- Transverse colon
Transverse colon 1: Ascending colon
2: Transverse colon
3: Descending colon
4: Sigmoid colon
Front of abdomen, showing surface markings for liver, stomach, and great intestine. Latin colon transversum Gray's subject #249 1180 Artery Middle colic artery Vein Middle colic vein Precursor Midgut (first 2/3) Hindgut (last 1/3)
The transverse colon, the longest and most movable part of the colon, passes with a downward convexity from the right hypochondrium region across the abdomen, opposite the confines of the epigastric and umbilical zones, into the left hypochondrium region, where it curves sharply on itself beneath the lower end of the spleen, forming the splenic or left colic flexure. The right colic flexure is adjacent to the liver.
In its course, it describes an arch, the concavity of which is directed backward and a little upward; toward its splenic end there is often an abrupt U-shaped curve which may descend lower than the main curve.
It is in relation, by its upper surface, with the liver and gall-bladder, the greater curvature of the stomach, and the lower end of the spleen; by its under surface, with the small intestine; by its anterior surface, with the anterior layers of the greater omentum and the abdominal parietes; its posterior surface is in relation from right to left with the descending portion of the duodenum, the head of the pancreas, and some of the convolutions of the jejunum and ileum.
The transverse colon as well as the ascending colon are responsible for absorbing water and salts.
Anatomy of torso, digestive system: Gastrointestinal tract, excluding mouth (TA A05.3–7, TH H3.04.02-04, GA 11.1141) Upper GIGoblet cell Lower GILayersno substructuresLayersTransverse folds of rectum • Rectal ampulla
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