- D.C. United
D.C. United Full name D.C. United Nickname(s) United, DCU, Black-and-Red Founded 1994 Stadium RFK Stadium
Owner William H.C. Chang President Kevin Payne Head Coach Ben Olsen League Major League Soccer 2011 Eastern Conference: 7th
Website Club home pageHome colorsAway colorsThird colors Current season
D.C. United is an American professional soccer (association football) club based in Washington, D.C. which competes in Major League Soccer (MLS), the top professional soccer league in the United States and Canada. It is one of the ten charter clubs of MLS, having competed in the league since its inception, in 1996.
Over the club's history, D.C. United has been considered to be the flagship franchise of MLS winning 12 international and domestic titles. Domestically, United has been one of the most successful MLS clubs. United has won the U.S. Open Cup twice, and holds an MLS record for most MLS Cup and MLS Supporters' Shields apiece, winning each honor four times. United was the also the first club to win both the MLS Cup and MLS Supporters' Shield consecutively.
On the international stage, D.C. United has competed in both the CONCACAF Champions League and its predecessor, the CONCACAF Champions' Cup. The club is also the only American soccer club to ever compete in a CONMEBOL (South American) competition, participating in the 2005 and 2007 editions of the Copa Sudamericana. In 1998, the club won the CONCACAF Champions' Cup. Subsequently, United won the now-defunct Copa Interamericana, a competition between the CONCACAF on CONMEBOL champion that year to determine the best soccer club in the Americas. In the 1998, and final edition of the Copa Interamericana, D.C. United defeated Vasco da Gama of Brazil to take the title.
The team's home field is the 45,596-seat Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium, owned by the District of Columbia and located on the Anacostia River. The team has proposed building a new 24,000-seat soccer-specific stadium at multiple possible sites in the Washington metropolitan area. The team is owned by San Francisco-based William H.C. Chang through the consortium D.C. United Holdings. The team's head coach is long-time starting midfielder Ben Olsen, who has coached the team since 2010.
Players such as Jaime Moreno, Marco Etcheverry, and Eddie Pope are among the team's most successful stars. D.C. United has a strong fan base, with three supporters' clubs and one of the highest attendance averages in Major League Soccer. The club's official nickname is the "Black-and-Red" and home uniforms are black and white with accents of red. The team's name alludes to the "United" appellation commonly found in the names of soccer teams in the United Kingdom and elsewhere.
- 1 History
- 2 Colors and badge
- 3 Stadium
- 4 Club culture
- 5 Ownership and marketing
- 6 Broadcasting
- 7 Players
- 8 Team management
- 9 Honors
- 10 Record
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
- For the current season see 2011 D.C. United season
Prior to the 1994 FIFA World Cup, the United States Soccer Federation fulfilled promises to FIFA by aiding in the foundation of a new professional league. On June 15, 1994, Major League Soccer selected Washington, D.C. out of twenty-two applicants to host one of the first seven teams, with three more added before the league's launch. Like many team names in MLS, the team's name was chosen as a reflection of the names of European clubs, such as Leeds United.
On April 6, 1996, D.C. United played in the league's inaugural match against the San Jose Clash in Spartan Stadium in San Jose, California. In the league's early years, D.C. was the most successful of all the teams. Bruce Arena, the club's first coach, led the team to the first "double" in modern U.S. soccer history in 1996, beating the Los Angeles Galaxy to take the first MLS Cup and the USL First Division club the Rochester Raging Rhinos to win the U.S. Open Cup. D.C. repeated its MLS Cup victory in 1997 against the Colorado Rapids, with the match hosted at RFK Stadium. The team also saw early successes in CONCACAF competitions, winning both the Champions' Cup and the Interamerican Cup in 1998.
In October 1998, Arena left the team to direct the U.S. men's national team. Arena's departure marked the beginning of a downturn in the team's fortunes. While the club again won the MLS Cup in 1999 under coach Thomas Rongen, lackluster results in 2000 and 2001 led to Rongen's departure and his replacement by Ray Hudson in 2002. The team did not, however, fare much better under Hudson, and Piotr Nowak replaced him before the start of the 2004 season. The club's first season under Nowak was marred by injuries in the early going, and some players were known to have complained about Nowak's methods. Nevertheless a strong finish, assisted in large measure by the late-season acquisition of Argentine midfielder Christian Gómez, propelled United into the playoffs as the second seed. There they advanced past the New England Revolution on penalty kicks in what has been called one of the best games in MLS history. United then defeated the Kansas City Wizards to take their fourth MLS Cup.
On November 18, 2003, MLS made sports history by signing Freddy Adu, a 14-year-old soccer prodigy and on January 16, 2004 he was officially selected by United with the first pick in the 2004 MLS SuperDraft. When Adu entered United's regular-season opener as a second-half substitute on April 3, 2004, he became the youngest player in any professional sport in the United States since 1887. On December 11, 2006, D.C. United traded Adu and goalkeeper Nick Rimando to Real Salt Lake in exchange for a major allocation, goalkeeper Jay Nolly, and future considerations.
In 2005, the club made MLS history by becoming the first United States-based team to participate in Copa Sudamericana, entering in the Round of sixteen. Since 2006, United has played well against international competition, beating Scottish champions Celtic F.C. and drawing Real Madrid in Seattle. In addition, the 2006 MLS All-Star Team, which included eight United players and was managed by United's manager Piotr Nowak, defeated English champions Chelsea. In 2006 and 2007, the United became the first club in league history to win the MLS Supporters' Shield consecutively.
Since their back-to-back Shields, the club has not qualified for the playoffs, marking a downturn in the club's form. United won their last major title in 2008, winning the U.S. Open Cup. In 2008 and 2009, United had dry spells at the tail end of the season, ultimately causing them to miss out on the playoffs. 2010, was otherwise an absymal campaign, winning six matches, drawing four and losing 20, marking their worst record in history. In 2011, United for a record-breaking fourth year, failed to qualify for the playoffs in the second to last week of the campaign.
Colors and badge
The team's colors and original logo were announced on October 17, 1995 along with those of the other ten original teams during a presentation in New York City. Black and white are D.C. United's primary colors, though the team's nickname is the "Black-and-Red." Red is used to accent the home jersey while white is the main color of the team's away kit. The three stripes along the shoulder — in white at home and black on the road — do not represent the three jurisdictions of the Washington Metropolitan Area (Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Virginia); rather, they represent the fact that the team's kits are made by Adidas. The team's shirt sponsor is German motor company Volkswagen In 2011, the team introduced a predominantly red third kit with black accents to be worn four or more times in the season. The team has also previously used white away uniforms with red stripes. White and red are the colors of the flag of Washington, D.C., and the stripes are also reminiscent of those used on the flag. Goalkeepers usually distinguish themselves with a red or green colored shirt.
The team's original shield was implemented in 1996 consisting of the team's name, D.C. United, above a black Bald Eagle facing right on a red field, clawing three soccer balls overlaid on three white stars. The three stars and balls were again intended to represent the region's three jurisdictions. The bird, associated with the federal government based in Washington, D.C., symbolizes many of the attributes of the team, including speed and power. The logo was redesigned before the 1998 season. The current design reoriented the eagle facing left, and removed the three stars below it, whose metaphor was retained by three raised wing feathers. At the center of the eagle is a single gold colored star and soccer ball, which represents the team's victory in Major League Soccer's inaugural cup in 1996. The logo can also be adorned with four gold stars above it, representing the MLS Cups the team has won.
Season Manufacturer Sponsor Ref. 1996–2001 Adidas MasterCard  2002–2004 None 2005–2007 Sierra Mist 2008– Volkswagen 
Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium (RFK) has been home to D.C. United since the club's founding in 1996. RFK was built in 1961 as a dual use baseball and American football stadium. Prior to 1996, it periodically hosted soccer matches, including the 1980 Soccer Bowl, the 1993 Supercoppa Italiana, and five matches during the 1994 FIFA World Cup. When the Washington Nationals baseball team shared the field from 2005 to 2007, there were criticisms regarding problems with the playing surface and even the dimensions of the field. The D.C. United Training Complex is located north of the stadium, and is where the Reserve Division team plays.
Several regional university stadiums have been used by the team for Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup matches, including Klöckner Stadium in Charlottesville, Virginia in 1996, and George Mason Stadium in Fairfax, Virginia in 2010. Similarly, the team has also used the Maryland SoccerPlex in Germantown, Maryland for multiple early-round games in U.S. Open Cup and CONCACAF Champions' Cup since it opened in 2001. Exhibition games have also been played in nearby FedEx Field in Landover, Maryland.
In July 2006, D.C. United proposed building a new stadium along the Anacostia River as part of a redevelopment plan for Anacostia Park. However disputes with the city government about the proposal forced the team to consider other sites. In February 2009, the team announced plans for a new stadium in nearby Prince George's County, Maryland close to FedEx Field. Dubbed the Prince George's County Soccer Stadium, this proposal ran into similar trouble when the County Council voted to send a letter to the Maryland General Assembly opposing the stadium plan. Fear that the lack of a new stadium might cause the team to leave the Washington, D.C. area caused protests on May 9, 2009.
In October 2009, the Baltimore Sun reported that Baltimore mayor Sheila Dixon has asked the Maryland Stadium Authority to explore the possibility of building a 17,000- to 20,000-seat soccer stadium that could serve as D.C. United's permanent home, as well as host concerts, lacrosse games and other events, to woo D.C. United to Baltimore. The proposed stadium complex, according to Dixon's letter, would be part of a "green mixed-use project" with access to light rail, Interstates 95 and 295. A potential location mentioned for the stadium is in the 42-acre (170,000 m2) Westport Waterfront project. A feasibility study has been commissioned by the Maryland Stadium Authority was expected to be released in December 2010. Since then two sites in Washington, D.C. have also been proposed, one near Buzzard Point, and one as part of a redevelopment of Capital City Market.
Supporters and rivalries
D.C. United has four major supporters groups; La Barra Brava, the Screaming Eagles, La Norte and the District Ultras. Each group has a designated section of the home stadium. La Barra Brava, Spanish for "The Brave Fans", was founded in 1995 by Latino fans in the Washington, D.C. area, mostly Bolivian immigrants in support of original United players Marco Etcheverry and Jaime Moreno. They seek to bring a South American style to home games. All four clubs host public tailgates before home matches, and are known for singing during games. La Norte, which takes its name from its location on the North side of the stadium, is noted for its streamers, large drum, and harassment of the opposition. The District Ultras is known for its tifo; large hand-painted banners made specifically for a particular match.
D.C. United's primary rival is the New York Red Bulls. The two teams compete annually for the Atlantic Cup, a competition instituted by the two clubs. The cup is awarded to the team that gets the most points across the teams' meetings throughout the season. The Los Angeles Galaxy are United's second rival, one with whom D.C. has jockeyed over the years to represent MLS as its signature franchise. The teams, who met in the first MLS Cup, have the oldest rivalry in Major League Soccer. D.C. United also has a burgeoning rivalry with the Philadelphia Union as the two teams represent two cities separated by only 120 miles. D.C. United is also unique among MLS teams for its rivalry with the Charleston Battery of the United Soccer Leagues, as they compete every time they face one another for the Coffee Pot Cup, a trophy established by the two sides' supporters.
Ownership and marketing
Billionaire investor George Soros was the primary financial backer and director of Washington Soccer L.P., the group that owned the operating rights to D.C. United when the league was founded in 1995. Kevin Payne, former President of Soccer USA Partners and current CEO of D.C. United, was instrumental in organizing this ownership group. By 1998 the group was looking for new investors, and on February 15, 2001, it agreed to sell the team to Anschutz Entertainment Group (AEG), founded by Colorado billionaire Philip Anschutz, with AEG exercising its option to become the sole investor-operator on January 8, 2002. AEG, who also own Major League Soccer's Los Angeles Galaxy and Houston Dynamo, ran the team until 2007.
On January 8, 2007, the operating rights to D.C. United were sold to D.C. United Holdings, a newly-formed group venture that included real estate developer Victor MacFarlane, founder of MacFarlane Partners, and William H.C. Chang, chairman of Westlake International Group. Other investors included D.C. United president Kevin Payne and Blue Devil Development, headed by former Duke basketball players Brian Davis and Christian Laettner. In April 2009, Victor MacFarlane sold his share of the team to his partner William Chang after two stadium proposals had fallen through. In October 2009, Chang also bought out Davis and Laettner to fully control the team. Chang is also one of the primary investors of Major League Baseball's San Francisco Giants.
Volkswagen Group of America, the American subsidiary of Volkswagen AG, is the jersey sponsor of D.C. United. Volkswagen agreed to pay over $14 million over five-years, beginning on May 6, 2008, putting the automotive company's logo on the front of the team jersey as well as other details. The deal is the second highest in MLS history. As part of the sponsorship, Volkswagen will provide complimentary parking to the first fifty Volkswagens at every D.C. United home game. Other sponsors include Adidas, GEICO, Verizon Wireless, and Papa John's Pizza. In May 2007, United entered into an initial one-year strategic partnership with Brazilian club Atlético Mineiro. The goal of the partnership is to enhance the sporting and commercial success of the respective clubs by sharing expertise and experience as well as creating new opportunities for the clubs in both areas.
D.C. United are televised on Comcast SportsNet. Dave Johnson handles play by play, and former United coach Thomas Rongen does color commentary. Certain home matches are shown in High Definition on Comcast SportsNet HD. Select matches are also available on ESPN 2 and ESPN 2 HD. Color commentary has previously been provided by Gordon Bradley, Clint Peay, and Garth Lagerway. All matches are broadcast via radio on WDCN-LP in Spanish. Herbert Baires does play-by-play.
First team roster
As of July 18, 2011.
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player 1 GK Steve Cronin 2 DF Brandon McDonald 3 MF Austin da Luz 4 DF Marc Burch 5 DF Dejan Jaković 6 MF Kurt Morsink 7 MF Dwayne De Rosario 8 MF Branko Bošković 9 FW Charlie Davies (on loan from Sochaux) 11 FW Joseph Ngwenya 12 DF Jed Zayner 13 MF Chris Pontius 14 MF Andy Najar 15 DF Ethan White No. Position Player 16 FW Josh Wolff (captain) 17 MF Conor Shanosky 18 DF Devon McTavish 19 MF Clyde Simms 20 MF Stephen King 21 DF Daniel Woolard 22 DF Chris Korb 23 DF Perry Kitchen 24 MF Brandon Barklage 25 MF Santino Quaranta 28 GK Bill Hamid 29 FW Blake Brettschneider 31 GK Joe Willis
Reserves and academy
This list shows players who have played for the team in official 2011 MLS Reserve Division games, but are not part of the senior roster. For the full list of academy squads, see D.C. United Academy.
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player DF Suli Dainkeh DF Collin Martin DF Bradley Vorv MF Cody Albrecht MF Seth C'deBaca No. Position Player MF Mikias Eticha MF Jalen Robinson MF Tyler Rudy FW Iyassu Bekele FW Marcus Salandy-Defour
For details of former players, see All-time D.C. United roster and Category:D.C. United players.
For a list of club captains, see All-time D.C. United roster#Club captains.
For player records, including player awards, see List of D.C. United records and statistics.
- Front Office and Ownership
Position Staff President & Chief Executive Officer Kevin J. Payne Executive Vice President Stephen Zack Senior Vice President, Marketing Communications Doug Hicks Chief Financial Officer Michael Williamson Vice President, Business Development Dawn Ridley
Last updated: August 3, 2011
Source: D.C. United Official Website
- Coaching staff
Position Staff Head Coach Ben Olsen Asst. Coach Chad Ashton Asst. Coach Sonny Silooy Asst. Coach & Goalkeeping Coach Pat Onstad General Manager Dave Kasper Special Projects Manager Bryan Namoff Team Administrator Francisco Tobar Equipment Manager David Brauzer Head Athletic Trainer Brian Goodstein Asst. Athletic Trainer / Asst. Strength Coach Pete Calabrese Assistant, Team Operations Steve Olivarez Physical Therapist Gabriel Manoel Asst. Equipment Manager Tim Hall
Last updated: August 3, 2011
Source: D.C. United Official Website
Head coaching history
Dates Name Notes 1996–1998 Bruce Arena Led the club to their first titles, and their first doubles, and to date their only continental title. 1999–2001 Thomas Rongen First club head coach outside of the United States. 2001–2003 Ray Hudson 2004–2006 Piotr Nowak 2007–2009 Tom Soehn 2010 Curt Onalfo 2010–present Ben Olsen
- MLS Supporters' Shield
- Winners (4): 1997, 1999, 2006, 2007
- Runners-up (1): 1998
- MLS Cup
- Winners (4): 1996, 1997, 1999, 2004
- Runners-up (1): 1998
- MLS Eastern Conference
- Winners (Regular Season) (5): 1997, 1998, 1999, 2006, 2007
- Winners (Playoff) (5): 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2004
- Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup
- Winners (2): 1996, 2008
- Runners-up (2): 1997, 2009
- Minor Cups
- Atlantic Cup (7): 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009
- Carolina Challenge Cup (2): 2010, 2011
- CONCACAF Champions' Cup: 1
- Copa Interamericana: 1
- CONCACAF Giants Cup
- Runners-up (1): 2001
- Key to regular season record
- GP = Games played
- W = Won
- T = Tied
- L = Lost
- GF = Goals for
- GA = Goals against
- Pts = Points
- Pos = Final overall position
- Key to leagues, divisions and cups
- MLS = Major League Soccer
- CONCACAF = Any North American competition
- Key to playoff rounds
- Conf. SF = Conference Semifinals
- Conf. F = Conference Finals
- Key to U.S. Open Cup rounds
- QR1 = First Qualifying Round
- QR2 = Second Qualifying Round
- QR3 = Third Qualifying Round
- R4 = Fourth Round
- R3 = Third Round
- QF = Quarterfinals
- SF = Semifinals
- Games: Jaime Moreno (329)
- Goals: Jaime Moreno (131) (Moreno also holds the league record with 133 MLS goals)
- Assists: Jaime Moreno (102)
- Minutes: Jaime Moreno (24,372)
- Shots: Jaime Moreno (660)
- Shots on Goal: Jaime Moreno (380)
- Game-Winning Goals: Jaime Moreno (26)
- Penalty-Kick Goals: Jaime Moreno (42)
- Multi-Goal Games: Jaime Moreno (17)
- Hat Tricks: Raúl Díaz Arce (2)
- Shutouts: Nick Rimando (29)
- Saves: Nick Rimando (355)
- Wins: Nick Rimando (41)
No active D.C. United players hold team records. Last Updated October 24, 2009
- All-Time regular season record: 188-152-58 = .521 win % (Through 2008 season)
- All-Time regular season home record: 118-52-28 = .643 win % (Through 2008 season)
- All-Time regular season away record: 70-100-30 = .400 win % (Through 2008 season)
MLS Best XI
- Marco Etcheverry: (1996), (1997), (1998), (1999)
- Jeff Agoos: (1997), (1999)
- Eddie Pope: (1997), (1998)
- Jaime Moreno: (1997), (1999), (2004), (2005), (2006)
- Ryan Nelsen: (2003), (2004)
- Christian Gómez: (2005), (2006), (2007)
- Troy Perkins: (2006)
- Bobby Boswell: (2006)
- Ben Olsen: (2007)
- Luciano Emilio: (2007)
- Dwayne De Rosario: (2011)
- Most Valuable Player: Marco Etcheverry (1998), Christian Gomez (2006), Luciano Emilio (2007), Dwayne De Rosario (2011)
- Coach of the Year: Bruce Arena (1997)
- Defender of the Year: Eddie Pope (1997), Bobby Boswell (2006)
- Goalkeeper of the Year: Troy Perkins (2006)
- Golden Boot: Jaime Moreno (1997), Luciano Emilio (2007), Dwayne De Rosario (2011)
- Newcomer of the Year: Luciano Emilio (2007)
- Rookie of the Year: Ben Olsen (1998), Andy Najar (2010)
Year Name Country 2004 Jaime Moreno Bolivia 2005 Christian Gómez Argentina 2006 Christian Gómez Argentina 2007 Luciano Emilio Brazil 2008 Jaime Moreno Bolivia 2009 Clyde Simms United States 2010 Andy Najar Honduras
National Soccer Hall of Famers
- John Harkes - (MF), (1996–98), (Inducted 2005), (Player Category)
- Jeff Agoos - (DF), (1996–00), (Inducted 2009), (Player Category)
- Bruce Arena - (Coach), (1996–98), (Inducted 2010), (Builder Category)
- Eddie Pope - (DF), (1996-02), (Inducted 2011), (Player Category)
- Earnie Stewart - (MF), (2003–04), (Inducted 2011), (Player Category)
Hall of Tradition
In 2003, D.C. United introduced the "Hall of Tradition" (formerly "Tradition of Excellence"), an honor bestowed upon players, coaches & front office staff deemed by United to have been crucial to the team's success.
- John Harkes - (MF), (1996–98), (Inducted May 14, 2003)
- Marco Etcheverry, (MF), (1996–03), (Inducted October 20, 2007)
- Betty D'Anjolell (Executive), (1995–98), (Inducted June 29, 2008)
- Jeff Agoos - (DF), (1996–00), (Inducted October 16, 2008)
- Raúl Díaz Arce (FW), (1996–97), (2000), (Inducted September 2, 2009)
- Danilo Noel Dirón - (Broadcaster), (1997–08), (Inducted September 2, 2009)
- Eddie Pope - (DF), (1996–02), (Inducted July 18, 2010)
- MLS statistics sourced to: Litterer, David. "Major League Soccer". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. http://www.rsssf.com/usadave/mls.html. Retrieved July 13, 2011.
- U.S. Open Cup statistics sourced to: Hikala, Josh. "1995 - present (Pro Era)". TheCup.us. http://thecup.us/category/history/1995-present/. Retrieved July 13, 2011.
- CONCACAF statistics sourced to: Torres, Steven. "CONCACAF Champions Cup and Champions League history". CONCACAF. http://www.concacaf.com/staticFiles/f9/3a/0,,12813~146169,00.pdf. Retrieved July 13, 2011.
- Top scorers sourced to: "Statistics". Major League Soccer. http://www.mlssoccer.com/stats/season?season_year=2011&season_type=REG&team=1326&group=GOALS&op=Search&form_build_id=form-863e80557f7f1e6308364857e50e9a19&form_id=mls_stats_individual_form. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- ^ a b c "History & Tradition". D.C. United. http://www.dcunited.com/club. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
- ^ "PLUS: SOCCER -- CONCACAF CUP; D.C. United Wins Tournament". The New York Times. August 17, 1998. http://www.nytimes.com/1998/08/17/sports/plus-soccer-concacaf-cup-dc-united-wins-tournament.html. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- ^ "D.C. United downs Vasco da Gama to take InterAmerican Cup". CNN/SI. December 7, 1998. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/soccer/news/1998/12/05/interamerican_cup/index.html. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- ^ a b Kravitz, Derek (June 18, 2009). "Fans Asked to Choose Where Team Should Find New Home". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/06/17/AR2009061703623.html. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
- ^ Goff, Steven (July 30, 2005). "New United Investors Win Trust". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/07/29/AR2005072901752.html. Retrieved April 11, 2009.
- ^ "Football Culture. Names Explained". British Council Korea. Archived from the original on February 3, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080203010544/http://www.britishcouncil.org/korea-sport-footballculture-names-explain-3.htm. Retrieved December 11, 2006.
- ^ a b c d e "General Overview". Major League Soccer. 2009. Archived from the original on June 25, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080625214719/http://web.mlsnet.com/about/. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
- ^ "America's one and only United". FIFA. September 24, 2008. http://www.fifa.com/classicfootball/news/newsid=887744.html. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
- ^ a b c d "D.C. United Tradition". Major League Soccer. 2007. http://web.mlsnet.com/t103/load.jsp?section=about&content=tradition. Retrieved July 20, 2011.
- ^ Wise, Mike (November 13, 2004). "Nowak Creates A United State". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A46503-2004Nov12.html. Retrieved July 20, 2011.
- ^ Dure, Beau (November 11, 2004). "Harkes keeps both feet in the soccer world". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/soccer/2004-11-11-asked-harkes_x.htm. Retrieved June 19, 2007.
- ^ Dell'Apa, Frank (July 26, 2005). "10 of the best... MLS games". ESPN. http://soccernet.espn.go.com/columns/story?id=337632&root=extratime&&cc=5901. Retrieved July 20, 2011.
- ^ Goff, Steven (November 3, 2006). "Revolution Ready to Take Another Shot". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/02/AR2006110201524.html. Retrieved June 19, 2007.
- ^ "D.C. United & Comcast SportsNet to launch 'Brunch with D.C. United'". Major League Soccer. January 25, 2006. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071014172906/http://web.mlsnet.com/news/team_news.jsp?ymd=20060125&content_id=51051&vkey=pr_dcu&fext=.jsp&team=dcu. Retrieved June 19, 2007.
- ^ Lifton, David (May 11, 2005). "Looking back: Unforgettable in every way". Major League Soccer. Archived from the original on April 7, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070407082306/http://web.mlsnet.com/news/team_news.jsp?ymd=20050511&content_id=29379&vkey=news_dcu&fext=.jsp&team=dcu. Retrieved June 19, 2007.
- ^ Slater, Matt (November 22, 2006). "Doubts raised in US over Adu move". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/teams/m/man_utd/6169400.stm. Retrieved July 20, 2011.
- ^ "Ready for Freddy! Real Salt Lake acquires teen phenom Freddy Adu from D.C. United". mlsnet.com. December 11, 2006. http://real.saltlake.mlsnet.com/news/team_news.jsp?ymd=20061211&content_id=80226&vkey=pr_rsl&fext=.jsp&team=t121. Retrieved July 20, 2011.
- ^ "United Ousted From Copa Sudamericana". The Washington Post. September 23, 2005. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/09/22/AR2005092202000_pf.html. Retrieved July 20, 2011.
- ^ Goff, Steve (January 29, 2011). "D.C. United introduces a third jersey". The Washington Post. http://voices.washingtonpost.com/soccerinsider/2011/01/dc_uniteds_third_jersey.html. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
- ^ Hicks, Doug. "D.C. United S.C.". FootballCrests.com. http://www.footballcrests.com/clubs/dc-united-sc. Retrieved June 6, 2009.
- ^ "Team Uniform History: 1996–2005". MLSnet.com. D.C. United. Archived from the original on November 16, 2008. http://dcunited.mlsnet.com/images/2005/12/15/Ipl4M7K5.jpg. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- ^ Goff, Steven (April 26, 2005). "MLS Officials: United Played on Irregular Field". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A16346-2005Apr26.html. Retrieved May 27, 2009.
- ^ "D.C. United Academy Camps: Directions". D.C. United. 2009. Archived from the original on July 5, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080705062241/http://dcunited.mlsnet.com/t103/camps/academy/directions/. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
- ^ DeNunzio, Jon (September 5, 1996). "United Wins in Arena's Return to U-Va.". The Washington Post. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/21873491.html?FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&date=Sep+5%2C+1996&author=Jon+DeNunzio&desc=United+Wins+in+Arena%27s+Return+to+U-Va.. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- ^ Tenorio, Paul (June 30, 2010). "U.S. Open Cup: D.C. United beats Richmond Kickers behind Jaime Moreno". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/06/30/AR2010063005694.html. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- ^ Goff, Steven (August 25, 2005). "United Loses a Shot At U.S. Open Cup". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/08/24/AR2005082402359.html. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- ^ Goff, Steven (July 21, 2009). "United Has Plenty to Do Before Open Cup Semis". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/07/20/AR2009072002548.html. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- ^ Goff, Steven (March 16, 2005). "D.C. United Sees Danger In View". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/03/26/AR2005032600875.html. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- ^ McDaniel, Ash (August 8, 2009). "60,000-plus expected for Real Madrid-DC United". ESPN. Associated Press. http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/wire?section=soccer&id=4386191. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- ^ Nakamura, David (July 21, 2007). "Talks Fall Apart On Stadium for D.C. Soccer Team". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/07/20/AR2007072002470_pf.html. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
- ^ Castro, Melissa (April 7, 2009). "Prince George's vote likely kills D.C. United stadium deal". Washington Business Journal. http://washington.bizjournals.com/washington/stories/2009/04/06/daily49.html.
- ^ Bali, Rahul (May 9, 2009). "DC United fans march in support of new stadium". WTOP-FM. http://www.wtop.com/?nid=25&sid=1672763. Retrieved May 27, 2009.
- ^ Van Valkenburg, Kevin; Mirabella, Lorraine (October 7, 2009). "Dixon eyeing soccer arena". The Baltimore Sun. http://www.baltimoresun.com/sports/blast/bal-sp.soccer07oct07,0,7674752.story. Retrieved October 22, 2009.
- ^ O'Connell, Jonathan (December 23, 2010). "D.C. United to Baltimore = revenue". The Washington Post. http://voices.washingtonpost.com/local-breaking-news/dc/study-dc-united-move-to-md-rev.html. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- ^ Goff, Steven; O'Connell, Jonathan (May 12, 2011). "Struggling with crumbling RFK Stadium, D.C. United is desperate for a new home". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/sports/struggling-with-crumbling-rfk-stadium-dc-united-is-desperate-for-a-new-home/2011/05/11/AFiiNb1G_story.html. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- ^ "About Us". La Barra Brava. December 24, 2007. Archived from the original on June 12, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080612121323/http://www.barra-brava.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=12&Itemid=26. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- ^ Goode, Harlan (June 25, 2008). "In the trenches with soccer's craziest fans". The Washington Times. http://washingtontimes.com/news/2008/jun/25/united-they-stand/. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- ^ "About". La Norte. February 26, 2009. http://www.lanorte.com/About.html. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- ^ Krishnaiyer, Kartik (March 21, 2009). "The Rivalry That Defines MLS: Galaxy-DC United". MLS Talk. http://www.majorleaguesoccertalk.com/the-rivalry-that-defines-mls-galaxy-dc-united/2635. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- ^ Canales, Andrea (August 8, 2007). "MLS audiences continue to wait on Beckham". ESPNsoccernet. http://soccernet.espn.go.com/columns/story?id=451219&cc=5901. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- ^ FoxSports (October 1, 2011). "Union and United: Building animosity". Latino.foxnews.com. Fox News Latino. http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/sports/2011/09/30/union-and-united-building-animosity/. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
- ^ "Battery set for Open Cup rematch with DC United". Charleston Battery. March 14, 2009. http://www.charlestonbattery.com/matches_previews.asp?cid=398. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- ^ Goff, Steven (October 12, 2000). "United's Ownership Uncertain; After Sale Fell Through, MLS Might Take Over Operation". The Washington Post. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/62439758.html?dids=62439758:62439758&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&fmac=&date=Oct+12%2C+2000&author=Steven+Goff&desc=United%27s+Ownership+Uncertain%3B+After+Sale+Fell+Through%2C+MLS+Might+Take+Over+Operation. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- ^ "MacFarlane leads group in purchase of Major League Soccer's D.C. United". D.C. United Media Relations. January 8, 2007. Archived from the original on February 2, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080202234540/http://web.mlsnet.com/news/team_news.jsp?ymd=20070108&content_id=81363&vkey=pr_dcu&fext=.jsp&team=t103. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
- ^ Boehm, Charles (August 24, 2009). "Chang assumes control of DC United". Major League Soccer. Archived from the original on June 16, 2005. http://web.mlsnet.com/news/mls_news.jsp?ymd=20090523&content_id=4901182&vkey=news_mls&fext=.jsp. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- ^ Goff, Steve (October 21, 2009). "DCU Ownership, Olsen, USA Friendlies". The Washington Post. http://voices.washingtonpost.com/soccerinsider/2009/10/dcu_and_usa.html. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- ^ Goff, Steven (May 6, 2008). "United Takes Volkswagen Out for a Spin". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/05/05/AR2008050502159.html. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- ^ "D.C. United Corporate Partners". D.C. United. 2009. http://dcunited.mlsnet.com/t103/load.jsp?section=about&content=sponsors. Retrieved June 6, 2009.
- ^ "D.C. United enters into strategic partnership with Brazil's Clube Atlético Mineiro". D.C. United Media Relations. May 4, 2007. http://dcunited.mlsnet.com/news/team_news.jsp?ymd=20070504&content_id=92026&vkey=pr_dcu&fext=.jsp&team=t103. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
- ^ "D.C. United, Comcast SportsNet announce broadcast schedule". Comcast SportsNet. March 4, 2008. http://comcastsportsnet.tv/pages/press_landing?3408---DC-United-Comcast-SportsNet-annou=1&blockID=4659&feedID=324. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
- ^ "D.C. United to partner with La Nueva 87.7 FM for Spanish-language radio broadcasts". D.C. United. January 20, 2010. http://www.dcunited.com/press-release/dc-united-partner-la-nueva-877-fm-spanish-language-radio-broadcasts. Retrieved January 20, 2010.
- ^ "First Team Roster". D.C. United. http://www.dcunited.com/club/first-team. Retrieved August 6, 2010.
- ^ "2011 Reserve League Schedule". Major League Soccer. http://www.mlssoccer.com/2011-reserve-league-schedule. Retrieved July 16, 2011.
- ^ "D.C. United All-Time Leaders". Major League Soccer. August 22, 2009. Archived from the original on May 15, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080515090256/http://web.mlsnet.com/mls/history/alltime_leaders.jsp?team=t103. Retrieved January 19, 2010.
- ^ "Award Winners & All-Stars". D.C. United. 2009. http://www.dcunited.com/history-tradition/award-winners-all-stars. Retrieved June 30, 2009. [dead link]
- ^ "D.C. United: Fans: D.C. United Hall of Tradition". Major League Soccer. 2008. http://web.mlsnet.com/t103/fans/hall_of_tradition/. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
- www.dcunited.com Team's official website
- Team profile on FIFA.com
- Official D.C. United board courtesy of BigSoccer
- www.barra-brava.com Barra Brava Supporters' Club
- www.screaming-eagles.com Screaming Eagles Supporters' Club website
- www.lanorte.com La Norte Supporters' Club
- dcunited.pl Polish fan website
- Steven Goff's Washington Post - Soccer Insider Blog
D.C. United HistoryHistory · Seasons · 1996–99 · 2000–03 · 2004–07 · 2008–present Overview Key Personnel Stadium and facilities Reserve facilities Rosters Culture RivalriesAtlantic Cup · Other rivalries D.C. United related articles D.C. United – current squad
1 Cronin · 2 McDonald · 3 da Luz · 4 Burch · 5 Jakovic · 6 Morsink · 7 De Rosario · 8 Bošković · 9 Davies · 11 Ngwenya · 12 Zayner · 13 Pontius · 14 Najar · 15 White · 16 Wolff · 17 Shanosky · 18 McTavish · 19 Simms · 20 King · 21 Woolard · 22 Korb · 23 Kitchen · 24 Barklage · 25 Quaranta · 28 Hamid · 29 Brettschneider · 31 Willis ·
D.C. United – managers Champions' Cup/League U.S. Open Cup MLS Cup1996 · 1997 · 1998 · 1999 · 2004 D.C. United seasons1996 · 1997 · 1998 · 1999 · 2000 · 2001 · 2002 · 2003 · 2004 · 2005 · 2006 · 2007 · 2008 · 2009 · 2010 · 2011 · 2012 2008–09 CONCACAF Champions League Champion Runner-up Eliminated in the Semifinals Eliminated in the Quarterfinals Eliminated in the Group Stage 2009–10 CONCACAF Champions League Champion Runner-up Eliminated in the Semifinals Eliminated in the Quarterfinals Eliminated in the Group Stage Eliminated in the Preliminary RoundQualification · Preliminary round · Group stage · Championship round · Final Major League Soccer Eastern Conference Western Conference League articlesMLS Cup (Playoffs) · Supporters' Shield · All-Star Game · Records and statistics · CONCACAF Champions League · U.S. Open Cup · Canadian Championship · Rivalry cups · Current players · Foreign players · Capped players · Designated Player Rule · Coaches · Drafts · Transfers · MLS Players Union · Attendance · Stadiums · Reserve Division · USSF · CSA Seasons Soccer in the United States Overview Men's national teams Outdoor leagues Indoor leagues Cup competitions Men's college soccer Women's national teamsWomen's team · Women's U23 team · Women's U20 team · Women's U17 team Women's leagues Women's college soccer Defunct Sports teams based in and around Washington, D.C. Baseball
Basketball Football Hockey Soccer Roller derby Tennis College athletics
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.