1,134,238|pop_date=Jan.1, 2006 estimate
-March 8, 1999 census|pop_rank=14th|density=662
It was formed on
January 1, 1968with the split of the Seine-et-Oisedepartment.
The Essonne department was created on
January 1, 1968, from the southern portion of the former department of Seine-et-Oise.
Essonne belongs to the region of Île-de-France.
It has borders with the departments of:
Hauts-de-Seineand Val-de-Marneto the north,
Seine-et-Marneto the east,
Loiretto the south,
Eure-et-Loirand Yvelinesto the west.
All of northern Essonne department belongs to the Parisian agglomeration and is very urbanized. The south remains rural.
In descending order, the cities over 25,000 population are: Évry,
Corbeil-Essonnes, Massy, Savigny-sur-Orge, Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois, Viry-Châtillon, Athis-Mons, Palaiseau, Draveil, Yerres, Les Ulis, and Vigneux-sur-Seine. Milly-la-Forêtis an example of its more rural communes.
L'École Polytechnique: Founded in 1794, L'Ecole Polytechniqueis one of the most prestigious engineering universities in France. This university is ranked 10th in the world by Times Higher Education Supplementin 2005. Its campus is in the town of Palaiseau.
Université de Paris-Sud: One of the best public schools in France, it is ranked 52nd by Academic Ranking of World Universities. It is best known for its physics department. Located in Orsay, Essonne, about 26,000 students are enrolled.
*The Headquarters of the
ArianespaceCompany: A major commercial aerospace launcher, servicing companies who wish to launch satellites into space.
* Château de
Montlhéry: Originally having been an ancient fort during Roman times, the first feudal lords began to inhabit the castle around 1000 AD. One major battle was fought in the castle during its lifetime. In 1465, Charles the Rashand French King Louis XIfought in the plains in front of the castle. In 1842, the reconstruction of the castle was started, and currently is being maintained by the local town of Montlhery
Château de Courances
The Forest of Sénart: Covering 3,500 hectares in area, this forest is very important to the local population. The local government has kept roads and agricultural companies from cutting down parts of this forest. There are roughly 2-3 million visitors a year, and the government spends 1.2 million eurosa year maintaining the forest.
Cantons of the Essonne department
Communes of the Essonne department
Arrondissements of the Essonne department
* [http://www.essonne.pref.gouv.fr Prefecture website]
* [http://www.essonne.fr/ General council website]
* [http://www.flickr.com/groups/essonne/pool/ Flickr Photography Group for Essone region]
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