- Upshur County, Texas
Infobox U.S. County
county = Upshur County
state = Texas
map size = 250
seat = Gilmer | area_total_sq_mi =593
area percentage = 0.85%
census yr = 2000
pop = 35291
Upshur County is a
countylocated in the U.S. stateof Texas. As of 2000, the population was 35,291. The county seatis GilmerGR|6. Upshur County is part of the Longview Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Longview–Marshall Combined Statistical Area.
The county is named for
Abel P. Upshurwho was U.S. Secretary of State during President John Tyler's administration. Upshur was killed in the explosion on the USS Princeton along with new United States Secretary of the Navy Thomas Walker Gilmer.
Michelle Shocked, who grew up in Gilmer, refers to Upshur County in several of her songs. Author Edward Hancock II (who currently resides in Gilmer) sets many of his stories in and around Upshur County, Texas.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 593
square miles (1,535 km²), of which, 588 square miles (1,522 km²) of it is land and 5 square miles (13 km²) of it is water. The total area is 0.85% water.
*Camp County (north)
*Morris County (northeast)
*Marion County (east)
*Harrison County (southeast)
*Gregg County (south)
*Smith County (southwest)
*Wood County (west)
Humans have inhabited what is now Upshur county since at least 10,000 years ago. The
Caddoanpeople lived in this area, but were driven out, probably by disease, about 1750. Later the Cherokeecame to the area. The Cherokee were driven out by 1839. [ [http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/UU/hcu1.html TSHA Online - Texas State Historical Association ] ]
The first White settler in Upshur county was probably Isaac Moody who settled there in 1836. [ [http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/UU/hcu1.html TSHA Online - Texas State Historical Association ] ]
Upshur County was named for
Abel Packer Upshur, Secretary of State under John Tyler. [ [http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/UU/hcu1.html TSHA Online - Texas State Historical Association ] ]
Upshur County has the distinction of being the county that has the largest settlement in Texas organized by the
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. In 1904 the Latter-day Saint South-western States Mission organized a colony at Kelsey. [Jenson, Andrew. "Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints". (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1941) p. 129]
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 35,291 people, 13,290 households, and 10,033 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 60 people per square mile (23/km²). There were 14,930 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.70% White, 10.15% Black or African American, 0.63% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.10% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. 3.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 13,290 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.50% were non-families. 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the county, the population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,347, and the median income for a family was $38,857. Males had a median income of $31,216 versus $20,528 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $16,358. 14.90% of the population and 12.30% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 18.60% of those under the age of 18 and 14.00% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
Cities and Towns
*Gladewater,Tx. (mostly in Gregg County)
*Simpsonville,Tx. (Founded by Alexander Hogan)
*Warren City,Tx. (mostly in Gregg County)
The following school districts serve Upshur County:
*Big Sandy ISD (partly in Wood County)
*Gilmer ISD (small portion in Camp County)
*Gladewater ISD (mostly in Gregg County, partly in Smith County)
*Harmony ISD (partly in Wood County)
*New Diana ISD (small portion in Harrison County)
*Ore City ISD (small portion in Harrison, Marion counties)
*Pittsburg ISD (mostly in Camp County, small portion in Wood County)
*Union Grove ISD
*Union Hill ISD (mostly in Upshur County,partly in Wood County)
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