- The Double
The Double is a term in football, which refers to winning a country's top tier division and its primary cup competition in the same season. It can also mean beating a team both home and away in the same league season, a feat often noted as "doing the double" over a particular side.
In football, particularly in England, The Double is generally used to refer to the winning of the top tier domestic league title (currently the
Premier League) and the primary domestic cup competition, the FA Cup.
"List of teams who won¹ The Double in England:"
* Preston North End in 1889
* Aston Villa in 1897
* Tottenham Hotspur in 1961
* Arsenal in 1971
* Liverpool in 1986
* Manchester United in 1994
* Manchester United in 1996
* Arsenal in 1998
* Manchester United in 1999 as part of The Treble
* Arsenal in 2002
League and League Cup Double
A rarer, and less coveted, double in English domestic football is that of winning the League championship and the League Cup. This feat was first achieved in 1978 by
Nottingham Forest. Liverpool achieved this double three times in succession (1982, 1983 and 1984). The latest team to achieve it were Chelsea in 2005 when they won the English Premier League and League Cup.
FA Cup and League Cup Double
Again rarer and less coveted, this 'Cup Double' has been achieved three times. In 1993 Arsenal won both major English domestic cup finals (defeating
Sheffield Wednesdayin each. In 2001 Liverpool won both and also won the UEFA Cupto complete a 'treble' of sorts. Most recently, in 2007 Chelsea won the League Cup with Didier Drogba scoring two goals to see off Arsenal in the final. Drogba also found the back of the net in the FA Cup final as his clinical finish beat Edwin van der Sarto make Chelsea the first FA Cup winners at the new Wembley.
The "Double Double" is a term describing he defence of The Double (winning back to back Doubles) in the subsequent season. It is yet to be achieved, but there have been a few near instances. Most notably in 2003 by
Arsenal F.C., who successfully defended their FA Cupcrown, but finished as runners-up in the Premier League. Manchester Unitedchose to enter the FIFA Club World Championshipin the 1999-00 season rather than defend the FA Cup, hence could not complete the Double Double (or another Treble) - despite winning the Premier Leaguein 2000.
One notable double-winning team in 2006 was Bayern Munich in
Germany, which became the first team in the country's history to successfully defend a double. Inter Milan in Italyearned the double in an unusual manner in the same season, being awarded the Serie Atitle to go along with their on-field win in the Coppa Italiaafter initial league champions Juventus were stripped of the title in the aftermath of the 2006 Serie A scandal.
CSKA Moscow in
Russiawon the Russian Cup and Premier League in 2005.
Japan, Urawa Red Diamondswon the J. Leagueand the Emperor's Cupin 2006, and Kashima Antlerswon in 2007.
United States, the double consists of winning the MLS Cupand the U.S. Open Cup. D.C. Unitedaccomplished this in 1996, followed by the Chicago Fire in 1998.
The all-time leader for domestic doubles is Linfield, from
Northern Ireland, United Kingdom— with 20 as of May 2008, after completing an unprecedented Treble Double.
Only four teams have won the Danish Double.
Aarhus GFin 1955, 1957 and 1960, Vejle Boldklubin 1958 and 1972, FC Copenhagenin 2004 and latest Brondby IFin 1998 and 2005.
Domestic Cup Double
A Domestic Cup Double consists of winning both domestic cup competitions in a single season or calendar year. Examples include:
*Arsenal in 1993, when they beat Sheffield Wednesday 2-1 in both games.
*Liverpool in 2001, winning three trophies along with the
Chelsea F.C., in 2007
In the same spirit as
The Treble, the European Double consists of winning the top tier European tournament (currently the UEFA Champions League) and domestic league title in a single season or calendar year. This has been achieved on 22 occasions by 15 clubs from 53 European competitions. Ajax Amsterdamhave achieved this on the most number of occasions (3).
Real Madrid1957, 1958
Celtic F.C.1967 (as part of The Quadruple)
*Inter Milan 1965
Bayern Munich1974, 2001
Liverpool F.C.1977, 1984
Ajax Amsterdamin 1972 (as part of The Treble), 1973, 1995
FC Steaua Bucureşti1986
PSV Eindhoven1988 (as part of The Treble)
Red Star Belgrade1991
FC Barcelona1992, 2006
Manchester United1999 (as part of The Treble), 2008
A Continental Double is identical to the European Double, but for sides outside the UEFA confederation winning the primary continental cup competition and the domestic league title. For example, the
Copa Libertadoresand top tier domestic league title in the CONMEBOLconfederation would form a Continental Double. The Continental Double may be won in a calendar year, rather than a single season.
A a combination of domestic league or cup and a lesser European trophy, usually the
UEFA Cupor former UEFA Cup Winners' Cupmay be won in the same season or calendar year. Examples include:
*Leeds United were the first English team to win a double involving European and domestic trophies. It was in 1968 when Leeds won the Football League Cup and Inter-Cities Fairs Cup.Chelsea also won the League Cup and the FA cup in 2007. [http://www.krysstal.com/league1968.html "Football : Season Details: 1968"] krysstal.com (accessed
17 October 2006)]
*Liverpool won a League and
UEFA Cupdouble in 1976, one year before winning the European Double in 1977.
*Chelsea also did a domestic and European double involving a European trophy in 1998, winning the Cup Winners' Cup and the League Cup,
Everton F.C.have completed a European double in 1985, with the club winning the League title and UEFA Cup Winner's Cup, but losing the FA Cupfinal just three days later.
*Aberdeen won a European double in season 1982-83 when first off they captured the
European Cup Winners Cupby beating Real Madrid2-1 in Gothenburg, and 10 days later they captured the Scottish Cupwith a last gasp 1-0 win over Rangers in the final. Aberdeen also went on to capture the European Super Cupat the end of 1983 to cap an unofficial treble winning year, but not in the same season.
* FC Zenit won the Russian Premier League in Dec 2007 and the Uefa Cup in May 2008 , thus completing a league and a European cup double in the same footballing season
* CSKA Moscow won the Uefa Cup in May 2005 and the won the Russian Premier League in Dec 2005 , this can be considered as a double even though it was not in the same season , it was in the same calendar year
A country from outside Africa cannot win a World Cup and continental championship in the same year because they are not annual events, but one which holds both titles simultaneously could be said to have "done the double". These include:
*West Germany won the 1972 European Championship and the 1974 World Cup
*Brazil won the 1994 World Cup and the 1997 Copa América
*France won the 1998 World Cup and the 2000 European Championship
*Brazil won the 2002 World Cup and the 2004 Copa América
Near Domestic Doubles
Many sides have come close to winning the English league and FA Cup double but have either finished 2nd in the league, lost the FA Cup final or both (an occurrence sometimes referred to as "Double Horror") .
*Manchester City in 1904
*Aston Villa in 1913
*Huddersfield Town in 1928
*Arsenal in 1932
*West Bromwich Albion in 1954
*Wolverhampton Wanderers in 1960
*Leeds United in 1972
Liverpool F.C.in 1974
Liverpool F.C.in 1989
Arsenal F.C.in 2003
Arsenal F.C.in 2005
Chelsea F.C.in 2007
FA Cup losing finalists
*Newcastle United in 1905
*Sunderland in 1913
*Manchester United in 1957
Liverpool F.C.in 1977
*Everton in 1985
*Liverpool in 1988
*Manchester United in 2007
*Wolverhampton Wanderers in 1939
*Burnley in 1962
*Leeds United in 1965
*Leeds United in 1970
Everton F.C.in 1986
*Manchester United in 1995
Arsenal F.C.in 2001
Total Number of Doubles
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.