Nabataean alphabet

Nabataean alphabet
Type Abjad
Languages Nabataean language
Time period 2nd century BC to 4th century AD
Parent systems
Proto-Sinaitic alphabet
Child systems Arabic alphabet
ISO 15924 Nbat, 159
Note: This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols.

The Nabataean alphabet is a consonantal alphabet (abjad) that was used by the Nabataeans in the 2nd century BC. Important inscriptions are found in Petra. The alphabet is descended from the Aramaic alphabet via the Syriac alphabet. A cursive form of it in turn developed into the Arabic alphabet from the 4th century, which is why its letterforms are intermediate between the more northerly Semitic scripts (such as the Hebrew) and Arabic.

Nabatean Name Arabic
01 aleph.svg Alaph ا/ء ܐ
02 bet.svg Beth ب ܒ
03 gimel.svg Gamal ج ܓ
04 dal.svg Dalath ܕ
05 ha.svg Heh ه ܗ
06 waw.svg Waw ܘ
07 zayn.svg Zain ܙ
08 ha.svg Heth ح ܚ
09 taa.svg Teth ܛ
10 yaa.svg Yodh ي ܝ
11 kaf.svg Kaph ﻛ/ك ܟܟ
12 lam.svg Lamadh ل ܠ
13 meem.svg Meem مم ܡܡ
14 noon.svg Noon ن ܢܢ
15 sin.svg Simkath س ܣ
16 ein.svg 'E ع ܥ
17 fa.svg Peh ف ܦ
18 sad.svg Sad'e ص ܨ
19 qaf.svg Qoph ܩ
20 ra.svg Resh ܪ
21 shin.svg Sheen س، ش ܫ
22 ta.svg Taw ܬ

See also

The Northwest Semitic abjad
ʾ b g d h w z y k l m n s ʿ p q r š t
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 200 300 400


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  • alphabet — /al feuh bet , bit/, n. 1. the letters of a language in their customary order. 2. any system of characters or signs with which a language is written: the Greek alphabet. 3. any such system for representing the sounds of a language: the phonetic… …   Universalium

  • History of the Arabic alphabet — The history of the Arabic alphabet shows that this abjad has changed since it arose. It is thought that the Arabic alphabet is a derivative of the Nabataean variation (or perhaps the Syriac variation) of the Aramaic alphabet, which descended from …   Wikipedia

  • Syriac alphabet — Type Abjad …   Wikipedia

  • Aramaic alphabet — Bilingual Greek and Aramaic inscription by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka the Great at Kandahar, 3rd century BC …   Wikipedia

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  • Arabic alphabet — Script used to write Arabic and a number of other languages whose speakers have been influenced by Arab and Islamic culture. The 28 character Arabic alphabet developed from a script used to write Nabataean Aramaic. Because Arabic had different… …   Universalium

  • neo-Sinaitic alphabet — ▪ writing system       writing system used in many short rock inscriptions in the Sinai Peninsula, not to be confused with the Sinaitic inscriptions, which are of much earlier date and not directly related. Neo Sinaitic evolved out of the… …   Universalium

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