- Buffalo Six
The Buffalo Six (known primarily as Lackawanna Six, but also the Lackawanna Cell, or Buffalo Cell) is a group of six Yemeni-American childhood friends who were convicted of providing material support to al-Qaeda, based on the fact they had attended an Al Qaeda training camp in Afghanistan together in the Spring of 2001.
- Mukhtar Al-Bakri,
- Sahim Alwan,
- Faysal Galab,
- Shafal Mosed,
- Yaseinn Taher
- Yahya Goba.
All six are naturalized American citizens.
“ When one of the men...bought propane tanks at a local hardware store, the agents immediately thought they had discovered a bomb plot. In fact, they discovered a plan for a family barbecue. ”
—Dina Temple-Raston, The Jihad Next Door
They traveled to Afghanistan in spring 2001, before the September 11 attacks, while the country was still ruled by the Taliban, who were then giving sanctuary to Osama bin Laden, who in turn used it as a base for al-Qaeda training.
In June 2001, an anonymous two-page handwritten letter was received from an individual ostensibly living in Lackawanna who knew the Yemeni population intimately, It warned "I am very concern. I am an Arab-American... and I cannot give you my name because I fear for my life. Two terrorist [sic] came to Lackawanna... for recruiting the Yemenite youth... the terrorist group... left to Afghanistan to meet... bin Laden and stay in his camp for training", and gave the names of twelve local youths.
In the late summer of 2002, one of the members, Mukhtar al-Bakri, sent an e-mail in which he described his upcoming wedding and another in which he mentioned a "big meal" after the wedding, which is tradition in Islam. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), who were monitoring him, sounded the alarm and al-Bakri was arrested by Bahrainian police on the date of his wedding. They found him in his hotel room with his new wife, preparing to consummate his marriage, and stunned at the commando team that now held him at gunpoint.
The other five were arrested in Lackawanna, New York, a suburb of Buffalo, New York in September 2002. On September 14, 2002, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) held a press conference in Buffalo to announce the arrests of five of the local al-Qaeda suspects. The FBI Special Agent in charge of the investigation, Peter Ahearn (At the time head of the FBI's Buffalo Field Office), stated that there was no specific event triggering the arrests, which followed four to eight months of investigations. Later, FBI counterterrorism chief Dale Watson told The New York Times that the bureau's response was that "we are probably 99 percent sure that we can make sure these guys don't do something – if they are planning to do something." Watson paraphrased the President's response as that "under the rules that we were playing under at the time, that's not acceptable. So a conscious decision was made, 'Let's get 'em out of here'".
A close associate of the Lackawanna Six, Jaber A. Elbaneh, never returned to the U.S. after his trip to Afghanistan and in September 2003, the FBI announced a $5 million reward for information leading to his arrest. He escaped from a Yemeni prison in 2006 after joining a successful group prison break and was named as one of 23 people, 12 of them Al-Qaeda members, who escaped on February 3, 2006.
On February 23, 2006 the U.S. FBI confirmed the escape, as they issued a national Press Release naming Elbaneh as one of the first new additions, since inception in 2001, to the FBI Most Wanted Terrorists list.
On May 20, 2007, Elbaneh turned himself in to Yemen authorities on the condition that his prison sentence would not be extended.
Ahmed Hijazi aka Jalal aka Kamal Derwish, who was killed in a car with five others by a Hellfire targeted killing from a CIA Predator in Yemen 2002 November 3, may have been the ringleader/recruiter. He was sought after largely because he could clarify how serious a threat the Buffalo Six were. Hijazi held U.S. citizenship and was also a citizen of an unidentified Middle Eastern country. He was not born in the United States, but resided there for an unknown period of time. With him in the vehicle at the time of his death, was a senior al Qaeda leader, Abu Ali al-Harithi, who is suspected of masterminding the October 2000 attack on the destroyer USS Cole.
An anonymous voice message was being sent to households across Lackawanna, ostensibly from "BioFend", noting that "we believe that the goal of this terrorist cell was to detonate briefcase-sized dirty bombs right here in western New York". When then-Governor Eliot Spitzer had the company dissolved, it was still unclear whether the recordings were meant to lay the groundwork for a financial scam, or were an attempt to "taint the jury pool" by spreading untrue rumors suggesting there had been a violent plan in the works.
All six pleaded guilty in court to terrorism related charges. Yahya Goba and Mukhtar al-Bakri received ten-year prison sentences. Yaseinn Taher and Shafal Mosed received eight-year prison sentences. Sahim Alwan received a nine and a half year sentence. Faysal Galab received a seven year sentence. All sentences were for single counts of "providing support or resources to a foreign terrorist organization". In discussing the plea bargain agreements, US prosecutors commented the defendants had cooperated with federal terrorism investigators, providing detailed information on Al-Qaeda membership, training, and methods.
In late October 2008 three of the six men testified at Ali Hamza al Bahlul's Guantanamo military commissions. Yassein Taher, Sahim Alwan and a third member of the group testified about being shown a two hour jihadist video that celebrated the attack on the USS Cole while they were in al Qaeda guest houses and when they attended the al Farouq training camp. Al Bahlul stands accused of producing the jihadist video. The Buffalo men testified that they were terrified and appalled by the video. According to the Miami Herald Taher and Alwan expected their testimony would be rewarded by being placed in the witness protection program, like the third man whose name was withheld from the Press.
Proposed capture by United States Army troops
In July 2009, it was reported that prior to sending in 130 federal and local members of the Western New York Joint Terrorism Task Force it was suggested that federal troops be used to capture the suspects. At the time, Vice President Dick Cheney and Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld felt that the men should be declared enemy combatants and could have been tried by a military tribunal. President Bush rejected this proposal and the arrests proceeded without incident.
- Detroit Sleeper Cell
- Communications Management Unit (CMU) in Terre Haute, Indiana
- 2007 Fort Dix attack plot
- Naser Jason Abdo
- ^ a b c d e Temple-Raston, Dina. The Jihad Next Door: The Lackawanna Six and Rough Justice in the Age of Terror, 2007
- ^ Critics call Indiana prison rules too restrictive[dead link] The Buffalo News
- ^ a b "coldtype.net" (PDF). Is the Buffalo, NY terrorist cell for real? (pdf), December 14, 2003. http://www.coldtype.net/Assets/pdfs/MN.27a.%20Sept%2002.pdf. Retrieved May 29, 2006.
- ^ a b c Suskind, R. The One Percent Doctrine
- ^ "FBI.gov". FBI national Press Release, RECENT ESCAPEES FROM YEMEN PRISON ADDED TO MOST WANTED TERRORISTS AND SEEKING INFORMATION – WAR ON TERRORISM LISTS, February 23, 2006. http://www.fbi.gov/pressrel/pressrel06/mwtl_yemen022306.htm. Retrieved May 29, 2006. [dead link]
- ^ "U.S. confirms death of man linked to alleged Buffalo terror cell". CNN. November 12, 2002. http://archives.cnn.com/2002/US/11/12/yemen.blast.us. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- ^ Carol Rosenberg (October 30, 2008). "Ex-U.S. jihadists testify at Guantánamo terror trial". Miami Herald. http://www.miamiherald.com/news/americas/guantanamo/story/748638.html. Retrieved October 30, 2008. [dead link] mirror
- ^ Dan Herbeck (October 25, 2008). "Two linked locally to al-Qaida will testify: Gitmo case involves ex-bin Laden aide". Buffalo News. http://www.buffalonews.com/cityregion/story/473706.html. Retrieved November 6, 2008. [dead link] mirror
- ^ a b Michel, Lou (July 26, 2009). "Lackawanna officials say troops in city was bad idea". The Buffalo News. Archived from the original on July 29, 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.buffalonews.com%2Fhome%2Fstory%2F744712.html&date=2009-07-29. Retrieved July 27, 2009.
- ^ James Bovard (July 29, 2009). "Martial Law and the War on Terrorism". Media with Conscience. Archived from the original on July 29, 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fmwcnews.net%2Fcontent%2Fview%2F32179%26Itemid%3D1&date=2009-07-29. Retrieved July 29, 2009.
- 'Lackawanna Six' Plead Not Guilty, CBS, October 22, 2002
- Final 'Buffalo Six' Member Pleads Guilty, Fox News, May 19, 2003
- Buffalo terror suspect admits al Qaeda training, CNN, May 20, 2003
- Terror-Cell Bail Hearing Continues, Fox News, May 20, 2003
- Frontline: Chasing the Sleeper Cell, PBS
- An interview with Sahim Alwan, PBS, July 24, 2003
- Profiles of members, PBS, October 16, 2003
- 2nd member sentenced[dead link]
- FBI Most Wanted Terrorists wanted poster for Elbaneh
- Courtroom drawings by Buffalo artist Ralph Sirianni
Alleged militants in the War on Terror who have lived in the United States September 11 attacks
Khalid Sheikh Mohammed · Mohamed Atta · Satam al-Suqami · Waleed al-Shehri · Wail al-Shehri · Abdulaziz al-Omari · Marwan al-Shehhi · Fayez Banihammad · Mohand al-Shehri · Hamza al-Ghamdi · Ahmed al-Ghamdi · Hani Hanjour · Khalid al-Mihdhar · Majed Moqed · Nawaf al-Hazmi · Salem al-Hazmi · Ziad Jarrah · Ahmed al-Nami · Saeed al-Ghamdi · Ahmed al-Haznawi
Sahim Alwan · Mukhtar al-Bakri · Faysal Galab · Yahya Goba · Shafal Mosed · Yaseinn Taher
al-Qaeda / Islamic Jihad /
Boston cab drivers
Mohamad Elzahabi · Raed Hijazi · Bassam Kanj
Portland Seven Arrested in 2005
Liberty City SevenconvictedPatrick Abraham · Burson Augustin · Rotschild Augustine · Narseal Batiste · Stanley PhanoracquittedNaudimar Herrera · Lyglenson Lemorin 2007 Fort Dix plot
Agron Abdullahu · Dritan Duka · Eljvir Duka · Shain Duka · Mohamad Ibrahim Shnewer · Serdar Tatar
2009 Bronx plot
James Cromitie · David Williams · Onta Williams
2010 Vilks assassination plot
Colleen LaRose · Jamie Paulin-Ramirez
Umer Farooq · Waqar Khan · Ahmed Abdullah Minni · Aman Hassan Yasir · Ramy Zamzam
Nuradin Abdi · Ahmed Omar Abu Ali · Farooque Ahmed · Shirwa Ahmed · Mohamed Mahmood Alessa · Carlos Eduardo Almonte · Daniel Patrick Boyd / Raleigh jihad group · Iyman Faris · Rezwan Ferdaus · Michael Finton · Nidal Malik Hasan · David Headley · Majid Khan · John Walker Lindh · Daniel Maldonado · Sayed Malike · Mohamed Osman Mohamud · Abdulhakim Mujahid Muhammad · José Padilla · Michael Curtis Reynolds · Faisal Shahzad · Adnan Gulshair el Shukrijumah · Hosam Maher Husein Smadi · Ali al-Tamimi · Detroit Sleeper Cell · Virginia Jihad Network · 2011 Manhattan terrorism plot · 2005 Los Angeles bomb plot
Held in Guantanamo BayMajid Khan
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