Texas Education Agency

Texas Education Agency

The Texas Education Agency (TEA, each letter pronounced separately), is a branch of the state government of Texas in the United States. The agency is headquartered in the William B. Travis State Office Building at 1701 North Congress Avenue in Austin. [" [http://www.tea.state.tx.us/ Welcome to the Texas Education Agency] ." "Texas Education Agency". Accessed August 30, 2008.] [" [http://www.rrc.state.tx.us/divisions/support-divisions/gc/hearschd/past2001/041601.html Week of April 16 - 20, 2001] ." "Railroad Commission of Texas". Accessed August 30, 2008.]


TEA is responsible for the oversight of public primary and secondary education in the state of Texas, involving both the over 1,000 individual school districts in the state as well as charter schools. However, unlike counterpart bodies in other states, TEA has "no" jurisdiction over the activities of private schools (whether or not accredited) or home schools in Texas.

Although school districts are independent governmental entities, TEA has the authority to oversee a district's operations (either involving an individual school or the entire district) if serious issues arise (such as poor standardized test performance, financial distress, or reported mismanagement). This can be in the form of requiring the district to submit corrective action plans and regular status reports, assigning monitors to oversee operations (including the authority to assign a management board, which essentially replaces and performs the duties of the elected school board), and in extreme cases closure of a school campus or even the entire school district.

The University Interscholastic League, which oversees academic and athletic interscholastic competition, is a separate entity not under TEA oversight.


TEA is overseen by a 15-member State Board of Education, elected from single-member districts. TEA is managed by a Commissioner of Education (as of 2007, Robert Scott) who is appointed by the Governor of Texas.

In order to serve the large number of individual school districts and charter schools in Texas, TEA is divided into 20 regions, each containing an Educational Service Center (ESC, sometimes called Regional Service Center or RSC). Below are the districts, the cities in which the ESC office is located, and the counties served (districts which overlap counties are served by the ESC for the county in which the district's administrative office is located):
* [http://www.esc1.net/ Region 1] , Edinburg--Cameron, Hidalgo, Jim Hogg, Starr, Webb, Willacy, and Zapata
* [http://www.esc2.net/ Region 2] , Corpus Christi--Aransas, Bee, Brooks, Duval, Jim Wells, Kenedy, Kleberg, Live Oak, McMullen, Nueces, and San Patricio
* [http://www.esc3.net/ Region 3] , Victoria--Calhoun, Colorado, DeWitt, Goliad, Jackson, Karnes, Lavaca, Matagorda, Refugio, Victoria, and Wharton
* [http://www.theansweris4.net/ Region 4] , Houston--Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend, Galveston (excluding High Island, which is served by Region 5), Harris, Liberty, and Waller
* [http://www.esc5.net/ Region 5] , Beaumont--Galveston (High Island district only; all others are served by Region 4), Hardin, Jasper, Jefferson, Newton, Orange, and Tyler
* [http://www.esc6.net/ Region 6] , Huntsville--Austin, Brazos, Burleson, Grimes, Houston, Leon, Madison, Milam, Montgomery, Polk, Robertson, San Jacinto, Trinity, Walker, and Washington
* [http://www.esc7.net/ Region 7] , Kilgore--Anderson, Angelina, Cherokee, Gregg, Harrison, Henderson, Nacogdoches, Panola, Rains, Rusk, Sabine, San Augustine, Shelby, Smith, Upshur, Van Zandt (excluding Canton and Wills Point districts, which are served by Region 10), and Wood
* [http://www.reg8.net/ Region 8] , Mount Pleasant--Bowie, Camp, Cass, Delta, Franklin, Hopkins, Lamar, Marion, Morris, Red River, and Titus
* [http://www.esc9.net/ Region 9] , Wichita Falls--Archer, Baylor, Clay, Foard, Hardeman, Jack, Knox, Montague, Throckmorton, Wichita, Wilbarger, and Young
* [http://www.region10.org/ Region 10] , Richardson--Collin, Dallas, Ellis, Fannin, Grayson, Hunt, Kaufman, Rockwall, and Van Zandt (Canton and Wills Point districts only; all others are served by Region 7)
* [http://www.esc11.net/ Region 11] , Fort Worth--Cooke, Denton, Erath, Hood, Johnson, Parker, Palo Pinto, Somervell, Tarrant, and Wise
* [http://www.esc12.net/ Region 12] , Waco--Bell, Bosque, Coryell, Falls, Freestone, Hamilton, Hill, Lampasas, Limestone, McLennan, Mills, and Navarro
* [http://www5.esc13.net/index.html Region 13] , Austin--Bastrop, Blanco, Burnet, Caldwell, Comal, Fayette, Gillespie, Gonzales, Guadalupe, Hays, Kendall, Lee, Llano, Milam, Travis, and Williamson
* [http://www.esc14.net/ Region 14] , Abilene--Callahan, Comanche, Eastland, Fisher, Haskell, Jones, Mitchell, Nolan, Scurry, Shackelford, Stephens, Stonewall, and Taylor
* [http://www.netxv.net/ Region 15] , San Angelo--Brown, Coke, Coleman, Concho, Crockett, Edwards County, Texas, Irion, Kimble, Mason, McCulloch, Menard, Runnels, San Saba, Schleicher, Sterling, Sutton, Tom Green, and Val Verde
* [http://www.esc16.net/ Region 16] , Amarillo--Armstrong, Briscoe, Carson, Castro, Childress, Collingsworth, Dallam, Deaf Smith, Donley, Gray, Hall, Hansford, Hartley, Hemphill, Hutchinson, Lipscomb, Moore, Ochiltree, Oldham, Parmer, Potter, Randall, Roberts, Sherman, Swisher, and Wheeler
* [http://www.esc17.net/ Region 17] , Lubbock--Bailey, Borden, Cochran, Cottle, Crosby, Dawson, Dickens, Floyd, Gaines, Garza, Hale, Hockley, Kent, King, Lamb, Lubbock, Lynn, Motley, Terry, and Yoakum.
* [http://www.esc18.net/ Region 18] , Midland--Andrews, Brewster, Crane, Culberson, Ector, Glasscock, Howard, Jeff Davis, Loving, Martin, Midland, Pecos, Presidio, Reagan, Reeves, Terrell, Upton, Ward, and Winkler
* [http://www.esc19.net/ Region 19] , El Paso--El Paso and Hudspeth
* [http://portal.esc20.net/portal/page/portal/esc20public Region 20] , San Antonio--Atascosa, Bandera, Bexar, Dimmit, Frio, Kendall, Kerr, Kinney, La Salle, Maverick, Medina, Real, Uvalde, Wilson, and Zavala

The ESC's serve as a liaison between the districts and TEA headquarters, providing support to the districts such as conducting workshops and technical assistance. The ESC's do not have any regulatory authority to monitor the districts (this is reserved for TEA headquarters).


On November 7, 2007, Christine Comer resigned as the director of the science curriculum after more than nine years. Comer said her resignation was due to pressure from officials who claimed she had given the appearance of criticizing the teaching of intelligent design. [cite news | url=http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/30/us/30resign.html? | title=Evolution Debate Led to Ouster, Official Says | publisher=New York Times |date= November 30, 2007 | first= | last= | accessdate =2007-11-30] [cite news | url=http://www.statesman.com/news/content/news/stories/local/11/29/1129science.html | title=State science curriculum director resigns | publisher=Austin American-Statesman |date= November 29, 2007 | first= | last= | accessdate =2007-11-30]

chool and District Accountability

Education Performance Ranking

TEA ranks schools and districts using four criteria. The criteria are the same for schools and districts. According to the Texas Education Agency, the number of state schools and districts receiving the top ratings of "exemplary" and "recognized" increased from 2,213 in 2005 to 3,380 in 2006.cite news |url=http://www.dailytexanonline.com/media/storage/paper410/news/2006/08/03/TopStories/Schools.Improve.Across.The.State-2143180.shtml?norewrite200608032103&sourcedomain=www.dailytexanonline.com | title=Schools improve across the state | publisher=The Daily Texan | date=3 August 2006 | accessdate=2006-08-03]

Gold Performance Acknowledgements

In addition to the state ranking, districts and schools can be awarded additional commendations (referred to as Gold Performance Acknowledgements) for other noteworthy accomplishments not included in the ranking system.


See also

* List of school districts in Texas

External links

* [http://www.tea.state.tx.us/ Texas Education Agency]

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