1,046,338|pop_date=Jan.1, 2006 estimate
-March 8, 1999 census|pop_rank=17th|density=185
Haute-Garonne is one of the original 83 departments created during the
French Revolutionon March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Languedoc.
Haute-Garonne is part of the current region of
Midi-Pyrénéesand is surrounded by the departments of Hautes-Pyrénées, Gers, Tarn-et-Garonne, Tarn, Aude, and Ariège. It also borders Spainin the south (province of Lleida and province of Huesca). Along with other agricultural products, this village is well known for its farming and production of pork and of other pig products. It is referred to by locals at times as "Le village de Jambon" (the town of ham) for this reason. cite web|url=http://www.randonnees-haute-garonne.fr/page.asp?start=&id_randonnee=131&idxml=2®ion=&id_cate=2&niveau=|title=Le bois de Mauressac|publisher=www.randonnees-haute-garonne.fr|work=Haute-Garonne|accessdate=2008-09-04]
The department is crossed by the upper course of the
Garonne River(hence the name) for nearly 200 kilometers (125 miles). The borders of the department follow the river. The Garonne enters France from Spain at the town of Fos, goes through Toulouseand leaves the department The extreme south of the department lies in the Pyreneesmountain range and is very mountainous. The highest elevation is the Peak of Perdiguère, at 3,222 meters (10,571 ft) above sea level.
The inhabitants of the department are called "Haut-Garonnais". The greatest population concentration is around
Toulouse. The south of the department is quite sparsely populated. More than a million people inhabited the department at the last censusin 1999. Young people are well represented with 55% of the population under the age of 40 and of those, 16% are between the ages of 20 and 29. This is because Toulouseis a universitytown.
The largest towns are :
The department has four
* Peyragudes (1600 m -2450 m), 55 km of slopes
* Luchon-Superbagnères (1440 m - 2260 m), 30 km of slopes
* Le Mourtis (1380 m - 1816 m), 22 km of slopes
* Bourg-d'Oueil (1350 m - 1500 m)
Cantons of the Haute-Garonne department
Communes of the Haute-Garonne department
Arrondissements of the Haute-Garonne department
* [http://www.cg31.fr/ General council website]
* [http://www.haute-garonne.pref.gouv.fr/ Prefecture website]
* [http://www.france-voyage.com/travel-guide/haute-garonne.htm Travel guide to Haute-Garonne]
* [http://www.cdt-haute-garonne.fr/ Tourism website]
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