- Celtic F.C.
Infobox Football club
clubname = Celtic F.C.
current = Celtic F.C. season 2008-09
fullname = The Celtic Football Club
nickname = '"The Bhoys" (official)
founded = 1888
Celtic Park, Glasgow, Scotland
capacity = 60,832
chairman = flagicon|Scotland John Reid
manager = flagicon|Scotland
Scottish Premier League
season = 2007-08
position = Scottish Premier League, 1st
pattern_la1 = _white_hoops
pattern_b1 = _whitehoops
pattern_ra1 = _white_hoops
pattern_so1 = _greenhorizontal
leftarm1 = 008000
body1 = 008000
rightarm1 = 008000
shorts1 = FFFFFF
socks1 = FFFFFF
leftarm2 = ffcc00
body2 = ffcc00
rightarm2 = ffcc00
shorts2 = 008000
socks2 = 008000
The Celtic Football Club is a Scottish football club based in the east end of
Glasgow, which currently plays in the Scottish Premier League. Celtic are the champions of Scotland, having completed a hat-trick of titles on 22 May 2008, the final day of the 2007-08 season. Since its formation in 1888, Celtic has won the Scottish crown on 42 occasions and the Scottish Cup34 times (a record), and is the only Scottish team, and first British team, to have won Europe's premier football competition, the European Cup, in 1967.
Celtic's home stadium is
Celtic Park(commonly referred to as Parkheadafter the area of Glasgow in which it is situated) which has a capacity of 60,832, making it the largest football stadium in Scotland. Together with their Glasgow rivals, Rangers, they form the Old Firmwhich is one of the most famous and most fierce rivalries in sport. The club's traditional playing colours are green and white hooped shirts with white shorts and white socks.
In 1967, Celtic became the first British team to win the European Cup/Champions League, and are one of only two clubs ever to win the European Cup with a team composed entirely of home-grown talent, along with
FC Steaua Bucureştiof Romania in 1986. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/scotland/sportscotland/asportingnation/article/0045/print.shtml BBC - A Sporting Nation - Celtic win European Cup 1967 ] ] [ [http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/soccer/news/2003/05/20/celtic_history/ SI.com - Soccer - Celtic immersed in history before UEFA Cup final - Tuesday 20 May 2003 07:20 PM ] ] . All of the players, subsequently known as the Lisbon Lions, were born within a 30-mile radius of Celtic Park. Celtic won every competition that they entered that season: the Scottish League Championship, the Scottish Cup, the Scottish League Cup, the European Cup/ Champions Leagueand the Glasgow Cup, to become the first, and so far only, team to win the Quadruple. Celtic reached the European Cup final again in 1970, but were beaten by Feyenoord in extra time.
In 2003 Celtic reached the
UEFA Cupfinal, where they lost 3-2 to FC Porto in extra time. Approximately 80,000 Celtic supporters travelled to Sevillefor this game, the largest foreign travelling support in history at the time. The fans also received awards from UEFAand FIFAfor their behaviour throughout the tournament. [ [http://observer.guardian.co.uk/gallery/0,8561,972767,00.html Celtic in Seville: Observer Sport Monthly index | | The Observer ] ] [ [http://soccernet.espn.go.com/report?id=98023&cc=5739 ESPNsoccernet - Report: Celtic vs FC Porto - UEFA Cup ] ] [http://www.fifa.com/newscentre/news/newsid=90249.html Celebrating Celtic pride in the heart of Andalusia] Celtic have an estimated fan base of nine million, including one million in North America. cite web
title=Celtic to launch credit card for US fans
work=scotlandonsunday.scotsman.com | accessdate=2008-04-11]
In 1994 the full name of the club was changed to "The Celtic Football Club", having previously been "The Celtic Football and Athletic Company Ltd". Within Britain and Ireland the club is generally referred to simply as "Celtic", though it is sometimes incorrectly called "Glasgow Celtic" and, usually by non-English speakers, "Celtic Glasgow".
Formation and history
Celtic Football Club was formally founded at a meeting in St. Mary's Church Hall on East Rose Street (now Forbes Street), Calton, Glasgow, by
Brother Walfrid, an Irish Marist brother, on 6 November 1887. The purpose stated in the official club records as "being to alleviate poverty in Glasgow's East End parishes".
Walfrid's move to establish the club as a means of fund raising for his charity, The Poor Children's Dinner Table, was largely inspired by the example of
Hibernian F.C.who were formed out of the immigrant Irish population thirteen years earlier in Edinburgh. Walfrid's own suggestion of the name 'Celtic' (pronounced "Seltik"), was intended to reflect the club's Irish and Scottish roots, and was adopted at the same meeting.
On 28 May 1888, Celtic played their first official match against Rangers and won 5-2 in what was described as a "friendly encounter". Celtic had 8 'guest' players from Hibernian playing that day. The club's first ever goal was scored by Neil McCallum in this match. During these formative years, Celtic played in a white shirt with a green collar and a red Celtic cross on the breast, then switched to green and white vertical stripes around 1890. They made the switch to their iconic green-and-white hoops in 1903.
Celtic and the media
In 1965 Celtic began publishing "
The Celtic View", the oldest club magazine in football [ [http://www.celticfc.net/media/celticView.aspx Celtic View] ] .
In 2004 Celtic launched its own digital TV channel
Celtic TVavailable in the UK through Setanta Sportson satellite and cable platforms. Since 2002 Celtic's Internet TV channel, Channel67(previously known as Celtic Replay), has broadcast Celtic's own content worldwide, offers live match coverage to subscribers outside the UK, and now provides 3 online channels.
Old Firm and sectarianism
Celtic have a historic association with the people of
Irelandand Scots of Irish extraction, who are both predominantly Catholic. Fans of rivals Rangers tended to come from Protestantbackgrounds and were supporters of Anti-Catholicism and of British Unionism. As a result both clubs became linked to the opposing factions in the political difficulties of Northern Ireland, which intensified the rivalry in Scotland.
In recent times both clubs have taken measures to combat sectarianism. Working alongside the
Scottish Parliament, church groups and community organisations, the Old Firm has clamped down on sectarian songs, inflammatory flag-waving, and troublesome supporters, using increased levels of policing and surveillance. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/c/celtic/5236284.stm BBC SPORT | Football | My Club | Celtic | Quinn warns on offensive chants ] ] [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/r/rangers/5222454.stm BBC SPORT | Football | My Club | Rangers | Murray sends sectarianism warning ] ] In 1996, for instance, Celtic launched their "Bhoys Against Bigotry" campaign, later followed by "Youth Against Bigotry" to "educate the young on having ... respect for all aspects of the community - all races, all colours, all creeds", according to then chief executive Ian McLeod. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/1593970.stm BBC News | SCOTLAND | Bigotry puzzle for Old Firm ] ]
Celtic began the 2005-06 season with a new manager:
Gordon Strachan, the former Scotland, Aberdeen and Manchester United midfielder took over from Martin O'Neill. Garry Pendreywas appointed as Strachan's assistant manager.
Before his first game, he was already getting criticized by the press for signing unknown players such as Japanese midfielder
Shunsuke Nakamurafrom relegation battlers Reggina of Serie Aand Polish goalkeeper Artur Borucfrom Legia Warsaw. In Celtic's first competitive game under Strachan, they lost 5-0 in a UEFA Champions Leaguequalifier to Slovakian minnows Artmedia Bratislava. Strachan was under more pressure after the first SPL game of the season after his side lost a 3-1 lead away to Motherwell and only escaped with a point after grabbing a late equaliser in a 4-4 draw. The shoots of recovery started to grow with a 4-0 win in the home leg of the Champions League tie with Artmedia and although Celtic lost 3-1 to Rangers in the first Glasgow derby of the season, the team went on a 13 game unbeaten run, winning 12 of those games before losing to Dunfermline.
Celtic showed their Championship credentials on New Year's Day 2006, after staging a late comeback to beat rivals
Hearts 3-2 in a top-of-the-table clash at
Tynecastlethanks to two late goals from centre-half Stephen McManus.
Roy Keanefrom Manchester Unitedin January 2006, Celtic lost to Clyde 2-1 in the Scottish Cup. Their impressive league form continued however and on 19 February 2006 Celtic set a new scoring record for the SPL, an 8-1 victory at East End Parkagainst Dunfermline, where Polish striker Maciej Żurawskiscored 4 goals and assisted in 2 others.
On 19 March 2006,
Gordon Strachanwon his first trophy for Celtic with a 3-0 win over Dunfermline in the final of the CIS Cup.
On 5 April, Celtic clinched their 40th league title thanks to a goal from
John Hartsonin a 1-0 win against
Hearts at Celtic Park. The title was Celtic's fourth title in six years. This feat was achieved with six games remaining until the end of the season and before the SPL split. The Bhoys lifted the SPL trophy on Easter Sunday 2006 at home to Hibernian, after a 1-1 draw.
In April 2006, Celtic's reserve and Under-19 teams also won their championships, completing a clean sweep of Scotland's league competitions. Celtic's reserve team had won their league 5 years in a row and the Under-19s had won their league 4 years in a row.
Such was the good form of Celtic and the lack of a clear rival in the early stages of the 2006-07 season, that bookmakers
Paddy Powertook the unprecedented step of paying out on Celtic as the winners of the SPL on 4th November, 2006, only 13 games into the season.fact|date=April 2008 By mid-November Celtic were 15 points clear of their nearest challengers.
Having qualified automatically for the group stage of the Champions League, Celtic were drawn with Benfica,
FC Copenhagen, and Manchester United. Although Celtic lost their 3 away games, a 100% record at home earned them qualification to the knockout stage for the first time since the format was altered in 1993. Their opponents in the last 16 were AC Milan. After both legs of the tie ended 0-0, Celtic's Champions League run was ended by a solitary Milan goal in extra-time by Kaka.
During the January 2007
transfer windowCeltic signed Scotland internationals and former Hearts players Steven Pressleyand Paul Hartley, full-back Jean-Joël Perrier-Doumbéfrom Rennes on loan and goalkeeper Mark Brown from Inverness Caledonian Thistle.
On 22nd April, 2007 Celtic won their 41st league championship, and second in a row. The title was won by an injury-time free-kick from
Shunsuke Nakamurain a 2-1 victory against Kilmarnock. [Colin Moffat, [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/scot_prem/6574335.stm Kilmarnock 1-2 Celtic] , BBC Sport, 22 April 2007] The result left Celtic 13 points clear of Rangers with four matches remaining. They finished the season 12 points above Rangers.
On 26th May 2007 Celtic won the Scottish Cup for a record 34th time after beating Dunfermline 1-0. The winner was scored by Jean-Joël Perrier-Doumbé in the 84th minute.
Celtic bolstered their side for the 2007-08 season, signing Scott Brown,
Chris Killen, Scott McDonaldand Massimo Donati. Skipper Neil Lennonleft for Nottingham Forestafter seven years with the club, with Stephen McManustaking over the club captaincy. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/n/nottm_forest/6744827.stm Forest win race to capture Lennon] , BBC Sport, 12 June 2007] However Lennon returned to the club later in the season as a coach.
Celtic were drawn against Russian side Spartak Moscow in the third round of qualifying for the
UEFA Champions League 2007-08. The tie ended in a penalty shootout, with Artur Borucsaving twice to ensure Celtic's passage to the next round. This was Celtic's first European penalty shootout victory.fact|date=April 2008 They competed against AC Milan, Benfica and FC Shakhtar Donetskin the group stages, who they beat 2-1, 1-0, and 2-1 respectively at home, but losing all their away matches. They finished second in their group, ensuring qualification to the knockout stage for the second year in succession. Celtic were drawn against FC Barcelonain the last 16 of the Champions League. The first leg, played at Celtic Park, saw them defeated 3-2, after being ahead 1-0 and 2-1. In the second leg Barcelona grabbed an early goal through Xavi and held on for a 1-0 win on the night and 4-2 win overall.
The club's first signing of the winter transfer window was
Andreas Hinkel. They followed up by signing Japanese youngster Koki Mizuno, Barry Robsonfrom Dundee Utdas well as young striker Ben Hutchinsonfrom Middlesbrough.
Although leading for the early part of the season, Celtic found themselves 7 points behind Rangers having played a game more with only seven weeks of the season left, because of this the manager was badly criticised and there was speculation that he might be sacked or resign. However, the club made a remarkable comeback, winning their last 7 games, including two victories over rivals Rangers at
Celtic Park2-1 and 3-2, and won the league on 22nd May 2008, the last day of the season with a 1-0 win over Dundee United. Meanwhile Rangers lost to Aberdeen at Pittodrie. The victory was dedicated to the memory of Tommy Burns, former player and manager, who had died the previous Thursday. The result also meant Gordon Strachanbecame only the third Celtic manager to win three consecutive league championships.
Celtic signed winger Pat McCourt from League of Ireland side Derry City on a 3 year contract on 19th June. Greek international
striker Georgios Samaras, who had spent the 2nd half of the 2007-08 season on loan from Manchester City signed on a permanent basis on 14 July after agreeing a 3 year contract. Celtic have already qualified for the group stage of the UEFA Champions League after winning a 3rd consecutive SPL title. Celtic were drawn in Group E where they will take on Manchester United, Villarreal, and Danish Champions AaB Aalborg.
Their first SPL game of the season was at home to St Mirren on Sunday 10th August finishing 1-0 thanks to a
Barry Robsonpenalty. Before the start of the match Celtic paraded their latest signing Marc Crosaswho had signed from Barcelona the previous day. Celtic released Thomas Gravesenfrom his contract, and on 21 August confirmed the return of former player Shaun Maloneyfrom Aston Villa.
*The Scottish Cup final win against Aberdeen in 1937 was attended by a crowd of 146,433 (sometimes listed as 147,365) at
Hampden Parkin Glasgow, which remains a record for a club match in European football
*Celtic currently hold the UK record for an unbeaten run in professional football: 62 games (49 won, 13 drawn), from 13 November 1915 until 21 April 1917 - a total of 17 months and four days in all (they lost at home to Kilmarnock on the penultimate day of the season)
*Celtic also hold the SPL record for an unbeaten run of home matches (77), spanning from 2001 to 2004 (this run was ended by a 2-1 defeat to Aberdeen on 21 April 2004), and the record for the longest run of consecutive wins in a single season (25 matches)
*Record victory: 11-0, against Dundee on 26 October 1895
*Record defeat: 0-8 against Motherwell on 30 April 1937
*Record home defeat: 0-5 against Hearts on 14 September 1895
*Record post war home defeat 1-5 against Aberdeen on 2 January 1947
*Record European victory 9-0 KPV Kokkola (Finland), on 16 September 1970 (European Champions Cup)
*Record European defeat: 0-5 against FC Artmedia Bratislava on 27 July 2005
*Record victory against Rangers: 7-1 1957 Scottish league cup final (the biggest win for either side in an old firm match)
*Complete record v Rangers P-371 W-133 D-91 L-147 F-508 A-529
*Record points earned in a season: 72 (Premier Division, 1987/88, 2 points for a win); 103 (Scottish Premier League, 2001/02, 3 points for a win), also the SPL points tally record
*Record home attendance: 92,000 against Rangers on 1 January 1938. A 3-0 victory for Celtic
*Most capped player: 80,
Pat Bonner: Republic of Ireland.
*Most capped player (Scotland): 76,
Billy McNeill, 790 from 1957 - 1975
*Most goals in a season (all competitions):
Henrik Larsson, 53 (2000/01)
*Most goals in a season (league only): Jimmy McGrory, 50 (1935/36)
Jimmy McGrory, 468 (1922/23 - 1937/38)
*Most goals scored in one Scottish top-flight league match by one player: 8 goals by Jimmy McGrory against Dunfermline in 9-0 win on 14 January 1928
*First British club to reach the final of the European Cup
*First Scottish, British and Northern Europe team to win the European Cup
*Only club in history to have won the European Cup with a team comprised entirely of home-grown players (all born and bred within a 30 mile radius of the stadium)
*Hold the record for the highest score in a domestic cup final: Celtic 7 - 1 Rangers, Scottish League Cup Final 1957 [cite web |url=http://www.lonestarceltic.com/7_1.php |title=1957 Celtic in Seventh Heaven |accessdate=2007-06-11 |author=Lone Star Celtic Supporters Club |authorlink= |coauthors= |date=n.d. |year= |month= |format= |work= |publisher= |pages= |language= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= ]
*Hold the record for the highest attendance for a European club competition match: Celtic v
Leeds Unitedin the European Cup semi-final, 15 April 1970 at Hampden Park, Glasgow. Official attendance 136,505
*Fastest hat-trick in European Club Football -
Mark Burchillvs Jeunesse Esch, Luxembourgin 2000Fact|date=April 2007
*Earliest SPL Championship won. Won with 6 games to go against Kilmarnock on 18 April 2004 and Hearts on 5 April 2006
* First weekly club publication in the UK, "The Celtic View".
* Biggest margin of victory in the SPL. 8-1 against Dunfermline, February 2006
* First stadium in the UK to stage motorcycle speedway racing on 28 April 1928.
* Celtic and Hibernian hold the record for the biggest transfer fee between two Scottish clubs. Celtic bought Scott Brown from Hibernian on 16 May 2007 for £4.4m [ [http://celticfc.net/news/stories/news_160507114940.aspx Scott Brown signs for Celtic ] ] [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/c/celtic/6661737.stm BBC SPORT | Football | My Club | Celtic | Brown completes switch to Celtic ] ]
* First club in the world to win their domestic league in their centenary season (1987/88)
* Appeared in 14 consecutive league cup finals, from season 1964/65 to 1977/78 inclusive, a world record for successive appearances in the final of a major football competition
* Won the league cup a record 5 times in succession, from season 1965/66 to 1969/70 inclusive
*sport honours|Scottish League Championships|42|1893, 1894, 1896, 1898, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1919, 1922, 1926, 1936, 1938, 1954, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1986, 1988, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008
Scottish Cup|34 (record)|1892, 1899, 1900, 1904, 1907, 1908, 1911, 1912, 1914, 1923, 1925, 1927, 1931, 1933, 1937, 1951, 1954, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1980, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1995, 2001, 2004, 2005, 2007
Scottish League Cup|13| 1956/57,1957/58, 1965-66, 1966-67, 1967-68, 1968-69, 1969-70, 1974-75, 1982-83, 1997-98, 1999-2000, 2000-01, 2005-06
International club honours
*sport honours|European Cup|1|1966-67
*sport honours|European Cup runners-up|1|1969-70
*sport honours|FIFA World Club Cup/Intercontinental Cup runners-up|1|1967
Glasgow Cup|29|1891, 1892, 1895, 1896, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1910, 1916, 1917, 1920, 1921, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1931, 1939, 1941, 1949, 1956, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1970, 1975*, 1982,
British League Cup|1|1902
Navy and Army War Fund Shield|1|1918
Empire Exhibition Trophy|1|1938
Victory In Europe Cup|1|1945
Saint Mungo Cup|1|1951
*sport honours|Coronation Cup|1|1953
Alfredo di Stefano Trophy|1|1967
CNE Cup of Champions|1|1968
France Football European Team of the Year|1|1970
World of Soccer Cup|1|1977
Scottish Youth Cup|9|1984, 1987, 1989, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2005, 2006
*sport honours|Under 18 Scottish Premier League|2|2000, 2003
*sport honours|Under 19 Scottish Premier League|3|2004, 2005, 2006
*sport honours|Under 21 Scottish Premier League|3|2002, 2003, 2004
*sport honours|Reserve Scottish Premier League|4|2005, 2006, 2007, 2008
*1975 trophy shared with Rangers after a 2-2 draw
BBC Sports Personality of the Year Team Award|1|1967
France Football European Team of the Year|1|1970
*sport honours|Polar Bear Trophy|1|1975
Real Madrid Silver Cabin|1|1979
FIFA Fair Play Award|1|2003 (awarded to the fans of Celtic FC)
:"All players are from Scotland unless otherwise stated."
:"As of 22 August 2008."cite web
title = First Team
url = http://www.celticfc.net/home/players/firstTeam.aspx
publisher = Celtic FC
accessdate = 2008-07-19]
Players out on loan
Reserve and youth squads
:"Click here for a list of Celtic transfers in season 2008-09."
Board of Directors
Notable former players
List of Celtic F.C. playersfor players with over 100 appearances, List of Celtic F.C. international footballersand .
William AngusVC - A World War Ihero who was awarded the Victoria Cross
Neil Clarke- First foreigner (outside UK) to play for Celtic
*Mohammed Salim - First Asian player to play in Europe
*John Thomson - Died in a collision while playing against Rangers
Gil Heron- Jamaican footballer, an early black player in British football and father of noted poet and musician Gil Scott-Heron
cotland Football Hall of Fame
So far 7 Celtic players have entered the
Scotland Football Hall of Fame:
cottish Sports Hall of Fame
Scottish Sports Hall of Fame5 Celtic players have been selected, they are:
Kenny Dalglish MBE
Billy McNeill MBE, DUniv
Jock Stein CBE
Greatest ever team
The following team was voted the greatest ever Celtic team by supporters in 2002. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/teams/c/celtic/2245965.stm BBC SPORT | Football | Teams | Celtic | Jinky best-ever Celtic player ] ]
Greatest ever Celtic team
Paul McStay MBE
Billy McNeill MBE, DUniv - Voted Celtic's greatest ever Captain
Jimmy Johnstone- Voted Celtic's greatest ever player
Bobby Lennox MBE
Kenny Dalglish MBE
Henrik Larsson MBE- Voted Celtic's greatest ever foreign player
Richest football clubs
Sport in Scotland
Football in Scotland
European Cup 1966-67
UEFA Cup 2002-03
The Bhoys from Seville
1967 European Cup Final
Hampden in the sun
The Fields of Athenry
List of Celtic F.C. players
Lennoxtown training ground
Celtic Boys Club
The Celtic View
Celtic F.C. and World War I
* [http://www.celticfc.net/ Official website]
* [http://www.celticpoland.com/ Polish fans' website - the biggest foreign fan portal]
* [http://sport.scotsman.com/topics.cfm?tid=829] -Scotman Sports on Celtic FC
* [http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/sport/football-news/scottish-football/spl-football/celtic-fc/] - Daily Record on Celtic FC
* [http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/teampages/celtic.html] -Daily Mail on Celtic FC
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