- Wichita Falls, Texas
official_name = City of Wichita Falls
nickname = The City that Faith Built
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location within the state of
mapsize1 = 250px
map_caption1 = Map of Wichita Falls in 1890
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Wichita
area_magnitude = 1 E9
area_total_sq_mi = 70.1
area_land_sq_mi = 70.66
area_water_sq_mi = 0.04
area_total_km2 = 183.1
area_land_km2 = 183.0
area_water_km2 = 0.1
elevation_m = 289
elevation_ft = 948
latd = 33 |latm = 53 |lats = 49 |latNS = N
longd = 98 |longm = 30 |longs = 54 |longEW = W
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 104197
population_metro = 147826
population_density_sq_mi = 1474.1
population_density_km2 = 569.1
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -6
latitude = 33°53'49" N
longitude = 98°30'54" W
website = [http://www.cwftx.net www.cwftx.net]
area_code = 940
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 48-79000GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1376776GR|3
Wichita Falls is a city in the state of
Texasand the county seatof Wichita County, Texas, United States. As of the censusof 2000, it had a population of 104,197,GR|2 but the July 2007 estimate indicates the population had fallen slightly to 101,590.cite web|url=http://hawaii.gov/dbedt/info/census/popestimate/2007-subcounty-population-hawaii/cb08_106table1.pdf|title=Table 1: Population Estimates for the 25 Fastest-Growing U.S. Cities with Populations over 100,000 in 2007: July 1, 2006 to July 1, 2007|accessdate=2008-09-22] Wichita Falls is the principal city of the Wichita Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Archer, Clay and Wichita counties.GR|6 Sheppard Air Force Base, a United States Air Forcebase, is located in Wichita Falls.
Wichita Falls is sister city to
Fürstenfeldbruckin Bavaria, Germany.
The city's main newspaper is the "
Times Record News". The weekly community newspaper is "The News Mirror".
Geography and climate
Wichita Falls is located at coor dms|33|53|49|N|98|30|54|W|city (33.897047, -98.514881).GR|1
The city is about 15 miles south of the border with
Oklahoma, 115 miles northwest of Fort Worth, and 140 miles southwest of Oklahoma City.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 70.7 square miles (183.1 km²), of which, 70.7 square miles (183.1 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.03%) is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 104,197 people, 37,970 households, and 24,984 families residing in the city. City-data.com reports the population has since declined to 99,354 in July 2006, [cite web|url=http://www.city-data.com/city/Wichita-Falls-Texas.html|title=Wichita Falls, Texas Detailed Profile|accessdate=2007-12-18] though the city disputes these numbers. [cite web|url=http://www.cwftx.net/FAQ.ASP?QID=411|title=City of Wichita Falls, TX - Official Website|accessdate=2007-12-20] The population densitywas 1,474.1 people per square mile (569.1/km²). There were 41,916 housing units at an average density of 593.0/sq mi (228.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.11% White, 12.40% African American, 0.86% Native American, 2.20% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 6.39% from other races, and 2.95% from two or more races. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin accounted for 13.98% of the population.
There were 37,970 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 15.2% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 106.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,554, and the median income for a family was $39,911. Males had a median income of $27,609 versus $21,877 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $16,761. About 10.8% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.
Based on a July 1, 2006 estimate, the metropolitan statistical area has a population of 145,528, a decline of nearly 4% since 2000 (see
Table of United States Metropolitan Statistical Areas).GR|6
Choctaw Indianssettled the area in the early 1700s[http://wichita-falls-texas.com/history/ Wichita Falls History ] ] . White settlers arrived in the 1860s to form cattle ranches. The Fort Worth and Denver Railwayarrived in 1882, the same year the city became the county seat of Wichita County, Texas.
A flood in
1886destroyed the original falls on the Wichita Riverfor which the city was named. After nearly 100 years of visitors wanting to visit the non-existent falls, the city built an artificial waterfall beside the river in Lucy Park. The recreated falls are 54 feet high and recirculates at 3,500 gallons per minute. They are visible to south-bound traffic on Interstate 44.
The city is currently seeking funding to rebuild and restore the downtown area. Downtown Wichita Falls was once the city's main shopping area for many years, but lost ground to the creation of new shopping centers throughout the city beginning with Parker Square in 1953 and other similar developments during the 1960s and 1970s, culminating with the opening of Sikes Senter Mall in 1974. The last surviving major downtown retail store, Sears, moved to Sikes Senter in 1990. The former downtown Sears building, constructed in 1967, covered an entire city block and featured "roof top" parking.
Wichita Falls was once home to offices of several oil companies and related industries, along with oil refineries operated by the Continental Oil Company (now ConocoPhillips) until 1952 and Panhandle Oil Company (later American Petrofina) until 1965. Both firms continued to utilize a portion of their former refineries as gasoline/oil terminal facilities for many years.
Wichita Falls is the western terminus for Interstate 44 (until Interstate 44 was extended to Wichita Falls in 1987, it had been the largest US city without freeway access). U.S. Highways leading to or through Wichita Falls include 287, 277, 281, and 82. State Highway 240 ends at Wichita Falls and State Highway 79 runs through it.
Wichita Falls has one of the largest numbers of freeway mileage for a city of its size as a result of a 1954 bond issue approved by city and county voters to purchase right-of-way for several expressway routes through the city and county, the first of which was opened in 1958 as an alignment of U.S. 287 from Eighth Street at Broad and Holliday streets northwestward across the Wichita River and bisecting Lucy and Scotland parks to the Old Iowa Park Road, which was the original U.S. 287 alignment. That was followed by other expressway links including U.S. 82-287 east to Henrietta (completed in 1968), U.S. 281 south toward Jacksboro (completed 1969), U.S. 287 northwest to Iowa Park and Electra (opened 1961), U.S. 277-281 north to Burkburnett and the Red River (opened 1964), and Spur 325 from the U.S. 277-281-287 interchange on the city's north side to the main gate of Sheppard Air Force Base (completed in 1959). However, cross-country traffic for many years had to contend with several ground-level intersections and stop lights over Holliday and Broad streets near the downtown area for approximately 13 blocks between connecting expressway links until a new elevated freeway running overhead was completed in 2001.
Efforts to create an additional freeway along the path of Kell Boulevard for U.S. 82-277 began in 1967 with the acquisition of right-of-way that included a former railroad right-of-way and the first project including construction of the present frontage roads completed in 1977, followed by freeway lanes, overpasses and on/off ramps in 1989 from just east of Brook Avenue west to Kemp Boulevard; and similar projects west from Kemp to Barnett Road in 2001 followed by one now under construction from Barnett Road west past FM 369 to tie in which a project now underway to transform U.S. 277 into a continuous four-lane expressway between Wichita Falls and Abilene.
Wichita Falls Municipal Airportis served by American Eagle with six flights daily to the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. The Kickapoo Downtown Airparkand the Wichita Valley Airportserve smaller, private planes.
Greyhound Linesprovides intercity busservice from Wichita Falls to other locations served by Greyhound. Skylark Van Service shuttles passengers to and from DFW on several runs during the day all week long.
Wichita Falls is home to
Midwestern State University, an accredited 4-year collegeoffering both bachelor's and master's degrees. A local branch of nearby Vernon Collegeoffers two-year degrees, certificate programs, and workforce development programs.
Public primary and secondary education is covered by the
Wichita Falls Independent School District, the City View Independent School District, and the Bright Ideas Charter School. There are several parochial schools, the largest of which is Notre Dame Catholic school. Other private schools operate in the city, as does an active home-school community. Many of the local elementary schools participate in the Head Startprogram for preschool-aged children. The Wichita Falls ISD is one of only a handful of school districts in Texas that does not require its students to attend a particular school in the district based on their residency. Instead, all schools have magnet programs to attract students, such as the Washington Jackson Math & Science Center.
Four schools in the Wichita Falls Independent School District participate in the
International Baccalaureateprogrammes. Hirschi High Schooloffers the IB Diploma Programme. Three others are candidate schools: G.H. Kirby Junior High School for the Middle Years Programme; and Washington/Jackson Math/Science Center and Lamar Primary Center for the Primary Years Programme.
Other public high schools are
Wichita Falls High Schooland S. H. Rider High School(Wichita Falls ISD) and City View High School(City View ISD).
Sports and recreation
The city has been home to a number of semi-pro, development, and minor league sports teams, including the
Wichita Falls Drillers, a semi-pro football team that has won numerous league titles and a national championship; Wichita Falls Razorbacks, another semi-pro football team; Wichita Falls Texansof the Continental Basketball Association; Wichita Falls Feverin the Lone Star Soccer Alliance(1989-92); the Wichita Falls Spuddersbaseball team in the Texas League; the Wichita Falls Wildcats(formerly the Wichita Falls Rustlers) of the North American Hockey League, an American "Junior A" Hockey league; and the Wichita Falls Roughnecks(formerly the Graham Roughnecks) of the Texas Collegiate League.
Lucy Park is a 170-acre park with a log cabin, duck pond, playground, a
frisbee golfcourse, and picnic areas. It has multiple paved walkways suitable for walking, running, biking, or rollerskating, including a river walk that goes to the Falls. There are also unpaved trails for off-road biking and hiking.
Cowboy Morgan Evans1928 World Series Rodeo Steer wrestlingchampion, rancher, roughneck, and oilman.
Bowling for Soup, punk rock band
Dave Mitchell, radio personality
Lloyd Ruby, race car driver
Keith Stegall, country music artist and record producer
Tommy Tune, Broadway actor, singer, dancer, producer
Nathan Vasher, American football player ( Chicago Bears)
Neel Kearby, World War II US Army Air Forcesace and Medal of Honorrecipient
Khari Long, NFL player ( Kansas City Chiefs, Chicago Bears, Dallas Cowboys)
Phyllis Coates, Actress who played Lois Lane in the 1950's TV Series first season
Eddie Hill, NHRA Top Fuel driver
Frances Reid, Days of Our Lives soap opera
Dave Willis, voice actor, writer, and producer
A devastating tornado hit the north and northwest portions of Wichita Falls along with Sheppard Air Force Base during the afternoon of April 3, 1964. That tornado left 7 dead, more than 100 injured and approximately $15 million in damage approximately 225 homes and businesses. This tornado was also among the first in the nation to be broadcast on live television through warning coverage by
KAUZ-TVChannel 6 thanks to efforts by station officials to drag a studio camera outside and point it toward the funnel from outside the station as it was approaching the city's northwest edge. KFDX-TVChannel 3 also provided live tornado warning coverage in which news reporters were out in the field to report on the tornado's movement and later the aftermath utilizing two-way radio communication with news director Fred Brooks and weathercaster Ben Strickland back at the studio. Also, a Wichita Falls Times Record Newsphotographer shot a photo of the funnel as it was approaching Sheppard Air Force Base from the roof of the newspaper's downtown offices.
Another major tornado hit Wichita Falls six years earlier in April 2, 1958. This funnel touched down at Fourth and Lamar streets in the downtown area and stayed on the ground for 16 miles, killing a dairy farmer in Dean, Texas, which is located on State Highway 79 northeast of Wichita Falls.
A large F4
tornadostruck the heavily populated southern sections of Wichita Falls in the late afternoon on Tuesday, April 10, 1979 (still known locally as "Terrible Tuesday"). The storm was part of a record outbreak [http://www.srh.noaa.gov/oun/storms/19790410/disaster.php] that produced 30 tornadoes around the region. Despite having nearly an hour's advance warning that severe weatherwas imminent, 45 people were killed (25 in vehicles) and 1,800 were injured just in time for many people to be driving home from work. The tornado left 20,000 people homeless and did $400 million in damage in 1979 dollars, a U.S. record not topped by an individual tornado until the F5 Moore-Oklahoma City tornado of May 3, 1999. [ [http://www.srh.noaa.gov/oun/storms/19990503/ NWS Norman, Oklahoma - The Great Plains Tornado Outbreak of May 3-4, 1999 ] ] A total of 54 people were killed, 52 that Tuesday and two within a week due to injuries.
* [http://www.cwftx.net/ City of Wichita Falls official website]
* [http://www.WFMPO.com/ Wichita Falls Metropolitan Planning Organization]
* [http://www.urhcs.org/ United Regional Health Care System - Wichita Falls County Hospital]
* [http://www.srh.noaa.gov/oun/wxevents/19790410/burgess.php "The April 10, 1979 Severe Weather Outbreak" by Don Burgess]
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