For the acronym, see Marine Optical Buoy.
Moby in 2009.
Background information Birth name Richard Melville Hall Born September 11, 1965
Harlem, New York, US
Origin Darien, Connecticut, United States Genres Electronica, electronic dance music, electronic rock, alternative rock, ambient, downtempo Occupations DJ, singer-songwriter, musician, photographer Instruments Turntables, keyboards, vocals, guitar, bass guitar, drums Years active 1982–present Labels Mute (UK), V2 (US), XL (UK), Elektra (US), Instinct (US), Outer Rhythm (UK), Virgin/EMI (Brazil) Associated acts Vatican Commandos, UHF, Voodoo Child, Diamondsnake, Mylène Farmer Website moby.com
Richard Melville Hall (born September 11, 1965), better known by his stage name Moby, is an American musician, DJ, and photographer. He is known mainly for his sample-based electronic music and his outspoken liberal political views, including his support of veganism and animal rights.
Moby gained attention in the early 1990s with his electronic dance music work, which dabbled in the techno and breakbeat hardcore (also known as "rave") genres. However, it wasn't until his fifth studio album, the electronica and house-influenced Play, that he gained national attention. Originally released in mid-1999 to an unflattering response, it re-entered the charts in early 2000 and slowly became an unexpected hit, producing eight singles and eventually selling over 10 million copies worldwide.
Moby followed the album in 2002 with 18, which was also successful, selling over 5 million copies worldwide and receiving mostly positive reviews, though some criticising it for being too similar to Play. His next offer, 2005's mostly upbeat Hotel was a stylistic departure, incorporating more alternative rock elements than previous albums, and received mixed reviews. However, it still sold around 2 million copies worldwide. After 2008's dance-influenced Last Night (2008), he returned to the downtempo electronica of Play and 18 with 2009's mostly-ambient Wait for Me, finding higher critical acclaim and moderate sales. Moby's latest album, Destroyed., was released on May 13, 2011.
Moby has also co-written, produced, or remixed music for The Smashing Pumpkins, Michael Jackson, David Bowie, Brian Eno, Pet Shop Boys, Britney Spears, New Order, Public Enemy, Guns 'N' Roses, Metallica, and more.
Worldwide, Moby has sold over 20 million albums. Allmusic considers him "one of the most important dance music figures of the early '90s, helping bring the music to a mainstream audience both in the UK and in America."
Early life and name
Hall was born in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City, and raised by his mother in Darien, Connecticut.
According to Hall, his middle name and the nickname "Moby" were given to him by his parents because of an ancestral relationship to Moby Dick author Herman Melville: "The basis for Richard Melville Hall—and for Moby—is that supposedly Herman Melville was my great-great-great-granduncle."
He has released music under the names "Voodoo Child", "Schaumgummi", and as a member of the bands Vatican Commandos, AWOL, Caeli Seoul, and Gin Train. He often performs at New York club events known as "Degenerates".
Moby started playing music when he was nine years old, originally learning classical guitar and music theory, then piano and drums.
From 1982 to 1985, he played in a hardcore punk band called the Vatican Commandos, who released an EP called Hit Squad for God. He also played in a Joy Division-inspired post-punk group called AWOL who released an eponymous album in 1983. Circa 1988, Moby performed briefly with Ultra Vivid Scene. He can be seen playing guitar in UVS' video for "Mercy Seat", which appears on the band's 1988 self-titled record.
After years of pursuing a record deal, he signed a recording contract with Instinct Records in 1989. During this time, Instinct Records "did not actually exist", Moby stated in his 2005 iTunes Originals interviews. When he was signed, the company did not have a logo, name, or an office.
1991–1993: "Go" and rise to fame
Moby's first live solo performance was witnessed by future longtime manager Eric Härle, who later described the occasion to HitQuarters by saying: "The music was amazing, but the show was riddled with technical mishaps. It left me very intrigued and impressed in a strange way."
His first single for Instinct was "Mobility", but it was the second single, "Go", a progressive house track using the string line from "Laura Palmer's Theme" from the TV drama Twin Peaks, which was his first breakthrough, reaching the UK top ten in October 1991 and earning him his first appearance on Top of the Pops. Some of his other singles in 1992 and 1993 were "Next Is the E", "Thousand", and "Voodoo Child". It was when Moby started releasing records in the UK that he paired up with local-based manager Eric Härle.
In 1991 and 1992 he remixed The B-52s, The Prodigy, Orbital, Pet Shop Boys, Erasure, Michael Jackson, and Ten City.
In 1992 he toured with The Prodigy, Richie Hawtin, and John Acquaviva.
1993–1998: Everything Is Wrong, Animal Rights, and I Like to Score
In 1993, Moby signed with Mute Records and released an EP entitled Move. This became his second appearance on Top of the Pops. During this time he also went on tour with Orbital and Aphex Twin in North America.
He then released his first album on Mute Records, Everything Is Wrong, in 1995. Early copies (in the UK and Germany at least) came with a special bonus CD called Underwater. This was a 43-minute five-track instrumental ambient CD. Everything Is Wrong earned early critical praise (Spin magazine named it "Album of the Year") and some commercial success. He followed this up in early 1996 with the double album Everything Is Wrong—Mixed and Remixed. In 1995, Moby headlined the second stage at Lollapalooza, playing alongside Beck, Sonic Youth, Hole, and Pavement.
Disillusioned by the lack of feedback he was receiving from the music media, who struggled to comprehend the artist's new electronic music and refused to take it very seriously, Moby decided to release a punk rock album. Released in 1996 Animal Rights included a cover version of Mission of Burma's "That's When I Reach for My Revolver" and was followed by a tour of Europe with the Red Hot Chili Peppers and Soundgarden. The single "Come on Baby" from Animal Rights was Moby's third Top of the Pops performance. It was notable for its very aggressive look and sound. Ironically, just as Moby decided to change direction, the electronic music he had moved away from started to gain recognition and popularity through artists like The Chemical Brothers and The Prodigy. Also in 1996, Moby contributed the song "Republican Party" to the AIDS benefit album Offbeat: A Red Hot Soundtrip produced by the Red Hot Organization.
According to manager Eric Härle, the album almost ruined his career, because the new direction not only left audiences cold—with music media uninterested and his existing fan base largely alienated—but led to people being confused as to what kind of artist Moby really was. Having wiped out all his early good work in establishing himself, Moby was left struggling for any kind of recognition and quickly became seen as a "has-been" in the eyes of a lot of people in the industry.
In 1997, he released I Like to Score, a collection of his music that had been used in movies. Among those tracks were an updated version of "The James Bond Theme" used for the James Bond film Tomorrow Never Dies, and "New Dawn Fades" (a cover of Joy Division's original) which had appeared without vocals in Michael Mann's film Heat.
1999–2004: Play, 18, and worldwide success
In 1999, Moby released the album Play. The album had moderate sales after its release, but eventually went on to sell over ten million records worldwide a year later. Every song on the album was licensed internationally to various films, advertisements, and TV shows, as well as independent films and non-profit groups. Moby performed three times on Top of the Pops with singles from the album. Play mixes songs from Alan Lomax's 1993 Atlantic recording Sounds of the South: A Musical Journey From the Georgia Sea Islands to the Mississippi Delta. For the song "Natural Blues", Moby mixes "Trouble So Hard" from the Alan Lomax Sounds of the South compilation.
In July 2001, Moby: PlaytheDVD was released. Produced by Moby and Jeff Rogers (Swell), the DVD was nominated for a 2002 Grammy award. The DVD included various sections: "Live on TV", most of the music videos from the album (excluding "South Side" with Gwen Stefani), "Give An Idiot a Camcorder" (Moby was given a camcorder and the tape was later edited by Tara Bethune-Leaman), and an 88-minute "Mega Mix" of all the remixes created for the album. The "Mega Mix" was accompanied by visuals created in Toronto at Crush, led by director Kathi Prosser.
In 2002 Moby released the follow-up to Play, 18, which earned gold and platinum awards in over 30 countries, and sold more than four million copies. Moby toured extensively for both Play and 18, playing well over 500 shows in the course of four years.
He founded the Area:One Festival in 2001, a popular touring festival that features an eclectic range of musical genres. The Area:One tour featured Outkast, New Order, Incubus, Nelly Furtado, Paul Oakenfold, and Moby himself. Area2 tour (2002) featured David Bowie, Moby, Blue Man Group, Busta Rhymes, and Carl Cox.
In the next few years, Moby co-wrote "Is It Any Wonder" with Sophie Ellis-Bextor, remixed the Beastie Boys, David Bowie, Nas and Metallica, produced and co-wrote the track "Early Mornin'" for Britney Spears' fourth studio album In the Zone, and collaborated with Public Enemy on "Make Love, Fuck War", which was released prior to the 2004 U.S. presidential election. Moby also had his song "Extreme Ways" used in the Bourne movies. Although not a hit when it was released, "Extreme Ways" has gone on to become one of Moby's most-downloaded songs.
In 2003, Moby headlined the Pyramid stage at Glastonbury. In 2004, he worked on the John Kerry presidential campaign, and also worked extensively with Liberal group moveon.org.
2005–2008: Hotel, Last Night, and other work
In 2005, Moby released Hotel under the label Pacha. Instead of his relying on samples for vocals, all of the vocals and instruments were performed live in the studio, by Moby and vocalist Laura Dawn.
Hotel (album)|Hotel spawned two of Moby's biggest European hits, "Lift Me Up" and "Slipping Away", both of which were number 1 European singles. Hotel went on to earn gold and platinum awards in over twenty countries, with global sales of over two million copies.
In the UK, ITV used a specially remixed version of "Lift Me Up" as its Formula 1 coverage theme music.
In 2006, Moby also starred in the movie Pittsburgh, with Jeff Goldblum and Illeana Douglas.
In 2006, he accepted an offer to score the soundtrack for Richard Kelly's 2007 movie Southland Tales because he was a fan of Kelly's previous film, Donnie Darko.
In 2007, he produced and performed on The Bongos' remake of "The Bulrushes", for the Special Edition re-issue of their debut album, Drums Along the Hudson (Cooking Vinyl Records), and appeared in the promo video of the song.
In 2007, Moby launched a website entitled mobygratis.com. mobygratis provides free music for film students and independent and non-profit filmmakers. It is a non-profit venture, with any/all revenue earned by mobygratis.com going to the Humane Society/HSUS.
In 2007, Moby also started a rock band, The Little Death, NYC, with his friends Laura Dawn, Daron Murphy, and Aaron A. Brooks. In 2008, Moby released Last Night, an eclectic album of electronic dance music inspired by a night out in his New York neighborhood (the Lower East Side). The singles from Last Night include "Alice", "Disco Lies", "I Love to Move in Here", and "Ooh Yeah". The album was recorded in Moby's home studio in Manhattan, New York and features a number of guest vocalists, including Wendy Starland, MC Grandmaster Caz (one of the writers of "Rapper's Delight"), Sylvia from the band Kudu, British MC Aynzli, and the Nigerian 419 Squad.
In collaboration with The Sunday Times, Moby released an exclusive mix album titled A Night in NYC, which appeared on the newspaper's cover. It was a compilation of Moby tracks spanning his career and included videos from his new album Last Night.
2009–2010: Wait for Me
In a November 2008 interview with SuicideGirls, Moby spoke about the follow-up album to Last Night: "I want to make a really emotional, beautiful record. I don't know if I will succeed, but my goal is to make something very personal, very melodic, very beautiful." On 14 April, Moby confirmed that the album would be released on 30 June .
I recorded the album here in my studio on the lower east side (although 'studio' always seems like an overly grand word for a bunch of equipment set up in a small bedroom). In the past I've worked in large and small studios, but for this record I wanted to record everything at home by myself", Moby said on his journal. "I started working on the album about a year ago, and the creative impetus behind the record was hearing a David Lynch speech at BAFTA, in the UK. David was talking about creativity, and to paraphrase, about how creativity in and of itself, and without market pressures, is fine and good. It seems as if too often an artist's, musician's or writer's creative output is judged by how well it accommodates the marketplace, and how much market share it commands and how much money it generates. In making this record I wanted to focus on making something that I loved, without really being concerned about how it might be received by the marketplace. As a result it's a quieter and more melodic and more mournful and more personal record than some of the records I've made in the past.
The album, titled Wait for Me, was released in June 2009.
Moby and David Lynch discussed the recording process of the album on Lynch's online channel, David Lynch Foundation Television Beta.
The first single off the album was "Shot in the Back of the Head", and the video for it was aptly directed by Moby's muse, David Lynch. The single was available for free download from Moby's website.
Ken Thomas, who had previously produced some Sigur Rós albums, mixed Wait for Me. According to Moby,
mixing the record with him [Thomas] was really nice, as he's creatively open to trying anything (like recording an old broken bakelite radio and running it through some broken old effects pedals to see what it would sound like. It's on the record as a 45 second long track called "Stock Radio"). And as a geeky technical aside, we mixed the record using purely analog equipment in true stereo, akin to how records were mixed in the late '60s, some of the songs sound pretty amazing in headphones, if I do say so myself...
Moby toured for the album with a full band, something that occurred rarely during Moby's Last Night promotion, except for selected festival performances. Moby raised between $75,000 and $100,000 to help those affected by domestic violence after all funding for the state's domestic violence program was cut in July. To do this, he donated the profits from his upcoming shows in California (San Diego, San Francisco, and Los Angeles). Moby headlined the Australian 2009 Falls Festival, as well as the other Sunset Sounds festivals.
On February 22, 2010, Moby announced a UGC competition with Genero.TV asking his fans to create a videoclip, that will be serviced worldwide as the official videoclip for his upcoming single "Wait for Me", the last single from the album. On April 19, Moby chose the winning videoclip out of 500 entries, "based on its creativity, production value, concept, and humor." The chosen videoclip, written and directed by Nimrod Shapira from Israel, portrays the story of a girl who decides to invite Moby into her life. She attempts to do so by using a book called How to Summon Moby Guide for Dummies, putting herself through 10 bizarre and comical steps (each is a tribute to a different Moby videoclip). The single was released on May 4, 2010.
In March 2010, Moby released a new single "Wait for Me", the title track from the album. It was released on May 3, 2010.
In January 2010, Moby announced that he was to begin working on his next record. He said "the mood for this record will be more acoustic and less electronic than before."
On February 15, 2011, Moby announced the release of his new album, Destroyed.. It was released on May 16, 2011. A photography book with the same name was also released around the time of the album. "Musically", he said, "it's very melodic and atmospheric and electronic, and if i had to sum it up i would describe it as: 'broken down melodic electronic music for empty cities at 2 a.m'." The album cover, which was released with the new information, was taken in LaGuardia Airport. It is a picture of a sign that reads 'destroyed', it's used in the airport to notify passengers when the unclaimed baggage has been disposed of. The album consists of 15 tracks, one of them previously featured on the compilation A Night in NYC, titled "Rockets". Along with the album's announcement came the release of the EP Be the One, which contains 3 of the tracks from Destroyed. The EP was released for free for those who signed up for Moby's mailing list. "The Day" is an English cover of "Bleu Noir" by Mylène Farmer. For the next single, Moby put a poll on his website for fans to choose which single should be released next, and it came to be "Lie Down in Darkness". So far, it has proved to be the most successful single from the album, charting on various dance charts and in Belgium. On August 30, Moby posted another request for the third official single, this time asking fans to say which should be next, without a poll. After this, he announced the following day through his Twitter that the next singles are "After" and "The Right Thing".
Moby has collaborated live with many of his heroes while on tour or at fundraisers. He has performed "Walk on the Wild Side" with Lou Reed, "Me and Bobby McGee" with Kris Kristofferson, "Heroes" and "Cactus" with David Bowie, "Helpless" with Bono and Michael Stipe, "New Dawn Fades" with New Order, "Make Love, Fuck War" with Public Enemy, "Whole Lotta Love" with Slash, and "That's When I Reach For My Revolver" with Mission of Burma.
He made two duets with the French singer Mylène Farmer ("Slipping Away (Crier la vie)" in 2006 and "Looking for My Name" in 2008). He also produced seven songs for her eighth album, Bleu Noir, published on December 6, 2010.
In 2007, he became one of the few well-known commercial artists to produce work for a video game, collaborating with DJ Oscar the Punk on all three tracks of The Bioshock EP, included with limited edition copies of the Xbox 360 and PC game Bioshock.
Until around June 2009, Moby co-owned a small restaurant and tea shop called TeaNY, where he occasionally would wait tables. He also organized a group of artists known as the Little Idiot Collective. Moby lives a vegan lifestyle and supports animal rights.
In an interview with Psychology Today, Moby admitted that when he was 19, he tried LSD and began suffering from panic attacks. He claims that he no longer experiences them as frequently as he used to, but occasionally he will "have too much caffeine, be stressed out about work and be in a relationship that's not going well, and it will happen again." He is very open about this in an attempt to help fans who suffer from similar panic disorders.
When asked about drugs, he responded: "I'm sort of a libertarian. People should be able to do what they want. I ultimately defer the wisdom to an adult to make their own choices. If someone wants to do drugs, I think it's their own business and not the business of the state."[dead link]
In a 2003 BBC interview, Moby spoke about his encounter with the Gospels: "In about 1985 I read the teachings of Christ and was instantly struck by the idea that Christ was somehow divine. When I say I love Christ and love the teachings of Christ, I mean that in the most simple and naïve and subjective way. I'm not saying I'm right, and I certainly wouldn't criticize anyone else's beliefs." In an interview with Amazon.com, Moby said, "I can't really know anything. Having said that, though, on a very subjective level I love Christ. I perceive Christ to be God, but I predicate that with the knowledge that I'm small and not nearly as old as the universe that I live in. I take my beliefs seriously for myself, but I would be very uncomfortable trying to tell anyone that I was right."
In a 20 September 2006 audio interview with Sojourners magazine, he says, "I read the New Testament, specifically the gospels and I was struck at their divinity, feeling that humans could not have figured this out on their own. We're just not bright enough." He also discusses his faith on his own blog. On January 19, 2007, in his reaction to seeing Alexandra Pelosi's Friends of God, a film about evangelicalism in the United States, Moby writes, "The movie reminded me just how utterly disconnected the agenda of the evangelical Christian right is from the teachings of Christ."
In March 2008, after Gary Gygax's death, Moby was one of several celebrities identifying themselves as former Dungeons & Dragons players.
In March 2010, Moby made his debut as an author when Gristle: From Factory Farms to Food Safety (Thinking Twice About the Meat We Eat), a collection of essays from people in the food industry, was published.
Moby is an advocate for a variety of causes, working with MoveOn and The Humane Society, among others. His MobyGratis.com website, which licenses film music for free for non-profit and independent films, funnels proceeds from films which do go on to produce revenue to The Humane Society. He created MoveOn Voter Fund's Bush in 30 Seconds contest along with singer and MoveOn Cultural Director Laura Dawn and MoveOn Executive Director Eli Pariser. The music video for the song "Disco Lies" from Last Night has heavy anti-meat industrial themes.
He also actively engages in nonpartisan activism and serves on the Board of Directors of Amend.org, a nonprofit organization that implements injury prevention programs in Africa.
Moby is a member of the Board of Directors of the Institute for Music and Neurologic Function (IMNF), a not-for-profit organization dedicated to advancing scientific inquiry on music and the brain and to developing clinical treatments to benefit people of all ages. He has also performed on various benefit concerts to help increase awareness for music therapy and raise funds for the Institute. In 2004, he was honored with the IMNF's Music Has Power Award for his advocacy of music therapy and for his dedication and support to its recording studio program..
He is an advocate of network neutrality and he testified before United States House of Representatives committee debating the issue in 2006.[dead link]
In 2008, he participated in Songs for Tibet, an album to support Tibet and the current Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso.
In 2009, after hearing about California cutting its funding to domestic violence programs, Moby decided to donate the fees from his tour shows in L.A. and San Francisco to the California Partnership to End Domestic Violence Salement.
On June 20, 2009, Moby posted on his blog in response to the RIAA's decision to sue Minnesota suburban mother Jammie Thomas-Rasset for $2,000,000 for illegally downloading music from Kazaa. He called this "utter nonsense" and asserted that "the RIAA needs to be disbanded."
Many Moby albums include essays that he has written himself in the inlay card. Everything Is Wrong had essays on over-consumption ("We use toxic chlorine bleach to keep our underpants white") and U.S. religious leaders ("Why doesn't the Christian right go out and spread mercy, compassion and selflessness?"), and End of Everything discussed being a vegan ("Could you look an animal in the eyes and say to it, 'My appetite is more important than your suffering'?").
He was interviewed by Lucy Walker for a chapter in Sound Unbound: Sampling Digital Music and Culture (The MIT Press, 2008) edited by Paul D. Miller a.k.a. DJ Spooky.
In 2011, Moby released a book of photography entitled Destroyed. The books features the artist's own images from his international tours.
DiscographyMain article: Moby discography
- Studio albums
- Moby (1992)
- Ambient (1993)
- Everything Is Wrong (1995)
- Animal Rights (1996)
- Play (1999)
- 18 (2002)
- Hotel (2005)
- Last Night (2008)
- Wait for Me (2009)
- Destroyed. (2011)
- Play: The DVD (2001)
- 18 B Sides + DVD (2003)
- The Hotel Tour 2005 (2006)
- Go: The Very Best of Moby (2006)
- Go: A Film About Moby (2006)
Year Awards Category Work Result 2000 VH1/Vogue Fashion Awards Visionary Video Won MTV Video Music Awards Best Male Video Nominated Grammy Awards Best Alternative Music Performance Play Nominated Best Rock Instrumental Performance Bodyrock Nominated MTV Europe Music Best Video Natural Blues Won Best Album Play Nominated Best Dance Nominated BRIT Awards Best International Male Nominated 2001 MTV Video Music Awards Best Male Video Won Grammy Awards Best Dance Recording Natural Blues Nominated NRJ Music Awards International Male Artist of the Year Won IFPI Platinum Europe Awards Album Title Play Won NME Awards Best Live Won My VH1 Music Awards Best Male Nominated Favorite Video South Side Nominated Best Collaboration South Side Nominated 2002 Q Awards Best Producer Won MTV Video Music Awards Best Cinematography Won IFPI Platinum Europe Awards Album Title Play Won BMI Pop Songs Awards Pop Songs South Side Won BMI Film & TV Awards Certificate of Achievement Won Grammy Awards Best Music Video, Long Form Play Nominated MTV Europe Music Web Awards Won Best Dance Nominated Billboard Music Awards Electronic Artist of the Year Won Electronic Album of the Year 18 Won 2003 Grammy Awards Best Pop Instrumental Performance 18 Nominated MTV Europe Music Best Dance Nominated MTV Video Music Japan Music Best Dance Video Nominated IFPI Platinum Europe Awards Album Title 18 Won BRIT Awards Best International Male Nominated MTV Asia Awards Best Male Nominated 2005 MTV Europe Music Best Male Nominated 2006 ECHO Awards International Pop/Rock Male Artist of the Year Nominated 2009 Grammy Awards Best Electronic/Dance Album Last Night Nominated
- James, Martin (2001). Moby: Replay. Olmstead Press. ISBN 1-58754-011-8.
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- ^ Moby (9 May 2011). Interview with Stephen Dalton. ""The Humility That Comes From Being Hated": Moby Interviewed". The Quietus. http://thequietus.com/articles/06224-moby-interview-destroyed. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
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- ^ Becker, Scott Marc (8 June 1999). "Sharps & flats". Salon.com. http://www.salon.com/ent/music/review/1999/06/08/moby/. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ Moby (5 December 2007). "new album – last night". moby.com. http://www.moby.com/news/2007-12-05/new_album_last_night.html. Retrieved 29 September 201.
- ^ a b Palmer, Tamara (3 November 2008). "Moby: The Fly Life". SuicideGirls. http://suicidegirls.com/interviews/Moby%3A+The+Fly+Life/. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
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- ^ "i just finished mixing my next record. as i wrote earlier, hopefully it will be released next june.". moby.com. 13 February 2009. http://www.moby.com/node/8481. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ Moby (19 March 2009). "if you're in the music business (and for your sake i hope you're not...) you probably know about bob lefsetz.". moby.com. http://www.moby.com/node/8507. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ David Lynch and Moby: Music & Abandoned Factories (Video). David Lynch Foundation. 15 April 2009. http://dlf.tv/2009/david-and-moby/. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ Moby (25 April 2009). "thanks for coming to the issue project room fundraiser friday". moby.com. http://www.moby.com/journal/2009-04-25/thanks-for-coming-issue-project-room-fun.html. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ "Moby to donate concert profits to domestic violence charity". Side-Line. 6 October 2009. http://www.side-line.com/news_comments.php?id=43648_0_2_0_C.
- ^ Moby (19 April 2010). "Video Competition: Winner Announced!". moby.com. http://www.moby.com/news/2010-04-19/video-competition-winner-announced.html. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ "Moby to release Remix Album "Wait For Me. Remixes"". idiomag. 23 March 2010. http://www.idiomag.com/peek/107981/moby. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ Moby (January 20, 2010). "i've decided to start work on the next record". moby.com. http://www.moby.com/journal/2010-01-20/ive-decided-start-work-next-record.html. Retrieved February 21, 2010.
- ^ a b "destroyed". moby.com. http://www.moby.com/discography/2011/destroyed.html. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- ^ a b c d Moby (15 February 2011). "ok, ta-da, official next album announcement update. my next album is called 'destroyed' and it comes out in the middle of may sometime". moby.com. http://www.moby.com/journal/2011-02-15/destroyed.html. Retrieved May 8, 2011.
- ^ Moby (24 June 2011). "We need another single from 'destroyed'. What should it be?". moby.com. http://www.moby.com/journal/2011-06-24/we-need-another-single-destroyed-what.html. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ Moby (30 August 2011). "ok, it's time to pick the next single. and i'd like to ask you if you have any thoughts.". http://www.moby.com/journal/2011-08-30/ok-its-time-pick-next-single-and-id-ask.html. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ Moby (2 September 2011). "So, per your choice(s)-next single(s) will be 'after' and 'the right thing'. Thanks for choosing. Videos and remixes to follow.". http://twitter.com/#!/thelittleidiot/status/109361611709485056. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ Yannik PROVOST. "Bleu Noir". Innamoramento.net. http://www.innamoramento.net/albums/bleu-noir. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ Lawson, Willow (1 September 2004). "The Sounds of Moby". Psychology Today. http://psychologytoday.com/rss/pto-20041202-000001.html. Retrieved 1 September 2004.
- ^ "Moby – Friend of Liberty". Advocates for Self Government. http://www.theadvocates.org/celebrities/moby.html. [dead link]
- ^ "Moby World Service interview" (Press release). BBC. 29 April 2003. http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2003/04_april/29/moby.shtml. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ "Is Moby a Christian?". christianitytoday.com. 2003. http://www.christianitytoday.com/iyf/advice/mediaqa/19.36.html. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ "Moby: Everything is Complicated". Sojourners Magazine. 20 September 2006. http://www.sojo.net/special/multimedia/audio/061004_moby/player.html. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ "'friend of god'". moby.com. 19 January 2007. http://moby.com/journal/2007-01-19/friend_god.html. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ Zenko, Darren (9 March 2008). "How Dungeons & Dragons creator Gygax created the modern nerd". Toronto Star. http://www.thestar.com/article/326529. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ Gove, Michael (March 11, 2008). "Et in Orcadia ego: confessions of a D & D addict". The Times (UK). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/article3522620.ece. Retrieved November 25, 2009.
- ^ Jason Sheehan (8 February 2010). "Moby Wants Your Steak". SeattleWeekly.com. http://blogs.seattleweekly.com/voracious/2010/02/moby_wants_your_steak.php. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ "About Amend.org". Amend.org. http://www.amend.org/pages/about.html. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ "About the Institute". Institute for Music and Neurologic Function. http://www.bethabe.org/About_the_Institute100.html. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ http://www.savetheinternet.com/moby[dead link]
- ^ "Rep. Markey, Moby Speak Out for Internet Freedom, Against Corporate Web Takeover". Free Press. 18 May 2006. http://www.freepress.net/news/15579. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ Moby (20 June 2009). "the riaa have sued Jammie Thomas-Rasset of minnesota for $2,000,000 for illegally downloading music". moby.com. http://www.moby.com/journal/2009-06-20/riaa-have-sued-jammie-thomas-rasset-minn.html. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ Sarah Douglas (25 May 2011). "On the Road With Moby: A Q&A With the Musician About His New Tour Photography Book, and the Alienation of the Digital Age". ARTINFO.com. http://www.artinfo.com/news/story/37694/on-the-road-with-moby-a-qa-with-the-musician-about-his-new-tour-photography-book-and-the-alienation-of-the-digital-age/?page=1. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- Official website
- Moby discography at Discogs
- Moby page at Mute Records web site
- Moby at the Internet Movie Database
- Living people
- 1965 births
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