Nicholas D. Kristof

Nicholas D. Kristof
Nicholas D. Kristof

Kristof at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland on January 30, 2010
Born April 27, 1959 (1959-04-27) (age 52)
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Alma mater Harvard College
Magdalen College, Oxford
Occupation Journalist, author, columnist
Spouse Sheryl WuDunn

Nicholas Donabet Kristof (born October 29, 1959 in Yamhill, Oregon) is an American journalist, author, op-ed columnist, and a winner of two Pulitzer Prizes. He has written an op-ed column for The New York Times since November 2001 and is known for bringing to light human rights abuses in Asia and Africa, such as human trafficking and the Darfur conflict. Archbishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa has described Kristof as an "honorary African" for shining a spotlight on the conflicts.



Nicholas Kristof grew up on a sheep and cherry farm in Yamhill, Oregon. He is the son of Ladis "Kris" Kristof (born Vladislav Krzysztofowicz), who was born of Polish and Armenian parents in former Austria-Hungary and who emigrated to the United States after World War II, and Jane Kristof, both long-time professors at Portland State University in Portland, Oregon.[1] Nicholas Kristof graduated from Yamhill Carlton High School, where he was student body president and school newspaper editor, and later went on to become a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Harvard College. At Harvard, he studied government and worked on The Harvard Crimson newspaper; "Alums recall Kristof as one of the brightest undergraduates on campus," according to a profile in the Crimson.[2] After Harvard, he studied law at Magdalen College, Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar. He earned his law degree with first-class honors and won an academic prize. Afterward, he studied Arabic in Egypt for the 1983-84 academic year. He has a number of honorary degrees.

After joining The New York Times in 1984, initially covering economics, he served as a Times correspondent in Los Angeles, Hong Kong, Beijing, and Tokyo. He rose to be the associate managing editor of The New York Times, responsible for Sunday editions. His columns have often focused on global health, poverty, and gender issues in the developing world. In particular, since 2004 he has written dozens of columns about Darfur and visited the area 11 times. He has also been a pioneer in multimedia: he was the first blogger on the New York Times' website, and he also Tweets, has a Facebook fan page and a YouTube channel. Kristof resides outside New York City with his wife, Sheryl WuDunn, and their three children: Gregory, Geoffrey and Caroline.

Kristof's bio says he has traveled to more than 150 countries.[3] Jeffrey Toobin of CNN and The New Yorker, a Harvard classmate, has said: "I’m not surprised to see him emerge as the moral conscience of our generation of journalists. I am surprised to see him as the Indiana Jones of our generation of journalists.”[4] Bill Clinton said in September 2009: "There is no one in journalism, anywhere in the United States at least, who has done anything like the work he has done to figure out how poor people are actually living around the world, and what their potential is....So every American citizen who cares about this should be profoundly grateful that someone in our press establishment cares enough about this to haul himself all around the world to figure out what's going on....I am personally in his debt, as are we all."[5]

Kristof is a member of the board of overseers of Harvard University and a member of the board of trustees of the Association of American Rhodes Scholars.


In 1990 Kristof and his wife, Sheryl WuDunn, earned a Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting for their reporting on the pro-democracy student movement and the related Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. They were the first married couple to win a Pulitzer for journalism. Kristof has also received the George Polk Award and an award from the Overseas Press Club for his reporting which focuses on human rights and environmental issues.

Kristof was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize for Commentary in 2004 and again in 2005 "for his powerful columns that portrayed suffering among the developing world's often forgotten people and stirred action." In 2006 Kristof won his second Pulitzer, the Pulitzer Prize for Commentary "for his graphic, deeply reported columns that, at personal risk, focused attention on genocide in Darfur and that gave voice to the voiceless in other parts of the world."

In 2009, Kristof and WuDunn received the Dayton Literary Peace Prize's 2009 Lifetime Achievement Award.[6] He has also won the 2008 Anne Frank Award and the 2007 Fred Cuny Award for Prevention of Deadly Conflict. Commentators have occasionally suggested Kristof for the Nobel Peace Prize, but when Media Web named Kristof its "print journalist of the year" in 2006 and asked him about that, it quoted him as saying: "I can't imagine it going to a scribbler like me. That's a total flight of fancy."[7]


Kristof's books, all co-authored with his wife Sheryl WuDunn, include China Wakes: The Struggle for the Soul of a Rising Power (1994), Thunder from the East: Portrait of a Rising Asia and Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide (Knopf, September 2009).[8]

Among many of the motivations for writing "Half the Sky," Kristof explained to Jane Wales of the World Affairs Council of Northern California that the idea for the book was sparked by the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests. After covering the protests, which resulted in some 500 deaths, Kristof and WuDunn were shocked to learn that roughly 39,000 Chinese girls died each year because they were not given the same access to food and medical care as boys. Yet WuDunn and Kristof could not find coverage of these deaths, even though they were far more numerous than the casualties at Tiananmen Square. That led them to dig deeper into questions of gender, Kristof said.[9] Half the Sky covers topics such as sex trafficking and forced prostitution, contemporary slavery, gender-based violence, and rape as a weapon of war and method of justice, as it shines light on the multitude of ways women are oppressed and violated in the world.[8]

"Half the Sky" immediately hit the best-seller lists. Carolyn See, the book critic of The Washington Post, said in her review: "'Half the Sky' is a call to arms, a call for help, a call for contributions, but also a call for volunteers. It asks us to open our eyes to this enormous humanitarian issue. It does so with exquisitely crafted prose and sensationally interesting material....I really do think this is one of the most important books I have ever reviewed." [10] In Cleveland, a reviewer for The Plain Dealer said: "As Rachel Carson's "Silent Spring" once catalyzed us to save our birds and better steward our earth, 'Half the Sky' stands to become a classic, spurring us to spare impoverished women these terrors, and elevate them to turn around the future of their nations.".[11] The Seattle Times review predicted that "Half the Sky" may "ignite a grass-roots revolution like the one that eliminated slavery."[12] In CounterPunch, Charles R. Larson declared: "Half the Sky is the most important book that I have read since Rachel Carson's Silent Spring, published in 1962. I am not alone in saying that this is the most significant book that I have ever reviewed."[13]

Opinion and stances

Iraq War

In the run-up to the Iraq War, Kristof opposed the impending invasion and occupation of Iraq, particularly because he felt that the Bush administration did not articulate a well-reasoned basis for it and did not have clear, long-term plans for post-invasion Iraq. In a column published six months before the Iraq invasion titled "Wimps on Iraq", Kristof warned, "It looks as if the president, intoxicated by moral clarity, has decided that whatever the cost, whatever the risks, he will invade Iraq. And that's not policy, but obsession."[14] In a column entitled "The Day After" in September 2002, during a reporting visit to Iraq, he declared: "In one Shiite city after another, expect battles between rebels and army units, periodic calls for an Iranian-style theocracy, and perhaps a drift toward civil war. For the last few days, I've been traveling in these Shiite cities—Karbala, Najaf and Basra—and the tension in the bazaars is thicker than the dust behind the donkey carts. So before we rush into Iraq, we need to think through what we will do the morning after Saddam is toppled. Do we send in troops to try to seize the mortars and machine guns from the warring factions? Or do we run from civil war, and risk letting Iran cultivate its own puppet regime?"[15]

On May 6, 2003, less than two months into the war, Kristof published an op-ed column titled "Missing in Action: Truth," in which he questioned whether or not the intelligence gathered by the Bush administration, which purportedly indicated that Saddam Hussein possessed weapons of mass destruction, was either faked or manipulated. In this article, Kristof cited as his source a “former ambassador” who had traveled to Niger in early 2002 and reported back to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the State Department that the uranium “allegations were unequivocally wrong and based on forged documents.” Kristof added, "The envoy's debunking of the forgery was passed around the administration and seemed to be accepted—except that President Bush and the State Department kept citing it anyway."[16] Two months later, Ambassador Joseph C. Wilson IV came forward publicly and published a now-famous op-ed in The New York Times titled "What I Didn't Find in Africa".[17] This set off a series of events which resulted in what become known as "Plamegate": the disclosure by journalist Robert Novak of the – until then covert – status as a CIA officer of Ambassador Wilson's wife, Valerie Plame Wilson. A criminal investigation was launched as to the source of the leak, as a consequence of which I. Lewis Libby, then-Chief of Staff to Vice President Dick Cheney, was indicted on obstruction of justice, false statement, and perjury charges, and subsequently convicted and sentenced to 30 months in federal prison and a $250,000 fine (though he never served time in prison because President Bush commuted his prison sentence). Kristof's May 6 article was mentioned in the federal indictment of Scooter Libby as a key point in time, and a contributing factor that caused Libby to inquire about the identity of the "envoy" and later divulge the secret identity of his wife to reporters.[18]

"Grand bargain" with Iran

Kristof published several articles criticizing the missed opportunity of the "grand bargain"—a proposal by Iran to normalize relations with the United States, implement procedures to assure the US it will not develop nuclear weapons, deny any monetary support to Palestinian resistance groups until they agree to stop targeting civilians, support the Arab Peace Initiative, and ensure full transparency to assuage any United States concerns. In return, the Iranians demanded abolition of sanctions and a US statement that Iran does not belong in the so-called "Axis of Evil." In his columns, Kristof revealed the documents detailing this proposal and argued that the "grand bargain" proposal was killed by hard-liners in the Bush administration. According to Kristof, this was an "appalling mistake"[19] since "the Iranian proposal was promising and certainly should have been followed up. It seems diplomatic mismanagement of the highest order for the Bush administration to have rejected that process out of hand, and now to be instead beating the drums of war and considering air strikes on Iranian nuclear sites."[20] Kristof further believes that even if the grand bargain is not currently feasible, there is still an option for what he calls a "mini-bargain", i.e., a more modest proposal for normalizing U.S.-Iranian relations.[20]

In June 2007 Kristof spoke on the importance of the "grand bargain" with Iran at a conference organized by the American Iranian Council in New Brunswick, New Jersey. The conference brought together a host of distinguished national and international policy makers, among them Congressman Dennis Kucinich (D-OH), Ambassador Javad Zarif from Iran's UN Mission, Senator Chuck Hagel, and Ambassador Anders Lidén from Sweden, in an attempt to improve the public's understanding of U.S.-Iranian relations and promote normalization with Iran. Kristof recounted his trips to Iran and told the audience that on a people-to-people level Iran is one of the most pro-American countries in the Middle East. He argued that American hard-liners, such as Dick Cheney, are reinforcing and strengthening Iranian hard-liners, and vice versa. He reiterated his support for the grand bargain and warned against the possibility of a military strike on Iran, calling it "absolutely terrifying" and remarking that he can't imagine something that would do more to undermine American interests in the region.[21]

Anthrax attacks columns

In 2002 Kristof wrote a series of columns indirectly suggesting that Steven Hatfill, a former US Army germ-warfare researcher named a "person of interest" by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), might be a "likely culprit" in the 2001 anthrax attacks.[22] Hatfill was never charged with any crime. In July 2004 Hatfill sued the Times and Kristof for libel, asserting claims for defamation and intentional infliction of emotional distress.[23] Subsequently, Hatfill voluntarily dismissed Kristof as a defendant in the case when it became clear that the District Court lacked personal jurisdiction over Kristof. The suit continued against the Times and was initially dismissed by the District Court on the basis that the allegations in Kristof's articles, even if untrue, did not constitute defamation. In July 2005, however, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit reversed the decision, and reinstated the suit against The New York Times. In January 2007 Judge Claude M. Hilton of the Eastern District of Virginia tossed out the suit, claiming that Kristof's anthrax articles were "cautiously worded" and asserted that the scientist could be innocent.[24] Judge Hilton wrote that Kristof "made efforts to avoid implicating his guilt" and that "Mr. Kristof reminded readers to assume plaintiff's (Hatfill) innocence."[24] Kristof praised the dismissal of the suit, commenting that he was "really pleased that the judge recognized the importance of this kind of reporting" and that it was "terrific to have a judgment that protects journalism at a time when the press has had a fair number of rulings against it".[24] When the FBI exonerated Hatfill, Kristof wrote a column on Aug. 27, 2008, "Media's Balancing Act," in which he wrote: "So, first, I owe an apology to Dr. Hatfill. In retrospect, I was right to prod the F.B.I. and to urge tighter scrutiny of Fort Detrick, but the job of the news media is supposed to be to afflict the comfortable and comfort the afflicted. Instead, I managed to afflict the afflicted."

Sudan and Darfur

Kristof is particularly well-known for his reporting on Sudan. At the beginning of 2004, he was among the first reporters to visit Darfur and describe "the most vicious ethnic cleansing you've never heard of." He recounted what he called "a campaign of murder, rape and pillage by Sudan," and he was among the first to call it genocide. His biography says he has made 11 trips to the region, some illegally by sneaking in from Chad, and on at least one occasion he was detained at a checkpoint when the authorities seized his interpreter and Kristof refused to leave him behind. Kristof's reporting from Sudan has been both praised and criticized. Robert DeVecchi, past president of the International Rescue Committee, told the Council on Foreign Relations: "Nicholas Kristof...had an unprecedented impact in single-handedly mobilizing world attention to this crisis. There are undoubtedly hundreds of thousands of refugees in and from the Darfur region who owe their very lives to this formidable humanitarian and journalist."[25] New York Magazine said that Kristof "single-handedly focused the world's attention on Darfur,"[26] and the Save Darfur Coalition said that "he is the person most responsible for getting this issue into America's consciousness and the resulting efforts to resolve it."[27] Samantha Power, the author of Pulitzer Prize-winning book on genocide, told an American Jewish World Service audience that Kristof was probably the person the Janjaweed militia in Darfur most wanted to kill. In June 2008, the actress Mia Farrow spoke as Kristof was honored with the Anne Frank Award, declaring: "Nick Kristof was one of the first to publicly insist that the words Never Again mean something for the people of Darfur. For his courage and his conviction in telling tell searing truths, he is the voice of our collective conscience, demanding we bear witness to the first genocide of the 21st century and encouraging us not to sit by while innocents die. Every once in a great while a moral giant appears among us. Nicholas Kristof is that person." For his coverage of Darfur, Ann Curry of NBC suggested that Kristof was "the modern journalist who showed courage and leadership comparable to the great Edward R. Murrow."[28] On the other hand, some Arab commentators have criticized Kristof for focusing on atrocities by Arab militias in Darfur and downplaying atrocities by non-Arab militias. A book by Mahmood Mamdani of Columbia University, "Saviors and Survivors," criticized Kristof's reporting for over-simplifying a complex historically-rooted conflict and packaging it as "genocide." Other Arabs and Africans, including some critical of Sudan, have sometimes made similar arguments. Sudan's government has also objected that Kristof's reporting exaggerates the scale of suffering and ignores the nuances of tribal conflicts in Darfur.

Criticism of the anti-sweatshop movement

Kristof is critical of the anti-sweatshop movement, claiming that the sweatshop model is a primary reason why Taiwan and South Korea—which accepted sweatshops as the price of development—are modern countries with low rates of infant mortality and high levels of education, while India—which generally has resisted sweatshops—suffers from a high rate of infant mortality (3.1 million Indian children under the age of five die every year, mostly from diseases of poverty.)[29] While admitting that sweatshop work is tedious, grueling, and sometimes dangerous, he argues that it is considerably less dangerous or arduous than most alternatives in poor countries. Sweatshops provide much-needed jobs and boost the economy of extremely poor countries. He has called for well-meaning Americans to stop campaigning against sweatshops because it leads to closing down of manufacturing and processing plants in places where they are needed most. Responding to his critics, Kristof argues that campaigning to raise the wages in sweatshops will not achieve that goal; rather, the pressure will cause companies to rely on capital-intensive factories in better-off countries, avoiding Africa altogether.[30]

Turkish denial of the Armenian Genocide

Kristof has also criticized in his Times column the Turkish government's ongoing denial of the Armenian Genocide and what he calls the United Nations's inability to stand up to Turkey on this issue.[31] Kristof believes the United Nations has capitulated to regimes that have actively committed atrocities in the past (Turkey) and in the present (Sudan).[31]

Israeli–Palestinian conflict

Kristof supports Israeli and U.S. negotiation with Hamas as a means to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. He criticizes Israel for what he views as collective punishment of Gazans and holds that the lack of negotiations only strengthens extremists.[32] He also advocates removing Israeli settlements from Hebron since "the financial cost is mind-boggling, and the diplomatic cost is greater," even if the settlements were not illegal in the eyes of much of the world. Kristof contrasts "two Israels": an oppressive security state in the Palestinian territories and a "paragon of justice, decency, fairness - and peace," in the work of Israeli human rights activists, journalists, and jurists.[33]


Kristof consistently uses Slovenia in his New York Times op-ed columns as a flail to shame American healthcare. For example: "... it’s scandalous that babies born in the United States are less likely to survive their first year than babies born in Slovenia" (31 January 2006); "American children are twice as likely to die by the age of 5 as children in Portugal, Spain or Slovenia" (28 February 2009); and "No wonder we spend so much on medical care, and yet have some health care statistics that are worse than Slovenia’s" (12 September 2009). However, his 31 January 2006 blog ("Apologies to Slovenia") had expressed regret at the offense he had caused. On 15 September 2009 the acting consul general for Slovenia, Melita Gabrič, objected to Kristof's use of Slovenia as a "derisory sort of punch line."[34]


During the 2011 Libyan unrest, Kristof wrote that the U.S. should create a no-fly zone and also use military aircraft to jam Libyan state communications. He remarked, "let’s remember the risks of inaction — and not psych ourselves out. For crying out loud!"[35]

U.S. Government

In a column published in the New York Times on June 15, 2011 Kristof argued that the United States military was a prime example of how comprehensive social safety net, universal health care, a commitment to public service, low income disparity and structured planning could be made to work within an organization. He then suggested that the military could serve as a model for improving American society along those lines.[36] This brought criticism from several other commentators, who argued that the military is only effective at what it does by severely limiting the freedom of its members. Jonah Goldberg argued that "You’ve got to love how a system that requires total loyalty, curbs free speech, free association, freedom of movement etc is now either “lefty” or “liberal” because it gives “free” healthcare and daycare" and hinted that the ideas in Kristof's column resembled fascism.[37] David French added that "If you want to see the military do what it does best, then ride out on a mission with an armored cavalry squadron. If you want to see the military struggle to do its job well, then I suggest you spend some time with its social services."[38]

In July 2011, President Barack Obama, at a Twitter town hall, referred to Kristof as "a great columnist" -- and then proceeded to disagree with him.[39]

Education Reform

In a 2011 New York Times op-ed, Kristof wrote that he is not a fan of teachers unions who often trade job security for lower wages thus protecting bad teachers who become almost impossible to dismiss. Despite his distaste for teachers unions, Kristoff advocates for paying teachers a much higher salary as a way to attract and retrain more talented individuals to the profession.[40]

Win a Trip with Nick Kristof contest

In 2006, The New York Times launched the Win a Trip with Nick Kristof contest, offering a college student the opportunity to win a reporting trip to Africa with Kristof by submitting essays outlining what they intend to accomplish in such a trip. From among 3,800 students who submitted entries, Kristof chose Casey Parks of Jackson, Mississippi. In September 2006, Kristof and Parks traveled to Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, and the Central African Republic and reported on AIDS, poverty, and maternal mortality. During the trip, Kristof published his New York Times columns while Parks wrote about her observations in her blog.

The success of this partnership prompted the Times to hold the Second Annual Win A Trip with Nick Kristof contest in 2007. Leana Wen, a medical student at Washington University in St. Louis, and Will Okun, a teacher at Westside Alternative High School in Chicago, were the winners of the 2007 competition.[41] During summer 2007, they traveled with Kristof to Rwanda, Burundi, and eastern Congo. Filmmaker Eric Daniel Metzgar joined Kristof, Wen and Okun on their trip. The resulting film, Reporter, premiered at the 2009 Sundance Film Festival[42][43] and aired on HBO in February 2010.[44] In reviewing the film, which was executive produced by Ben Affleck, Entertainment Weekly wrote: "In Reporter, he's a compelling figure, a cross between Mother Teresa and the James Woods character in Salvador, and what seals the intensity of his job is the danger."[45] The Washington Post observed, "Ideally, [Kristof] hopes to teach his companions, who won a contest to travel with him, about the value of witnessing the world's atrocities and scintillating them into stories that will call on people to act. Which is what Kristof did with his work in Darfur, Sudan: He caused people -- from George Clooney on down -- to do whatever they can."[44]

For the Third Win A Trip, Kristof chose University of South Carolina student Paul Bowers, and the two traveled in Senegal, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia.[46] The fourth Win a Trip journey took place in May 2010, with Mitch Smith, a Kansan student studying at University of Nebraska. Smith had never been outside the United States before. They traveled to Gabon, Republic of Congo, and Democratic Republic of Congo.[47] For the Fifth Win A Trip, in 2011, Kristof took a medical student, Saumya Dave, and a teacher, Noreen Connolly, through Morocco, Mauritania, Senegal, Niger and Burkina Faso.[48]


  1. ^ Reed, Richard (June 17, 2010). The Oregonian. Retrieved 2010-08-22. 
  2. ^ Schuker, Daniel J. T. (June 5, 2006). "Nicholas Kristof". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved 2010-03-16. 
  3. ^ Kristof, Nicholas D.. "On the Ground". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2008-03-06. 
  4. ^ Daniel J.T. Schuker, "Nicholas Kristof," The Harvard Crimson, June 5, 2006
  5. ^ Bill Clinton, Clinton Global Initiative 2009 Annual Meeting plenary session on building human capital, Sept. 24, 2009
  6. ^ Dayton Literary Peace Prize - Press Release Announcing 2009 Finalists
  7. ^ Jon Friedman, "Kristof is Media Web's Print Journalist of the Year," Dec. 1, 2006.
  8. ^ a b Half the Sky website,
  9. ^ Wales interviews Kristof at an International Museum of Women event Oct. 14, 2009.
  10. ^ Carolyn See review of Half the Sky
  11. ^ Plain Dealer review of "Half the Sky"
  12. ^ Seattle Times review of "Half the Sky," Sept. 13, 2009.
  13. ^ CounterPunch review of "Half the Sky," Sept. 25, 2009.
  14. ^ Kristof, Nicholas D. (2002-08-27). "Wimps on Iraq". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  15. ^ "The Day After," New York Times, Sept. 24, 2002
  16. ^ Kristof, Nicholas D. (2003-05-06). "Why Truth Matters". The New York Times via CNN. Retrieved 2006-10-25. 
  17. ^ Wilson, Joseph C. (2003-07-06). "What I Didn't Find in Africa". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-11. [dead link]
  18. ^ "White House Official I. Lewis Libby Indicted on Obstruction of Justice, False Statement and Perjury Charges Relating to Leak of Classified Information Revealing CIA Officer's Identity" (Press release). United States Department of Justice Office of Special Counsel. 2005-10-28. Retrieved 2006-10-25. 
  19. ^ Kristof, Nicholas D. (2007-04-29). "Diplomacy at Its Worst". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  20. ^ a b Kristof, Nicholas D. (2007-04-28). "Iran’s Proposal for a ‘Grand Bargain’". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2010-07-12. 
  21. ^ Kristof, Nicholas D (2007-06-25). "Transcript of Lecture at American Iranian Council (Identified as Person E)". Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  22. ^ Kristof, Nicholas D. (2002-07-12). "The Anthrax Files". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  23. ^ Markon, Jerry (2004-07-14). "Former Army Scientist Sues New York Times, Columnist". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  24. ^ a b c Markon, Jerry; Lenger, Allan (2007-02-02). "Judge Explains Tossing Out Suit Against N.Y. Times". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  25. ^ Robert DeVecchi, introduction to Nicholas Kristof, Council on Foreign Relations, April 2004
  26. ^ "The Influentials: Media, New York Magazine, May 8, 2006
  27. ^ Save Darfur Coalition statement by David Rubenstein, April 18, 2006
  28. ^ Curry, Ann (March 20, 2006). "Curry Commentary, Gutsy Reporting". Retrieved 2010-03-16. 
  29. ^ Kristof, Nicholas D.; WuDunn, Sheryl (2000-09-24). "Two Cheers for Sweatshops: They're dirty and dangerous. They're also a major reason Asia is back on track". The New York Times Magazine (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2006-10-25. 
  30. ^ Kristof, Nicholas D. (2006-06-06). "In Praise of the Maligned Sweatshop". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2006-10-25. 
  31. ^ a b Kristof, Nicholas D. (2007-04-12). "Turkey and Genocide". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  32. ^ Strengthening Extremists by Nicholas D. Kristof, New York Times, June 19, 2008.
  33. ^ The Two Israels by Nicholas D. Kristof, New York Times, June 22, 2008.
  34. ^ The Insured, Too, Are Failed by the Health System Letters, September 19, 2009.
  35. ^ Kristof, Nicholas D. (2011-03-09). "The Case for a No-Fly Zone Over Libya". The New York Times. 
  36. ^ Kristof, Nicholas D. (2011-06-15). "Our Lefty Military". The New York Times. 
  37. ^ Goldberg, Jonah (2011-06-16). "Maybe Nick Kristof Took Starship Troopers to the Beach?". National Review Online. 
  38. ^ French, David (2011-06-16). "Re: Nick Kristof and Starship Troopers". National Review Online. 
  39. ^ work=White House Transcript "Remarks by the President in Twitter Town Hall". 2011-07-06. work=White House Transcript. 
  40. ^ Kristof, Nicholas D. (2011-03-12). "Pay Teachers More". The New York Times. 
  41. ^ "The Second Annual Win a Trip with Nick Kristof". The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2008-05-24. 
  42. ^ "2009 SUNDANCE FILM FESTIVAL ANNOUNCES FILMS IN COMPETITION". Sundance Institute. Retrieved 2008-12-03. 
  43. ^ Kristof, Nicholas (2008-12-03). "Heading for Sundance". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-12-03. 
  44. ^ a b "Hank Stuever on HBO's 'Reporter' with Nicholas D. Kristof". Washington Post. 2010-02-18. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  45. ^ Owen Gleiberman, "Sundance: Sneaky Soderbergh, and chasing the buzz," Entertainment Weekly, Jan. 21, 2009
  46. ^ "Win-a-Trip Impressions". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-20. 
  47. ^ | work=The New York Times | accessdate=2011-07-8
  48. ^ | work=The New York Times | accessdate=2011-07-8}}

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