Okrug (Bulgarian: окръг; Serbian and Russian: о́круг; Ukrainian: округа, translit. okruha; Polish okręg; Abkhaz language: оқрҿс) is an administrative division of some Slavic states. The word "okrug" is a loanword in English,[1] but it is nevertheless often translated as "area", "district", or "region".

In meaning, the word is similar to the German term Bezirk ("district") and the French word Arrondissement; all of which refer to something "encircled" or "surrounded".


In Bulgaria, okrugs are the abolished primary unit of the administrative division and implied "districts" or "counties". They existed in the post-War Bulgaria between 1946 and 1987 and corresponded approximately to today's oblasts.


Imperial Russia

Okrugs were one of the several types of administrative division for oblasts and selected governorates in Imperial Russia. Until 1920s, okrugs were administrative districts in Cossack hosts such as the Don's Cossacks.

Soviet Union

Inherited from the Imperial Russia, in the 1920s, okrugs were administrative divisions of several other primary divisions such as oblasts, krais, and others. For sometime in 1920s they also served as the primary unit upon the abolishment of guberniyas and were divided into raions. On July 30, 1930 most of the okrugs were abolished. The remaining okrugs were phased away in the Russian SFSR during 1930–1946, although they were retained in Zakarpattia Oblast of the Ukrainian SSR in status equivalent to that of a raion.

National okrugs were first created in the Mountain ASSR of the Russian SFSR in 1921 as units of the Soviet autonomy and additional national okrugs were created in the Russian SFSR for the peoples of the north and Caucasus region. In 1977, all national okrugs were renamed autonomous okrugs.

Russian Federation

In the present-day Russian Federation, the term "okrug" is either translated as "district" or rendered directly as "okrug", and is used to describe the following types of divisions:

After the series of mergers in 2005–2008, several autonomous okrugs of Russia lost their federal subject status and are now considered to be administrative territories within the federal subjects they had been merged into:

"Okrug" is also used to describe the administrative divisions of the two "federal cities" in Russia:

Furthermore, the designation "okrug" denotes several selsoviet-level administrative divisions:

In some cities, the term "okrug" is used to refer to the administrative divisions of those cities. "Administrative okrugs" are such divisions in the cities of Murmansk, Omsk, and Tyumen; "city okrugs" are used in Krasnodar; "municipal okrugs" are the divisions of Nazran; "okrugs" exist in Belgorod, Kaluga, Kursk, and Novorossiysk; and "territorial okrugs" are the divisions of Arkhangelsk and Lipetsk.

The term "okrug" is also used to describe a type of a municipal formation, the "municipal urban okrug"—a municipal urban settlement not incorporated into a municipal district.


The Republic of Serbia is divided into twenty-nine okrugs as well as the City of Belgrade. The term okrug in Serbia is often translated as either "district" or "county".

See also


  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary on CD-ROM, Second Edition. Entry on okrug. Oxford University Press, 2002

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ókrug — (búlgaro: окръг; serbio y ruso: округ; ucraniano: округа, translit.: okruha; polaco: okręg) es un término utilizado en algunos países eslavos de Europa del Este para designar un tipo de división administrativa. Etimológicamente, la palabra es… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Okrug — ist in der Russischen Föderation sowie in Serbien eine Bezeichnung für eine Verwaltungseinheit. Der Begriff ähnelt sowohl in der Bedeutung wie auch in der Wortbildung dem deutschen Kreis. Wörtlich übersetzt bedeutet okrug einkreisend. Serbien… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Okrug — Okrug* der; s, e <aus gleichbed. russ. okrug> russ. Bez. für Bezirk, Kreis (Verwaltungseinheit) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • okrug — ȍkrūg m <N mn ūzi> DEFINICIJA jedna od manjih jedinica na kojoj se prostire vlast ovisno o načinu organizacije; kotar ETIMOLOGIJA vidi okrugao …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Okrug — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Okrug peut désigner : Okrug ou Okroug, un terme utilisé dans les certains États d Europe de l Est pour désigner un type de subdivision… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Okrug —    Usually translated as “district,” an okrug is an administrative division in the Russian Federation. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, a number of autonomous okrugs were downgraded to okrugs within their corresponding federal subjects …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Ókrug de Zakatali — Okrug de Zakatali. El Okrug de Zakatali (Закатальский округ ) es una parte del Imperio ruso en el Cáucaso entre los siglos XIX y XX. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Okrug Gornji — Okrug is located on the western side of the island Čiovo. It is divided into Okrug Gornji and Okrug Donji, two traditional Dalmatian villages. It is the centre of the Dalmatian micro region by its geographical position. It has a mild… …   Wikipedia

  • Ókrug de Sujumi — Okrug de Sujumi. El Okrug de Sujumi (Сухумского округа) fue una de las divisiones territoriales del Imperio ruso inferior a las Gubernias en el Cáucaso. Sujumi fue establecida como la capital del Okrug Militar (Сухумского военного отдела) en el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Okrug, Croatia — Okrug …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”