- Johnson County, Texas
Infobox U.S. County
county = Johnson County
state = Texas
map size = 250
founded = 1854
seat = Cleburne | area_total_sq_mi =734
area percentage = 0.68%
census yr = 2007
pop = 149,797
web = www.johnsoncountytx.org
Johnson County is a
countylocated in the U.S. stateof Texas. In 2007, its population was 149,797. Its county seatis CleburneGR|6, and the county is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. Johnson County is named for Middleton Johnson, a Texas Ranger, soldier, and politician.
The first settler of Johnson county was Henry Briden who lived in a log cabin on the Nolan River. His log cabin is still in existence today, and can be seen along State Highway 174 in
Rio Vista, Texas. Johnson County's first county seat was Wardville, located at the present site of Lake Pat Cleburne. In 1856 Buchanan became the county seat. In 1867 Johnson County was split, and the western half became Hood County. Camp Henderson became the new county seat and the settlement was renamed Cleburne in honor of Confederate General Patrick Cleburne.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 734
square miles (1,902 km²), of which, 729 square miles (1,889 km²) of it is land and 5 square miles (13 km²) of it (0.68%) is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 126,811 people, 43,636 households, and 34,428 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 174 people per square mile (67/km²). There were 46,269 housing units at an average density of 63 per square mile (24/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.01% White, 2.50% Black or African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 4.52% from other races, and 1.63% from two or more races. 12.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 43,636 households out of which 39.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.70% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.10% were non-families. 17.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the county, the population was spread out with 28.80% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 10.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $44,621, and the median income for a family was $49,963. Males had a median income of $36,718 versus $25,149 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $18,400. About 6.90% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.60% of those under age 18 and 10.90% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
Southwestern Adventist University, a private liberal arts universityin Keene, is currently the only four-year institution of higher learning in Johnson County. Southwestern is affiliated with the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Hill College a collegein Hillsboro, a town in neighboring Hill County also provides tertiary education, with a campus in Cleburne since 1971.
* Johnson County Courthouse
* [http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/view/JJ/hcj8.html Johnson County in "Handbook of Texas Online"] at the University of Texas
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