Infobox Embryology
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GraySubject = 241
GrayPage = 1101

Caption = Profile view of a human embryo estimated at twenty or twenty-one days old. (Hindgut labeled at lower left.)

Caption2 = Primitive kidney and bladder, from a reconstruction. (Hindgut labeled at upper right.)
System =
CarnegieStage = 10
Precursor = Mesenchyme
GivesRiseTo =
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DorlandsPre = e_11
DorlandsSuf = 12337302
The hindgut (or epigaster) is the posterior (caudal) part of the alimentary canal. It includes the distal third of the transverse colon and the splenic flexure, the descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum and upper part of the anal canal.

Blood flow

Arterial supply is by the Inferior mesenteric artery, and venous drainage is to the portal venous system. Lymphatic drainage is to the chyle cistern.

Autonomic innervation

The hindgut is innervated via the inferior mesenteric plexus. Sympathetic innervation is from the Lumbar splanchnic nerves (L1-L2), parasympathetic innervation is from S2-S4.


ee also

* Foregut
* Midgut

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hindgut — Hind gut , n. [Hind, a. + gut.] (Anat.) The posterior part of the alimentary canal, including the rectum, and sometimes the large intestine also. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hindgut — or hind gut [hīnd′gut΄] n. 1. the hindmost part of the embryonic alimentary canal, from which part of the colon is formed 2. the posterior part of the digestive tract of arthropods …   English World dictionary

  • hindgut — [Martin, 2005]. See: proctodeum [McLaughlin, 1980]. (Order Cladocera): Short posteriormost section of digestive tract between midgut and anus; may be associated with single ventral cecum. (Syn. rectum) [Stachowitsch, 1992]. (Order Notostraca):… …   Crustacea glossary

  • hindgut — noun Date: 1878 the posterior part of the alimentary canal; also intestine …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • hindgut — posterior part of the gut that includes the intestine and rectal area …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • hindgut — /huynd gut /, n. 1. Zool. a. the last portion of the vertebrate alimentary canal, between the cecum and the anus, involved mainly with water resorption and with the storage and elimination of food residue; the large intestine. b. the posterior… …   Universalium

  • hindgut — noun The caudal part of the alimentary canal of an embryo, including the colon and the rectum …   Wiktionary

  • hindgut — 1. The caudal or terminal part of the embryonic gut. 2. Descending and sigmoid colon, rectum and anal canal; some include entire large intestine. SYN …   Medical dictionary

  • hindgut — n. rear section of the alimentary canal (Anatomy) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • hindgut — n. the back part of the embryonic gut, which gives rise to part of the large intestine, the rectum, bladder, and urinary ducts. See also: cloaca …   The new mediacal dictionary

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