- Chief Plenty Coups (Alek-Chea-Ahoosh) State Park and Home
Chief Plenty Coups (Alek-Chea-Ahoosh) HomeHouse of Chief Plenty Coups at Chief Plenty Coups State Park.
Nearest city: Pryor, Montana Architect: Unknown Architectural style: No Style Listed Governing body: State NRHP Reference#: 70000354 Significant dates Added to NRHP: October 6, 1970 Designated NHL: January 20, 1999
Chief Plenty Coups State Park is a state park located approximately 0.5 miles (0.8 km) west of Pryor, Montana on the Crow Indian Reservation. Chief Plenty Coups' (Alek-Chea-Ahoosh) Home, located in the state park is a National Historic Landmark with several contributing resources. The homestead was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1970, and became a National Historic Landmark in 1999. The 195-acre (79 ha) property belonged to Chief Plenty Coups, the last traditional tribal Chief of the Apsáalooke people. He and his wife, Strikes the Iron, left their home and property to all people in 1928. The only museum of Apsáalooke culture in the United States is located there as well as a memorial to Plenty Coups and his achievements.
In a vision as a young man, Plenty Coups saw his future as an old man sitting in the shade of trees with a house and spring nearby. In 1883, he settled on an allotment of 320 acres (130 ha) on the Crow Indian Reservation and built a log homestead beginning in 1884. In 1928 he and his wife, Strikes the Iron, presented 189 acres (76 ha) of the land in trust to Big Horn County, including the house, spring, and trees Plenty Coups had envisioned, saying:
Today, I who have been called Chief of Chiefs, among red men, present to all the children of our Great White Father this land where the snows of many winters have fallen on my tepee. This park is not to be a memorial to me, but to the Crow Nation. It is given as a token of my friendship for all people, both red and white.
Upon Plenty Coups' death in 1932 the Big Horn County Commission assumed responsibility and employed a caretaker for the farm and buildings. The Billings Kiwanis Club took stewardship of the land in 1951. The club operated a small museum in the house and placed small sandstone markers at the grave sites of Plenty Coups and his wives. In 1961 the site entered state ownership under the control of the Montana State Highway Commission, who in turn passed it on to the parks division of the Montana Fish and Game Department the predecessor to today's Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks in 1965. It was at this time that Chief Plenty Coups' land became a state park. In about 1970, the State of Montana purchased an additional small tract of 6.2 acres (2.5 ha) for access and park structures, bringing the total to today's area of 195.4 acres (79.1 ha). This additional parcel had been part of an allotment to Plenty Coups' wife, Kills Together who died in 1923.
Neglect took a toll through the decades of the 1950s and 60s and under threat of lawsuit, the state, along with tribal and private donors built a visitor center and museum in 1972. The house that Plenty Coups had begun in 1884 was stabilized in 1993 and 1994. In 2003 the state spent US$600,000 on renovations and improvements to the museum including the addition of a fire suppression system, and other building safety features; and refurbishment of the interpretative displays.
Notes and references
- ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html.
- ^ a b "Chief Plenty Coups (Alek-Chea-Ahoosh) Home". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=919894225&ResourceType=District. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
- ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. no date specified. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html.
- ^ "Chief Plenty Coups State Park". Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks. http://fwp.mt.gov/lands/site_283264.aspx. Retrieved 2007-09-03.
- ^ a b c Gildart, Bert (March/April 2004). "A Place of Peace: Chief Plenty Coups State Park commemorates the great Apsáalooke warrior and his legacy of harmony and goodwill". Montana Outdoors. http://fwp.mt.gov/mtoutdoors/HTML/articles/2004/PlentyCoupsSP.htm. Retrieved 2007-09-03.
- ^ a b c d Holz, Molly (Spring 2000). "Chief Plenty Coups State Park" (– Scholar search). Montana: the Magazine of Western History. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3951/is_200004/ai_n8894237/pg_1. Retrieved 2007-09-03. [dead link]
- ^ a b c Simmons, R. Laurie; Simmons, Thomas H. (1998-06-04). "National Historic Landmark Nomination: Chief Plenty Coups (Alek-Chea-Ahoosh) Home / Chief Plenty Coups State Park" (PDF). National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Text/70000354.pdf. Retrieved 2007-09-06. and PDF (6.27 MB)
- ^ a b Hagengruber, James (2003-08-28). "Festivities will honor Plenty Coups, park". Billings Gazette.
- Plenty Coups & Linderman, F.B. (2002). Plenty-Coups: Chief of the Crows. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 9780803280182
- Montana Fish, Wildlife, and Parks - Chief Plenty Coups State Park website
- Plenty Coups Official Website
- Montana Kids' Site Chief Plenty Coups State Park
U.S. National Register of Historic Places Topics Lists by statesAlabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming Lists by territories Lists by associated states Other FederalNational Parks:National Monuments:National Battlefield:National Recreation Area:National Wild & Scenic Rivers: StateAckley Lake • Anaconda Smoke Stack • Bannack • Beaverhead Rock • Beavertail Hill • Big Arm • Black Sandy • Brush Lake • Camp Baker • Chief Plenty Coups • Clark's Lookout • Cooney • Council Grove • Eden Bridge • Elkhorn • Finley • First Peoples Buffalo Jump • Fort Owen • Frenchtown Pond • Giant Springs • Granite Ghost Town • Greycliff Prairie Dog Town • Hell Creek • Lake Elmo • Lake Mary Ronan • Lewis and Clark • Logan • Lone Pine • Lost Creek • Madison Buffalo Jump • Makoshika • Medicine Rocks • Missouri Headwaters • Painted Rocks • Parker Homestead • Pictograph Cave • Pirogue Island • Placid Lake • Rosebud Battlefield • Salmon Lake • Sluice Boxes • Smith River • Spring Meadow Lake • Thompson Falls • Tongue River Reservoir • Tower Rock • Travelers' Rest • Wayfarers • West Shore • Whitefish Lake • Wild Horse Island • Yellow BayState Forests:
Coal Creek • Stillwater • Swan RiverWildlife Management Areas:Amelia Island • Aunt Molly • Badlands • Beartooth • Beckman • Big Lake • Blackfoot-Clearwater • Blackleaf • Blue Eyed Nellie • Bowdoin • Buffalo Head Park • Bull River • Calf Creek • Canyon Creek • Canyon Ferry • Dodson Creek • Dodson Dam • Dome Mountain • Ear Mountain • Elk Island • F Island • Flathead Lake • Flathead River • Fleecer Mountain • Fox Lake • Freezout Lake • Fresno Reservoir • Fresno Tailwater • Gallatin • Garrity Mountain • Grant Marsh • Gravelly-Blacktail • Haymaker • Hinsdale • Horseshoe Lake • Howard Valley • Isaac Homestead • Judith River • Kootenai/Falls • Kootenai/West • Kootenai/Woods Ranch • Lake Helena • Lost Creek • Lower Stillwater Lake • Madison-Bear Creek • Madison-Wall Creek • Milk River • Mount Haggin • Mount Jumbo • Mount Silcox • Nevada Lake • Ninepipe • North Swan Valley CE • Pablo • Ray Kuhns • Robb-Ledford • Rookery • Roundhom • Sanders • Seven Sisters • Silver Gate • Silver Run • Smith River • Sun River • Swan Lake • Thompson-Fisher CE • Three Mile • Threemile • Vandalia • War Dance Island • Warm Springs
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.