Calvados — Department —
Coat of arms
Coordinates: Coordinates: Country France Region Basse-Normandie Prefecture Caen Subprefectures Bayeux
Government – President of the General Council Anne d'Ornano (Miscellaneous Right-wing) Area1 – Total 5,548 km2 (2,142.1 sq mi) Population (2007) – Total 673,667 – Rank 31st – Density 121.4/km2 (314.5/sq mi) Time zone CET (UTC+1) – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Department number 14 Arrondissements 4 Cantons 49 Communes 706 ^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2
The French department of Calvados (pronounced: [kal.va.dos]) is part of the region of Basse-Normandie in Normandy. It takes its name from a cluster of rocks off the English Channel coast. The pronunciation varies: in French the final 's' is not mute; in English usually Calvadoss with stress on the first syllable.
Calvados is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from a part of the former province of Normandy. The name "Orne inférieure" was originally proposed for the department, but it was ultimately decided to call the area Calvados.
Its etymology is most likely derived from the Salvador, a ship from the Spanish Armada that sank by the rocks near Arromanches-les-bains in 1588. However, others insist that the name Calvados was derived from calva dorsa, meaning bare backs, in reference to two sparsely vegetated rocks off its shore.
Calvados belongs to the region of Basse-Normandie and is surrounded by the departments of Seine-Maritime, Eure, Orne and Manche. To the north is the Baie de la Seine, part of the English Channel. On the east, the Seine River forms the boundary with Seine-Maritime. Calvados includes the Bessin area, the Pays d'Auge and the area known as the "Suisse normande" ("Norman Switzerland").
The President of the General Council is the centrist Anne d'Ornano. She is the wife of Michel d'Ornano, the former dominant figure of the right and centre in the department. The Conseil General of Calvados and Devon County Council signed a Twinning Charter in 1971 to develop links with the English county of Devon.
Party seats Socialist Party 18 • Miscellaneous Right 18 • Union for a Popular Movement 6 Left Radical Party 3 • New Centre 3 • MoDem 1
The inhabitants of Calvados are called "Calvadosiens" (male) and "Calvadosiennes" (female). In 1999, Calvados had 648,299 inhabitants, making it the 30th most populated French department.
Age distribution in Calvados:
- 75 years and older: 7.2%
- 60 – 74 years old: 13.16%
- 40 – 59 years old: 25.52%
- 20 – 39 years old: 28.53%
- 0 – 19 years old: 25.6%
The Bayeux Tapestry is on display in Bayeux and makes the city one of the most-visited tourist destinations in Normandy. Juno Beach Centre at Courseulles-sur-Mer, Calvados, commemorates the D-Day landing of the Canadian liberation forces at Juno Beach during World War II in 1944. The cult of Saint Thérèse de Lisieux brings large numbers of people on pilgrimage to Lisieux, where she lived in a Carmelite convent. Every September, Deauville hosts the Festival of the American Movie and the beach resort of Cabourg hosts the Festival of the Romantic Movie. Annually, the city of Caen celebrates the festival of the electronical cultures called "Nordik Impakt" & The festival of Beauregard, just around Caen.
Calvados is one of the most visited areas in France because of its seaside resorts which are among the most prestigious in France with their luxurious hotels, casinos, green countryside, manors, castles, the quiet, the chalk cliffs, the typical Norman houses, the history of William the Conqueror, Caen, Bayeux, Lisieux, the famous D-day beaches and numerous museums about the Second World War. The culinary specialties from the verdant countryside of Calvados are abundant: cider, calvados, camembert and Pont-l'Évêque cheeses.
One of the advantage of Calvados is to be at fairly near large urban centers (Paris, Ile de France). Calvados is therefore often preferred for holidays and for weekends and sometimes considered as the countryside of Paris .
Calvados, via the port of Ouistreham, is an entrance to the continent from Britain. There are two airports: Caen-Carpiquet and Deauville-Saint Gatien. The department of Calvados has several popular tourist areas: the Bessin, the Plain of Caen, the Bocage Virois, the Côte de Nacre, the Côte Fleurie and the Pays d'Auge. Several beaches of Calvados are popular for water sports, including Cabourg and Merville-Franceville-Plage.
Tourist capacity (2001):
- 7,818 hotel rooms
- 13,734 camping sites
- 1,176 beds (holiday villages)
- 619 rural gites
Municipalities with more than 10% of second homes
This ranking takes into account all the municipalities having over 10% of second homes in the departement of Calvados. 80% of owners are from the Paris area, 10% are English and 10% are local.
According to the general census of the population of 1 January 2006, 18.9% of housing available in the department were second homes.
Aquatic sports are often played on the coasts and beaches, for example, kite surfing and beach volleyball. For the season 2007/2008, the Football team of Caen will play in the Ligue 1 French championship (Elite).
- Cantons of the Calvados department
- Communes of the Calvados department
- Arrondissements of the Calvados department
- ^ Lepelley, René (1990). Calvados, qui es-tu, d'où viens-tu ou le nom énigmatique d'un département Français : Critique d'une tradition, hypothèses diverses, proposition d'interprétation. C. Corlet.
- ^ "Twinning". Devon County Council. http://www.devon.gov.uk/index/councildemocracy/neighbourhoods-villages/twinning.htm. Retrieved 8 December 2009.
- (English) Calvados Stratégie – Calvados Development Agency
- (French) Economic news from Calvados
- (French) General Council website
- (French) Prefecture website
- (English) Calvados at the Open Directory Project
- (English) Encyclopædia Britannica's guide to D-Day
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