Domodedovo International Airport

Domodedovo International Airport
Moscow Domodedovo Airport
Аэропорт Домодедово
Domodedovo logo.png
IATA: DMEICAO: UUDD
DME is located in Moscow Oblast
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DME
Location of airport in Moscow Oblast
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator East Line Group
Serves Moscow
Location Domodedovsky District
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 588 ft / 179 m
Coordinates 55°24′31″N 37°54′22″E / 55.40861°N 37.90611°E / 55.40861; 37.90611Coordinates: 55°24′31″N 37°54′22″E / 55.40861°N 37.90611°E / 55.40861; 37.90611
Website www.domodedovo.ru
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14C/32C
(Former)
2,600 8,531 Concrete
14L/32R 3,800 12,467 Reinforced concrete
14R/32L 3,500 11,483 Reinforced concrete
Statistics (2010)
Number of passengers 22,254,529
Aircraft movements 211,907
Sources: DAFIF,[1][2][3]

Moscow Domodedovo Airport or Domodedovo International Airport (Russian: Московский аэропорт Домоде́дово Moskovsky Aeroport Domodedоvo) (IATA: DMEICAO: UUDD) is an international airport located in Domodedovsky District, Moscow Oblast, Russia, 42 kilometres (26 mi) south-southeast of the centre of Moscow. Domodedovo is the largest airport in Russia in terms of passenger and cargo traffic (22.25 million passengers used the airport in 2010, which is a 19.2% increase over 2009), and is one of the three major Moscow airports along with Sheremetyevo and Vnukovo.

In 2003, the airport began an expansion programm designed to obtain approval for wide-body aircraft operations. The runway, taxiways and parking areas were enlarged and strengthened. In March 2009 it was announced that the approval had been granted, making Domodedovo Airport the first in Russia approved for NLA operations such as the Airbus A380. The approval signifies that its operations areas comply with size and strength requirements of ICAO Category F standards.[4] The airport has ILS category III A status.

Contents

History

The airport is named after the nearby town of Domodedovo, the administrative center of the Domodedovsky District.

Services from Domodedovo began in March 1964 with a flight to Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg) using a Tupolev 104. The airport, intended to handle the growth of long-distance domestic traffic in the Soviet Union, was officially opened in May 1965. A second runway, parallel to the existing one, was put into service 18 months after the opening of the airport. On 26 December 1975, Domodedovo Airport was selected for the inaugural flight of Tupolev Tu-144 to Alma Ata, now called Almaty.

In 1993–1994, East Line Group, founded by Dmitry Kamenshik, who build capital in the early 1990s on hauling cargo from Asian countries to Russia, invested in several facilities at Domodedovo, including a new customs terminal and catering services.[5] In late 1996, Kamenshik-led East Line Group privatized the terminal facilities of Domodedovo Airport and formed JSC 'International Airport Domodedovo' and several other commercial entities controlling the airfield operations at the airport. Since 1998, the runways, air traffic control and communication facilities are formally on a lease to the subsidiary of East Line Group. Later, in 2005 and 2008, the legality of these deals with East Line Group was contested by the Russian Rosimushchestvo government agency supervising the state property.[6]

East Line's strategic goal to stabilize the airport's future and to establish Domodedovo as an important international and multi-modal transportation hub was gradually achieved throughout the 2000s. In the early 2000s, East Line Group began to heavily invest in reconstruction and modernization of the outdated airport facilities. By 2009, the terminal floor space was expanded to 135,000 sq. meters from 70,000 sq. meters in 2004. The renovated terminal and airport facilities allowed the owners of the airport to attract British Airways, El Al, Swiss International Air Lines, Japan Airlines, and Austrian Airlines, who moved their flights from another major international Moscow airport, Sheremetyevo Airport, to Domodedovo. They were followed by Emirates, Brussels Airlines, Thai Airways International, Singapore Airlines, Qatar Airways, Royal Jordanian and Lufthansa. Aeroflot also moved certain cargo operations to Domodedovo. The airport became the hub for some of Russia's major airlines like S7 Airlines and Transaero, which is now the main tenant in the airport. Domodedovo topped Sheremetyevo Airport in terms of passenger traffic becoming the busiest airport in Russia. By 2010, the traffic at Domodedovo spiked to over 22 million passengers per year from 2.8 million in 2000.[7]

Domodedovo is Russia's first airport to have parallel runways operating simultaneously.[8] Since the air traffic control tower was redeveloped in 2003, Domodedovo can control over 70 take-offs and landings an hour. By late 2000s, the airport had five business lounges, set up by individual airlines.

Airbus A380 at Domodedovo International Airport, October 16–17 2009. The first in Russia approved for NLA operations such as this type of aircraft size.

Domodedovo Airport has been the focus of two terrorist-related incidents. In 2004, suicide bombers managed to pass airport security and get aboard of two passenger planes and then carry out the bombings after departure from Domodedovo. Despite the heightened security measures taken after this incident, another suicide bomber attack occurred on January 24, 2011, when an Islamist militant entered the terminal building and detonated a bomb in the arrival hall. As a result, mandatory screening and pat-down practices have been introduced at the airport terminal entrances.

The identity of East Line's owners controlling the operations at Domodedovo Airport was vague with traces leading to offshore companies.[9] However, in May 2011, Dmitry Kamenshik was disclosed to be the main beneficiary of East Line's assets.[10] At that time, Domodedovo Airport contemplated IPO,[11] however these plans were scrapped.[12]

Transport links

Rail

Singapore Airlines Boeing 777-300ER at international terminal
Domodedovo Airport train station

The airport has a railway station with service to the Paveletsky Rail Terminal in the central Moscow. Rail connection is provided by non-stop Aeroexpress trains (takes 45 min; coach class costs 320 rubles, business class costs 550 rubles), as well as by regular suburban commuter trains (takes 65 to 70 min and costs 99 rubles).

Road

The airport has several short- and long-term parking lots. The terminal is accessed from the junction of Moscow Ring Road and Kashirskoye Highway via a designated 14-mile-long four-lane freeway. Licensed taxi, limo services and car rental (Hertz, Avis and Sixt) providers are available at the counters of the arrival hall.

Terminals

Control tower at Domodedovo airport
Domodedovo passenger terminal
Domodedovo International terminal

Domodedovo Airport has one terminal building comprising two separate concourses for domestic (and some former Soviet republic countries) and international flights, respectively. It has 22 jetways altogether.

As of November 2011, new concourse extensions adjacent to the current terminal building are under construction. The construction is projected to increase the overall size of the passenger terminal to 225,000 m2. The extensions are scheduled to open in stages in 2012 and 2013. All concourses will remain connected and planned to increase the efficiency of the airport operations and passenger connections by using ICAO and IATA transfer technologies.

Airbus A380 future operators

Airbus A380 landed in Domodedovo

Emirates is the first airline which plans to put an A380 in service, on the route Dubai-Moscow-Dubai. Lufthansa has also been suggested on the routes to Frankfurt or Munich, Etihad to Abu-Dhabi and Qatar Airways to Doha.

Plans are also in discussion for hub airline Transaero, but it has yet to choose between Airbus A380 and Boeing 747-8 Intercontinental, with the decision in 2012, although it is likely to favor the A380.

All A380 flights will be from the new concourse.

Airlines and destinations

S7 Airlines's Boeing 737-800
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki A
AeroBratsk Bratsk B
Air Arabia Sharjah A
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Munich, Stuttgart A
Air Malta Malta A
Air Moldova Chişinău B
AirBaltic Riga A
Ak Bars Aero Magnitogorsk, Bugulma, Kaliningrad, Tambov, Chelyabinsk, Yoshkar-Ola, Nizhnekamsk B
Alrosa Mirny Air Enterprise Mirny, Polyarny B
Arkia Israel Airlines Tel Aviv A
Armavia Yerevan A
Astra Airlines Seasonal: Thessaloniki A
Austrian Airlines Vienna A
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku A
Azerbaijan Airlines
operated by Turan Air
Ganja B
Belavia Minsk B
BMI London-Heathrow A
British Airways London-Heathrow A
Brussels Airlines Brussels A
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong A
Czech Connect Airlines Brno, Pardubice A
Donbassaero Donetsk A
EgyptAir Cairo A
El Al Tel Aviv A
Emirates Dubai A
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi A
Georgian Airways Batumi, Kutaisi, Tbilisi A
Globus Airlines Anapa, Barnaul, Chita, Kaliningrad, Sochi, St Petersburg, Ulan-Ude B
Iberia Madrid A
IrAero Irkutsk B
Irtysh Air Pavlodar A
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv A
Itek Air Bishkek, Osh A
Izhavia Izhevsk B
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita A
Kavminvodyavia Mineralnye Vody B
Kogalymavia Kogalym, Surgut B
Kogalymavia Barcelona, Burgas, Hurghada A
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek, Osh A
Lufthansa Berlin-Tegel [ends 2 June], Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Munich A
Meridiana Fly Bologna A
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica, Tivat A
Moskovia Airlines Andizhan, Antalya, Bukhara, Fergana, Ganja, Karshi, Namangan, Nukus, Podgorica, Samarkand, Termez, Tivat A
Niki Salzburg [begins 24 December], Vienna A
NordStar Krasnoyarsk, Norilsk, St Petersburg B
NordStar
Seasonal: Heraklion, Hurgada, Marsa Alam, Sharm-el-Sheikh, Tivat
A
Nouvelair Tunis A
Orenair Orenburg, Orsk B
Polet Airlines Belgorod, Cheboksary, Lipetsk, Ulyanovsk, Voronezh B
Qatar Airways Doha A
Rossiya St Petersburg B
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia, Aqaba A
RusLine Apatity, Beloyarsky, Cheboksary, Elista, Grozny, Krasnodar, Makhachkala, Nalchik, Nyagan, Petrozavodsk, Stavropol, Volgograd, Voronezh B
RusLine Aktobe, Kajaani, Kurgan, Palanga A
SCAT Aktau, Aktyubinsk A
S7 Airlines Antalya, Ashgabad, Baku, Burgas, Dalaman, Frankfurt, Gyumri, Hurghada, Khudzhand, Kutaisi, Madrid, Munich, Osh, Palma de Mallorca, Podgorica, Rimini, Tbilisi, Tivat, Urgench, Varna, Vienna, Yerevan
Seasonal: Chambéry, Düsseldorf, Dublin, Innsbruck, Milan-Bergamo Orio al Serio, Plovdiv, Turin
A
S7 Airlines Alicante, Anapa, Antalya, Ashgabat, Astrakhan, Baku, Barnaul, Burgas, Bratsk, Chelyabinsk, Chişinău, Chita, Dalaman, Irkutsk, Kaliningrad, Kazan, Kemerovo, Khabarovsk, Kiev-Boryspil, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Mineralnye Vody, Nadym, Nizhnevartovsk, Nizhniy Novgorod, Norilsk, Novokuznetsk, Novosibirsk, Novy Urengoj, Omsk, Pavlodar, Perm, Plovdiv, Rostov-on-Don, St Petersburg, Samara, Sochi, Stavropol, Surgut, Tomsk, Tyumen, Ufa, Ulan-Ude, Ust-Kamenogorsk, Vladikavkaz, Volgograd, Yekaterinburg, Yakutsk B
S7 Airlines
operated by Globus
Chita, Sochi, Ulan-Ude B
S7 Airlines
operated by Yakutia Airlines
Bratsk, Irkutsk B
Saravia Saratov B
Severstal Air Company Cherepovets B
Singapore Airlines Houston-Intercontinental, Singapore A
Sky Airlines Antalya A
Somon Air Dushanbe A
South East Airlines Makhachkala B
Sri Lankan Airlines Colombo, Dubai A
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich A
Tajik Air Dushanbe, Khujand, Kurgan-Tjube A
TAP Portugal Lisbon A
Tatarstan Airlines Kazan, Nizhnekamsk B
Tatarstan Airlines Burgas, Varna A
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi A
Transaero Airlines Abu Dhabi [begins 30 December], Aktau, Alicante, Almaty, Anadyr, Anapa, Antalya, Astana, Atyrau, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Cancun, Dalaman, Denpasar/Bali, Beijing-Capital, Berlin-Tegel, Donetsk, Frankfurt, Bukhara, Heraklion, Hurghada, Karaganda, Kiev-Boryspil, Kostanay, Kuala Lumpur [begins 30 December], Larnaca, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Madrid, Mahé [begins 2 January], Malaga, Mauritius, Malé, Miami, New York-JFK, Monastir, Odessa, Phuket, Punta Cana, Riga, Sanya, Sharm el-Sheikh, Shymkent, Simferopol, Singapore [begins 1 January], Tashkent, Tel Aviv, Tenerife-South, Tivat, Toronto-Pearson, Treviso, Varadero, Vienna, Vilnius [begins 1 December]
Seasonal: Dubai, Faro, Funchal, Girona, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong
A
Transaero Airlines Blagoveschensk, Irkutsk, Kazan, Khabarovsk, Khanty-Mansiysk, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Magadan, Magnitogorsk, Mineralnye Vody, Novosibirsk, Novy Urengoy, Omsk, Perm, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Rostov-on-Don, St Petersburg, Samara, Sochi, Tomsk, Ufa, Ulan-Ude, Uralsk, Vladivostok, Yakutsk, Yekaterinburg, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk B
Tunisair Tunis A
Turkish Airlines
operated by Anadolujet
Ankara, İstanbul-Sabiha Gökçen A
TransGlobal Igarca, Nyagan B
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat A
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Borypsil B
United Airlines Washington-Dulles A
Ural Airlines Chita, Irkutsk, Novokuznetsk, Novosibirsk, Samara, Yekaterinburg B
Ural Airlines Baikonur, Barcelona, Baku, Gelendzhik, Kulyab, Kutaisi, Venice-Marco Polo A
UTair Aviation Nakhchivan, Lenkoran A
UTair Aviation Khanty-Mansiysk, Mineralnye Vody, Noyabrsk, Surgut, Syktyvkar, Tyumen, Ufa B
Uzbekistan Airways Andizhan, Bukhara, Fergana, Karshi, Namangan, Navoiy, Nukus, Samarkand, Tashkent, Termez, Urgench A
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City A
VIM Airlines Alicante, Andizhan, Antalya, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse , Burgas, Catania, Ganja, Gyumri, Karshi, Lankaran, Malaga, Namangan, Naples, Osh, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Qarshi, Rimini, Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki, Tivat, Varna
Seasonal: Eilat-Ovda, Gran Canaria
A
VIM Airlines Khabarovsk, Krasnodar, Novosibirsk, Petropavlovsk-Kamchastsky, Sochi, B
Vueling Airlines Barcelona A
Windjet Catania, Forli, Milan-Orio al Serio, Pisa, Rimini, Verona A
Windrose Airlines Kiev-Boryspil A
Yamal Airlines Nadym, Tyumen B

Technical landings

Airlines Destinations
Afriqiyah Airways Tripoli
Yakutia Airlines Ulan-Ude, Irkutsk

Cargo airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Amsterdam, Beijing-Capital, Chicago-O'Hare, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Krasnoyarsk, Maastricht, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, St.Petersburg, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Tokyo-Narita, Yekaterenburg, Zaragoza
Asiana Cargo Seoul-Incheon
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
Polet Cargo Airlines Voronezh, Cheboksary, Tula

Other images

Other facilities

The head office of Transaero is located on the airport property.[13] Russian Sky Airlines has its head office on the airport property.[14] When Domodedovo Airlines existed, its head office was on the airport property.[15]

Incidents and accidents

  • In August 2004, two female Chechen suicide-bombers were responsible for a serious security breach at the airport which destroyed two planes (Volga-AviaExpress Flight 1303 and Siberia Airlines Flight 1047) and killed 90 passengers (Russian aircraft bombings of August 2004). Since that time East Line has instigated a new security policy and has spent $20 million on security and detection equipment, which has been installed at the airport. Some of the new security equipment included full body scanners on all checkpoints to the departure hall, making Domodedovo one of the first airports in the world to use this technology.[citation needed]
  • On March 22, 2010, a Russian Tu-204 Aviastar-TU jet, which originated from Hurghada in Egypt, crashed in a forest while trying to land at Domodedovo. There were no fatalities reported, however four of the crew were seriously injured.[16]
  • On December 4, 2010, South East Airlines Flight 372 made an emergency landing at Domodedovo, killing two people and injuring 56.[17]
  • On December 25, 2010, freezing rain caused widespread power outages in Moscow and suburbs, including Domodedovo. The power lines feeding Domodedovo Airport and the railroad link were severed resulting in the shutdown of the terminal for several hours and the spike in taxi cab fares.[18]
  • On January 24, 2011, an explosion caused by a suicide bomber killed 37 people and injured 173 people.[19][20][21]

See also

Sheremetyevo International Airport

References

  1. ^ Airport information for UUDD at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  2. ^ Airport information for DME at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  3. ^ "Moscow Domodedovo International airport (Russia, Moscow) (DME)" (Press release). domodedovo.ru. http://www.domodedovo.ru/en/main/news/press_rel/?ID=2044. 
  4. ^ Heavy Metal, Aviation Week & Space Technology, 70, 10 (9 March 2009), p. 14
  5. ^ (Russian)""Домодедово", откройся!". Vedomosti. May 10, 2011. http://www.vedomosti.ru/newspaper/article/259843/domodedovo_otkrojsya. Retrieved November 15, 2011. 
  6. ^ (Russian)"Росимущество вышло на аренду". Kommersant. April 7, 2008. http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/877223. Retrieved November 15, 2011. 
  7. ^ (Russian)"Московский аэропорт Домодедово провел интерлайн-конференцию «DME Connections 2011»". Domodedovo Airport. Press release.. November 10, 2011. http://www.dme.aero/ru/news/news.asp?ID=3247. Retrieved November 15, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Simultaneous parallel departures for the first time ever in Russia". http://www.domodedovo.ru/en/main/news/press_rel/?ID=2617. 
  9. ^ (Russian)"Генеральной прокуратурой Российской Федерации по поручению Президента Российской Федерации проведена проверка организаций, занимающихся аэропортовой деятельностью в «Домодедово»". Office of the Prosecutor General of Russian Federation. April 30, 2011. http://www.genproc.gov.ru/news/news-71856/. Retrieved November 15, 2011. 
  10. ^ (Russian)""Домодедово" раскрыл тайну собственника". Kommersant. May 18, 2011. http://kommersant.ru/doc/1643154. Retrieved November 15, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Domodedovo: storms clouds at bay". Financial Times. May 23, 2011. http://blogs.ft.com/beyond-brics/2011/05/23/domodedovo-skeletons-in-the-closet. Retrieved November 15, 2011. 
  12. ^ "Domodedovo: Another Russian IPO kicks the bucket". Financial Times. May 30, 2011. http://blogs.ft.com/beyond-brics/2011/05/30/domodedovo-another-russian-ipo-kicks-the-bucket. Retrieved November 15, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Contact us." Transaero Airlines. Retrieved on 21 June 2010. "JSC “Transaero Airlines”, Domodedovo airport, Domodedovskiy District, Moscow region, 142015, Russia." - "Связь с нами." - Address in Russian: "142015, Россия, Московская область, Домодедовский район, аэропорт «Домодедово», ОАО «АК «Трансаэро»"
  14. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 23–29 March 2004. 66. "East Line Airlines Domodedovo Airport, Domodedovsky district, Moscow"
  15. ^ "Domodedovo Airlines homepage". Archived from the original on 17 April 2004. http://web.archive.org/web/20040417072448/http://www.akdal.ru/eng/live/contacts.asp. Retrieved 6 November 2010.  "145015, Moscow region, Domodedovo district, airport Domodedovo, Joint Stock Company Domodedovo Airlines" (in Russian). Archived from the original on April 5, 2004. http://web.archive.org/web/20040405231126/http://www.akdal.ru/live/contacts.asp. 
  16. ^ "Russian plane crash lands in forest near Moscow". BBC News. 22 March 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/8580179.stm. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  17. ^ "Two killed as plane makes emergency landing in Russia". AFP. 4 December 2010. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5iFSfTa3SppB7gIsFcIgOVnjeM19g?docId=CNG.f20a47ac6b3d8a573abdfa41c0b1c9ad.5f1. Retrieved 4 December. 
  18. ^ "В аэропорту "Домодедово" отключили электричество (Domodedovo Airport is blacked out)". Lenta.ru. December 26, 2010. http://lenta.ru/news/2010/12/26/airport/. Retrieved December 26, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Domodedovo airport: Blast rocks Moscow's main airport". BBC News. 24 January 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-12268662. Retrieved 24 January 2011. 
  20. ^ "Suspected suicide bomb kills 31 at Moscow airport". Radio France Internationale. 24 January 2011. http://www.english.rfi.fr/europe/20110124-suspected-suicide-bomb-kills-31-moscow-airport. Retrieved 24 January 2011. 
  21. ^ Отдел информации,"Теракт в "Домодедово": 31 погибший, 136 раненых"[1], утро(morning) newspaper,24 January 2011, 16:53. (Russian)

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