Anal canal

Anal canal

Infobox Anatomy
Name = PAGENAME
Latin = canalis analis
GraySubject = 249
GrayPage = 1184


Caption = Coronal section of rectum and anal canal.


Caption2 = Coronal section through the anal canal. B. Cavity of urinary bladder V.D. Ductus deferens. S.V. Seminal vesicle. R. Second part of rectum. A.C. Anal canal. L.A. Levator ani. I.S. Sphincter ani internus. E.S. Sphinear ani externus.
System =
Artery = inferior rectal artery
Vein = inferior rectal vein
Nerve =
Lymph = superficial inguinal lymph node (below pectinate line) internal iliac lymph nodes (above line)
Precursor = hindgut, proctodeum
MeshName = Anal+Canal
MeshNumber = A03.556.124.526.070
DorlandsPre = c_04
DorlandsSuf = 12208538
The anal canal is the terminal part of the large intestine.

It is situated between the rectum and anus, below the level of the pelvic diaphragm. It lies in the anal triangle of perineum in between the right and left ischiorectal fossae.

In humans it is approximately 2.5 to 4 cm long, extending from the anorectal junction to the anus. It is directed downwards and backwards. It is surrounded by inner involuntary and outer voluntary sphincters which keep the lumen closed in the form of an anteroposterior slit.

It is differentiated from the rectum by the transition of the internal surface from endodermal to skinlike ectodermal tissue.

The anal canal is divided into two halves, upper and lower. The upper half has longitudinal folds or elevations of tunica mucosa. Its mucosa is lined by simple columnar epithelium. Its lower ends are joined together by folds of mucus membrane called anal valves. The upper half of the anal canal is supplied by the superior rectal artery which is a branch of the inferior mesenteric artery.

The lower half of the anal canal is lined by stratified squamous epithelium that blends with the skin.

A whitish line called Hilton's white line indicates the junction between simple columnar epithelium and stratified squamous epithelium.


=Additional

ee also

* Anal columns
* Anal sinuses
* Anal valves
* Pectinate line
* anus

External links

*
* - "The rectum and anal canal in the male pelvis."
*


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