- Islamic view of Moses
"Musa" redirects here. For other uses, see Musa (disambiguation).
Lineage of six prominent prophets according to Islamic tradition Adem (Adam) Nuh (Noah) Ibrahim (Abraham) Ishmael Is'haq (Isaac) Musa (Moses) Maryam (Mary) Isa (Jesus) Abdul Muttalib Muhammad Dotted lines indicate multiple generations This article is part of the series: Islam
Musa (Arabic: موسى; meaning Drawn out of water), known as Moses in the Old Testament, is considered an Islamic prophet, messenger, lawgiver and leader in Islam. Moses is mentioned more in the Quran than any other individual, and his life is narrated and recounted more than that any other prophet. According to Islam, all Muslims must have faith in all mentioned prophets (nabi) and messengers (rasul) in the Qur'an, which includes Moses and his brother Aaron (Harun). The Qur'an states:Also mention in the Book (the story of) Moses: for he was specially chosen, and he was a messenger (and) a prophet. And we called him from the right side of Mount (Sinai), and made him draw near to Us, for mystic (converse). And, out of Our Mercy, We gave him his brother Aaron, (also) a prophet.
Many authors and scholars have generally attributed the tale of Moses as a spiritual parallel to the life of Muhammad, since many aspects of their lives are shared. Moses is also believed by Muslims to have foretold the coming of Muhammad, who would be the last prophet (Family tree with prophets on right).
Moses is revered in Islam as one of the greatest men of all time and, although the Qur'an mentions his full narrative, there are many sayings of Muhammad related to Moses and his life and tasks. Muslims also acknowledge that Moses was given a revealed book from God known as the Torah. According to Islamic tradition, Moses was one of the many prophets Muhammad met in the event of the Mi'raj, when he ascended through the seven heavens.
- 1 Story of Moses
- 1.1 When he was young
- 1.2 Preaching
- 2 Burial place
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Story of Moses
According to Islamic tradition, Moses was born into a family of Israelites living in Egypt.
When he was young
The ruling Pharaoh on the advice of his soothsayers, ordered the killing of all new-born Israelite males.
In the basket
To protect her son, Moses's mother put him in a basket and set him adrift on the Nile. He was discovered by the Pharaoh's wife, Asiya, who adopted him.
Finding out if Moses is a prophet
The Pharaoh was still wondering if this was the Israelite boy that would get him out of power, so he asked his advisers for advise. They told him to bring two bowls, one with fireballs and the other with gems. If he was a normal baby, he would go for the fire, if he was a prophet, he would go for the gems. Then they brought baby Moses and put him near the two bowls. Moses was reaching for the gems when God made his hands change direction and go to the fire. then' like all babies, he swallowed the fire; therefore, he stammered.
Moses grew up as a member of the Pharaoh's household, sleeping in the Pharaoh's palace, and for some days of the week, he went to his mother's house, where he learned about worshipping God.
Having to leave
One day when he was walking outside he saw an Egyptian in a fight with an Israelite, and went to the Egyptian and hit him, in the process killing him. When he found out what he did, he prayed to God for forgiveness. The next day, he saw the same Israelite in a fight with another Egyptian. When Moses refused, realizing that the Israelite was troublemaker, the Israelite mentioned what happened the day before. When the Egyptian heard, he ran into the palace. He then came out running, telling Moses that they planned to kill him and so Moses had to run.
After travelling in the desert for a long time, he arrived in Midian and came into the company of an old man (some Muslims say he was the prophet Shoaib), who recognized Moses as a man of God. He arranged a marriage between Moses and his daughter (Zipporah in Biblical and Hebrew tradition) and then Moses worked for him for eight to ten years.
God calls Moses
Ten years after the well incident, Moses became very home sick. He approached his wife and told her his plans. They would leave in the morning for Egypt. After briefly reassuring her fears, they left the next morning traveling through the desert until he reached Mount Sinai. At nightfall they reached Mount Tur. Moses noticed a fire in the distance. He told his family to stay in their tents and that he would get fire to warm them.
He traveled through the dark finding a small burning bush. Moses approached cautiously. A voice suddenly called out to him, and he heard God speaking to him. God told him to return to Egypt and free the Jewish people. Moses, however, was fearful of the Pharaoh, and wanted signs.
God ordered Moses to throw his staff onto the ground. As a sign to Moses from God, the staff was transformed into a snake. Moses became scared, but God ordered Moses to pick it up, as it would change back to its original form. He also ordered Moses to press his right hand to his left side and it would shine in a bright, white radiant light. Moses admitted that he was afraid of getting arrested on the previous murder charge, and also because he could not speak fluently due to a speech impediment. God told him that his brother, Aaron, could accompany him in his tasks, help in preaching to the Israelites and speak for him in general.
Moses and Aaron arrive at Pharaoh's Court
Moses thus embarked for Egypt and faced the Fir'awn. Moses and Aaron arrived in the court of the Pharaoh and admonished the Pharaoh and his chief minister, Haman, by informing him that his claim of godhood was false, for there is but one God who created both the Pharaohs and their subjects. He controls all that is in this world and beyond. Moses warned the Pharaoh about God's punishment and told him that he had come with a clear sign and asked for the release of his people from their bondage in Egypt.
Moses and the magicians of Pharaoh
To this, the Pharaoh demanded to see the sign to clarify the truth. Moses threw his staff to the floor and it turned into a serpent. He then drew out his hand and it shined in white. The Pharaoh's counselors advised him that this was sorcery and on their advice he summoned the best sorcerers of the town. On the day of the festival of Egypt, the summoned sorcerers threw their rods on the floor on Moses' offer and it too changed into snakes. However, when Moses reacted likewise with his rod, the serpent from his rod devoured all the wriggling snakes. At once the sorcerers, who had come to compete against Moses and win a reward from the Pharaoh, realized this was not magic and believed in the message of Moses despite threats from the Pharaoh. They were then crucified by the orders of Pharaoh for their firmness in their faith.
Although the magic of the Pharaoh was beaten, he would not relent to the power of God. He defiantly refused to allow Israelites to leave Egypt. As a result, God decreed punishments over him and his people. These punishments came in the form of floods that demolished their dwellings, swarms of locust that destroyed the crops, pestilence of lice that made life miserable, toads that croaked and sprang everywhere, plagues, and the turning of all drinking water into blood. Each time the Pharaoh was subjected to humiliation, his defiance became greater. Finally a great plague happened (not mentioned in detail in the Qur'an) and the Pharaoh gave up his defiance. However, Pharaoh was angry and wanted to chase the Israelites after realizing that they have left during night time.
Splitting of the Red Sea
Upon seeing the Pharaoh and his army approaching the Israelites started to run but stopped at the seafront where they could not go any further. Here Moses used his staff to part the sea that allowed the Israelites to pass through, then the Pharaoh also followed but the sea closed on him drowning and killing Pharaoh and his entire army.
The Ten Commandments and the Golden Calf
Moses led his people on the Exodus to Mount Sinai. Moses told the people that Aaron was to be the leader while he was gone. Moses then climbed the mountain.
Moses returned to the spot where he had first received his miracles from God. He took off his shoes as before and went down into subjugation to The Creator. He prayed to God for guidance. He was given the Ten Commandments at this session. Before leaving, he begged God to be revealed to him. God told him that it would not be possible for him to see God, but that God will reveal himself to the mountain stating: "By no means canst thou see Me (direct); But look upon the mount; if it abide in its place, then shalt thou see Me." When God revealed himself to the mountain it instantaneously turned into ashes. Moses lost consciousness. When he recovered, he went down in total submission and asked forgiveness of God.
Having thus received the scriptures for his people, Moses came down from the mountain and returned to his people. However, he was shocked to find that the Israelites had revolted against his brother Aaron and started worshiping a golden calf fashioned by a person named Samiri.
Shortly thereafter, the elders asked to see the God of Moses, so he took them up the mountain. While climbing, a white bolt of lightning struck their path, and they all bowed in submission. Moses prayed for their forgiveness, and they returned to camp and set up a tent dedicated to worshipping God as Aaron taught them from the Torah.
They resumed their journey towards the promised land, but ran out of food. God gave them a gift of food called Manna, but eventually the people became restless and asked for a variety of foods such as vegetables. Moses became angry with them and admonished them for their lack of gratitude.
Arrival at Canaan
They eventually reached Canaan, the promised land, and decided to send spies to see the land. While two pious and believing men (Joshua and Caleb) told the Israelites to put their trust in God and enter, telling them the best tactics to assault the Canaanites, the people believed it was too dangerous and refused to enter the promised land. Moses pleaded to them to come, but they refused.
God says in the Qur'an:They said: "O Moses! In this land are a people of exceeding strength: Never shall we enter it until they leave it: if (once) they leave, then shall we enter."
(But) among (their) Allah-fearing men were two on whom Allah had bestowed His grace: They said: "Assault them at the (proper) Gate: when once ye are in, victory will be yours; But on Allah put your trust if ye have faith."
They said: "O Moses! while they remain there, never shall we be able to enter, to the end of time. Go thou, and thy Lord, and fight ye two, while we sit here (and watch)."
He said: "O my Lord! I have power only over myself and my brother: so separate us from this rebellious people!"
Allah said: "Therefore will the land be out of their reach for forty years: In distraction will they wander through the land: But sorrow thou not over these rebellious people.—Qur'an, sura 5 (Al-Maeda), ayah 22-26
Certain Muslims believe that the grave of Moses is located at Maqam El-Nabi Musa lies 11 km (6.8 mi) south of Jericho and 20 km (12 mi) east of Jerusalem in the Judean wilderness. A side road to the right of the main Jerusalem-Jericho road, about 2 km (1.2 mi) beyond the sign indicating sea level, leads to the site. Fatimid/Taiyabi/Dawoodi Bohra also believe in the same.
The main body of the present shrine, mosque, minaret and some rooms were built during the reign of Baibars, a Mamluk Sultan, in 1270 AD. Over the years Nebi Musa was expanded, protected by walls, and includes 120 rooms in its two levels which hosted the visitors. A large open cemetery is located around the complex.
- Biblical narratives and the Qur'an
- Legends and the Qur'an
- Children of Israel
- Moses in rabbinic literature
- Prophets of Islam
- Stories of The Prophets
- ^ Quran 19:51: "Also mention in the Book (the story of) Moses: for he was specially chosen, and he was a messenger (and) a prophet."
- ^ Annabel Keeler, "Moses from a Muslim Perspective", in: Solomon, Norman; Harries, Richard; Winter, Tim (eds.), Abraham's children: Jews, Christians, and Muslims in conversation, T&T Clark Publ. (2005), pp. 55–66.
- ^ Quran 19:51–53
- ^ Sahih Muslim, 1:309, 1:314
- ^ Quran 28:7–9: "So We sent this inspiration to the mother of Moses: "Suckle (thy child), but when thou hast fears about him, cast him into the river, but fear not nor grieve: for We shall restore him to thee, and We shall make him one of Our messengers."
Then the people of Pharaoh picked him up (from the river): (It was intended) that (Moses) should be to them an adversary and a cause of sorrow: for Pharaoh and Haman and (all) their hosts were men of sin.
The wife of Pharaoh said: "(Here is) joy of the eye, for me and for thee: slay him not. It may be that he will be use to us, or we may adopt him as a son." And they perceived not (what they were doing)!"
- ^ http://www.help-for-the-convert.net/new_page_13.htm
- ^ Quran 20:24–28: "'Go thou to Pharaoh, for he has indeed transgressed all bounds.'
(Moses) said: 'O my Lord! expand me my breast;
Ease my task for me;
And remove the impediment from my speech,
So they may understand what I say:'"
- ^ Quran 20:29–36: [Moses said] "'And give me a Minister from my family,
Aaron, my brother.
Add to my strength through him,
And make him share my task:
That we may glorify Thee much
And much remember Thee.
For Thou art He that (ever) regardeth us'
(Allah) said: 'Granted is thy prayer, O Moses!'"
- ^ Quran 7:143: "When Moses came to the place appointed by Us, and his Lord addressed him, He said: 'O my Lord! show (Thyself) to me, that I may look upon thee.' Allah said: 'By no means canst thou see Me (direct); But look upon the mount; if it abide in its place, then shalt thou see Me.' When his Lord manifested His glory on the Mount, He made it as dust. And Moses fell down in a swoon. When he recovered his senses he said: 'Glory be to Thee! to Thee I turn in repentance, and I am the first to believe.'"
- ^ Quran 20:85–88: "(Allah) said: 'We have tested thy people in thy absence: the Samiri has led them astray.'
So Moses returned to his people in a state of indignation and sorrow. He said: 'O my people! did not your Lord make a handsome promise to you? Did then the promise seem to you long (in coming)? Or did ye desire that Wrath should descend from your Lord on you, and so ye broke your promise to me?'
They said: 'We broke not the promise to thee, as far as lay in our power: but we were made to carry the weight of the ornaments of the (whole) people, and we threw them (into the fire), and that was what the Samiri suggested'.
Then he brought out (of the fire) before the (people) the image of a calf: It seemed to low: so they said: 'This is your god, and the god of Moses, but (Moses) has forgotten!'"
- ^ Quran 5:22–26
- ^ Quran 5:22–26: "They said: 'O Moses! In this land are a people of exceeding strength: Never shall we enter it until they leave it: if (once) they leave, then shall we enter.'
(But) among (their) Allah-fearing men were two on whom Allah had bestowed His grace: They said: 'Assault them at the (proper) Gate: when once ye are in, victory will be yours; But on Allah put your trust if ye have faith.'
They said: 'O Moses! while they remain there, never shall we be able to enter, to the end of time. Go thou, and thy Lord, and fight ye two, while we sit here (and watch).'
He said: 'O my Lord! I have power only over myself and my brother: so separate us from this rebellious people!'
Allah said: 'Therefore will the land be out of their reach for forty years: In distraction will they wander through the land: But sorrow thou not over these rebellious people.'
Prophets in the Hebrew Bible Pre-Patriarchs (Bible) Patriarchs and Matriarchs Israelite prophets
in the Torah
in the Former Prophets
Major Prophets Minor Prophets Noahide prophets Other prophets Italics denote that the status as a prophet is not universally accepted. · rl are articles dealing with the prophet within Rabbinic Literature. Prophets in the Qur'an Note: Muslims believe that there were many prophets sent by God to mankind. The Islamic prophets above are only the ones mentioned by name in the Qur'an. People in the Quran IndividualsAaron · Abel · Abraham · Abu Bakr · Abū Lahab · Adam · Amram · Anne · Asiya · Azar · Azrael · Believer of Ya-Sin · Benjamin · Cain · Caleb · David · Devil · Dhul-Kifl · Dhul-Qarnayn (Cyrus the Great, Alexander the Great) · Elijah · Elisha · Elizabeth · Eve · Ezra · Gabriel · Gog · Goliath · Haman · Harut · Hud · Idris · Isaac · Ishmael · Jacob · Jesus · Jethro · Joachim · Job · Jochebed · John the Baptist · Jonah · Joseph · Joshua · Khidr · King of Abraham's time · Korah · Lot · Luqman · Luqman's son · Maalik · Magog · Mary · Marut · Michael · Miriam · Moses · Muhammad · Noah · Pharaoh of Joseph's time · Pharaoh of the Exodus · Potiphar · Queen of Sheba · Saleh · Samiri · Samuel · Sarah · Saul · Shoaib · Solomon · Umm Jamil · Wicked man, Parable · Wondering man, Parable · Zachariah · Zaid · Zipporah · Zulaikha General groups Specific GroupsDisciples of Jesus · Jinns of Solomon · Muhammad's wives · Scribes of the Quran · People of the Cave · Pharaoh's sorcerers · Twelve Tribes of Israel CommunitiesʿĀd · Companions of the Elephant · Companions of the Rass · Egypt · · Israelites · Mesopotamia · Midian · Nineveh · Sodom and Gomorrah · Thamud · People of Tubba · People of the Wood · People of Ya-Sin · Quraysh · Romans Lifeforms Note: Italics denote that the name of the figure is not mentioned in the Quran, but is taken from other sources of Islamic literature.Categories:
- Prophets of the Hebrew Bible
- Muslim views of biblical figures
- Prophets of Islam
- 1 Story of Moses
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