- Gregg County, Texas
Infobox U.S. County
county = Gregg County
state = Texas
map size = 250
founded = 1873
seat = Longview | area_total_sq_mi =276
area percentage = 0.85%
census yr = 2000
pop = 111379
web = www.co.gregg.tx.us
Gregg County is a
countylocated in the U.S. stateof Texas. In 2000, its population was 111,379. It is named for John Gregg, a Confederate general killed in action during the American Civil War. Its seat is LongviewGR|6
Gregg County is part of the Longview Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Longview–Marshall Combined Statistical Area.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 276
square miles (716 km²), of which, 274 square miles (710 km²) of it is land and 2 square miles (6 km²) of it (0.85%) is water.
*Upshur County (north)
*Harrison County (east)
*Rusk County (south)
*Smith County (west)
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 111,379 people, 42,687 households, and 29,667 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 406 people per square mile (157/km²). There were 46,349 housing units at an average density of 169 per square mile (65/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 72.89% White, 19.86% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.55% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. 9.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 42,687 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.00% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the county, the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,006, and the median income for a family was $42,617. Males had a median income of $33,186 versus $21,432 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $18,449. About 12.00% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.50% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over.
Gregg County was created in 1873. When the Texas State Legislature convened in January 1873, Democratic representative
B. W. Brownof Upshur County introduced a bill to create a new county from parts of Harrison, Rusk, and Upshur counties. Under Brown's proposal, the county was to be named Roanoke and Longview was to be the county seat. The proposed name was later changed to honor Texasleader and Confederate general John Gregg, and the county seat was left up to an election by county voters. Harrison and Rusk counties resisted efforts to incorporate their portions. When Gregg County was created it first consisted of approximately 143 square miles taken from Upshur County, and the Sabine River was its southern boundary. In April 1874 about 141 square miles south of the Sabine River in Rusk County was added to Gregg County. The third portion of about 145 square miles from Harrison County was never realized.
Cities and towns
*Easton (partly in Rusk County)
*Elderville (unincorporated; partly in Rusk County)
*Gladewater (partly in Upshur County)
*Kilgore (partly in Rusk County)
*Liberty City (unincorporated)
*Longview (partly in Harrison County)
*Warren City (partly in Upshur County)
The following school districts serve Gregg County:
*Gladewater ISD (partly in Smith, Upshur counties)
*Kilgore ISD (partly in Rusk County)
*Pine Tree ISD
*Spring Hill ISD
*White Oak ISD
*Spring Hill ISD
* [http://www.co.gregg.tx.us/ Gregg County government's website]
* [http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/view/GG/hcg10.html Gregg County in "Handbook of Texas Online"] at the University of Texas
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