List of mammals of Brazil

List of mammals of Brazil

Brazil has the largest mammal diversity in the world, with more than 600 described species and, probably, many yet to be discovered. According to the World Conservation Union sixty-six of these species are endangered species and 40% of the threatened taxa belong to the primate group.

Total Number of species listed: 658 [1]

Contents

Didelphimorphia

Didelphidae - Opossums

Brown-throated Sloth

Xenarthra

Bradypodidae - Three-toed Sloths

  • Maned Sloth - Bradypus torquatus
  • Pale-throated Sloth - Bradypus tridactylus
  • Brown-throated Sloth - Bradypus variegatus

Megalonychidae - Two-toed Sloth

Dasypodidae - Armadillos

Myrmecophagidae - Anteaters

Chiroptera

Noctilionidae - Bulldog Bats

Emballonuridae - Ghost Bats, Sac-winged Bats and Allies

Mormoopidae - Mustached Bats

Phyllostomidae - Leaf-nosed Bats

Natalidae - Funnel-eared Bats

Furipteridae - Thumbless Bats

Thyropteridae - Disc-winged Bats

Vespertilionidae - Vesper Bats

Molossidae - Free-tailed Bats

Brazilian Free-tailed Bat

Primates

Callitrichidae - Tamarins, Lion Tamarins and Marmosets

Cebidae - Capuchin Monkeys

Aotidae - Night Monkeys

Pitheciidae - Uakaris, Titi Monkeys and Saki Monkeys

Atelidae - Spider Monkeys, Muriquis and Woolly Monkeys

Carnivora

Canidae - Foxes, Wolves and Allies

Felidae - Wild Cats

Mustelidae - Otters, Weasels and Allies

Mephitidae - Skunks

Otariidae - Eared Seals

Phocidae - Earless Seals

Procyonidae - Raccoons, Coatis, Olingos and Allies

Cetacea

Balaenidae - Right Whales

Balaenopteridae - Rorquals

Delphinidae - Dolphins

Phocoenidae - Porpoises

Physeteridae

Platanistidae - River Dolphins

Ziphiidae - Beaked Whales

Sirenia

Trichechidae - Manatees

Perissodactyla

Tapiridae - Tapirs

Artiodactyla

Suidae - Pigs

  • Feral Hog - Sus scrofa (introduced species)

Tayassuidae - Peccaries

Cervidae - Deer

Rodentia

Sciuridae - Squirrels

Myocastoridae

Nutria
  • Nutria - Myocastor coypus

Muridae - Old World rats and Allies

  • Norway Rat - Rattus norvegicus (introduced species)
  • Black Rat - Rattus rattus (introduced species)
  • House Mouse - Mus musculus (introduced species)

Cricetidae - New World rats and Allies

Erethizontidae - New World porcupines

Dinomyidae

Caviidae - Guinea Pigs and Cavies

Hydrochaeridae

Dasyproctidae - Agoutis and Acouchis

Cuniculidae

Ctenomyidae - Tuco-tucos

Echimyidae - Spiny Rats and Allies

  • Callistomys pictus
  • Carterodon sulcidens
  • Clyomys bishopi
  • Clyomys laticeps
  • Dactylomys boliviensis
  • Dactylomys dactylinus
  • Echimys chrysurus
  • Echimys grandis
  • Euryzygomatomys guiara
  • Euryzygomatomys spinosus
  • Isothrix bistriata
  • Isothrix negrensis
  • Isothrix pagurus
  • Kannabateomys amblyonyx
  • Lonchothrix emiliae
  • Makalata macrura
  • Mesomys hispidus
  • Mesomys occultus
  • Mesomys stimulax
  • Phyllomys blainvilii
  • Phyllomys brasiliensis
  • Phyllomys dasythrix
  • Phyllomys kerri
  • Phyllomys lamarum
  • Phyllomys lundi
  • Phyllomys mantiqueirensis
  • Phyllomys medius
  • Phyllomys nigrispinus
  • Phyllomys pattoni
  • Phyllomys thomasi
  • Phyllomys unicolor
  • Proechimys amphichoricus
  • Proechimys brevicauda
  • Proechimys cayennensis
  • Proechimys cuvieri
  • Proechimys echinothrix
  • Proechimys gardneri
  • Proechimys goeldii
  • Proechimys hoplomyoides
  • Proechimys kulinae
  • Proechimys longicaudatus
  • Proechimys myosuros
  • Proechimys oris
  • Proechimys pattoni
  • Proechimys quadruplicatus
  • Proechimys simonsi
  • Proechimys steerei
  • Thrichomys apereoides
  • Trinomys albispinus
  • Trinomys dimidiatus
  • Trinomys eliasi
  • Trinomys gratiosus
  • Trinomys iheringi
  • Trinomys mirapitanga
  • Trinomys moojeni
  • Trinomys paratus
  • Trinomys setosus
  • Trinomys yonenagae

Lagomorpha

Leporidae - Rabbits and Hares

References

  • Costa, L.P. et al. 2005. Mammal Conservation in Brazil. Conservation Biology 19(3), pp.672–679.
  • natureserve.org

See also


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