—  city  —
Location of Medak
in Andhra Pradesh and India
Coordinates 18°02′N 78°16′E / 18.03°N 78.27°E / 18.03; 78.27Coordinates: 18°02′N 78°16′E / 18.03°N 78.27°E / 18.03; 78.27
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District(s) Medak
Population 141,916 (2009)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)


442 metres (1,450 ft)

Medak (Telugu: మెదక్), is a municipality in Medak District in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is 100 km to the north of Hyderabad.



Medak is located at 18°02′N 78°16′E / 18.03°N 78.27°E / 18.03; 78.27.[1] It has an average elevation of 442 metres (1450 feet).


As of 2001 India census,[2] Medak had a population of 1,41,916. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Medak has an average literacy rate of 66%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 57%. In Medak, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.


Medak, a historic town originally called Siddapuram, later it known as Gulshanabad also, reached its pinnacle during the Kakatiya dynasty reign. Medak has a citadel dating back to the Kakatiyas. It was built during the reign of Kakatiya emperor Pratapa Rudra. Strategically built on a hillock, it was called the Methukudurgam (and Methukuseema), from the Telugu word Methuku - meaning cooked rice grain. The main entrance proudly displays the double-headed bird "Gandabherundam" of the Kakatiyas. The Medak fort stands as an epitome of architectural excellence of the Kakatiya dynasty. The water to the fort was served through a pipeline from a well inside the fort. It has three main entrances, the "Prathama Dwaram", the "Simha Dwaram" or Lions Entrance that has two snarling lions at the top of the entrance and the "Gaja Dwaram" or Elephant's Entrance that has a sculpture of two elephants interlocked on both sides of the entrance. At the fort one can see a 17th century cannon that is 3.2 meters long. The cannon has a trident etched on it. This fortress uses the natural topography to the maximum advantage with the rocky face offering it natural defenses.



Medak district is adorned by many temples depicting fine architectural splendours. ERDANOOR located at 5KM From Ganesh Gadda,National Hiway NH-9 Patancheru to Sangareddy to Take Right. SOWDAMMA MATHA TEMPLE, Jathara will celebreted at every year in Jan.Month, Ismailkhanpet near to Sangareddy, (Sapta Prakarauta Bhavani Mata Temple, located at 35 km to the Hyderabad), They are located in the Bonthapally (Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, located at 25 km to the north of Hyderabad), Zarasangam , Koppol (sangameshwara temple,45 km from Medak town), Edupailu (Kanakadurga Temple, 8 km from Medak town, on the banks of Manjira river), Nachagiri temples (Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple, 55 km from Hyderabad), Siddipet (Koti Ligeshwara Swamy Temple), Sri Saraswathi Kshetramu, Ananthasagar temple located 22 KM far away from Siddipet in the route of Siddipet to Karimnagar and Chegunta Sai Baba devastanam-KarnalPally,Sri Kalyana Venkateshwara Swami Devasthaanam, Vasavi Kanyaka Parameshwari Ammavari Devalayam, Swayam Bhoo Mahakali Devasthaanam, Anjaneya Swami devalayam to name a few. Sri Sri Chamundeshwari Ammawari Temple at Chitkula village of andhole mandal, nearer to the jogipeta town. on the banks of manjira is also a famous shakti temple which is founded by sri ramanayya garu. The Joginatha Temple at Jogipet and Surya Devalayam at Dakur village are also equally important places in the district. Another one is Kowdipally Mandal Tuniki village in this village is the famous temple is Nalla Pochamma. From Hyderabad to 60 km only. A famous temple of Jagadamba mata and Sri Sri Seva Lal maharaj located at Bommareddygudem village in Pulkal mandal. Sri Sri Seva maharaj was born on 14 February and was principle deity of Banjara tribal.

Natural features

Medak fort.jpg

Pocharam Forest & Wildlife Sanctuary, located 15 km from Medak and 115 km from Hyderabad, was the favourite hunting ground of the Nizam and was declared a wild life sanctuary in the early part of 20th century. Named after the Pocharam lake formed from bunding of the Allair in the years 1916 - 1922, it is spread over 9.12 km². Surrounded by lush green forest, it is rich in flora and fauna and attracts a lot of winged visitors, like the bar-headed goose, Brahminy ducks and open billed stork. There is a center for Eco-Tourism where visitors can see five species of antelopes and deer. Summer temperatures go up to 46 °C & in winter it drops to 6 °C. The sanctuary is home to animals like leopard, forest cat, wild dog, wolf, jackal, sloth bear, sambar, nilgai, chinkara, chital, and four-horned antelope.

Tourist Spots

  • Sai Baba Temple- Karnal Pally, Chegunta mandal

The Temple, which is recenrly build by the sai baba devoties of Karnal Pally villager's and other... There also located famous temple-"Renuka Yellama Devi Alayam" and "Anjaneya Swamy-Temple" Build by Karnal Pally people...

The Church of South India Cathedral at Medak. It is considered to be one of the largest churches in Asia

The church, the single largest diocese in Asia and the second largest in the world after the Vatican[citation needed], is built in solid white granite. The tower is 173 feet high, with four pinnacles.

  • Gottam Gutta (GottamGota)

Its 25 km from Zaheerabad, the place with broad & thick forest, hills, big lake and historical temples.

Route: Zaheerabad -> Mogadam Palli ->Chunnam Batty Thanda -> Gottamgotta Forest.

  • Pocharam Forest & Wildlife Sanctuary It was the favorite hunting spot of Nizam kings. This sanctuary is home to black bucks, leopards, bears, and crocodiles.[citation needed]
  • Singur Dam

30 KM from Sangareddy

  • Medak Fort. This Citadel was first built by Kakathiya king Prathapa rudra. This citadel boasts of iron pipe water supply system spread all over the fort.
Medak Fort
  • Nizam Sagar

Nizam Sagar dam, 50 KM from Medak, was constructed across the Manjira River, a tributary of the Godavari River. The site is noted for its splendid scenic beauty. The most outstanding feature of the project is the gigantic masonry dam sprawling across the river for 3 km with a motor able road of 14 ft width over it.

  • Manjira wildlife & bird sanctuary

comprises nine small islands which are home to a number of resident and migratory birds in addition to Marsh Crocodiles and Muggers.

  • Sri Saraswathi Kshetramu, Anantha Sagar, Siddipet division

Shri Saraswathi Skshtramu (Telugu: శ్రీ సరస్వతి క్షేత్రము,Hindi: श्री सरस्वती क्षेत्रमु) is a famous Hindu Temple of Goddess Saraswathi located in the Ananthasagar, Siddipet Division, Medak district of Andhra Pradesh. The temple is built from 1980 to 1990 built by Sri Astakala Narasimha Rama Sharma(Astavadhani).

"Velupugonda sri tumburunatha devalayam"- built by rastrakuta kings, is one of the rarest temple in India with prisiding deity as sri tumburunatha swamy(god of music).This temple consists of fine stone sculptures dipicting men and women singing and dancing. His temple is situated at velupugonda village in tekmal mandal 35km from Medak town.

"Edupayala Durga Bhavani gudi"- It is a highly revered shrine of goddess Durga bhavani in Telangana and adjacent states of karnataka and Maharashtra. Edupayalu is a peculiar place with natural stone formations. Here Manjeera river splits into seven streams and unites into one,hence this place is called EDUPAYALU means Seven streams. Story of the place goes back to time of Mahabharata. It is believed that king Janamejaya (grandson of Arjuna) performed "sarpa yagam(sacrifice of snakes into the holy fire)" here to save his father Parikshith from a curse. recently while constructing a bridge, it is found that `a layer of ash is there below the Manjeera river bed. Jatara(fair)is celebrated on the day of Shivarathri and Maagha Amavasya. Edupayala jatara attracts lakhs of devotees from telangana, adjacent states of karnataka and maharashtra.

Sri ranganatha swamy temple at Rangampet village, Narasimha swamy temple at Jakkannapet, Sidha rameshwara temple near Medak (2km from Medak) are other noteworthy temples.

Educational institutions

Medak houses plenty of prominent,established educational institutions,like IIT Hyderabad, the MNR Medical college being the most popular among them,MNR Group also runs a couple of Engineering colleges.

Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad is an autonomous university permanent Campus located in Kandi, Medak District, Andhra Pradesh. Presently IIT Hyderabad running in a temporary campus located at Ordinance Factory(ODF), Yeddumailaram village, Medak District, Andhra Pradesh.

The recent addition to the list is the GITAM University Hyderabad Campus[1] located in the village Rudraram,and the Patancheru mandal.

Parliamentary Constituency

Medak is a Lok Sabha Constituency in Indian Parliament.

List of Elected Members:

  • 1957, 1962 - P. Hanmanth Rao
  • 1967 - Sangam Laxmi Bai
  • 1971, 1977 Mallikarjun
  • 1980 - Indira Gandhi (CONGRESS)
  • 1984 - P. Manik Reddy
  • !989, 1991, 1996 and 1998 - Mogaligundla Baga Reddy
  • 1999 - A. Narendra (BJP)
  • 2004 - A. Narendra (TRS)
  • 2009 - Ms. Vijayasanthi (TRS)


External links

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