Graham cracker

Graham cracker

The graham cracker was developed in 1822 in Bound Brook, New Jersey, by Presbyterian minister Rev. Sylvester Graham. Though called a cracker, it is sweet rather than salty and so bears some resemblance to a cookie (American English) / biscuit (British English) (although the term is unheard of in the United Kingdom/Republic of Ireland - a digestive biscuit is the closest approximation). The true graham cracker is made with graham flour, which is unsifted and coarsely ground wheat flour.

It was originally conceived of as a health food as part of the Graham Diet, a regimen to suppress what he considered unhealthy carnal urges, the source of many maladies according to Graham. Reverend Graham would often lecture about the adverse effects of masturbation or "self-abuse" as he called it. One of his many theories was that one could curb their sexual appetite by eating bland foods. Another man who held this belief was Dr. John Harvey Kellogg, the inventor of the corn flakes cereal. [ The Destroying Angel: Sex, Fitness and Food in the Legacy of Degeneracy Theory, Graham Crackers, Kellogg's Corn Flakes and American Health History] by John Mooney, Prometheus Books, Buffalo, 1985.]

Modern Use

Many modern "graham crackers" are made of the refined, bleached white flour to which the Rev. Graham was implacably opposed. Some modern commercial graham crackers are no longer considered health food, but have remained popular as a snack food and breakfast cereal with greater amounts of sugar and other sweeteners than in the original recipe, and far less graham flour, often with no whole-wheat flour whatsoever. Cinnamon or chocolate may be added to enhance the flavor of the crackers. Technically, crackers are not really graham crackers unless they are made with graham flour, which is a hard whole-wheat flour in which the constituent bran, germ, and endosperm have been ground separately, the first two coarsely and the third finely.

ee also

*Graham Diet


External links

* [ "Is it true graham crackers were invented to cure the dread fever of lust?"] on The Straight Dope website
* [ How to Make Graham Crackers]
* [ Information on Graham Flour and recipes]
* [ International Vegetarian Union] Biography of Sylvester Graham
* [] Another biography of Sylve

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • graham cracker — n. a crisp, somewhat sweet, rectangular cracker made mainly of graham flour …   English World dictionary

  • graham cracker — noun semisweet whole wheat cracker • Hypernyms: ↑cracker * * * noun Etymology: graham (flour) : a dry slightly sweet square or rectangular cracker made mainly of whole wheat flour * * * a semisweet cracker, usually rectangular in shape, made… …   Useful english dictionary

  • graham cracker — noun a) A specific cracker made of graham flour, developed in the nineteenth century. b) A type of cracker, usually made of graham flour, sweetened (usually with honey inter alia), forming a rectangle of about 2.5 inches by five inches, and… …   Wiktionary

  • graham cracker — noun Etymology: graham flour Date: 1882 a slightly sweet cracker made of whole wheat flour …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • graham cracker — a semisweet cracker, usually rectangular in shape, made chiefly of whole wheat flour. [1815 25, Amer.] * * * …   Universalium

  • graham cracker — gra′ham crack er n. coo a semisweet cracker made chiefly of whole wheat flour • Etymology: 1815–25, amer …   From formal English to slang

  • Graham cracker — named for Sylvester Graham, a Presbyterian minister …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • graham cracker — n. slightly sweet crackers that are made out of graham flour …   English contemporary dictionary

  • graham cracker — gra|ham crack|er [ greıəm ,krækər ] noun count AMERICAN a type of COOKIE, made from flour, sugar, and water …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • graham cracker —  (Not cap.) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”