- S.S. Lazio
Infobox Football club
clubname = Lazio
fullname = Società Sportiva Lazio SpA
nickname = "Biancocelesti" (White and sky-blue)
"Aquilotti" (Young Eagles)
"Le Aquile" (The Eagles)
founded = January 9, 1900
Stadio Olimpico Rome, Italy
capacity = 81,903
chairman = flagicon|Italy
mgrtitle = Head Coach
manager = flagicon|Italy
season = 2007–08
position = Serie A, 12th
Società Sportiva Lazio, (ISE|IT0003621783|SSL) commonly referred to SS Lazio or simply Lazio, is an Italian professional
sports clubmost noted for its football section, founded in 1900 and based in Rome. Lazio participate in thirty-seven sports disciplines in total, more than any other sports association in Europe. [it icon cite news|url=http://www.casalazio.it/sezioni.asp|publisher=CasaLazio.it|title=Elenco Sezioni Polisportiva Lazio|date= 2007-07-08|language=it] [it icon cite web|url=http://www.sslazio.it/cms/view/home/societa_/storia/s131|publisher=SSLazio.it|title=La Storia|accessdate=2008-09-19]
Lazio's association footballers, who play in
sky blueshirts with white shorts, have won Serie Atwice, first in 1973–74 and then again in 1999–00. As well as winning four Coppa Italiatrophies, Lazio have earned silverware on the European stage, winning the UEFA Cup Winners' Cupand UEFA Super Cupboth in 1999. [it icon cite web|url=http://www.sslazio.it/cms/view/home/societa_/palmares/s132|work=sslazio.it|title=Palmares|accessdate=2008-06-07] The club has spent most of their history in the top tier in Italian football, where they are currently playing in the 2007–08 season.
Home games are played at the
Stadio Olimpico, a stadium they share with rivals AS Roma. [it icon cite web|url=http://www.sslazio.it/sincmstemplate/extras/download/pdf/StadioOlimpico_regolamentoUso.pdf|work=SSLazio.it|title=Stadio Olimpico Regulation|accessdate=2008-06-08|format=PDF] [it icon cite web|url= http://www.sslazio.it/cms/view/home/societa_/stadio_olimpico/s134|title=History of Stadio Olimpico|work=SSLazio.it|accessdate=2008-06-14]
:"For more details on this topic, see
History of S.S. Lazio"
Foundation to post-World War II (1900–1949)
"Società Podistica Lazio", or "Lazio "Track and Field" Club" was founded on January 9, 1900 in the Prati district of Rome. Wanting to encompass more than just the city of Rome that they were from, the club's nine original founding members [Luigi Bigiarelli, a
non-commissioned officerin the Bersaglieri, Giacomo Bigiarelli, Odoacre Aloisi, Arturo Balestrieri, Alceste Grifoni, Giulio Lefevre, Galileo Massa, Alberto Mesones, Enrico Venier.] chose to name Lazio after the region in which the city is located ( Lazio).
Lazio joined league competition in 1912 as soon as the
Italian Football Federationbegan organizing championships in the center and south of Italy, and reached the final of the national championship playoff three times, but never won, losing in 1913 to Pro Vercelli, in 1914 to Casale and in 1923 to Genoa 1893.
In 1927 Lazio was the only major Roman club which resisted the Fascist regime's attempts to merge all the city's teams into what would become
A.S. Romathe same year.
The club played in the first organized
Serie Ain 1929 and, led by legendary Italian striker Silvio Piola, [it icon cite web|url=http://cronologia.leonardo.it/sport/crono34.htm|work=cronologia.leonardo.it|title=Silvio Piola|accessdate=2008-06-07] achieved a second place finish in 1937—its highest pre-war result.
1950s and 60s
The 1950s produced a mix of mid and upper table results with an Italian Cup win in 1958.
Lazio was relegated for the first time in 1961 to the
Serie B, but returned two years later. Under Argentine coach Juan Carlos Lorenzo, Lazio's tight defence ensured a credible 8th place finish in 1964 with a paltry 21 goals scored and a stingy 24 conceded. [cite web|url=http://www.rsssf.com/tablesi/ital64.html |work=RSSSF|title=Italy 1963/64|accessdate=2008-06-15] A 3-0 away win over Juventus was a highlight of the season.
Stars of the side in those years included midfielder Nello Governato, who later went on to work as a manager for the club. Lazio were relegated in 1967 and returned to
Serie Athree years later finishing 8th in the top flight. [cite web|url=http://www.rsssf.com/tablesi/ital70.html |work=RSSSF|title=Italy 1969/70|accessdate=2008-06-15]
The 1970s began just as the 1960s did, with relegation following the 1970–71 season. [cite web|url=http://www.rsssf.com/tablesi/ital71.html |work=RSSSF|title=Italy 1970/71|accessdate=2008-06-15] However promotion the following year ushered in Lazio's first truly successful period. They took to the field in the 1972–73 season with a team comprising English-born captain
Giuseppe Wilsonin defence, Luciano Re Cecconiand Mario Frustalupiin midfield, Renzo Garlaschelliand Giorgio Chinagliaup front, and coach Tommaso Maestrelli. [it icon cite web|url=http://www.vecchiasignora.com/lofiversion/index.php/t26959.html| title=La Lazio di Re Cecconi|work=Vecchiasignora.com|accessdate=2008-06-15] With Chinaglia providing the goals and the defence giving little away, Lazio emerged as surprise challengers for the Scudetto to Milan and Juventus in 1972–1973, only losing out on the final day of the season after conceding a late goal at Napoli (whilst Juventus left it late to secure a win at Lazio's bitter rivals Roma).
It served as a prelude to a breakthrough for the 1973–74 season, when Lazio would sweep all before them to win their first league title, having lead throughout the season. [it icon cite web|url=http://www.postadelgufo.it/lazio/lazio74.html|work= Postadelgufo.it|title=I banditi e i Campioni - Lazio '73-'74 - Uno scudetto "contro" tutto e tutti|accessdate=2008-06-15] [cite web|url=http://www.rsssf.com/tablesi/ital74.html |work=RSSSF|title=Italy 1973/74|accessdate=2008-06-15] Unfortunately this was not built upon, as 4th place the following year would be followed by a struggle against relegation in 1975–76 [cite web|url=http://www.rsssf.com/tablesi/ital76.html |work=RSSSF|title=Italy 1975/76|accessdate=2008-06-15] and a mid-table finish in 1977–78 (with a 5th place finish in 1976–77 in between). [cite web|url=http://www.rsssf.com/tablesi/ital77.html |work=RSSSF|title=Italy 1976/77|accessdate=2008-06-15] The tragic deaths of
Luciano Re Cecconi[it icon cite web|url=http://www.pagine70.com/vmnews/wmview.php?ArtID=601|work=pagine70.com |title=Luciano Re Cecconi, l'Angelo biondo|author=Paolo Benetollo|accessdate=2008-06-15] and scudetto trainer Tommaso Maestrelliin addition to the departure of Chinaglia would be a triple blow for Lazio. The emergence of Bruno Giordanoduring this period provided some relief as he finished League top scorer in 1979, when Lazio finished 8th. [cite web|url=http://www.rsssf.com/tablesi/ital79.html |work=RSSSF|title=Italy 1978/79|accessdate=2008-06-15]
Lazio were forcibly relegated to Serie B in 1980 due to a remarkable scandal concerning illegal bets on their own matches, along with Milan. They remained in Italy's second division for three seasons in what would mark the darkest period in Lazio's history. They would return in 1983 and manage a last-day escape from relegation the following season. 1984–85 would prove harrowing, with a pitiful 15 points and bottom place finish despite the emergence of promising, though albeit unfulfilled talent of
Francesco Dell'Annoand Francesco Fonte.
In 1986, Lazio was hit with a 9-point deduction (a true deathblow back in the day of the two-point win) for a betting scandal involving one player, Claudio Vinazzini. An epic struggle against relegation followed the same season in
Serie B, with the club led by trainer Eugenio Fascettionly avoiding relegation to the Serie Cafter play-off wins over Taranto and Campobasso. This would prove a turning point in the club's history, with Lazio returning to Serie A in 1988 and, under the careful financial management of Gianmarco Calleri, the consolidation of the club's position as a solid top-flight club.
1990s - the Cragnotti years
The arrival of
Sergio Cragnotti, in 1992, changed the club's history forever as he was prepared to invest long term in new players for the club in order to make the team a competitor on the Serie A level. Cragnotti repeatedly broke transfer records in pursuit of players who were considered major stars - Juan Sebastian Veronfor £18million, Christian Vierifor £19million and breaking the world transfer record, albeit only for a matter of weeks, to sign Hernan Crespofrom Parma for £35million. [it icon cite web|url=http://www.calciopro.com/calciomercato/classifica-dei-trasferimenti-record/|work=calciopro.com|title=Classifica dei trasferimenti record|accessdate=2008-06-15]
In 1993 Lazio finished fifth in Serie A, fourth in 1994, second in 1995, third in 1996, and fourth again in 1997, then it lost the championship just by one point to AC Milan on the last championship's match in 1999 before, with the likes of
Siniša Mihajlović, Alessandro Nesta, Marcelo Salasand Pavel Nedvedin the side, finally winning its second "scudetto" in 2000, as well as the Italian Cup in an impressive and rare (by Italian standards) "double" with Sven-Göran Eriksson(1997–2001) as manager. [it icon cite web|url=http://capital.repubblica.it/html/lazio/|work=capital.repubblica.it|title=Campionato 1999-2000|accessdate=2008-06-15] [it icon cite web|url=http://www.solocalcio.com/gallery/players/Italia19992000.htm |work=solocalcio.com|title=COPPA ITALIA 1999-2000|accessdate=2008-06-15]
In addition to the aforementioned one, Lazio had two other Coppa Italia triumphs in recent years, in 1998 and 2004. Lazio also won the last ever UEFA
Cup Winners' Cupin 1999 [it icon cite web|url=http://capital.repubblica.it/html/lazio/|work=capital.repubblica.it|title=Campionato 1999-2000|accessdate=2008-06-15] [it icon cite web|url=http://it.uefa.com/competitions/ecwc/news/kind=1/newsid=434737.html|work=UEFA|title=1998/99: Nedvěd firma il successo laziale|accessdate=2008-07-08] and reached the UEFA Cupfinal in 1998, but lost 0-3 against a Ronaldo-inspired Inter Milan. [it icon cite web|url=http://it.uefa.com/competitions/uefacup/history/season=1997/intro.html|work=UEFA|title=L'Inter vince una finale senza storia|accessdate=2008-07-08] Lazio won the Italian Super Cuptwice and defeated Manchester Unitedin 1999 to win the European Super Cup. [it icon cite web|url=http://it.uefa.com/competitions/supercup/history/season=1999/intro.html|work=UEFA|title=Salas affonda il Manchester|accessdate=2008-07-08] Lazio was also the first Italian football club to be quoted on the Italian "Piazza Affari" stock market.
2000 to present—decline and revival
Lazio began the decade brightly by winning the Italian Super Cup and finishing in 3rd place in the league - but the departure of Sven Goran Eriksson accelerated the decline of the club. With money running out, or wasted on transfer flops like
Gaizka Mendietafor £28million, Lazio missed the all-important qualification for the UEFA Champions League in the 2001/2002 season, finishing in a disappointing 6th place.
A financial scandal involving Cragnotti and his food products multinational
Cirioforced him to leave the club in 2002, and Lazio was controlled until 2004 by caretaker financial managers and a bank pool. This forced the club to sell their star players and even the "symbol" of the club - club captain Nesta - in quick succession. Lazio was subsequently sold to entrepreneur Claudio Lotito, who is the current majority share owner. [it icon cite web|url=http://guide.dada.net/ss_lazio/interventi/2004/07/168883.shtml|title=Claudio Lotito is the new Lazio chairman|work= Guide.dada.net|accessdate=2008-06-12]
That summer, 36-year old former Lazio star
Paolo Di Canioaccepted to join the club he supported as a youth, taking a 75 per cent paycut. The 2005–2006 season saw Lazio lose veterans such as Fernando Couto, Paolo Negroand Giuliano Giannicheddawho were let go by the club, among other things, to lower its salary expenditure. The 2005–2006 season under the coaching of Delio Rossisaw the club compete beyond all expectations with a team which blends remaining veterans such as Angelo Peruzziand midfield fan favourites Fabio Liveraniand Ousmane Dabowith an infusion of motivated players with lower salary demands. The policy proved to be successful as the club qualified for the 2006–07 UEFA Cup.
On July 14, it was announced that they had been relegated to Serie B with a 7 point penalty for their involvement in match-fixing scandal. [it icon cite web|url=http://www.repubblica.it/2006/07/sezioni/sport/calcio/sentenza-caf/sentenza-caf/sentenza-caf.html |title=Prima sentenza sullo scandalo calcio: Juve, Lazio e Fiorentina in serie B|work=Repubblica.it|accessdate= 2008-06-12] The club's appeal was successful and in a judgment released on July 25, Lazio's penalty was reduced to an 11 point deduction in the following Serie A season (subsequently further reduced to 3 points) and a 30 point deduction in the previous Serie A season, resulting in the loss of their qualification to the following UEFA Cup. [it icon cite web|url=http://www.repubblica.it/2006/10/sezioni/sport/calcio/collegio-arbitrale-coni/collegio-arbitrale-coni/collegio-arbitrale-coni.html |title=Scandalo calcio, sconti di pena per Juve, Lazio e Fiorentina|work=Repubblica.it|accessdate=2008-06-12]
Despite a later-reduced points deduction, Lazio achieved a 3rd place finish in the 2006/2007, just falling short of breaking the club record for games won in succession - the current squad racked up 8 wins in a row, compared to the 2000 Scudetto winning squad who set the record of 9. [it icon cite web|url= http://www.repubblica.it/2007/05/sezioni/sport/calcio/serie_a/giornata-37/lazio-parma/lazio-parma.html|title=Lazio-Parma, poche emozioni per una partita di fine stagione|work=Repubblica.it|accessdate=2008-06-12] In the 2007/2008 season Lazio struggled to beat
Dinamo Bucharestin the preliminary round of the Champions League and eventually ended bottom of their group, that was composed of Real Madrid, Werder Bremenand Olympiakos. Things in the league did not go much better with the team spending most of the season in the bottom half of the table, sparking the protests of the fans. Lazio eventually ended the Serie A season in 12th place.
Colours, badge and nicknames
Football kit box
align = left
pattern_b = __whitequarters14
leftarm = FFffff
body = BADAFF
rightarm = ffffff
shorts = 000000
socks = 000000
title = Lazio's original kit.
Lazio's colours of white and sky blue were inspired by the
national emblem of Greece, due to the fact that Lazio is a mixed sports club this was chosen in recognition of the fact that the Ancient Olympic Gamesand along with it the sporting tradition in Europe is linked to Greece. [cite news|url=http://albionroad.com/club-profiles/lazio.html|publisher=AlbionRoad.com|title=Lazio|date= 2007-06-24]
Originally Lazio wore a shirt which was divided into white and sky blue quarters, with black shorts and socks. After a while of wearing a plain white shirt very early on, Lazio reverted to the colours which they wear today.cite news|url=http://www.ultraslazio.it/maglie.htm|publisher=UltrasLazio.it|title=Maglie|date=
2007-06-24] Some seasons Lazio have used a sky blue and white shirt with stripes, but usually it is sky blue with a white trim, with the white shorts and socks.it icon cite news|url=http://www.ultraslazio.it/maglie.htm|publisher=UltrasLazio.it|title=Maglie|date= 2007-06-24] The club's colours have led to their Italian nickname of "biancocelesti". [cite news|url=http://www.football.co.uk/lazio/information.shtml|publisher=Football.co.uk|title=Lazio Football Team Information|date= 2007-06-24]
Lazio's traditional club badge and symbol is the
eagle, which was chosen by founding member Luigi Bigiarelli. [it icon cite news|url=http://www.ultraslazio.it/stemmi.htm|publisher=LazioUltras.it|title=Evoluzione di un simbolo nobile e glorioso|date= 2007-06-24] It is an acknowledgment to the emblem of the Roman Empire's army commonly known as the Aquila; the Roman legioncarried the symbol with them when going in to battle. [cite news|url=http://library.thinkquest.org/26602/armyunits.htm|publisher=ThinkQuest|title=Res Militaris - Standard Bearer|date= 2007-06-24] Lazio's use of the symbol has led to two of their nicknames; "Aquilotti" (Young Eagles)and "le Aquile" (the Eagles). The current club badge features a golden eagle above a white shield with a blue border; inside the shield is the club's name and a smaller tripartite shield with the colours of the club.
upporters and rivalries
"For main article, see
S.S. Lazio fans"
Lazio is the sixth most supported football club in Italy with around 3.5% of Italian football fans supporting the club (according to the Doxa Institute-L'Expresso’s research of April 2006). [it icon cite news|url=http://espresso.repubblica.it/dettaglio-archivio/163496|publisher=L'Expresso|title="L'altra metà del pallone": Supporters of football clubs in Italy|date=
2006-04-01] Historically the largest section of Lazio supporters in the city of Rome has come from the northern section just above the Vatican City, creating an archlike shape across Rome with affluent areas such as; Parioli, Prati, Flaminio, Salario, Nomentano, Cassia and Monte Mario. [cite news|url=http://www.itv-football.co.uk/story/0,19239,13224_2713715,00.html|publisher=ITV-Football.co.uk|title=S.S. Lazio|date= 2007-06-29]
Founded in 1987 "Irriducibili Lazio" are currently the club's biggest
ultrasgroup. In terms of match day displays Lazio ultras opt for a traditionally English style and embrace elements of lad culture. Usually the only time they create traditional Italian ultras displays is for the " Derby della Capitale".cite news|url=http://website.lineone.net/~view_from_the_terrace/italsce.html
publisher=View from the Terrace|title= Italian Ultras Scene|date=
Derby della Capitale", known in English speaking countries as the " Rome derby" is a match between Lazio and their main rivals Roma; it is amongst the most heated and emotional footballing rivalries in the world. A Lazio fan, Vincenzo Paparelli was killed at one of the derby games during the 1979–80 season after being hit in the eye by a flare thrown by a Roma fan. [cite news|url=http://www.ultraslazio.it/ukstory.htm|publisher=UltrasLazio.it|title=Ultras History|date= 2007-06-29] Lazio also have a strong rivalry with Napoli. Conversely the ultras have friendly relationships with Inter, Triestinaand Hellas Verona. They also have friendships with clubs elsewhere in Europe, including Real Madrid, Espanyol(the four blues: Lazio, Espanyol, 1860 Munichand Manchester City) and Chelsea. [cite news|url=http://www.ultraslazio.it/ukrapporti.htm|publisher=UltrasLazio.it|title=Relationships|date= 2007-06-29]
ocietà Sportiva Lazio as a company
In 1998, during Sergio Cragnotti's period in charge, Società Sportiva Lazio became a
joint stock company; Lazio were the first Italian club to do so. [cite news|url=http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/Societagrave;-Sportiva-Lazio-SpA-Company-History.html|publisher=Funding Universe|title=S.S. Lazio S.p.A|date= 2007-06-29] Currently, the Lazio shares are distributed between Claudio Lotito, who holds 61.312%, and other shareholders who own the remaining 38.688%. [it icon cite news|url=http://www.consob.it/mainen/issuers/listed_companies/index.html?codconsob=113122|publisher=Consob.it|title=S.S. Lazio SpA|date= 2007-06-08] Along with Juventus and Roma, Lazio is one of only three Italian clubs listed on the Borsa Italiana(Italian stock exchange). Unlike the other two Italian clubs on the stock exchange there is only one significantly large share holder in Lazio.
According to The Football Money League published by consultants
Deloitte, in the 2004–05 season Lazio was the twentieth highest earning football club in the world with an estimated revenue of €83 million. [cite news|url=http://www.deloitte.com/dtt/press_release/0,1014,sid%253D2834%2526cid%253D145152,00.html|publisher=Deloitte UK|title= Real Madrid stays at the top|date= 2007-06-08]
"As of September 20, 2008" [cite web|url=http://www.sslazio.it/cms/view/home/squadra/prima_squadra_stagione_2008_2009/s136|accessdate=2008-09-03|publisher=sslazio.it|title=Prima Squadra|language=Italian] [cite web|url=http://www.lega-calcio.it/comun/0809/cs8.pdf|accessdate=2008-08-23|publisher=Lega Nazionale Professionisti|title=Variazione numerazione maglie|language=Italian|format=PDF] [cite web|url=http://www.lega-calcio.it/comun/0809/cs16.pdf|accessdate=2008-09-13|publisher=Lega Nazionale Professionisti|title=Variazione numerazione maglie|language=Italian|format=PDF] [cite web|url=http://www.sslazio.it/cms/view/home/squadra/prima_squadra/s137|accessdate=2008-09-20|publisher=sslazio.it|title=Prima Squadra|language=Italian]
"For all transfers and loans pertaining to Lazio for the current season, please see; summer 2008 transfers".
Below is a complete presidential history of Lazio, from when the club was first founded until the present day. [it icon cite news|url=http://www.ultraslazio.it/presidenti.htm|publisher=UltrasLazio.it|title=I Presidenti della Lazio|date=
*: 2"':"Winners": 1998; 2000:"Runners-up": 2004
Serie B: 1:"Champions": 1968–69:"Runners-up": 1962–63; 1971–72; 1982–83:"Promoted": 1987–88
Coppa delle Alpi::"Winners": 1971
Youth team titles
Trofeo Giacinto Facchetti: 4:*Champions: 1975–76; 1986–87; 1994–95; 2000–01
* cite book|last=Anonymous|first=|title=La storia della Lazio|publisher=L'airone Editrice|year=2005|location=Rome|id=ISBN 8-879-44725-4
* cite book|last=Barbero|first=Sergio|title=Lazio. Il lungo volo dell'aquila|publisher=Graphot|year=1999|location=|id=ISBN 8-88690-619-6
* cite book|last=Barraco|first=Egidio|title=Nella Lazio ho giocato anch'io. Novantanni in biancoazzurro|publisher=Aldo Pimerano|year=1992|location=|id=ISBN 8-88594-609-7
* cite book|last=Bocchio|first=Sandro|coauthors=Giovanni Tosco|title=Dizionario della grande Lazio|publisher=Newton & Compton|year=2000|location=|id=ISBN 8-88289-495-9
* cite book|last=Cacciari|first=Patrizio|coauthors=Filacchione; Stabile|title=1974. Nei ricordi dei protagonisti la storia incredibile della Lazio di Maestrelli|publisher=Eraclea Libreria Sportiva|year=2004|location=|id=ISBN 8-88877-110-7
* cite book|last=Chinaglia|first=Giorgio|title=Passione Lazio|publisher=Lucarini|year=1984|location=Rome|id=ISBN 8-87033-051-6
* cite book|last=Chiappaventi|first=Guy|title=Pistole e palloni. Gli anni Settanta nel racconto della Lazio campione d'Italia|publisher=|year=2004|location=Limina|id=ISBN 8-88855-130-1
* cite book|last=Filacchione|first=Marco|title=Il volo dell'aquila. Numeri e uomini della grande Lazio|publisher=Eraclea Libreria Sportiva|year=|location=|id=ISBN 8-88877-108-5
* cite book|last=Martin|first=Simon|title=Calcio e fascismo. Lo sport nazionale sotto Mussolini|year=2006|publisher=Mondadori|id=ISBN 8804555661
* cite book|last=Melli|first=Franco|title=Cara Lazio|publisher=Lucarini|year=2000|location=Rome|id=ISBN 8-87033-297-7
* cite book|last=Melli|first=Franco|title=Saga biancazzurra. La Lazio, Cragnotti, il nuovo potere|publisher=Limina|year=2000|location=Rome|id=ISBN 8-88671-356-8
* cite book|last=Pennacchia|first=Mario|title=Lazio patria nostra: storia della società biancoceleste|publisher=Abete Edizioni|year=1994|location=Rome|id=ISBN 8-87047-058-X
* cite book|last=Recanatesi|first=Franco|title=Uno più undici. Maestrelli: la vita di un gentiluomo del calcio, dagli anni Trenta allo scudetto del '74|publisher=L'Airone Editrice|year=2005|location=Rome|id=ISBN 8-87944-844-7
* cite book|last=Tozzi|first=Alessandro|title=La mia Lazio. L'Avventura nel meno nove e altre storie biancocelesti|publisher=Eraclea Libreria Sportiva|year=2005|location=|id=ISBN 8-88877-114-X
* cite book|last=Valilutti|first=Francesco|title=Breve storia della grande Lazio|year=1997|publisher=Newton & Compton editori|location=Rome|id=ISBN 8-87983-859-8
* [http://www.sslazio.it/ Official website] it icon
* [http://www.laziopolisportiva.net Laziopolisportiva.net] it icon
* [http://www.laziowiki.org/wiki/Pagina_principale LazioWiki: progetto enciclopedico sulla S.S. Lazio] it icon
* [http://www.interlog.it/enciclopedia/default.php Enciclopedia Biancoceleste] it icon
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