- F.C. Internazionale Milano
Infobox Football club
clubname = F.C. Internazionale Milano
fullname = Football Club Internazionale Milano SpA
nickname = "Nerazzurri" (the Black-Blues)
"La Beneamata" (the Cherished)
Biscione" (the Big Grass Snake)
9 March 1908
ground = Stadio Giuseppe Meazza,
capacity = 82,955
chairman = flagicon|Italy
mgrtitle = Head Coach
manager = flagicon|Portugal
season = 2007-08
position = Serie A, 1st
Football Club Internazionale Milano, most commonly referred to as simply Internazionale, or Inter, [Inter Milan is never used in Italian and only ever used in
English languagecountries] is an Italian professional football club based in Milan, Lombardy, founded in 1908. The club are the only side in Italian footballto have spent their entire history in the top tier ( Serie A). Internazionale, who play in black and blue striped shirts with black shorts, have sixteen Serie Atitles to their name; only their rivals Juventus and AC Milan have won more. Including the Coppa Italiaand the Italian Super Cup, Inter have a total of 25 trophies won in Italy.
Outside of their homeland, the club have also had success in European and
Worldtournaments; they won the European Cup in two successive finals in 1964 and 1965. They have also won the UEFA Cupthree times and the World Club Championship twice. Additionally, Inter was one of founding members of the G-14, a group that formerly represented eighteen of the largest and most prestigious [cite web | url=http://www.g14.com/G14members/index.asp | title=G-14's members | work=g14.com | accessdate=12 September | accessyear=2006.] European football clubs.
Inter play their home games at the
Stadio Giuseppe Meazza, also known as San Siro. The ground, which they share with rivals AC Milan, is the largest in Italian football, with a total capacity of 82,955. [cite web | url=http://www.skysports.com/football/venue/0,19753,11065_322,00.html| title=Factfile| work=SkySports.com| accessdate=August | accessyear=2007]
The club was founded on
9 March 1908as Internazionale FBC Milano, following a "schism" from the Milan Cricket and Football Club (43 members). A group of Italians and Swiss (Giorgio Muggiani, a painter who also designed the club's logo, Bossard, Lana, Bertoloni, De Olma, Enrico Hintermann, Arturo Hintermann, Carlo Hintermann, Pietro Dell'Oro, Hugo and Hans Rietmann, Voelkel, Maner, Wipf, and Carlo Ardussi) were unhappy about the domination of Italians in the AC Milan team, and broke away from them, leading to the creation of Internazionale. From the beginning, the club was open to foreign players and thus lived up to its founding name.The club won its very first "Scudetto" (championship) in 1910 and its second in 1920. The captain and coach of the first "Scudetto" was Virgilio Fossati, who was killed in World War I. In 1922 Inter were in Group B of the Serie A and came in last place after picking up only 11 points in the season. The last place team of each group was to be automatically relegated. The second last place teams were placed in a pre-relegation 'salvation' tournament. Inter and La Gazzetta dello Sport's editor (Colombo) petitioned the FIGC to allow Inter to participate in Serie A the following year as a year in Serie B would have been financially detrimental. The FIGC saved Inter some weeks prior to the season starting by allowing them to remain in Serie A in 1923. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_Football_Championship_1921-22_%28C.C.I.%29] Venezia, who had come in 3rd last in Group B ahead of Inter, were relegated in Inter's place. In 1928, during the Fascist era, the club was forced to merge with the Milanese Unione Sportiva and was renamed Ambrosiana SS Milano. [cite web|url=http://www.inter.it/en/societa/storia.html|publisher=FC Internazionale Milano|title=Storia|accessdate=2007-09-06] They wore white shirts around this time with a red cross emblazoned on it. This shirt design was inspired by the flag and coat of arms of the city of Milan, which in turn is derived from the flag of the patron saint of Milan, St. Ambrose and dates back to the 4th century AD. The new upcoming President Oreste Simonotti decided to change name to A.S. Ambrosiana in 1929. However, supporters continued to call the team "Inter," and in 1931 new president Pozzani caved to shareholder pressure and changed the name to AS Ambrosiania-Inter.
Coppa Italia(Italian Cup) was won in 1938-39, led by the great legend Giuseppe Meazza, after whom the San Sirostadium is officially named, and a fifth league championship followed in 1940, despite an injury to Meazza. After the end of World War IIthe club re-emerged under a name close to their original one, Internazionale FC Milano, which they have kept ever since.
"La Grande Inter"
Alan ebejer Following the war, Inter won their sixth championship in 1953 and the seventh in 1954. Following these titles, Inter were to embark upon the best years of their history, affectionately known as the era of "La Grande Inter" (The Great Inter). During this period with
Helenio Herreraas head coach, the club won 3 league championships in 1963, 1965 and 1966. The most famous moments during this decade also include Inter's 2 back-to-back European Cup wins. In 1964, Inter won the first of those tournaments, playing against the famous Spanish club Real Madrid. The next season, playing in their home stadium, the San Siro, they defeated two-time former champions Benfica.
Following the golden era of the 1960s, Inter managed to win their eleventh league title in 1971 and their twelfth in 1980. Inter were defeated for the second time in five years in the final of the European Cup, going down 0-2 to
Johan Cruijff's Ajax Amsterdamin 1972. During the 1970s and the 1980s, Inter also added two Coppa Italias to their tally in 1977-78 and 1981-82.
Led by the German duo of
Andreas Brehmeand Lothar Matthäus, and Argentine Ramon Diaz, Inter captured the 1989 Serie A championship. Fellow German Jürgen Klinsmannand the Italian Supercup were added the following season but to little avail as Inter did not manage to defend their title.
The 1990s were a period of disappointment for the club. Whilst their great rivals AC Milan and Juventus were achieving success both domestically and in Europe, Inter were left behind, with some mediocre positions in the standings, their worst finishes being in 1993-94 when they were just 1 point from relegation. Nevertheless, they achieved some European success in that decade with 3 UEFA Cup victories in 1991, 1994 and 1998.
Massimo Moratti's takeover from Ernesto Pellegriniin 1995, Inter were promised more success with many high profile signings such as Ronaldo, Christian Vieriand Hernán Crespo, with Inter twice breaking the world record transfer fee in this period.Fact|date=November 2007 €19.5 million for Ronaldofrom FC Barcelonain 1997 and €31 million for Christian Vierifrom Lazio in 1999. However the 1990s remained a decade of disappointment and is the only decade in Inter's history in which they failed to win a single Serie A championship. For Inter fans it was difficult to identify who in particular might be to blame for these troubled times and this led to some icy relations between president, managers and even some individual players.
Massimo Morattilater became a target for the fans, especially when he sacked much-loved coach Luigi Simoniafter only a few games into the 1998/99 season, after having just received the Italian Manager of the Year award for 1998 the day before, Massimo Morattidecided to end his contract. In the 1998/99 season Inter failed to qualify for any European competition for the first time in almost 10 years, finishing in a poor eighth place.
In the 1999/00 season,
Massimo Morattimade some major changes, once again with some high-profile signings. A major coup for Inter was the appointment of former Juventus manager Marcello Lippi. Inter were seen by the majority of the fans and press to have finally put together a winning formula. Other signings included Italian and French legends Angelo Peruzziand Laurent Blanctogether with other former Juventus players Christian Vieriand Vladimir Jugovic. Inter were also seen to have an advantage in this season as they had no European "distraction". Once again they failed to win the elusive Scudetto. However they did manage to come close to their first domestic success since 1989 when they reached the Coppa Italiafinal only to be defeated by Lazio allowing them to win the "Scudetto" and domestic cup double.
The following season more disaster struck. Inter impressed in the Supercoppa Italia match against Lazio and took the lead through new signing
Robbie Keane– however, they lost 4-3. Overall, though, they were looking good for the season that was about to start. What followed was another embarrassment, as they were eliminated in the preliminary round of the Champions League by Swedish club Helsingborgs IF. Alvaro Recobawas given the opportunity to draw the sides level with a last-minute penalty, yet he missed, hitting the post, and Inter found themselves back at square one as Marcello Lippi, the manager at the time, was sacked after only a single game of the new season following Inter's first ever Serie A defeat to Reggina. Throughout this period, Inter suffered mockery from their neighbours AC Milan; Milan were having a period of success both domestically and in Europe. They also seemed to be suffering from a series of non-ending defeats at the hands of their city rivals, including an unfortunate 0-6 defeat in the 2000/01 season -- their worst "home" result in history. Marco Tardelli, chosen to replace Lippi, failed to improve results, and is remembered by Inter fans as the manager that lost this match. Other members of the Inter squad during this period that suffered were the likes of Christian Vieriand Fabio Cannavaro, both of whom had their restaurants in Milan vandalised after defeats against AC Milan.
Inter fans' protests throughout this period ranged from vandalism to banners being unfurled in the stadium to protest against certain players. In some cases fans arranged for the Curva Nord, a section of the stadium to be empty for entire matches. Inter were in this period often deemed to be one of the favourites for the championship. This led to a popular
AC Milanchant against Inter – "Luglio Agosto" (July and August); this was because during the summer months according to the press Inter had won the championship before it had even begun, only for them not to realise their promise.
In 2002, not only did Inter manage to make it to the Uefa cup semi-finals, they were also only 45 minutes away from capturing the Scudetto, when they needed to maintain a one-goal advantage over
SS Lazioat Rome's Olimpico stadium in the final match of the season, and Inter were top of the Serie A table at kick-off. However, a defeat would see Juventus, who were second, or even AS Roma, in third place, take the title from them, should these sides win. As a result, some SS Laziofans were actually openly supporting Inter during this match, as an Inter victory would prevent their bitter rivals AS Roma from winning the championship. Inter were 2-1 up after only 24 minutes. SS Lazioequalised during first half injury time and then scored two more goals in the second half to clinch victory that eventually saw Juventus win the championship after their 2-0 victory away to Udinese. The date of this match -- 5th May 2002 -- still haunts Inter.
2002/03 saw Inter take a respectable second place and also managed to make it to the 2003 Champions League semi finals against AC Milan. Although they drew on aggregate 1-1 with AC Milan, Inter lost on the
away goalsrule, even though both matches were played in the same stadium. It was another disappointment but they were finally on the right track.
However, once again Massimo Moratti's impatience got the better of him,
Hernán Crespowas sold after just one season, and Hector Cuperwas fired after only a few games. Alberto Zaccheronistepped in, a life-long Inter fan but also the man who had been in charge of SS Lazio's 4-2 win over Inter in 2002 - the fans were sceptical. Zaccheroni brought nothing new to the side, apart from two fantastic wins over Juventus3-1 in Turin and 3-2 at the San Siroand the season was again nothing special. They were eliminated from the UEFA Champions Leaguein the first round after finishing 3rd in the group. Furthermore, they only just managed to qualify for the Champions League by finishing in 4th place, only a point ahead of Parma. Inter's only saving grace in 2003/04 was the arrival of Dejan Stankovicand Adriano in January 2004, both solid players that filled the gap left by the departures of Hernán Crespoand Clarence Seedorf.
15 June 2005, Inter won the Coppa Italia, defeating AS Roma in the two-legged final 3-0 on aggregate (1-0 win in Milan and 2-0 win in Rome) and followed that up on 20 August2005, by winning the Supercoppa Italianaafter an extra-time 1-0 victory against original 04-05 Serie A champions Juventus (before being stripped of this title). This Super Cup win was Inter's first since 1989, coincidentally the same year since Inter last won the Scudetto before 2006. On 11 May 2006, Inter retained their Coppa Italiatrophy by once again, defeating AS Roma with a 4-1 aggregate victory (A 1-1 scoreline in Romeand a 3-1 win at the Giuseppe Meazza, San Siro).
Inter were awarded the 2005-06 Serie A championship as they were the highest placed side in the season's final league table after points were stripped from Juventus and AC Milan - both sides being involved in the match fixing scandal that year. On 14 July 2006, The Italian Federal Appeal Commission found Serie A clubs Juventus,
Lazio, Fiorentina, Reggina and AC Milan guilty of match-fixing and punished the 5 clubs involved, although all charges were later reduced to some extent. As a result, with the relegation of Juventus Turin to Serie B(for the first ever time in their history) and the 8-point deduction for city rivals AC Milan, Inter became favorites to retain their Serie A title for the upcoming 2006-07 Serie A season.
During the season, Inter went on a record-breaking run of 17 consecutive victories in Serie A, starting on
25 September2006 with a 4-1 home win over Livorno, and ending on 28 February 2007, after a 1-1 draw at home to Udinese. The 5-2 away win at Catania on 25 February2007 broke the original record of 15 matches held by both Bayern Munich and Real Madrid from the "Big 5" (the top flight leagues in England, Italy, Spain, France & Germany). The run lasted for almost 5 months and is among the best in European league football, with just Benfica (29 wins), Celtic (25 wins) and PSV Eindhoven(22 wins) bettering it. Inter's form dipped a little as they recorded 0-0 and 2-2 draws against relegation-battlers Reggina and slumping to Palermo (respectively), the latter game featuring a second-half comeback after Palermo went up 2-0 at halftime. They could not keep their invincible form up near the end of the season as well, as they lost their first game of the domestic season to Roma in the San Siro 3-1 thanks to two late Roma goals. Inter had enjoyed an unbeaten Serie A run for just under a year.
On 22 April 2007 Inter were crowned Serie A champions for the second consecutive season after defeating Siena 2-1 at Stadio Artemio Franchi. Italian World Cup winning defender
Marco Materazziscored both goals in the 18th and 60th minute, with the latter being a penalty. Inter started the 2007–08 season with the goal of winning both Serie A and UEFA Champions League. The team started well in the league, topping the table from the first round of matches, and also managed to qualify for the Champions League knockout stage; however, a late collapse leading to a 2-0 defeat with 10 men away to Liverpool on February 19 in the Champions League threw into question Mancini's future at Inter, and domestic form took a sharp turn of fortune with the team failing to win in the three following Serie A games (drawing with Sampdoria and major league opponents Roma, before losing away to Napoli their first domestic defeat of the season. After being eliminated by Liverpool in the Champions League, Mancini then announced his intention to leave his job, only to change his mind the following day.
An improvement in results then gave Inter the chance to wrap up their scudetto race twice, but a defeat to city rivals
A.C. Milanand a home draw against Siena catapulted AS Roma to within just 1 point of Inter going into the final round of the Championship. Inter then managed to win at Parma thanks to two goals by Swedish striker Zlatan Ibrahimovic, who was still recovering from a knee injury and came off the bench to score for his team.
Following this win, the club however decided to sack Mancini on 29 May, citing his declarations following the Champions League defeat to Liverpool as the reason.cite news |url=http://www.inter.it/aas/news/reader?N=29393&L=en |publisher=FC Internazionale Milano |accessdate=2008-05-29 |date=
2008-05-29|title=F.C. Internazionale statement] On June 2 Inter announced on their official website that they had appointed former Porto and Chelsea boss José Mourinhoas new head coach, with Giuseppe Baresias his assistant. This makes Mourinho the only foreign coach in Italy for the forthcoming season. [cite news |url=http://www.inter.it/aas/news/reader?N=41433&L=it |publisher=FC Internazionale Milano |language=Italian |title=Nuovo allenatore: Josè Mourinho all'Inter |accessdate=2008-06-02 |date= 2008-06-02] . Mourinho made only three additions to the squad during the summer transfer window of 2008 in the form of Alessandro Faiolhe Amantino[cite news |url=http://www.goal.com/en/Articolo.aspx?ContenutoId=777599 |publisher=Goal.com |title=Offical: Inter sign Mancini |accessdate=2008-07-20 |date= 2008-07-20] , Sulley Ali Muntari[cite news |url=http://www.goal.com/en-us/Articolo.aspx?ContenutoId=794438 |publisher=Goal.com |title=Offical: Inter sign Muntari |accessdate=2008-08-15 |date= 2008-07-28] and Ricardo Quaresma[cite web|url=http://www.goal.com/en/Articolo.aspx?ContenutoId=843526 |title=Official: Quaresma Joins Inter |first=Scime |last=Adam |publisher = Goal.com |date=2008-09-01 |accessdate=2008-09-01] .
Other historical information
Inter have never been relegated from the Italian top flight in their entire history, which dates back all the way to 1908; a fact Nerazzurri fans hold in high regard. By comparison, AC Milan have been relegated twice, despite winning one more "scudetto". As of 2007, following Juventus' relegation to
Serie Bfor the 2006-07 season following the " Calciopoli" scandal Inter remain the only Italian club that holds this honour, and its century in the top flight (counting the upcoming season) is one of the longest unbroken runs of any club in the world.
presidentand owner of Inter is Massimo Moratti. His father, Angelo Moratti, was the president of Inter during the club's golden era of the 1960s.
18 September 2008" [cite web|url=http://www.inter.it/aas/squadra/index?L=it|language=Italian|publisher=FC Internazionale Milano|title=Squadra|accessdate=2008-09-01]
Out on loan
3 – flagicon|Italy
Giacinto Facchetti, left fullback, 1960–1978 "(posthumous honour)"
Inter have had numerous presidents over the course of their history, some of which have been the owners of the club, others have been honorary presidents, here is a complete list of them.cite news|url=http://www.interfc.it/Presidenti.asp|publisher=InterFC.it|title=Tutti I Presidenti|date=2007-06-08]
Colours, badge and nicknames
Football kit box
align = left
leftarm = 000000
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title = Ambrosiana kitFor the majority of their history Inter have worn black and blue stripes. When the club was first founded in 1908, black was chosen to represent
nightand blue was chosen to represent the sky.cite news|url=http://www.corriere.it/vivimilano/speciali/inter/index.shtml|publisher=ViviMilano.it|title=9 marzo 1908, 43 milanisti fondano l’Inter|date=2007-06-24] After a merger in 1928 with "Unione Sportiva Milanese", Inter changed its name to "Ambrosiana SS Milano" and its colours to a white shirt with a red cross on top of it, the new colours represented the flag of Milan.cite news|url=http://www.toffs.com/icat/ambrosiana|publisher=Toffs.com|title=Ambrosiana S.S 1928|date=2007-06-24] After World War IIthe club changed their name and their colours back to the original incarnation, Inter continue on with the black and blue stripes to this day, leading to the nickname " nerazzurri".cite news|url=http://www.footballderbies.com/honours/index.php?id=30|publisher=FootballDerbies.com|title=AC Milan vs. Inter Milan|date=2007-07-25] The Milanese flag kit has been revived occasionally as an away kit however.
One of the nicknames of Inter is "I
biscione" which means "the big grass snake". It was chosen because in Milanese heraldrythe snake is historically important; it features on the coat of arms of the House of Sforza(who ruled over Italy from Milan during the Renaissanceperiod), the city of Milan, the historical Duchy of Milan(a four hundred year state of the Holy Roman Empire) and Insubria(a historical regional area which the city of Milan falls within).
upporters and rivalries
Inter is the third most supported football club in
Italyaccording to an August 2007 research by Italian newspaper " La Repubblica",cite news|url=http://www.repubblica.it/2007/08/sezioni/sport/calcio/tifo-contro/tifo-contro/tifo-contro.html|publisher=La Repubblica official website|title=Research: Supporters of football clubs in Italy|date=August 2007|language=Italian] . Historically the largest section of Inter fans from the city of Milan, have been the middle-class " bourgeoisie" Milanese, while AC Milan fans are typically working-class and a significant portion are migrants from Southern Italy.
ultrasgroup of Inter is "Boys San", they hold a significant place in the history of the ultras scene in general due to the fact that they are one of the oldest; founded in 1969. Politically the ultras of Inter are usually considered right-wing, as thus they have good relationships with Verona and Lazio. As well as the main group "Boys San", there are four more significant groups; "Viking", "Irriducibili", "Ultras", and "Brianza Alcoolica".
Inter have several rivalries, two of which are highly significant in
Italian football; firstly they participate in the inter-city " Derby della Madonnina" with AC Milan, the rivalry has existed ever since Inter splintered off from Milan in 1908. The name of the derby refers to the Blessed Virgin Mary, whose statue atop the Milan Cathedralis one of the city's main attractions. The match usually creates a lively atmosphere, with numerous (often humorous or offensive) banners unfolded before the match. Flares are commonly present, but they also led to the abandonment of the second leg of the 2005 Champions League quarter-final matchup between Milan and Inter on 12 April, after a flare thrown from the crowd by an Inter supporter struck Milan keeper Dida on the shoulder. [cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/europe/4432047.stm|publisher=BBC.co.uk|title=Milan game ended by crowd trouble|date=2007-07-25]
The other most significant rivalry is with Juventus, the two participate in the "
Derby d'Italia". Up until the 2006 Serie A match-fixing scandal, which saw Juventus relegated, the two were the only Italian clubs to have never played below Serie A. Notably the two sides are the most supported in Italy, the rivalry has intensified since the later part of the 1990s. [cite news|url=http://www.channel4.com/sport/football_italia/jul8i.html|publisher=Channel4.com|title=Juve chief: Let’s beat Inter|date=2007-06-08] Clubs such as Bologna, Atalanta and Roma are also considered to be amongst their rivals.cite news|url=http://website.lineone.net/~view_from_the_terrace/italsce.html
publisher=View from the Terrace|title= Italian Ultras Scene|date=
29 June 2007]
Serie A::*Champions (16): 1909–10; 1919–20; 1929–30; 1937–38; 1939–40; 1952–53; 1953–54; 1962–63; 1964–65; 1965–66; 1970–71; 1979–80; 1988–89; 2005–06; 2006–07; 2007-08 :*Runners-up (14): 1932–33; 1933–34; 1934–35; 1940–41; 1945–46; 1948–49; 1950–51; 1961–62; 1963–64; 1966–67; 1969–70; 1992–93; 1997–98; 2002–03 Supercoppa Italiana::*Champions (4): 1989; 2005; 2006; 2008:*Runners-up (2): 2001; 2007
The following titles include only those which are recognised by
UEFA Champions League(former European Cup)::*Champions (2): 1963–64; 1964–65:*Runners-up (2): 1966–67; 1971–72 UEFA Cup::*Champions (3): 1990–91; 1993–94; 1997–98:*Runners-up (1): 1996–97 Mitropa Cup::*Runners-up (1): 1932–33
Intercontinental Cup: Up until 2004, the main
FIFAfootball club competition was the Intercontinental Champions Club' Cup (so called "European / South American Cup"); since then, it has been the "FIFA World Club Championship".] :*Champions (2): 1964; 1965
FC Internazionale Milano as a company
According to The Football Money League published by consultants
Deloitte, in season 2005-06 Inter were the 7th highest earning football club in the world with an estimated revenue of €206.6 million
Kit providers and sponsors
* [http://www.inter.it Official Website]
;General fan sites
* [http://interfanclub.com/ Inter Fan Club] FC Inter Fan Club
* [http://interbelarus.com/ FC Inter Fan Club] FC Inter Belarusian Fan Club
* [http://www.channel4.com/sport/football_italia/planetinter.html Channel4.com's Galaxy Calcio: Planet Inter]
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