List of mammals in Brazil

List of mammals in Brazil

Brazil has the largest mammal diversity in the world, with more than 500 described species and, probably, many yet to be discovered. According to the World Conservation Union sixty-six of these species are endangered species and 40% of the threatened taxa belong to the primate group.

Around twenty-nine percent of listed species are marine, 18% occur in the Atlantic Rain Forest, 13% in the Pampas, 12% in the cerrado, 11% in the Pantanal, 7% in the Amazon and 6% in the Caatinga.

Total Number of species listed: 589 [http://natureserve.org]

Didelphimorphia

Didelphidae - Opossums

*Western Woolly Opossum - Caluromys lanatus
*Bare-tailed Woolly Opossum - Caluromys philander
*Black-shouldered Opossum - Caluromysiops irrupta
*Bushy-tailed Opossum - Glironia venusta
*Water Opossum - Chironectes minimus
*White-eared Opossum - Didelphis albiventris
*Big-eared Opossum - Didelphis aurita
*Guianan White-eared Opossum - Didelphis imperfecta
*Lutrine Opossum - Lutreolina crassicaudata
*Black Four-eyed Opossum - Philander andersoni
*Southeastern Four-eyed Opossum - Philander frenata
*Mcilhenny's Four-eyed Opossum - Philander mcilhennyi
*Gray Four-eyed Opossum - Philander opossum
*Agile Gracile Mouse Opossum - Gracilianus agilis
*Emilia's Gracile Mouse Opossum - Gracilianus emiliae
*Brazilian Gracile Mouse Opossum - Gracilianus microtarsus
*Little Rufous Mouse Opossum - Marmosa lepida
*Murine Mouse Opossum - Marmosa murina
*Andean Slender Mouse Opossum - Marmosops impavidus
*Gray Slender Mouse Opossum - Marmosops incanus
*Cerro Neblina Slender Mouse Opossum - Marmosops neblina
*White-bellied Slender Mouse Opossum - Marmosops noctivagus
*Delicate Slender Mouse Opossum - Marmosops parvidens
*Brazilian Slender Mouse Opossum - Marmosops paulensis
*Pinhero´s Slender Mouse Opossum - Marmosops pinheiroi
*Brown Four-eyed Opossum - Metachirus nudicaudatus
*Pale-bellied Woolly Mouse Opossum - Micoureus constantiae
*Long-furred Woolly Mouse Opossum - Micoureus demerarae
*Short-furred Woolly Mouse Opossum - Micoureus regina
*Three-striped Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis americana
*Red-legged Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis brevicaudata
*Southern Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis dimidiata
*Gray Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis domestica
*Emilia's Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis emiliae
*Ihering's Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis iheringi
*Pygmy Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis kunsi
*Marajó Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis maraxina
*Chestnut-striped Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis rubida
*Long-nosed Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis scalops
*Shrewish Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis sorex
*Theresa's Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis theresa
*Red Three-striped Opossum - Monodelphis umbristriata
*One-striped Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis unistriata
*Velvety Fat-tailed Opossum - Thylamys velutinus

Xenarthra

Bradypodidae - Three-toed Sloths

*Maned Three-toed Sloth - Bradypus torquatus
*Pale-throated Three-toed Sloth - Bradypus tridactylus
*Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth - Bradypus variegatus

Megalonychidae - Two-toed Sloth

*Southern Two-toed Sloth - Choloepus didactylus
*Hoffman's Two-toed Sloth - Choloepus hoffmanni

Dasypodidae - Armadillos

*Greater Naked-tailed Armadillo - Cabassous tatouay
*Southern Naked-tailed Armadillo - Cabassous unicinctus
*Southern Long-nosed Armadillo - Dasypus hybridus
*Great Long-nosed Armadillo - Dasypus kappleri
*Nine-banded Armadillo - Dasypus novemcinctus
*Seven-banded Armadillo - Dasypus septemcinctus
*Six-banded Armadillo - Euphractus sexcinctus
*Giant Armadillo - Priodontes maximus
*Southern Three-banded Armadillo - Tolypeutes matacus
*Brazilian Three-banded Armadillo - Tolypeutes tricinctus

Myrmecophagidae - Anteaters

*Silky Anteater - Cyclopes didactylus
*Giant Anteater - Myrmecophaga tridactyla
*Southern Tamandua - Tamandua tetradactyla

Chiroptera

Noctilionidae - Bulldog Bats

*Lesser Bulldog Bat - Noctilio albiventris
*Greater Bulldog Bat - Noctilio leporinus


=Emballonuridae - Ghost Bats, Sac-winged Bats and Allies=

*Shaggy Bat - Centronycteris maximiliani
*Short-eared Bat - Cyttarops alecto
*Northern Ghost Bat - Diclidurus albus
*Greater Ghost Bat - Diclidurus ingens
*Isabelle's Ghost Bat - Diclidurus isabellus
*Lesser Ghost Bat - Diclidurus scutatus
*Greater Dog-like Bat - Peropteryx kappleri
*White-winged Dog-like Bat - Peropteryx leucoptera
*Lesser Doglike Bat - Peropteryx macrotis
*Proboscis Bat - Rhynchonycteris naso
*Greater Sac-winged Bat - Saccopteryx bilineata
*Frosted Sac-winged Bat - Saccopteryx canescens
*Amazonian Sac-winged Bat - Saccopteryx gymnura
*Lesser Sac-winged Bat - Saccopteryx leptura

Mormoopidae - Mustached Bats

*Big Naked-backed Bat - Pteronotus gymnonotus
*Parnell's Mustached Bat - Pteronotus parnellii
*Wagner's Mustached Bat - Pteronotus personatus

Phyllostomidae - Leaf-nosed Bats

*Little White-shouldered Bat - Ametrida centurio
*Tailed Tailless Bat - Anoura caudifer
*Geoffroy's Tailless Bat - Anoura geoffroyi
*Brown Fruit-eating Bat - Artibeus concolor
*Fringed Fruit-eating Bat - Artibeus fimbriatus
*Jamaican Fruit-eating Bat - Artibeus jamaicensis
*Great Fruit-eating Bat - Artibeus lituratus
*Dark Fruit-eating Bat - Artibeus obscurus
*Silky Short-tailed Bat - Carollia brevicauda
*Chestnut Short-tailed Bat - Carollia castanea
*Seba's Short-tailed Bat - Carollia perspicillata
*Short-tailed Bat - Carollia sowelli
*Brazilian Big-eyed Bat - Chiroderma doriae
*Little Big-eyed Bat - Chiroderma trinitatum
*Hairy Big-eyed Bat - Chiroderma villosum
*Minor Long-nosed Long-tongued Bat - Choeroniscus minor
*Big-eared Wooly Bat - Chrotopterus auritus
*Andersen's Fruit-eating Bat - Dermanura anderseni
*Gervais's Fruit-eating Bat - Dermanura cinerea
*Silver Fruit-eating Bat - Dermanura glauca
*Gnome Fruit-eating Bat - Dermanura gnoma
*Pygmy Fruit-eating Bat - Dermanura phaeotis
*Vampire Bat - Desmodus rotundus
*White-winged Vampire Bat - Diaemus youngi
*Hairy-legged Vampire - Diphylla ecaudata
*Commissaris's Long-tongued Bat - Glossophaga commissarisi
*Miller's Long-tongued Bat - Glossophaga longirostris
*Pallas's Long-tongued Bat - Glossophaga soricina
*Tricolored Big-eared Bat - Glyphonycteris sylvestris
*Yellow-throated Big-eared Bat - Lampronycteris brachyotis
*Dark Long-tongued Bat - Lichonycteris obscura
*Chestnut Long-tongued Bat - Lionycteris spurrelli
*Bokermann's Nectar Bat - Lonchophylla bokermanni
*Dekeyser's Nectar Bat - Lonchophylla dekeyseri
*Godman's Nectar Bat - Lonchophylla mordax
*Thomas's Nectar Bat - Lonchophylla thomasi
*Tomes's Sword-nosed Bat - Lonchorhina aurita
*Northern Sword-nosed Bat - Lonchorhina inusitata
*Marinkelle's Sword-nosed Bat - Lonchorhina marinkellei
*Pygmy Round-eared Bat - Lophostoma brasiliense
*Carriker's Round-eared Bat - Lophostoma carrikeri
*White-throated Round-eared Bat - Lophostoma silvicolum
*Long-legged Bat - Macrophyllum macrophyllum
*MacConnell's Bat - Mesophylla macconnelli
*Behni's Big-eared Bat - Micronycteris behnii
*Brosset's Big-eared Bat - Micronycteris brosseti
*Hairy Big-eared Bat - Micronycteris hirsuta
*Matses' Big-eared Bat - Micronycteris matses
*Little Big-eared Bat - Micronycteris megalotis
*Common Big-eared Bat - Micronycteris microtis
*White-bellied Big-eared Bat - Micronycteris minuta
*Sanborn's Big-eared Bat - Micronycteris sanborni
*Schmidts's Big-eared Bat - Micronycteris schmidtorum
*Golden Bat - Mimon bennettii
*Striped Hairy-nosed Bat - Mimon crenulatum
*Least Big-eared Bat - Neonycteris pusilla
*Pale-faced Bat - Phylloderma stenops
*Pale Spear-nosed Bat - Phyllostomus discolor
*Lesser Spear-nosed Bat - Phyllostomus elongatus
*Greater Spear-nosed Bat - Phyllostomus hastatus
*Guianan Spear-nosed Bat - Phyllostomus latifolius
*Short-headed Broad-nosed Bat - Platyrrhinus brachycephalus
*Heller's Broad-nosed Bat - Platyrrhinus helleri
*Buffy Broad-nosed Bat - Platyrrhinus infuscus
*White-lined Broad-nosed Bat - Platyrrhinus lineatus
*Recife Broad-nosed Bat - Platyrrhinus recifinus
*Ipanema Bat - Pygoderma bilabiatum
*Fischer's Little Fruit Bat - Rhinophylla fischerae
*Dwarf Little Fruit Bat - Rhinophylla pumilio
*Ega Long-tongued Bat - Scleronycteris ega
*Visored Bat - Sphaeronycteris toxophyllum
*Little Yellow-shouldered Bat - Sturnira lilium
*Tilda's Yellow-shouldered Bat - Sturnira tildae
*Greater Round-eared Bat - Tonatia bidens
*Stripe-headed Round-eared Bat - Tonatia saurophila
*Fringe-lipped Bat - Trachops cirrhosus
*Niceforo's Big-eared Bat - Trinycteris nicefori
*Tent-making Bat - Uroderma bilobatum
*Brown Tent-making Bat - Uroderma magnirostrum
*Southern Little Yellow-eared Bat - Vampyressa pusilla
*Northern Little Yellow-eared Bat - Vampyressa thyone
*Bidentate Yellow-eared Bat - Vampyriscus bidens
*Brock's Yellow-eared Bat - Vampyriscus brocki
*Great Stripe-faced Bat - Vampyrodes caraccioli
*Spectral Bat - Vampyrum spectrum

Natalidae - Funnel-eared Bats

*Mexican Funnel-eared Bat - Natalus stramineus

Furipteridae - Thumbless Bats

*Thumbless Bat - Furipterus horrens

Thyropteridae - Disc-winged Bats

*Peter's Disk-winged Bat - Thyroptera discifera
*Spix's Disk-winged Bat - Thyroptera tricolor


=Vespertilionidae - Vesper Bats=

*Brazilian Brown Bat - Eptesicus brasiliensis
*Diminutive Serotine - Eptesicus diminutus
*Argentine Brown Bat - Eptesicus furinalis
*Strange Big-eared Brown Bat - Histiotus alienus
*Tropical Big-eared Brown Bat - Histiotus velatus
*Western Red Bat - Lasiurus blossevillii
*Hoary bat - Lasiurus cinereus
*Hairy-tailed Bat - Lasiurus ebenus
*Southern Yellow Bat - Lasiurus ega
*Big Red Bat - Lasiurus egregius
*Silver-tipped Myotis - Myotis albescens
*Yellowish Myotis - Myotis levis
*Black Myotis - Myotis nigricans
*Riparian Myotis - Myotis riparius
*Red Myotis - Myotis ruber
*Velvety Myotis - Myotis simus
*Black-winged Little Yellow Bat - Rhogeessa tumida

Molossidae - Free-tailed Bats

*Cinnamon Dog-faced Bat - Cynomops abrasus
*Para Dog-faced Bat - Cynomops paranus
*Southern Dog-faced Bat - Cynomops planirostris
*Black Bonneted Bat - Eumops auripendulus
*Dwarf Bonneted Bat - Eumops bonariensis
*Wagner's Bonneted Bat - Eumops glaucinus
*Sanborn's Bonneted Bat - Eumops hansae
*Western Bonneted Bat - Eumops perotis
*Colombian Bonneted Bat - Eumops trumbulli
*Rufous Dog-faced Bat - Molossops neglectus
*Dwarf Dog-faced Bat - Molossops temminckii
*Bonda Mastiff Bat - Molossus bondae
*Velvety Free-tailed Bat - Molossus molossus
*Black Mastiff Bat - Molossus rufus
*Mato Grosso Dog-faced Bat - Neoplatymops mattogrossensis
*Peale's Free-tailed Bat - Nyctinomops aurispinosus
*Broad-eared Bat - Nyctinomops laticaudatus
*Big Free-tailed Bat - Nyctinomops macrotis
*Big Crested Mastiff Bat - Promops centralis
*Brown Mastiff Bat - Promops nasutus
*Brazilian Free-tailed Bat - Tadarida brasiliensis

Primates

Callitrichidae - Tamarins, Lion Tamarins and Marmosets

*Dwarf Marmoset - Callibella humilis
*Goeldi's Monkey - Callimico goeldii
*Buffy-tufted Marmoset - Callithrix aurita
*Buffy-headed Marmoset - Callithrix flaviceps
*White-headed Marmoset - Callithrix geoffroyi
*Common Marmoset - Callithrix jacchus
*Wied's Marmoset - Callithrix kuhlii
*Black-tufted Marmoset - Callithrix penicillata
*Pygmy Marmoset - Cebuella pygmaea
*Superagui Lion Tamarin - Leontopithecus caissara
*Golden-headed Lion Tamarin - Leontopithecus chrysomelas
*Black Lion Tamarin - Leontopithecus chrysopygus
*Golden Lion Tamarin - Leontopithecus rosalia
*Rio Acari Marmoset - Mico acariensis
*Golden-and-white Marmoset - Mico chrysoleucus
*Emilia's Marmoset - Mico emiliae
*Santarem Marmoset - Mico humeralifer
*Aripuanã Marmoset - Mico intermedius
*White Marmoset - Mico leucippe
*Manicore Marmoset - Mico manicorensis
*Marca's Marmoset - Mico marcai
*Maués Marmoset - Mico mauesi
*Black-tailed Marmoset - Mico melanurus
*Black-headed Marmoset - Mico nigriceps
*Sateré Marmoset - Mico saterei
*Pied Tamarin - Saguinus bicolor
*Brown-mantled Tamarin - Saguinus fuscicollis
*Emperor Tamarin - Saguinus imperator
*Mottled-face Tamarin - Saguinus inustus
*White-lipped Tamarin - Saguinus labiatus
*Martin's Tamarin - Saguinus martinsi
*Red-handed Tamarin - Saguinus midas
*Moustached Tamarin - Saguinus mystax
*Black Tamarin - Saguinus niger
*Black-mantled Tamarin - Saguinus nigricollis

Cebidae - Capuchin Monkeys

*White-fronted Capuchin - Cebus albifrons
*Tufted Capuchin - Cebus apella
*Kaapori Capuchin - Cebus kaapori
*Black-striped Capuchin - Cebus libidinosus
*Large-headed Capuchin - Cebus macrocephalus
*Black Capuchin - Cebus nigritus
*Weeper Capuchin - Cebus olivaceus
*Crested Capuchin - Cebus robustus
*Golden-bellied Capuchin - Cebus xanthosternos
*Black-capped Squirrel Monkey - Saimiri boliviensis
*Common Squirrel Monkey - Saimiri sciureus
*Bare-eared Squirrel Monkey - Saimiri ustus
*Black Squirrel Monkey - Saimiri vanzolinii


=Aotidae - Night Monkeys=

*Feline Night Monkey - Aotus infulatus
*Nancy Ma's Night Monkey - Aotus nancymaae
*Black-headed Night Monkey - Aotus nigriceps
*Three-striped Night Monkey - Aotus trivirgatus
*Spix's Night Monkey - Aotus vociferans

Pitheciidae - Uakaris, Titi Monkeys and Saki Monkeys

*Bald Uakari - Cacajao calvus
*Black-headed Uakari - Cacajao melanocephalus
*Ayres Uakari - Cacajao ayresii
*Baptista Lake Titi - Callicebus baptista
*Barbara Brown's Titi - Callicebus barbarabrownae
*Prince Bernhard's Titi - Callicebus bernhardi
*Brown Titi - Callicebus brunneus
*Chestnut-bellied Titi - Callicebus caligatus
*Ashy Black Titi - Callicebus cinerascens
*Coimbra Filho's Titi - Callicebus coimbrai
*Coppery Titi - Callicebus cupreus
*White-eared Titi - Callicebus donacophilus
*Hershkovitz's Titi - Callicebus dubius
*Hoffmann's Titi - Callicebus hoffmannsi
*Lucifer Titi - Callicebus lucifer
*Black Titi - Callicebus lugens
*Coastal Black-handed Titi - Callicebus melanochir
*Red-bellied Titi - Callicebus moloch
*Black-fronted Titi - Callicebus nigrifrons
*White-coated Titi - Callicebus pallescens
*Atlantic Titi - Callicebus personatus
*Rio Purus Titi - Callicebus purinus
*Red-headed Titi - Callicebus regulus
*Stephen Nash's Titi - Callicebus stephennashi
*Collared Titi - Callicebus torquatus
*White-nosed Saki - Chiropotes albinasus
*Red-backed Bearded Saki - Chiropotes chiropotes
*Brown-backed Bearded Saki - Chiropotes israelita
*Guianan Bearded Saki - Chiropotes sagulatus
*Black Bearded Saki - Chiropotes satanas
*Uta Hick's Bearded Saki - Chiropotes utahicki
*White-footed Saki - Pithecia albicans
*Rio Tapajós Saki - Pithecia irrorata
*Monk Saki - Pithecia monachus
*White-faced Saki - Pithecia pithecia

Atelidae - Spider Monkeys, Muriquis and Woolly Monkeys

*Red-handed Howler - Alouatta belzebul
*Black Howler - Alouatta caraya
*Brown Howler - Alouatta guariba
*Amazon Black Howler - Alouatta nigerrima
*Red Howler - Alouatta seniculus
*Howler Monkey - Alouatta ululata
*White-fronted Spider Monkey - Ateles belzebuth
*Peruvian Spider Monkey - Ateles chamek
*White-cheeked Spider Monkey - Ateles marginatus
*Red-faced Spider Monkey - Ateles paniscus
*Southern Muriqui - Brachyteles arachnoides
*Northern Muriqui - Brachyteles hypoxanthus
*Gray Woolly Monkey - Lagothrix cana
*Brown Woolly Monkey - Lagothrix lagothricha
*Silvery Woolly Monkey - Lagothrix poeppigii

Carnivora


=Canidae - Foxes, Wolves and Allies=

*Short-eared Dog - Atelocynus microtis
*Crab-eating Fox - Cerdocyon thous
*Maned Wolf - Chrysocyon brachyurus
*Pampas Fox - Lycalopex gymnocercus
*Hoary Fox - Lycalopex vetulus
*Bush Dog - Speothos venaticus


=Felidae - Wild Cats=

*Feral Cat - Felis catus (introduced species)
*Jaguarundi - Herpailurus yaguarondi
*Ocelot - Leopardus pardalis
*Little Spotted Cat - Leopardus tigrinus
*Margay - Leopardus wiedii
*Pampas Cat - Lynchailurus braccatus
*Geoffroy's Cat - Oncifelis geoffroyi
*Jaguar - Panthera onca
*Puma - Puma concolor

Mustelidae - Otters, Weasels and Allies

*Tayra - Eira barbara
*Lesser Grison - Galictis cuja
*Greater Grison - Galictis vittata
*Neotropical River Otter - Lontra longicaudis
*Tropical Weasel - Mustela africana
*Long-tailed Weasel - Mustela frenata
*Giant Otter - Pteronura brasiliensis

Mephitidae - Skunks

*Molina's Hog-nosed Skunk - Conepatus chinga
*Striped Hog-nosed Skunk - Conepatus semistriatus

Otariidae - Eared Seals

*South American Fur Seal - Arctocephalus australis
*Subantarctic Fur Seal - Arctocephalus tropicalis
*South American Sea Lion - Otaria flavescens

Phocidae - Earless Seals

*Leopard Seal - Hydrurga leptonyx
*Crabeater Seal - Lobodon carcinophaga
*Southern Elephant Seal - Mirounga leonina

Procyonidae - Raccoons, Coatis, Olingos and Allies

*Beddard's Olingo - Bassaricyon beddardi
*South American Coati - Nasua nasua
*Kinkajou - Potos flavus
*Crab-eating Raccoon - Procyon cancrivorus

Cetacea

Balaenidae - Right Whales

*Southern Right Whale - Eubalaena australis

Balaenopteridae - Rorquals

*Minke Whale - Balaenoptera acutorostrata
*Sei Whale - Balaenoptera borealis
*Bryde's Whale - Balaenoptera brydei
*Blue Whale - Balaenoptera musculus
*Fin Whale - Balaenoptera physalus
*Humpback Whale - Megaptera novaeangliae

Delphinidae - Dolphins

*Long-beaked Common Dolphin - Delphinus capensis
*Pygmy Killer Whale - Feresa attenuata
*Short-finned Pilot Whale - Globicephala macrorhynchus
*Long-finned Pilot Whale - Globicephala melas
*Risso's Dolphin - Grampus griseus
*Fraser's Dolphin - Lagenodelphis hosei
*Southern Right-Whale Dolphin - Lissodelphis peronii
*Killer Whale - Orcinus orca
*Melon-headed Whale - Peponocephala electra
*False Killer Whale - Pseudorca crassidens
*Tucuxi - Sotalia fluviatilis
*Pantropical Spotted Dolphin - Stenella attenuata
*Clymene Dolphin - Stenella clymene
*Striped Dolphin - Stenella coeruleoalba
*Spinner Dolphin - Stenella longirostris
*Rough-toothed Dolphin - Steno bredanensis
*Bottlenose Dolphin - Tursiops truncatus

Phocoenidae - Porpoises

*Spectacled Porpoise - Phocoena dioptrica

Physeteridae

*Sperm Whale - Physeter macrocephalus

Platanistidae - River Dolphins

*Pink River Dolphin - Inia geoffrensis
*Franciscana - Pontoporia blainvillei

Ziphiidae - Beaked Whales

*Arnoux's Beaked Whale - Berardius arnuxii
*Southern Bottlenose Whale - Hyperoodon planifrons
*Blainville's Beaked Whale - Mesoplodon densirostris
*Hector's Beaked Whale - Mesoplodon hectori
*Cuvier's Beaked Whale - Ziphius cavirostris

Sirenia

Trichechidae - Manatees

*Amazonian Manatee - Trichechus inunguis
*West Indian Manatee - Trichechus manatus

Perissodactyla

Tapiridae - Tapirs

*Brazilian Tapir - Tapirus terrestris

Artiodactyla

Suidae - Pigs

*Feral Hog - Sus scrofa (introduced species)


=Tayassuidae - Peccaries=

*Collared Peccary - Pecari tajacu
*White-lipped Peccary - Tayassu pecari

Cervidae - Deers

*Chital or Axis deer - Axis axis (introduced species)
*Marsh deer - Blastocerus dichotomus
*Red Brocket - Mazama americana
*Gray Brocket - Mazama gouazoubira
*Pygmy Brocket - Mazama nana
*White-tailed deer - Odocoileus virginianus
*Pampas deer - Ozotoceros bezoarticus

Rodentia

Sciuridae - Squirrels

*Amazon Dwarf Squirrel - Microsciurus flaviventer
*Neotropical Pygmy Squirrel - Sciurillus pusillus
*Brazilian Squirrel - Sciurus aestuans
*Yellow-throated Squirrel - Sciurus gilvigularis
*Bolivian Squirrel - Sciurus ignitus
*Northern Amazon Red Squirrel - Sciurus igniventris
*Southern Amazon Red Squirrel - Sciurus spadiceus

Myocastoridae

*Nutria - Myocastor coypus

Muridae - Old World rats and Allies

*Norway Rat - Rattus norvegicus (introduced species)
*Black Rat - Rattus rattus (introduced species)
*House Mouse - Mus musculus (introduced species)

Cricetidae - New World rats and Allies

*Ruschi's Rat - Abrawayaomys ruschii
*Azara's Grass Mouse - Akodon azarae
*Cursor Grass Mouse - Akodon cursor
*Lindbergh's Grass Mouse - Akodon lindberghi
*Montane Grass Mouse - Akodon montensis
*Caparaó Grass Mouse - Akodon mystax
*Paraná Grass Mouse - Akodon paranaensis
*Reig's Grass Mouse - Akodon reigi
*Sao Paulo Grass Mouse - Akodon sanctipaulensis
*Cerrado Grass Mouse - Akodon serrensis
*Large-lipped Crimson-nosed Rat - Bibimys labiosus
*Brazilian Shrew Mouse - Blarinomys breviceps
*White-nosed Brucie - Brucepattersonius albinasus
*Gray-bellied Brucie - Brucepattersonius griserufescens
*Red-bellied Brucie - Brucepattersonius igniventris
*Ihering's Hocicudo - Brucepattersonius iheringi
*Soricine Brucie - Brucepattersonius soricinus
*Large Vesper Mouse - Calomys callosus
*Small Vesper Mouse - Calomys laucha
*Delicate Vesper Mouse - Calomys tener
*Tocantins Vesper Mouse - Calomys tocantinsi
*Striped Atlantic Forest Rat - Delomys dorsalis
*Pallid Atlantic Forest Rat - Delomys sublineatus
*Gray Leaf-eared Mouse - Graomys griseoflavus
*Web-footed Marsh Rat - Holochilus brasiliensis
*Wagner's Marsh Rat - Holochilus sciureus
*Lesser Wilfred's Mouse - Juliomys pictipes
*Wilfred's Mouse - Juliomys rimofrons
*Candango Mouse - Juscelinomys talpinus
*Molelike Mouse - Juscelinomys vulpinus
*Woolly Giant Rat - Kunsia tomentosus
*Cane Mouse - Lundomys molitor
*Brasilia's Mouse - Microakodontomys transitorius
*Bristly Mouse - Neacomys dubosti
*Guiana Bristly Mouse - Neacomys guianae
*Jurua Bristly Mouse - Neacomys minutus
*Manu Bristly Mouse - Neacomys musseri
*Negro Bristly Mouse - Neacomys paracou
*Northern Bristly Mouse - Neacomys spinosus
*Narrow-footed Bristly Mouse - Neacomys tenuipes
*Hairy-tailed Bolo Mouse - Necromys lasiurus
*Scaly-footed Water Rat - Nectomys squamipes
*Arboreal Rice Rat - Oecomys auyantepui
*Bicolored Arboreal Rice Rat - Oecomys bicolor
*Cleber's Arboreal Rice Rat - Oecomys cleberi
*Unicolored Arboreal Rice Rat - Oecomys concolor
*Mamore Arboreal Rice Rat - Oecomys mamorae
*Brazilian Arboreal Rice Rat - Oecomys paricola
*King Arboreal Rice Rat - Oecomys rex
*Robert's Arboreal Rice Rat - Oecomys roberti
*Trinidad Arboreal Rice Rat - Oecomys trinitatis
*Chacoan Pygmy Rice Rat - Oligoryzomys chacoensis
*Delta Pygmy Rice Rat - Oligoryzomys delticola
*Brazilian Pygmy Rice Rat - Oligoryzomys eliurus
*Yellow Pygmy Rice Rat - Oligoryzomys flavescens
*Fulvous Pygmy Rice Rat - Oligoryzomys fulvescens
*Small-eared Pygmy Rice Rat - Oligoryzomys microtis
*Black-footed Pygmy Rice Rat - Oligoryzomys nigripes
*Straw-colored Pygmy Rice Rat - Oligoryzomys stramineus
*Paraguayan Rice Rat - Oryzomys angouya
*Emmons's Rice Rat - Oryzomys emmonsae
*Brazilian Rice Rat - Oryzomys laticeps
*Macconnell's Rice Rat - Oryzomys macconnelli
*Marinho Rice Rat - Oryzomys marinhus
*Elegant Rice Rat - Oryzomys nitidus
*Allen's Rice Rat - Oryzomys perenensis
*Big-headed Rice Rat - Oryzomys russatus
*Seuanez's Rice Rat - Oryzomys seuanezi
*Terraced Rice Rat - Oryzomys subflavus
*Yungas Rice Rat - Oryzomys yunganus
*Amazonian Hocicudo - Oxymycterus amazonicus
*Angular Hocicudo - Oxymycterus angularis
*Caparaó Hocicudo - Oxymycterus caparaoe
*Hispid Hocicudo - Oxymycterus hispidus
*Long-nosed Hocicudo - Oxymycterus nasutus
*Robert's Hocicudo - Oxymycterus roberti
*Red Hocicudo - Oxymycterus rufus
*Rio de Janeiro Arboreal Rat - Phaenomys ferrugineus
*Brazilian False Rice Rat - Pseudoryzomys simplex
*Brazilian Arboreal Mouse - Rhagomys rufescens
*Gardner's Climbing Mouse - Rhipidomys gardneri
*White-footed Climbing Mouse - Rhipidomys leucodactylus
*MacConnell's Climbing Mouse - Rhipidomys macconnelli
*Long-tailed Climbing Mouse - Rhipidomys mastacalis
*Splendid Climbing Mouse - Rhipidomys nitela
*Waterhouse's Swamp Rat - Scapteromys tumidus
*Ucayali Spiny Mouse - Scolomys ucayalensis
*Alston's Cotton Rat - Sigmodon alstoni
*Hispid Cotton Rat - Sigmodon hispidus
*Cerrado Mouse - Thalpomys cerradensis
*Hairy-eared Cerrado Mouse - Thalpomys lasiotis
*Blackish Grass Mouse - Thaptomys nigrita
*Red-nosed Mouse - Wiedomys pyrrhorhinos
*Greater Wilfred's Mouse - Wilfredomys oenax
*Short-tailed Cane Rat - Zygodontomys brevicauda

Erethizontidae - New World porcupines

*Bristle-spined Porcupine - Chaetomys subspinosus
*Bahia Hairy Dwarf Porcupine - Coendou insidiosus
*Black-tailed Hairy Dwarf Porcupine - Coendou melanurus
*Koopman's Porcupine - Coendou nycthemera
*Brazilian Porcupine - Coendou prehensilis
*Van Roosmalen's Porcupine - Coendou roosmalenorum
*South American Tree Porcupine - Coendou spinosus
*Orange-spined Hairy Dwarf Porcupine - Coendou villosus

Dinomyidae

*Pacarana - Dinomys branickii

Caviidae - Guinea Pigs and Cavies

*Brazilian Guinea Pig - Cavia aperea
*Shiny Guinea Pig - Cavia fulgida
*Santa Catarina´s Guinea Pig - Cavia intermedia
*Greater Guinea Pig - Cavia magna
*Domestic Guinea Pig - Cavia porcellus
*Yellow-toothed Cavy - Galea flavidens
*Spix's Yellow-toothed Cavy - Galea spixii
*Acrobatic Cavy - Kerodon acrobata
*Rock Cavy - Kerodon rupestris

Hydrochaeridae

*Capybara - Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris


=Dasyproctidae - Agoutis and Acouchis=

*Azara's Agouti - Dasyprocta azarae
*Black Agouti - Dasyprocta fuliginosa
*Brazilian Agouti - Dasyprocta leporina
*Black-rumped Agouti - Dasyprocta prymnolopha
*Central American Agouti - Dasyprocta punctata
*Red Acouchi - Myoprocta acouchy
*Green Acouchi - Myoprocta pratti

Cuniculidae

*Paca - Cuniculus paca

Ctenomyidae - Tuco-tucos

*Brazilian Tuco-tuco - Ctenomys brasiliensis
*Flammarion's Tuco-tuco - Ctenomys flammarioni
*Tiny Tucu-tuco - Ctenomys minutus
*Natterer's Tuco-tuco - Ctenomys nattereri
*Rondon's Tuco-tuco - Ctenomys rondoni
*Collared Tuco-tuco - Ctenomys torquatus


=Echimyidae - Spiny Rats and Allies=

*Painted Tree Rat - Callistomys pictus
*Owl's Spiny Rat - Carterodon sulcidens
*Bishop's Fossorial Spiny Rat - Clyomys bishopi
*Brown-headed Spiny Rat - Clyomys laticeps
*Bolivian Bamboo Rat - Dactylomys boliviensis
*Amazon Bamboo Rat - Dactylomys dactylinus
*White-faced Tree Rat - Echimys chrysurus
*Giant Tree Rat - Echimys grandis
*Brandt's Guiara - Euryzygomatomys guiara
*Fischer's Guiara - Euryzygomatomys spinosus
*Yellow-crowned Brush-tailed Rat - Isothrix bistriata
*Dark Brush-tailed Tree Rat - Isothrix negrensis
*Plain Brush-tailed Rat - Isothrix pagurus
*Southern Bamboo Rat - Kannabateomys amblyonyx
*Tuft-tailed Spiny Tree Rat - Lonchothrix emiliae
*Long-tailed Tree Rat - Makalata macrura
*Spiny Tree Rat - Mesomys hispidus
*Furtive Spiny Tree Rat - Mesomys occultus
*Surinam Spiny Tree Rat - Mesomys stimulax
*Golden Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys blainvilii
*Red-nosed Tree Rat - Phyllomys brasiliensis
*Drab Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys dasythrix
*Moojen's Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys kerri
*Palid Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys lamarum
*Lundi's Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys lundi
*Mantiqueira Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys mantiqueirensis
*Thomas' Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys medius
*Black-spined Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys nigrispinus
*Rusty-sided Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys pattoni
*Giant Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys thomasi
*Wagner's Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys unicolor
*Venezuelan Spiny Rat - Proechimys amphichoricus
*Huallaga Spiny Rat - Proechimys brevicauda
*Cayenne Spiny Rat - Proechimys cayennensis
*Cuvier's Spiny Rat - Proechimys cuvieri
*Tefe Spiny Rat - Proechimys echinothrix
*Gardner's Spiny Rat - Proechimys gardneri
*Goeldi's Spiny Rat - Proechimys goeldii
*Guyanan Spiny Rat - Proechimys hoplomyoides
*Javari Spiny Rat - Proechimys kulinae
*Long-tailed Spiny Rat - Proechimys longicaudatus
*Mouse-tailed Spiny Rat - Proechimys myosuros
*Para Spiny Rat - Proechimys oris
*Patton's Spiny Rat - Proechimys pattoni
*Napo Spiny Rat - Proechimys quadruplicatus
*Simon's Spiny Rat - Proechimys simonsi
*Steere's Spiny Rat - Proechimys steerei
*Punare - Thrichomys apereoides
*White-spined Spiny Rat - Trinomys albispinus
*Atlantic Spiny Rat - Trinomys dimidiatus
*Rio de Janeiro Spiny Rat - Trinomys eliasi
*Graceful Spiny Rat - Trinomys gratiosus
*Ihering's Spiny Rat - Trinomys iheringi
*Mirapitanga Spiny Rat - Trinomys mirapitanga
*Moojen's Spiny Rat - Trinomys moojeni
*Espirito Santo Spiny Rat - Trinomys paratus
*Hairy Spiny Rat - Trinomys setosus
*Yonenaga's Spiny Rat - Trinomys yonenagae

Lagomorpha

Leporidae - Rabbits and Hares

*European Hare - Lepus europaeus (introduced species)
*Brazilian Rabbit - Sylvilagus brasiliensis

References

* Costa, L.P. "et al". 2005. Mammal Conservation in Brazil. "Conservation Biology 19"(3), pp.672-679.
* [http://www.natureserve.org natureserve.org]

ee also

*Wildlife of Brazil
*List of Brazilian birds
*List of amphibians in Brazil
*List of Brazilian reptiles
*List of regional mammals lists
*List of mammals


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