this in an attempt to avoid competition with Titanic, but Zorro encountered production problems that extended its shooting schedule. Even more strategically, Sony Pictures Entertainment, TriStar's parent company, wanted an action film for its first quarter releases of 1998. The release date was once again pushed back, this time to July 1998, when pick-ups were commissioned. The delay from March to July added $3 million in interest costs.
To market Zorro, TriStar purchased a 30-second advertising spot on Super Bowl XXXII for $1.3 million. Sony, who had been known for their low-key presence at the ShoWest trade show, showed clips from the film, while actors Antonio Banderas and Anthony Hopkins presented a panel at the conference on May 10, 1998. The studio also attached Zorro's trailer to prints of Godzilla. Sony launched an official website in June 1998. Internet marketing was an emerging concept in the late-1990s, and Zorro was Sony's first film to use VRML.
The Mask of Zorro caught the attention of European Royalty with the film's foreign premieres. Spain's King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sophia and Princess Elena attended the first Royal premiere in Madrid in seven years. On December 10, 1998, a Royal Command Performance for Zorro was toplined by Prince Charles and his sons.
Based on 66 reviews counted by Rotten Tomatoes, 82% of the critics enjoyed The Mask of Zorro with an average score of 7.1/10. The film was more balanced with the 13 critics in the website's "Top Critics" category, with a 77% approval rating and an average score of 6.5/10. By comparison, Metacritic received an average score of 63/100, based on 22 reviews collected.
Richard Schickel of Time magazine praised Zorro as a summer blockbuster that pays tribute to the Classical Hollywood cinema swashbuckler films. "The action in this movie, most of which takes the form of spectacular stunt work performed by real, as opposed to digitized, people," Schickel continued, "is motivated by simple, powerful emotions of an old-fashioned and rather melodramatic nature." Zorro exceeded Roger Ebert's expectations, who was surprised by the screenplay's display of traditional film craftsmanship. "It's a reminder of the time when stunts and special effects were integrated into stories, rather than the other way around." Ebert later called The Mask of Zorro "probably the best Zorro movie ever made."
Despite giving credit to Anthony Hopkins for his masculine portrayal of an older Zorro, Mick LaSalle, writing in the San Francisco Chronicle, found the that the actor's "performance presents a slight problem: The film asks us to believe that no one has figured out that Zorro and his real-life persona are the same person, even though they are the only guys in Mexico who talk with a British accent." Todd McCarthy of Variety found the film's length to be "somewhat overlong" and lacking "the snap and concision that would have put it over the top as a bang-up entertainment, but it's closer in spirit to a vintage Errol Flynn or Tyrone Power swashbuckler than anything that's come out of Hollywood in quite some time."
In his review for Rolling Stone magazine, Peter Travers criticized the casting choices for the Mexican roles, which included Banderas, a Spaniard, as well as Hopkins and Zeta-Jones, who are both Welsh. Disappointed with the film's entertainment value, Travers also expected the film to be a failure with audiences. Internet reviewer James Berardinelli compared the tone and style of The Mask of Zorro to producer Steven Spielberg's Raiders of the Lost Ark. "While The Mask of Zorro isn't on the same level, it's not an altogether ridiculous comparison. Even though Zorro doesn't feature the non-stop cliffhanger adventure of Raiders," Berardinelli continued, "there's still plenty of action, tumult, and derring-do." He was undecided whether the film would be a box office success, and that it would depend on the on-screen chemistry between Banderas and Zeta-Jones.
In one of the film's most popular scenes, Alejandro renders Eléna topless with a flurry of sword slashes. One critic placed it on his list of "Erotic [Film] Scenes in the 90s", and in a 2006 E! television special, both Banderas and Zeta-Jones professed experiencing arousal during its filming; he by her beauty, and she by his character's innovative way of stripping her character. 
The Mask of Zorro was released in the United States on July 17, 1998 in 2,515 theaters, earning $22,525,855 in its opening weekend. The film dropped from its number one position in the second week with the releases of Saving Private Ryan and There's Something About Mary. The Mask of Zorro eventually earned $94,095,523 in domestic totals, and $156,193,000 in foreign countries, coming to a worldwide total of $250,288,523. With the commercial success of the film, Sony sold the TV rights of Zorro for $30 million in a joint deal to CBS and Turner Broadcasting System (TBS).
Awarding Body Award Nominee Result Academy Awards Best Sound Editing Dave McMoyler Nominated Best Sound Mixing Kevin O'Connell, Greg P. Russell, Pud Cusack Nominated British Academy Film Awards (BAFTAs) Best Costume Design Graciela Mazón Nominated Golden Globe Awards Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Nominated Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Antonio Banderas Nominated MTV Movie Awards Best Breakthrough Female Performance Catherine Zeta-Jones Nominated Best Fight Antonio Banderas, Catherine Zeta-Jones Nominated Saturn Awards Best Action/Adventure/Thriller Film Nominated Best Actress Catherine Zeta-Jones Nominated Best Costumes Graciela Mazón Nominated
The film was released on VHS and DVD in the United States on December 1, 1998. The DVD release included a making-of featurette and a photo gallery. Sony Pictures re-released Zorro on DVD as a two-disc special edition on September 25, 2001. To coincide with the release of The Legend of Zorro in theaters, a "deluxe edition" of The Mask of Zorro was released. It contained the same features from the previous two-disc release, and a promotional clip for the sequel.
On January 24, 2001, Sony Pictures Entertainment filed a lawsuit in United States District Court, Central District of California, Western Division, against Fireworks Entertainment Group, the producers of the syndicated television series Queen of Swords Sony alleged copyright infringement and other claims, saying the series "copied protectable elements from [the] 'Zorro' character and 'Zorro' related works". On April 5, 2001, U.S. District Judge Collins, denied Sony's motion for a preliminary injunction, noting, among other points, "that since the copyrights in [Johnson McCulley's 1919 short story] The Curse of Capistrano and [the 1920 movie] The Mark of Zorro lapsed in 1995 or before, the character Zorro has been in the public domain." As to specific elements of The Mask of Zorro, the judge found that any similarities between the film and the TV series' secondary characters and plot elements were insufficient to warrant an injunction.
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- ^ a b "The Mask of Zorro". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=maskofzorro.htm. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
- ^ "Weekly Box Office: July 24-30, 1998". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/weekly/chart/?yr=1998&wk=30&p=.htm. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
- ^ Littleton, Cynthia (1998-07-27). "Eye web, Turner cut $30 mil 'Zorro' pact". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117478900. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
- ^ "71st Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. http://awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/DisplayMain.jsp?curTime=1288074473864. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
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- ^ "The Mask of Zorro". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. http://www.goldenglobes.org/browse/film/25412. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
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- The Mask of Zorro at the Internet Movie Database
- The Mask of Zorro at AllRovi
- The Mask of Zorro at Rotten Tomatoes
- The Mask of Zorro at Metacritic
- The Mask of Zorro at Box Office Mojo
Zorro Books FilmsThe Mark of Zorro (1920) · Don Q, Son of Zorro · The Bold Caballero · Zorro Rides Again · Zorro's Fighting Legion · The Mark of Zorro (1940) · Zorro's Black Whip · Son of Zorro · Ghost of Zorro · La gran aventura del Zorro · The Mark of Zorro · Zorro · Zorro, The Gay Blade · The Mask of Zorro · The Legend of Zorro Television Stage productions Video gamesThe Mask of Zorro · The Shadow of Zorro · The Destiny of Zorro Films directed by Martin Campbell 1970s 1980sCriminal Law (1988) 1990s 2000s 2010sEdge of Darkness (2010) · Green Lantern (2011) Steven Spielberg filmography 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010sThe Adventures of Tintin: Secret of the Unicorn (2011) · War Horse (2011) · Lincoln (2012) Production
creditsI Wanna Hold Your Hand (1978) · Used Cars (1980) · Continental Divide (1981) · Poltergeist (1982) · E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982) · Twilight Zone: The Movie (1983) · Gremlins (1984) · Back to the Future (1985) · The Goonies (1985) · Young Sherlock Holmes (1985) · The Color Purple (1985) · An American Tail (1986) · The Money Pit (1986) · *batteries not included (1987) · Harry and the Hendersons (1987; uncredited) · Innerspace (1987) · Empire of the Sun (1987) · Three O'Clock High (1987; uncredited) · The Land Before Time (1988) · Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988) · Back to the Future Part II (1989) · Always (1989) · Dad (1989) · Arachnophobia (1990) · Back to the Future Part III (1990) · Gremlins 2: The New Batch (1990) · Joe Versus the Volcano (1990) · An American Tail: Fievel Goes West (1991) · Cape Fear (1991) · We're Back! A Dinosaur's Story (1993) · Schindler's List (1993) · The Flintstones (1994) · The Little Rascals (1994; uncredited) · Casper (1995) · Balto (1995) · Twister (1996) · Men in Black (1997) · Amistad (1997) · Deep Impact (1998) · The Mask of Zorro (1998) · Saving Private Ryan (1998) · The Last Days (1998) · The Prince of Egypt (1998; uncredited) · The Haunting (1999; uncredited) · Wakko's Wish (1999) · The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas (2000) · Evolution (2001; uncredited) · A.I. Artificial Intelligence (2001) · Jurassic Park III (2001) · Men in Black II (2002) · Catch Me If You Can (2002) · The Terminal (2004) · The Legend of Zorro (2005) · Memoirs of a Geisha (2005) · Munich (2005) · Monster House (2006) · Flags of Our Fathers (2006) · Letters from Iwo Jima (2006) · Disturbia (2007; uncredited) · Transformers (2007) · Eagle Eye (2008) · Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen (2009) · The Lovely Bones (2009) · Hereafter (2010) · True Grit (2010) · Super 8 (2011) · Transformers: Dark of the Moon (2011) · Cowboys & Aliens (2011) · Real Steel (2011) · The Adventures of Tintin: Secret of the Unicorn (2011) · War Horse (2011) · Men in Black III (2012) · Cloud Atlas (2012)
TelevisionNight Gallery (1970) · Columbo (1971) · Amazing Stories (1985–1987) · Tiny Toon Adventures (1990–1992) · A Wish for Wings That Work (1991; uncredited) · Tiny Toon Adventures: How I Spent My Vacation (1992) · Family Dog (1993) · seaQuest DSV (1993–1995) · Animaniacs (1993–1998) · ER (1994) · Pinky and the Brain / Pinky, Elmyra & the Brain (1995–1999) · Freakazoid! (1995–1997) · High Incident (1996–1997) · Toonsylvania (1998) · Invasion America (1998) · Band of Brothers (2001) · Taken (2002) · Into the West (2005) · On the Lot (2007) · United States of Tara (2009–2011) · The Pacific (2010) · Falling Skies (2011–present) · Terra Nova (2011–present) · The River (2012–present) · Smash (2012–present) Games Short filmsTummy Trouble (1989; played with Honey, I Shrunk the Kids) · Roller Coaster Rabbit (1990; played with Dick Tracy) · Trail Mix-Up (1993; played with A Far Off Place) · I'm Mad (1994; played with Thumbelina) See also
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