Dried maize mote, also known as hominy, that is used in Southern and Mexican cuisine

Hominy or nixtamal is dried maize kernels which have been treated with an alkali in a process called nixtamalization.

The English term hominy is derived from the Powhatan language word for maize. Many other Native American cultures also made hominy and integrated it into their diet. Cherokees, for example, made hominy grits by soaking corn in a weak lye solution obtained by leaching hardwood ash with water and beating it with a kanona (ᎧᏃᎾ), or corn beater. The grits were used to make a traditional hominy soup (gvnohenv amagii ᎬᏃᎮᏅ ᎠᎹᎩᎢ), a hominy soup that was allowed to ferment (gvwi sida amagii ᎬᏫ ᏏᏓ ᎠᎹᎩᎢ), cornbread, dumplings (digunvi ᏗᎫᏅᎢ), or, in post-contact times, fried with bacon and green onions.

Bowl of hominy

Some recipes using hominy include menudo (a spicy tripe and hominy soup), pozole or posole (a stew of hominy and pork, chicken, or other meat), hominy bread, hominy chili, hog n' hominy, casseroles and fried dishes. Hominy can be ground coarsely to make hominy grits, or into a fine mash (dough) to make masa, a dough used regularly in Latin American cuisine. Many islands in the West Indies, most notably Jamaica, also use hominy to make a sort of porridge with corn starch or flour to harden the mixture and condensed milk, vanilla and nutmeg to taste.

The earliest known usage of nixtamalization was in what is present-day southern Mexico and Guatemala around 1500–1200 BC.

Soaking the corn in lye kills the seed's germ, which keeps it from sprouting while in storage. In addition to preserving the grain as foodstuff, this process also affords several significant nutritional advantages over untreated maize products. It converts some of the niacin (and possibly other B vitamins) into a form more absorbable by the body, improves the availability of the amino acids, and (at least in the lime-treated variant) supplements the calcium content, balancing maize's comparative excess of phosphorus.

Rockihominy, a popular trail food in the 19th and early 20th centuries, is dried corn roasted to a golden brown, then ground to a very coarse meal, almost like hominy grits. Hominy is also used as animal feed.

See also

External links

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  • Hominy — Le Hominy ou nixtamal est un mets américain composé de grains de maïs séchés, puis traités à l aide d une solution alcaline (lessi). Ce traitement, appelé nixtamalisation, permet entre autres de retirer l enveloppe des grains, ainsi que de rendre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hominy — Hominy, OK U.S. city in Oklahoma Population (2000): 2584 Housing Units (2000): 1208 Land area (2000): 1.980150 sq. miles (5.128565 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.001258 sq. miles (0.003258 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.981408 sq. miles (5.131823 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hominy, OK — U.S. city in Oklahoma Population (2000): 2584 Housing Units (2000): 1208 Land area (2000): 1.980150 sq. miles (5.128565 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.001258 sq. miles (0.003258 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.981408 sq. miles (5.131823 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • hominy — ☆ hominy [häm′ə nē ] n. [contr. < rockahominy < AmInd (Algonquian), as in Virginian rokahamen, meal from parched corn] dry corn (maize) with the hull and germ removed and often coarsely ground (hominy grits): it is boiled for food …   English World dictionary

  • Hominy — Hom i*ny, n. [From North American Indian auh[ u]minea parched corn.] Maize hulled and broken, and prepared for food by being boiled in water. [U.S.] [Written also {homony}.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hominy — 1629, first recorded by Capt. John Smith, probably from Powhatan (Algonquian) appuminneonash parched corn, probably lit. that which is ground or beaten. See GRITS (Cf. grits) …   Etymology dictionary

  • hominy — /hom euh nee/, n. whole or ground hulled corn from which the bran and germ have been removed by bleaching the whole kernels in a lye bath (lye hominy) or by crushing and sifting (pearl hominy). [1620 30, Amer.; < Virginia Algonquian (E sp.)… …   Universalium

  • hominy — noun A food made from hulled corn (maize) kernels soaked in lye water, rinsed, then cooked and eaten; or, the rinsed kernels are dried and coarsely ground into hominy grits …   Wiktionary

  • Hominy — Original name in latin Hominy Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 36.41424 latitude 96.3953 altitude 244 Population 3565 Date 2011 05 14 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • hominy — [17] Hominy, a gruel or porridge made from coarsely ground maize kernels, is a North American dish, and appropriately enough its linguistic origins are probably American too. A likely source is Algonquian appuminnéonash ‘parched corn’, a compound …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

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