Corn flakes

Corn flakes
Corn Flakes
Origin
Place of origin United States
Region or state Battle Creek Sanitarium in Michigan
Creator(s) Dr. John Harvey Kellogg (1894)
W.K. Kellogg
Dish details
Main ingredient(s) Milled corn
Sugar
Malt flavoring
High fructose corn syrup
Variations multiple
Approximate calories per serving 100

Corn flakes are a popular breakfast cereal originally manufactured by Kellogg's through the treatment of maize. A patent for the product was filed on May 31, 1895, and issued on April 14, 1896.[1][2]

Contents

History

Corn flakes in a bowl.

The accidental legacy of corn flakes goes back to the late 19th century, when a team of Seventh-day Adventists began to develop new food to adhere to the vegetarian diet recommended by the church. Members of the group experimented with a number of different grains, including wheat, oats, rice, barley, and corn. In 1894, Dr. John Harvey Kellogg, the superintendent of The Battle Creek Sanitarium in Michigan and an Adventist, used these recipes as part of a strict vegetarian regimen for his patients, which also included no alcohol, tobacco, or caffeine. The diet he imposed consisted entirely of bland foods. A follower of Sylvester Graham, the inventor of graham crackers and graham bread and supporter of sexual abstinence, Kellogg believed that spicy or sweet foods would increase passions. In contrast, corn flakes would have an anaphrodisiac property and lower the sex drive.[3]

This idea for corn flakes began by accident when Kellog and his younger brother, Will Keith Kellogg, left some cooked wheat to sit while they attended to some pressing matters at the sanitarium. When they returned, they found that the wheat had gone stale, but being on a strict budget, they decided to continue to process it by forcing it through rollers, hoping to obtain long sheets of the dough. To their surprise, what they found instead were flakes, which they toasted and served to their patients. This event occurred on August 8, 1894, and a patent for "Flaked Cereals and Process of Preparing Same" was filed on May 31, 1895, and issued on April 14, 1896.[2][4][5]

Corn flakes are usually served with milk. Fruits, such as banana and strawberry, are popular additions.

The flakes of grain were a very popular food among the patients. The brothers then experimented with other flakes from other grains. In 1906, Will Keith Kellogg, who served as the business manager of the sanitarium, decided to try to mass-market the new food. At his new company, Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company, he added sugar to the flakes to make them more palatable to a mass audience, but this caused a rift between him and his brother. To increase sales, in 1909 he added a special offer, the Funny Jungleland Moving Pictures Booklet, which was made available to anyone who bought two boxes of the cereal. This same premium was offered for 22 years. At the same time, Kellogg also began experimenting with new grain cereals to expand his product line. Rice Krispies, his next great hit, first went on sale in 1928.[6]

There have been many mascots of Kellogg's Cornflakes. The most popular one is a green rooster named Cornelius (Corny) Rooster who has been the mascot since his debut. In earlier commercials he had a speaking part and his catchphrase was "Wake up, up, up to Kellogg's Cornflakes!" He was voiced by Dallas McKennon and Andy Devine. Later he stopped talking and simply crowed.

Production

Cornflakes are produced in significant quantities at the Trafford Park factory in Manchester, which is also the largest cereal factory in the world.[7]

Cereals derived from cornflakes

Advertisement for Kellogg's Corn Flakes, c. 1915.

A former patient of the Battle Creek Sanitarium named C. W. Post started a rival company, as well as the major other brand of corn flakes in the United States, called Post Toasties. Australia's Sanitarium also manufactures their own brand of corn flakes called Skippy corn flakes. In addition there are many generic brands of corn flakes produced by various manufacturers.

See also

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • corn-flakes — [ kɔrnflɛks ] n. m. pl. VAR. cornflakes • mil. XXe; angl. amér. cornflakes, de corn « maïs » et flake « flocon » ♦ Anglic. Flocons de maïs grillés et croustillants consommés avec du lait. corn flakes ou cornflakes [kɔʀnflɛks] n. m. p …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • corn flakes — ● corn flakes nom masculin pluriel (américain cornflakes, de corn, maïs, et flake, flocon) Flocons grillés, préparés à partir de semoules de maïs salées et additionnées de sirop de sucre. ● corn flakes (synonymes) nom masculin pluriel (américain… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • corn-flakes — /kornˈfleks, ingl. ˈkɔːnˌfleɪks/ o cornflakes o corn flakes [vc. ingl., comp. di corn «granturco» e il pl. di flake «fiocco»] s. m. pl. fiocchi di granturco □ (est.) cereali …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • corn|flakes — «KRN FLAYKS», noun (plural). a dry, ready to eat breakfast cereal, made of corn in the form of crisp flakes …   Useful english dictionary

  • Corn-flakes — Flocon de maïs Bol de flocons de maïs Les flocons de maïs (en anglais corn flakes) sont un produit alimentaire dérivé du maïs. C est un mets à base de maïs cuit avec du sucre et des vitamines. La pâte est aplatie et grillée en forme des flocons… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Corn flakes — Flocon de maïs Bol de flocons de maïs Les flocons de maïs (en anglais corn flakes) sont un produit alimentaire dérivé du maïs. C est un mets à base de maïs cuit avec du sucre et des vitamines. La pâte est aplatie et grillée en forme des flocons… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Corn Flakes — Cornflakes mit Milch Cornflakes (engl. corn, oder Mais; flakes, Flocken) sind die ältesten industriell hergestellten Frühstücks Zerealien. Sie bestehen aus gekochtem, breitgewalztem und anschließend getrocknetem Mais, meist Zucker und weiteren… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Corn flakes — Cornflakes mit Milch Cornflakes (engl. corn, oder Mais; flakes, Flocken) sind die ältesten industriell hergestellten Frühstücks Zerealien. Sie bestehen aus gekochtem, breitgewalztem und anschließend getrocknetem Mais, meist Zucker und weiteren… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • corn flakes — {{#}}{{LM C10514}}{{〓}} {{[}}corn flakes{{]}} {{■}}(ing.){{□}} {{《}}▍ s.m.pl.{{》}} Maíz tostado que se suele mezclar con leche para tomarlo como desayuno: • Prefiero desayunar corn flakes con leche que tostadas.{{○}} {{★}}{{\}}PRONUNCIACIÓN:{{/}} …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • corn flakes — Trucker slang for A Consolidated Freightway truck as in Can I get a smokey report there corn flakes …   Dictionary of automotive terms

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