company_name = Adidas
company_type = Limited
foundation = 1924 (Registered in 1949) [http://www.adidas-group.com/en/overview/history/default.asp Adidas Group History] ]
slogan = de icon Die Weltmarke mit den 3 Streifen (German for "The brand with the 3 stripes"', en Impossible is nothing
location = flagicon|Germany
Herbert Hainer(CEO) (2001-)
Erich Stamminger (CEO, Adidas Brand)
Hans Friderichs (Chairman of the
supervisory board) (2007-)
Patrik Nillson (President, adidas America)
Sportswearand Sports Goods
net_income = profit€551 million (2007)
revenue = profit€10.299 billion ($15.6 billion) (2007)
num_employees = 27,000 (2006)
homepage = [http://www.adidas-group.com/ www.adidas.com]
Adidas Ltd. AG (ISIN|DE0005003404) (pronounced IPA| [Help:pronunciation| [ˈɑdɪdɑs] , often pronounced IPA| in English) is a major German sports apparel manufacturer and part of the Adidas Group, which consists of
Reeboksportswear company, TaylorMade-adidas golfcompany, and Rockport. Besides sports footwear, the company also produces other products such as bags, shirts, and other sports and clothing related goods. The company is the largest sportswear manufacturer in Europe and the second largest sportswear manufacturer in the world. [cite web |url=http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601100&sid=ah3ZhaeNWMdM&refer=germany |title=Adidas, Deutsche Telekom, Infineon: German Equity Preview |accessdate=2008-01-26 |date=16 January 2008 |publisher=Bloomberg]
The company's clothing and shoe designs typically feature three parallel bars, and the same motif is incorporated into Adidas's current official
logo. The company revenuefor 2006 was listed at €10.084 billion, or about US $13.625 billion and the 2007 figure was listed at €10.299 billion, or about $15.6 billion.
Adolf ("Adi") Dassler started to produce his own sports shoes in his mother's wash kitchen after his return from
World War I. In 1924, his brother Rudolf (Rudi) Dassler joined the business which became "Gebrüder Dassler Schuhfabrik" (Dassler Brothers Shoe Factory) and did well - selling 200,000 pairs of shoes each year before World War II.
However the brothers did not get along well, and in 1948 they split up, [ [http://online.wsj.com/article/SB120606066903653643.html?mod=googlenews_wsj Review of "Sneaker Wars: The Enemy Brothers Who Founded Adidas and Puma and the Family Feud That Forever Changed the Business of Sport", Barbara Smit, March 2008, ISBN 9780061246579] ] with Rudi forming Puma, and Adi forming Adidas.
The company formally registered as adidas AG (with
lower caselettering) on 18 August 1949. The phrase "All Day I Dream About Sports" is used as an retronymfor Adidas. [Cite book
publisher = Cyan Books
isbn = 1904879128
pages = 192
last = Brunner
first = Conrad
title = Great Brand Stories: Adidas All Day I Dream About Sport: The Story of the Adidas Brand
date = 2007-07-30] However, the name is actually a
portmanteaufrom "Adi" (a nickname for Adolf) and "Das" (from "Dassler").
The Tapie affair
After a period of trouble following the death of Adolf Dassler's son
Horst Dasslerin 1987, the company was bought in 1989 by French industrialist Bernard Tapie, for 1.6 billion French francs (now €243.918 million), which Tapie borrowed. Tapie was at the time a famous specialist of rescuing bankruptcompanies, an expertise on which he built his fortune.
Tapie decided to move production offshore to
Asia. He also hired Madonna for promotion. He sent Walter Head, from Christchurch, New Zealand, a shoe sales representative, to Germany and met Adolf Dassler's descendants (Amelia Randall Dassler and Bella Beck Dassler) and was sent back with a few items to promote the company there.
In 1992, Tapie was unable to pay the interest from his loan. He mandated the
Crédit Lyonnais bankto sell Adidas, and the bank subsequently converted the outstanding debt owed into equity of the enterprise, which was unusual as per the prevalent French banking practice. Apparently, the state-ownedbank had tried to get Tapie out of dire financialstraits as a personal favour to Tapie, reportedly because Tapie was Minister of Urban Affairs (ministre de la Ville) in the French governmentat the time.
In February 1993, Crédit Lyonnais sold Adidas to
Robert Louis-Dreyfus, a friend of Bernard Tapie for a much higher amount of money than what Tapie owed, 4.485 billion (€683.514 million) francs rather than 2.85 billion (€434.479 million). Tapie later sued the bank, because he felt "spoiled" by the indirect sale. Robert Louis-Dreyfusbecame the new CEO of the company. He is also the president of the Olympique de Marseillefootball team, a team Tapie owned until 1993.
Tapie filed for personal
bankruptcyin 1994. He was the object of several lawsuits, notably related to match fixingat the soccer club. During 1997, he served 6 months of an 18 month prison sentence in La Santéprison in Paris.
In 2005, French courts awarded Tapie a €135 million compensation (about 886 million francs).
In 1994, combined with
FIFAYouth Group, SOS Children's Villagesbecame the main beneficiary.
In 1997, Adidas AG acquired the
Salomon Groupwho specialized in ski wear, and its official corporate name was changed to Adidas-Salomon AG because with this acquisition Adidas also acquired the Taylormade Golf company and Maxfliwhich allowed them to compete with Nike Golf.
In 1998, Adidas sued the
NCAAover their rules limiting the size and number of commercial logos on team uniforms and apparel. Adidas withdrew the suit, and the two groups established guidelines as to what three-stripe designs would be considered uses of the Adidas trademark. Adidas launched legal proceedings against the world's biggest retailer, Wal-Mart, claiming that it copied some of its products as revealed by Sanjay Sinha of the same company [ [http://www.ncaa.org/databases/adidas/ Adidas lawsuit resolved] at NCAA]
In 2003, Adidas filed a lawsuit in British court challenging Fitness World Trading's use of a two-stripe motif similar to Adidas's three stripes. The court ruled that despite the simplicity of the mark, "Fitness World" 's use was infringing because the public could establish a link between that use and Adidas's mark. [ [http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/story/0,3604,995976,00.html Adidas told its three stripes don't constitute a trademark] at "
In September 2004, top English
fashion designer Stella McCartneylaunched a joint-venture line with Adidas, establishing a long-term partnership with the corporation. This line is a sports performance collection for women called "Adidas by Stella McCartney", [http://www.adidas.com/campaigns/women/content/stella/stella.asp?strCountry_Adidascom=com] and it has been critically acclaimed. [ [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0565383/bio Stella McCartney Biography] at Internet Movie Database]
Also in 2005, on 3 May, Adidas told the public that they sold their partner company Salomon Group for €485m to
Amer Sportsof Finland.
In August 2005, Adidas declared its intention to buy British rival
Reebokfor $3.8 billion (US). This takeover was completed with partnership in January 2006 [http://www.reebok.com/useng/history/2000.htm Reebok History, 2000-] ] and meant that the company will have business sales closer to those of Nike in North America. The acquisition of Reebok will also allow Adidas to compete with Nike worldwide as the number two athletic shoemaker in the world. [http://aolsvc.news.aol.com/business/article.adp?id=20050803092509990002]
In 2005, Adidas introduced the
Adidas 1, the first ever production shoe to utilize a microprocessor. Dubbed by the company "The World's First Intelligent Shoe" it features a microprocessor capable of performing 5 million calculations per second that automatically adjusts the shoe's level of cushioning to suit its environment. The shoe requires a small, user-replaceable battery that lasts for approximately 100 hours of running. It currently retails for $250 (USD). On 25 November, 2005, Adidas released a new version of the Adidas 1 with an increased range of cushioning, allowing the shoe to become softer or firmer, and a new motor with 153 percent more torque.Fact|date=August 2008
On 11 April 2006, Adidas announced an 11-year deal to become the official NBA apparel provider. They will make NBA,
NBDL, and WNBAjerseys and products as well as team-coloured versions of the "Superstar" basketball shoe. This deal (worth over $400 million) takes the place of the previous 10-year Reebok deal that was put in place in 2001. That means the partnership would be continue to Reebok.
Adidas currently manufactures several running shoes, including the adiStar Control 5, the adiStar Cushion 6, the Supernova Control 10, the Supernova Sequence, and the Supernova Cushion 7, among others. In addition, their performance apparel is widely used by runners.
One of the main focuses of Adidas is football kit and associated equipment. Their football boots, team kits, and warm up suits are widely used by top professional club teams. Adidas also provides apparel and equipment for all teams in
Major League Soccer.Adidas remain a major player in the supply of team kits for international football teams. Current examples include France, Germany, Greece, Romania, Argentina, Spain, Mexico, Japan, and Nigeria.The company has been an innovator in the area of footwear for the sport with notable examples including development of the Copa Mondial moulded boot used for matches on firm dry pitches for almost forty years. The studded equivalent was named World Cup follow in celebration of the 1978 tournament won by Argentina, one of the many nations it supplied at the time.Adidas became renowned for advancing the "Predator" boot design developed by ex-Liverpool and Australian international player Craig Johnston. This groundbreaking design featured a ribbed surface structure for the upper leather of the shoe, used to accent the movement of the ball when struck. Highly skilled players claimed they were able to curve the flight of the ball more easily when wearing this new contoured design.As the development and popularity of Football continued Adidas played a leading role in shaping the style of the play itself. In its pursuit of more exciting games, featuring spectacular shots and goals FIFA, the sports governing body, commissed specially designed footballs for use in its own World Cup tournaments to favour more attacking play. The balls supplied for the 2006 tournament in Germany were particular noteworthy for their ability to travel further than previous types when struck, leading to longer range goal strikes that were intended to increase the number of goals scores and increase spectator enjoyment. Goalkeepers were believed to be less comfortable with the design claiming it would move significantly and unpredictably in flight.
Top players past and present have been known for using Adidas footwear, among the most famous are:
Petr Čech(Czech Republic)
Alessandro Del Piero(Italy)
Daniele De Rossi(Italy)
Juan Román Riquelme(Argentina)
Robin Van Persie(Netherlands)
In 2007, Adidas announced the future production of
lacrosseequipment, and will sponsor the Adidas National Lacrosse Classic in July 2008 for the top 600 high school underclassmen lacrosse players in the United States. [http://www.adidasnationallacrosseclassic.com]
Mi Adidas is a
mass customizationprogram offering the option to customize a shoe model with the choice of different types of outsoles, cushioning, and other parameters.
Adidas are the main sponsor of the highly successful New Zealand national rugby team, The All Blacks. Adidas also supplies match balls to all All Blacks home matches as well as making the jerseys. Adidas also are the kit supplier to the Argentina national rugby team Los Pumas. Adidas also are the kit suppliers to
Stade Francaisand Munster.
Adidas are the main sponsors and kit sponsors of the extremely successful Australian Cricket Team and the England Cricket Team. They are also the main sponsors of the Indian Star
Cricketers Sachin Tendulkarand Virender Sehwag. Adidas are the main sponsors of Australian Domestic Cricket Competitions - Pura Cup, KFC Twenty20 Big Bash, Ford Ranger One Day Cup. They are sponsors of the Indian Premier LeagueTeams Delhi Daredevilsand Mumbai Indians.
Adidas also sponsors the
St George Illawarra DragonsRugby League team in the Australian National Rugby League(NRL) competition.
Adidas is the longstanding kit provider to the
Germany national football team, a sponsorship that began in 1954 and is contracted to continue until at least 2018.
Adidas are very active at sponsoring top football clubs such as
A.C. Milan, Olympique de Marseille, Ajax Amsterdam, Bayern Munich, Chelsea F.C., Liverpool F.C., Fenerbahçe SK, Real Madrid, Club Atletico River Plate, and SE Palmeiras, from Brazil.
Major League Soccerannounced a 10-year sponsorship agreement in November 2004 to make Adidas the official athletic sponsor and licensed product supplier for the league, and to work together to create a developmental league for MLS. [cite web|url=http://web.mlsnet.com/news/mls_events_news.jsp?ymd=20041110&content_id=18624&vkey=mlscup2004&fext=.jsp|title=adidas, MLS strike long-term agreement|work=MLSnet.com|date=2004-11-10|accessdate=2008-08-06]
Adidas also sponsors events such as The
2008 Summer Olympicsin Beijing, China, Adidas spent €70 million sponsoring the event amid criticisms. [cite web|url=http://www.spiegel.de/international/business/0,1518,551262,00.html|title=Adidas Chief Criticizes Anti-China Protestors|work= Der Spiegel|date=2008-05-03|accessdate=2008-05-03]
Current executive board
*Finance Adidas-group: Robin J. Stalker
*CEO Adidas brand: Erich Stamminger
*Global Operations Adidas-group: Glenn S. Bennett
"Impossible is Nothing" is the current mainstream marketing
sloganfor Adidas. This campaign was developed by 180TBWA based in Amsterdam but also with significant work being done by TBWAChiatDay in San Francisco - particularly for its basketball campaign "Believe In Five".
Refers to the line of casual clothes and new campaign launched by adidas around the beginning of 2008. Four videos have been released to date, including "Original Games", which shows a group of guys and girls playing modified Olympic type games in the streets; "Handbags For Feet", which journeys through the streets of Berlin with a girl named Amelie taking interesting photos; "The Story of Adi Dassler", which tells the story of the man who started adidas and "Sounds of The City", which shows how DJ Theo Parish collects sounds for his music.
"adidas Originals invites today’s lifestyle consumers to Celebrate Originality through an exceptional brand campaign and a variety of product themes inspired by the rich sporting heritage of adidas and the global reach of the Trefoil." [ [http://www.press.adidas.com/en/DesktopDefault.aspx/tabid-4/79_read-8621/ "An open invitation to Celebrate Originality all around the globe"] Adidas press release, December 10, 2007 ]
* [http://www.adidas.com/ Adidas Official websites]
* [http://www.adidas-group.com/ Adidas Group websites]
* [http://www.adidas.com/com/originals Adidas Originals]
* [http://www.fashionunited.co.uk/News/Columns/Adidas_news_and_facts_history_200809286209/ Adidas news and facts] FashionUnited
* [http://www.linuxelectrons.com/article.php/20051123113616788 Adidas introduces the Intelligent Basketball shoe]
* [http://www.famouslogos.org/adidas-logo Adidas Logo] - Design and History
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